Linguistic symbols by malj

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									    Linguistic symbols




Kuiper and Allan Chapter 1.1.2
Linguistic symbols have
   function and form

• Because symbols in languages are
  placed in hierarchical sequences they
  have function and form, e.g. Mary
  swims.
   Tree

       sentence


word              word


Mary              swims
       Box


         sentence


word                word


Mary                swims
          Linearity


• nine sounds in a linear sequence
• two words in a linear sequence
          Hierarchy


• The form of the first word consists of
  four sounds.
• The form of the second word consists
  of five sounds.
  – Tree diagrams and box diagrams can show
    linear and hierarchical structure.
  – the structure of trains
  – function and form in trains
                  Tree diagram

                                train


engine   trucks
                       engine    trucks guard’s van
Box diagram


            train
   engine    cars   caboose

								
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