Main Types of Law
• Describe the differences between criminal and
civil, substantive and procedural law.
Civil Law vs. Criminal Law
Compare and contrast criminal
and civil law
• Involves a dispute between two people, or
parties on a certain issue
• When private legal rights of an individual are
violated, the matter is governed by civil law.
• Group of laws that allows individuals to seek
legal remedies for wrongs done to them.
• Laws that address wrongs against individuals
• Civil applies whenever one person has a right
to sue another person
• If defendant loses - must pay money to plaintiff
• Police do not take action in civil conflicts
Civil Law - Example
• Tenant fails to pay rent, landlord has a
right to sue
• Can YOU think of other reasons why
someone would sue?
• French word - “wrong”
• A civil wrong or wrongful act - whether it
is intentional or accidental from which
injury occurs to another.
• Crime - an offense against society - it
disrupts the stable environment that we
all depend upon to make civilization
• When the citizens’ right to live in peace
is violated by such an activity -
governed by criminal law.
• Violates rules as listed in the statutes
• Acting in the name of the people - the
government investigates an alleged
wrongdoing - prosecute
– Imprisonment (both)
Examples of Crimes
• Bank Fraud
• When crime occurs, private injuries may
be inflicted as well.
• May be both a crime and a civil offense.
• What’s Your Verdict page 13
• An offense against society _________.
• Private wrongs are referred to as
• Group of laws that allows an individual to
seek legal remedies for wrongs done to them
Civil Law vs. Criminal Law
• Both consider violations of peoples
rights and who is at fault.
• Differ in structure, burdens of proof and
• Defines rights and duties
– How the facts in the case will be handled
– How the crime is to be charged (Substance of the
– Rules by which a court hears and determines what
happens in civil and criminal proceedings.
– Civil rights and responsibilities in civil law
• Defines the rules that are used to enforce
• Deals with the methods of enforcing legal rights and
duties - process used to deal with people suspected
or convicted of violating a substantive law.
• Specify how and when police can make arrests and
what methods can be used in a trial
• Right against unreasonable searches, the right to
remain silent, right to a speedy trial, no cruel or
unusual punishment, etc.
• Determines how a proceeding concerning the enforcement of
substantive law will occur
• Provides the machinery for enforcing rights and duties
• Example: Time allowed to sue and rules of law governing the
process of the lawsuit
• Ensures a fair and consistent application of due process