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Liver cancer is a disease marked by the degeneration of the liver and other organs of the body. There are many kinds of treatments available, one of them being surgery. Discover the different surgeries available to cancer patients and how they work.
Surgery Options for Liver Cancer There are several types of types of surgery for liver cancer. If the tumor is not too far gone, one of these methods may be used. Surgical Resection This is one of the most frequently used techniques for treating cancer. The tumor cells along with some healthy cells are surgically removed. The dimensions of the liver to be removed depend on the tumor size. This procedure can only be used on localized tumors. Patients afflicted with cirrhosis cannot undergo this surgery. It is also not recommended when the cancer has spread. Liver Transplant If resection is not possible, a liver transplant may be considered. However, this process is not frequently used for several reasons. First they must find a willing donor. Second, the tumor must be limited to the liver only. Radiofrequency Ablation This is a relatively new method used for eliminating minor tumors. Ultrasound-guided probes are inserted in the patient's abdomen. The probes look for the tumor. Once found, the surgeon transmits electric current into the probes. These currents eliminate the target. This procedure is useful for small tumors. However, it is often combined with resection surgery to destroy more cancer cells. Cryosurgery This is the opposite of radiofrequency ablation. Here the surgeon will put liquid nitrogen into specific parts of the liver. The cancerous cells are destroyed by freezing. Cryosurgery can be applied on tumors bigger than resectable surgery can handle. The drawback is it can destroy ducts, blood vessels and other healthy tissues. Causes of Liver Cancer Doctors have yet to determine the actual cause of the disease. However, they have identified the factors that can put you at risk of getting one. Foremost is long term, excessive drinking of alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol can lead to cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a condition marked by liver scarring. This will affect the liver's ability to function. Studies show that people with cirrhosis are likely to develop cancer. Chronic hepatitis C or hepatitis B also makes a person susceptible to cancer. Also at risk are people who eat aflatoxin-stained food. Aflatoxin is a poison that grows on nuts, grains and other food that are not properly stored. Exercising regularly and eating healthy food can lower risks of developing cancer. If you experience any of the symptoms of cancer, it is imperative that you see a doctor immediately. If the disease is detected and treated early, chances are it can be removed. References: http://www.medtreatments.net/hair-loss-treatment.html http://www.everydayguide.com/what-causes-liver-cancer/
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