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Clause

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					          Clauses
             &
Kinds of Sentence Structures (4)
             A clause is a
• Group of words that has its own subject
  and verb. Two types of basic clauses:

          Independent clause
               and
          Subordinate clause
        Independent clause:
• has a subject and a verb and can stand by
  itself as a complete sentence.

Example: 1. The reporter shouted.
         2.Jerusalem is a relatively small
                   city in area.
     A subordinate clause has
• a subject and a verb, but cannot stand by
  itself as a sentence. It is only part of a
  sentence.
Examples:1. When the phone rang
            2. Since the country was divided.
      An adjective clause is a
• subordinate clause that modifies a noun or
  pronoun. Most adjective clauses begin
  with relative pronouns: that, which, who,
  whom, or whose.
         Adverb clause is a
• Subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an
  adjective, or an adverb. They answer where?
  When? In what manner? To what extent? Under
  what condition? Or Why? They begin with
  coordinating conjunctions:

 After, although, as, as if, as long as,
 because, before, even though, if, in order
 that , since, so that, than, though, unless,
 until, when, whenever, where, wherever,
 while.
   A simple sentence consists of

• A single independent clause.

Example: 1. The siren sounded.

 2. Art and archaeology reflect and explain
 Jerusalem’s history.
  A compound sentence consists

• Of two or more independent clauses.

Example: The population of Israel is
 approximately 4,700,000, but only 8
 percent of the people live in rural areas.
  A complex sentence consists
• Of one independent clause and one or
  more subordinate clauses.

Examples: 1. When the fog lifted, we
 continued our trip.
 2. The person who will speak last is my
 sister.
A compound-complex sentence
• Consists of two or more independent
  clauses and one or more subordinate
  clauses.
Example: As he was leaving for school,
  Larry remembered to take his lunch, but
  he forgot the report that he had finished
  the night before.

				
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