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countable and uncountable nouns

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					  Countable and
Uncountable Nouns
   What are countable nouns?
Countable nouns are individual objects,
people, places, etc. which can be counted.

A countable noun can be both singular
- a friend, a house, etc.
- or plural - a few apples, lots of trees, etc.
  Use the singular form of the verb with a
         singular countable noun:
 dog, cat, animal, man, person
 bottle, box, litre
 coin, note, dollar
 cup, plate, fork
 table, chair, suitcase, bag
Countable nouns can be singular or plural:
 My dog is playing.
 My dogs are hungry.
 Countable   nouns have a plural form

 Singular:    a car
             an eggplant

             three
 Plural:     some dolls
             many
         Uncountable Nouns
Uncountable nouns are substances,
 concepts etc that we cannot divide into
 separate elements. We cannot "count"
 them.
 For example, we cannot count "milk". We
 can count "bottles of milk" or "litres of
 milk", but we cannot count "milk" itself.
 Here are some more uncountable nouns:
       Uncountable Nouns
 music,  art, love, happiness
 advice, information, news
 furniture, luggage
 rice, sugar, butter, water
 electricity, gas, power
 money, currency
We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular : We
 use a singular verb. For example:
 This news is very important.
 Your luggage looks heavy.

You can count uncountable nouns if you use:
 A piece of… cheese
 A bowl of… soup
 A cup of… tea
 A bottle of…wine
 A carton of…milk               MILK




 A bar of… chocolate
      Here are some of the most common containers /
    quantity expressions for these uncountable nouns:

advice - a piece of advice
baggage - a piece of baggage
bread - a slice of bread, a loaf of bread
equipment - a piece of equipment
furniture - a piece of furniture
garbage - a piece of garbage
information - a piece of information
knowledge - a fact
luggage - a piece of luggage, a bag, a suitcase
money - a note, a coin
musica – a song, a piece
news - a piece of news
pasta - a plate of pasta, a serving of pasta
research - a piece of research, a research project
travel - a journey, a trip
work - a job, a position
Here are some more common uncountable food types
                                                :
      with their container / quantity expressions

   liquids (water, beer, wine, etc.) - a
    glass, a bottle, a jug of water, etc.
    cheese - a slice, a chunk, a piece of
    cheese
    meat - a piece, a slice, a pound of meat
    butter - a bar of butter
    ketchup, mayonnaise, mustard - a
    bottle of, a tube of ketchup, etc.
EXERCISES
 Identify the following objects as
    countable or uncountable.
1. Q: Information      4. Q: Money
 a) countable          a) countable
 b) uncountable        b) uncountable
2. Q: Rules            5. Q: Rice
 a) countable          a) countable
 b) uncountable        b) uncountable
3. Q: Sheep         6. Q: Bottles Of Wine
  a) countable         a) countable
  b) uncountable       b) uncountable
       Put in order the countable
        and uncountable nouns

cup, plate, fork, sugar, salt, bottle,
cheese, coin, water, milk, box, litre, tea,
coffee, suitcase, bag, ham, cake, dollar,
animal, man, person, equipment, traffic,
talent, web site, clothes, music, desert,
land, nation, fish, pollution, food.
EXERCISES
   KEY
 Identify the following objects as
    countable or uncountable.
1. Q: Information      4. Q: Money
 a) countable          a) countable
 b) uncountable        b) uncountable
2. Q: Rules            5. Q: Rice
 a) countable          a) countable
 b) uncountable        b) uncountable
3. Q: Sheep         6. Q: Bottles Of Wine
  a) countable         a) countable
  b) uncountable       b) uncountable
  Put in order the countable
   and uncountable nouns
COUNTABLE       UNCOUNTABLE
cup             sugar
plate           salt
fork            cheese
bottle          water
coin            milk
box             tea
litre           coffee
suitcase        ham
bag             cake
dollar          equipment
animal          traffic
man             talent
person          music
web site        land
clothes         fish
desert          pollution
nation          food

				
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posted:8/4/2012
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