Kinds of Sentence Structures (4)
A clause is a
• Group of words that has its own subject
and verb. Two types of basic clauses:
• has a subject and a verb and can stand by
itself as a complete sentence.
Example: 1. The reporter shouted.
2.Jerusalem is a relatively small
city in area.
A subordinate clause has
• a subject and a verb, but cannot stand by
itself as a sentence. It is only part of a
Examples:1. When the phone rang
2. Since the country was divided.
An adjective clause is a
• subordinate clause that modifies a noun or
pronoun. Most adjective clauses begin
with relative pronouns: that, which, who,
whom, or whose.
Adverb clause is a
• Subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an
adjective, or an adverb. They answer where?
When? In what manner? To what extent? Under
what condition? Or Why? They begin with
After, although, as, as if, as long as,
because, before, even though, if, in order
that , since, so that, than, though, unless,
until, when, whenever, where, wherever,
A simple sentence consists of
• A single independent clause.
Example: 1. The siren sounded.
2. Art and archaeology reflect and explain
A compound sentence consists
• Of two or more independent clauses.
Example: The population of Israel is
approximately 4,700,000, but only 8
percent of the people live in rural areas.
A complex sentence consists
• Of one independent clause and one or
more subordinate clauses.
Examples: 1. When the fog lifted, we
continued our trip.
2. The person who will speak last is my
A compound-complex sentence
• Consists of two or more independent
clauses and one or more subordinate
Example: As he was leaving for school,
Larry remembered to take his lunch, but
he forgot the report that he had finished
the night before.