Extensive Reading D - Word List
WORD PARTS DEFINITION SAMPLE SENTENCE SYNONYM
Unit 1 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
the passing of customs and beliefs from one Most families have Christmas traditions that are
traditions n a ritual
generation to another passed down from generation to generation.
poem, story, or adventure of heroic
epic n Odyssey is Homer's epic from Greek mythology.
of a form of writing used for over 3 000 years
The Sumerians developed a writing system called
cuneiform n until the 1st century BC in the ancient
countries of the Middle East
a large, flat block of stone with writing, The Egyptians did not have paper so they wrote on
decoration, images, etc clay tablets.
Invariably, the doctor's advice is always good, so we
invariably adv without exception or change
always do what he recommends.
The incredible trip the family took through two
incredible adj wonderful, fabulous amazing
continents lasted six months.
Her coach planned a strenuous workout to prepare
strenuous adj needing great effort difficult
her for the tournament.
The long trek between the seacoast and the
treks n a long, difficult journey
mountains took months.
All human beings are mortals and will all die one
mortals n subject to death
She mourned the death of her father for many
mourn v to feel sad at the death of someone
a force or power believed to determine in It was fate that we should meet again after all these
advance everything that happens years.
In order to attain great wealth, you need luck and
attain v to achieve reach
immortality n living or lasting forever The Beatles achieved immortality with their music.
mythical adj related to mythology Zeus is a mythical character. unreal
The policeman thwarted a burglary by catching the
thwarted v to block someone from doing something to obstruct
thief as he was about to enter the house.
The opposition party tried to subvert the
subvert v to try to destroy or weaken something
We studied the ancient civilizations of Greece in our
ancient adj very old
Beethoven's music seems to have a negative effect
effect n a result outcome
deluge n a heavy rain, usu. brief and sudden The deluge caused a flooding in the village.
My children's well being takes precedence over my
precedence n greater importance priority
Unit 2 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
His major premise for asking for a raise was that an
premise n a basis for a line of reasoning
they were going to have another child. assumption
The book has been translated into 30 different
translated v interpret as from one language to another
The little girl narrated the story of Snow White to
narrated v to tell a story in writing or speech
The delay in his arrival was due to bad weather
delay n a time that something is slowed or stopped wait
The execution of the murderer will take place in two
execution n the act of putting someone to death
One of his nefarious crimes was burning down the
nefarious adj evil wicked
Her family had suffered many tragedies in the last
tragedies n a sad event disaster
language in everyday use in a country or The vernacular of that region is very different than
region the English that is taught in schools.
The accident obscured her memory from when she
obscured v to confuse make unclear
was a child.
Many of America's current laws were derived from
derived v to get to obtain
After passing the examination, Jim acquired the
acquired v to gain to get
license necessary to start his business.
The found an ancient clay tablet predating the
predating v to happen before something else
The two candidates had an intense debate over
intense adj strong concentrated
a magical spirit, originally in Arab traditional
When she opened the box, a genie appeared and
genie n stories, who does or provides whatever the
asked her what her wish was.
person who controls it asks
Her mother was a celebrated author that spoke to
celebrated adj renowned well known
children all over the world.
endured v to bear While in prison, she endured ridicule and flogging. tolerate
The representative said she was conducting a
a maneuver to gain advantage or to disguise
ploys n survey, but it was just a ploy to sell me life a trick
one's true intent
Some criminals are incorrigible and will spend their
incorrigible adj not able to behave correctly
lives in prison.
Rather than helping the cause, the politician hinder
hinder v to slow the progress of something to impede
it by giving false information.
devises v to create He devises a different plan to get rich every day. to develop
Unit 3 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
portion n a small piece or section of a larger thing He gives a portion of his salary to charity.
Do you believe in a divine force that controls all
divine a heavenly, related to a godly force
The house was easy to find because of the precise
precise adj accurate exact
deity n a god or goddess Zeus was a Greek deity.
In the middle ages, warfare was commonly carried
archer n a person who shoots arrows a bowman
out by archers.
The village chief sent his warriors to fight against the
warrior n a fighter soldier
chariot n a two-wheeled vehicle drawn by horse Roman soldiers used chariots during their battles.
permanent n meant to last, forever or for a long time The scar was permanent reminder of the accident. everlasting
It was the father's duty to work and provide for his
duty n responsibility obligation
This memo clarifies the company's employment
clarifies v to make clear explain
The essence of the debate is over who should have
essence n the central point of a subject
custody of the baby.
His reluctance to get married showed his fear of
reluctance n concern or fear about doing something hesitance
This plan entails the cooperation of all the
entails v to make necessary require
identical adj exactly alike James and John are identical twins.
The literature provided enlightenment on the
enlightenment n an explanation
surgery she was going to have.
perceive v to understand She said my message was difficult to perceive. comprehend
to succeed in understanding something often Even after 30 minutes of explanation, he still wasn't
complex able to grasp the information.
based v to make or form a base or foundation for My decision is based on the facts of the case.
The president was not concerned about the welfare
gain n a profit of the students; his only concern was for his
The big jacket constrained him from being able to
constrained v to limit control
Unit 4 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
bard n a poet William Shakespeare is a bard.
a song or poem that tells a story, or a slow
ballads n Lionel Richie sang many ballads.
to combine two or more things in order to To improve efficiency of the company, they
integrated v mix
become more effective integrated many of the departments.
a military action in which forces surround an During the siege, the military barred all foods from
area and prevent supplies from entering entering the compound.
chronicle v to record This book chronicles the life of Hemmingway. recount
He tried to bargain with the store owner, without
bargain v to ask for a lower price haggle
After winning five straight tournaments, he felt he
invincible adj too strong or smart to be beaten
My neighbor is very truculent and unpleasant to be
truculent adj unpleasant and tending to argue a lot
formidable adj strong, difficult to defeat daunting
The committee gathered many petitions to stop the
petitions n a legal request for action by a court
business from moving into their neighborhood.
defeats v win a victory over The defeated the enemy after a lengthy battle. to beat
When they opened the trunk of the car, they found
corpse n a lifeless human body a cadaver
After relinquishing his rights as a parent, the many
relinquishing v to give up, hand over to surrender
left the country.
cunning n careful deception We need a bit of cunning if we are to win the battle. slyness
The massacre of the village inhabitants caused a
massacres n the brutal killing of many people or animals slaughter
major exodus from its neighboring villages.
She has keen a wit and understands all her subjects
wits n intelligence acumen
describes something that has lots of parts It took quite a bit of concentration to understand
and is therefore confusing the book's labyrinthine plot.
My uncle had an unsavory reputation, so none of
unsavory adj unpleasant
his family members attended his funeral.
Using your brains may be an effective way of staving
staving v to stop something bad from happening
off the onset of Alzheimer's disease.
The mother enticed her children to get good grades
entice v to attract to persuade
by offering them money.
Unit 5 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
Albert Einstein had a genius for understanding
genius n a special ability
A sense of doom gripped the children after the an unhappy
doom n a terrible fate
gunman had entered the building. end
After the man entered the women's restroom
unwittingly adv unintentionally unwittingly and saw the women talking, he causally accidentally
walked back out.
After the final preparations are over, he will embark
embarks v begin a journey, venture, or new activity begin
on a six month journey through Asia.
prevails v to win, triumph Truth always prevails.
Space exploration has become a focus for many
exploration n a journey of discovery a search
While her son was missing, she suffered great
torment n great mental or physical pain agony
The author had unknowingly plagiarized many of his
unknowingly adv not aware of a particular situation or problem
saying disrespectful things about God,
blasphemy n Long ago, people were killed for blasphemy.
religion, or anything sacred
After David had slain the giant, he was welcomed
slain v killed murdered
warmly by the villagers.
oracle n a wise person who tells the future The ancient Greeks referred to oracles for advice. a soothsayer
the power to have an effect on people or He was very influential in the field of genetic
influential adj affecting
Although the companies are all in the same
discrete adj a distinct identity or existence separate
buildings, they are all discrete entities.
early adj before the expected time He went to bed very early yesterday.
to do something that shows that you are The judge ordered the teenagers to 60 hours of
atonement n compensation
sorry for something bad that you did community service as atonement for their crimes.
People that live in poverty only dream of attaining
prosperity n a good economic period
prosperity in the future.
His dominance in the field of tennis span over 10
span v an amount of time stretch
His mother was a legendary tennis player in the
legendary adj famous renowned
The goal of classical education is to develop rhetoric
rhetoric n the art of using words well
in its students.
The husband preferred antique, but the wife
contemporary n of today modern
preferred contemporary furniture.
Unit 6 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
Education and 10 years of experience are requisites
requisite adj a requirement a necessity
for the position.
Tom was not trying to stop progress; he was merely
merely adv only, nothing more than suggesting changes that could improve the simply
prominent adj well-known and respected June is a prominent politician in her country.
attribute v quality of a person or thing He attributes his good looks to his mother.
something that causes a fall from power or a The downfall of the president's reign was attributed
high position to his lack of experience.
He sustained several broken bones from his skiing
sustains v to suffer endure
wounds n a cut, puncture The wounds from the dog bite healed very slowly.
The battle between the two countries occurred over
battle n a struggle conflict
their rights to the island.
After waiting for two hours, she eventually got tired
eventually adv in the end
and went home.
The couple wanted a divorce and there was no way
circumvents v to find a way around avoid
to circumvent it.
hero n a person admired for bravery or great deeds The hero of the story was a five year old boy.
an impressive act, showing strength, courage, Graduating from university in three years was a
feats n an exploit
or unusual ability great feat!
related v connected by blood or marriage She was related to jimmy Carter. linked to
Her company employs ex-convicts; she believes in
employs v provide paid work to people to hire
giving a second chance.
The contrasts in the two art pieces shows the
contrast n comparison between two objects
techniques of the old and the modern.
He doesn't believe in technology and still uses
archaic adj old and useless antiquated
archaic ways to conduct business.
Blending the two programs produced a much more
blending v to mix together
After finding a lump on her shoulder, she
underwent v to experienced underwent numerous test to find out what was
someone who does not believe in a religion The pages(오타?) in town worship the sun and the
with a single god moon.
He is regarded as an expert in the field of
regarded adv virtually, regarded
Unit 7 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
the national assembly that makes or changes
Parliament n Her uncle was an important member of Parliament.
laws in some countries, such as Great Britain
She was rewarded for her intense effort with a full
rewarded v to give an award to someone compensated
scholarship to Harvard.
She was awarded a government grant to study art in
grant n money given for a specific purpose
a strange habit or characteristic that is seen
foibles n Our foibles can be distracting to others.
as harmless and unimportant
The 9th grader's behavior typified that of his
typified v to characterize represent
speculate v to guess about We can only speculate how the story will end. guess
a piece of fiction that is longer than a short Animal Farm is a famous novella that many
story, but shorter than a novel American high school students are required to read.
a dangerous disease that spreads very fast In some parts of the world, plagues still kills many
plague n affliction
and kills its victims quickly people.
The children amuse themselves by watching
amuse v to please delight
a journey to a place which is considered
Many Muslims try to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at
pilgrimage n special, and which you visit to show your
least once in their life.
The queen was very upset because her son had
ordinary adj common, regular plain
married an ordinary girl.
The new movie was designed to appeal to young
designed v intend for a certain goal or purpose
shrine n a religious place that honors a person or saint There are many Shinto shrines in Japan.
host n person in charge of a social or other event The host was very busy serving all her guests.
a person who travels a long way to visit a holy The pilgrims traveled for over 20 days before they
pilgrims n explorer
place reached the famous shrine.
unusual or special and therefore surprising
remarkably adv The little girl remarkably survived the 20 feet fall.
and worth mentioning
The family sued the doctor for malpractice when the
malpractice n wrong treatment by a professional
The president decided to step down because of the
treachery n betrayal disloyalty
treachery of his cabinet members.
feeling and showing love and duty to God She is very pious; she attends church every Sunday
and religion and Wednesday.
a type of humorous play filled with ridiculous The farce about the unemployed shoe salesman was
situations very funny.
Unit 8 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
The video showed how the man was brutalized by
brutalized v to treat someone in a cruel and violent way demoralize
a central idea or main pattern, such as in daily
theme n The theme of the movie was about loyalty.
life, an artistic work, or another area
to force someone out of his or her home After the death threats on his life, he took his family
country and went into exile in France.
The repercussions of getting bad grades was that he
repercussions n a reaction to something esp. bad events
was grounded from his computer for a month.
The reception of the soldier back in his hometown
overwhelmingly adv very great or very large flood
was overwhelmingly positive.
He was an acclaimed athlete that had completed in
acclaimed adj public congratulations praise
two summer Olympics.
the part of society, universities, that is
academia n He spent more than 40 years in academia.
connected with studying and thinking
when people are peaceful and agree with each
There was great harmony between the siblings in the
harmony n other, or when things seem right or suitable accord
Loss of a father is a recurring theme in Spielberg's
recurring adj to happen many times or to happen again constant
the first public performance of a play or any The two sisters went to the premiere of Will Smith's
premiere adj debut
other type of entertainment movie.
He holds the distinction of being the only person
distinction n excellence from the university to win the prestigious
outspoken adj saying clearly what one thinks She is very outspoken about civil rights. frank
a person who reviews and gives opinions
critic n My aunt is the food critic for our local newspaper.
about art, music, film, etc
tyrannical adj unjustly cruel, harsh, or severe She left her home to escape her tyrannical father.
The new political party replaced the regime of kings
regimes n government, system of ruling
Christians are still persecuted in many countries
persecuted v to treat people unjustly or cruelly abuse
The employees negotiated a new contract with their
negotiate v to reach an agreement through discussion to work out
One faction of the political party was very
factions n a group of people within a larger group bloc
physical abuse that causes great pain and The prisoners were not tortured during their
mental anguish captivity.
She had an uneasy feeling about her husband's trip
uneasy adj nervous worried
to the jungle.
Unit 9 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
explosion n a blowing apart with force The gas leak in the building caused a big explosion. a blast
Many young people are not interested in reading
literary adj related to literature and writing
a difficult time or task using much effort and
struggle n The struggle for power led the country to its demise. conflict
the ideas or meanings expressed in a speech The content of the movie was inappropriate for
content n subject matter
or piece of writing children.
prejudice or unfairness against people of one Despite its effort for multiculturalism, racism still
race by those of another exists in America.
The immigrant family had a difficult time finding
subsequently adv occurring or coming later or after work in America; subsequently they returned to
their own country.
written language in its ordinary form rather Many people find it easier to read prose than
than poetry poetry.
accepting things as they are in fact and not
Although the book was fiction, the book's portrayal
realistic adj basing decisions on unlikely hopes for the practical
of historic events was very realistic.
The compensated her hard work by giving her a
compensated v to pay something
brand new car.
Her paintings portrayed several objects that were
futuristic adj very modern advanced
Her mother is an avid tennis player; she plays three
avid adj keenly dedicated enthusiastic
hours every day.
prolific adj creating a lot of work He is a prolific writer; he writes two books a year. productive
the land outside a city or town with trees, She prefers living in the countryside, where she can
farms, and few houses breathe fresh air.
since no one can determine the stock market,
speculative adj based on a guess and not on information risky
therefore, all money invested in it is speculative.
person who believes that women should have My sister is a feminist and refuses to get married
feminist n the same rights, opportunities, and treatment because she believes marriages diminishes a
as men women's worth.
excel v to do very well She excels in every subject in school.
Driving through the thick fog was a surreal
surreal n strange, dreamlike unreal
to accept the fact that a person has a Her aunt is recognized as a leader in the civil rights
particular position or quality movement.
a person who acts as a diplomatic The conference was attended by diplomats from 50
diplomats n envoy
representative of a nation different countries.
The president received harsh criticism for not
harsh adj causing pain or irritation
responding to the hostage situation quickly.
Unit 10 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
vast adj wide in area My father owns a vast piece of land in Alaska. immense
His interest in music tended towards classical and
tended v to lean, incline toward in attitude
The school preserved the founder's memory by
preserved v to guard, protect from harm or change safeguard
erecting a statue of him in front of the school.
The demise of the Roman Empire was largely due to
largely adv mostly, to a great degree mainly
the fact that it got too big for itself.
The students had taken their teacher for granted
taken for granted to accept without question or objection and did not realize everything she did until they had assume
a substitute teacher fill in for her.
gain v to obtain, acquire Students gain a lot of knowledge from school. to get
Most divorces are usually preceded by several years
preceded v to come before appear earlier
of marital conflict.
to think of something as better than it really The students idealize their teacher, even though he
is is not often thought of very highly by his peers.
rejected v to refuse, not accept The committee rejected most of the proposals. to decline
There is a movement in the state to improve the
movement n a political or social cause
academic standards of the schools.
Before founding his own company, Bill was
to have someone work or do a job for you
employed v employed as a manager for a very large construction
and pay them for it
verisimilitude n likelihood; probability The booked verisimilitude.
In the aftermath of the fire, the community came
aftermath n the bad result consequence
together to support the victims.
Her awareness of the political system gave her an consciousnes
awareness n having knowledge
advantage in her government class. s
massive adj huge The massive earthquake destroyed 3,000 homes. great
organization from higher to lower by rank, He rose very quickly through the company's
social status, or function hierarchy to become its president.
When she recounted her tragic childhood, the
tragic adj very sad, often involving death and suffering
entire audience started to cry.
The corruption in the country discouraged many
corruption n illegal, immoral or dishonest behavior foreigners from doing business with the domestic
Due to her sickness, she found it difficult to focus
focus v to center one's attention on concentrate
on her work.
The protagonists is a wealthy woman who is
protagonists n the leading character in a play or novel
banished from her town.
Unit 11 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
The pottery they discovered was preserved for over
millennia n a period of 1000's years
The speaker's speech was very concise, but it was
concise adj said in few words with much meaning succinct
a person of great learning, usually in a The gathering was for international scholars who are
particular subject experts in the field of biochemistry.
a large, flat block of stone with writing,
tablet n The Egyptians wrote on clay tablets.
a type of paper invented in ancient Egypt,
papyrus n The Egyptians also wrote on papyrus.
made from a tall water plant
delineated v to describe in specific detail It is important to delineate every point in a contract.
a specific type of literature, art, or music In order to study for the college entrance exam, you
grouped according to a style or subject need to read from different genres.
a type of literature based upon the author's
fiction n Fiction is her favorite genre. not true
imagination as opposed to true stories
The wardrobe and music was wonderful, but the
plot n the main story in a novel or play story line
plot in the movie was difficult to understand.
sublime adj the very best We spent a sublime vacation in Thailand. wonderful
There is a linear relationship between the man's
linear adj direct connected
character and his upbringing.
rhythm n a regular beat The conductor keeps the rhythm for the orchestra.
the repetition of the same sound usually at The sentence "Happy Henry hurries to his hut" uses
the beginning of words alliteration.
He was determined to get straight A's and studied
determined adj of strong will resolute
six hours a day.
to give emphasis or special importance to The teacher stressed the importance of practicing
something every day.
evolved v to develop Education has evolved in the past 50 years. to change
a part of a word as determined by vowel
syllable n The word "brother" has two syllables.
sounds and rhythm
She is primarily concerned with the welfare of her
primarily adv mainly, first of all mostly
family and not her work.
varied adj different kinds The store offers varied kind of candles.
a machine that prints books, newspapers or The invention of the printing press allowed for
printing press n
magazines many books to be published.
Unit 12 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
unique adj one of a kind His idea was very unique; no one else thought of it. singular
We can only speculate what he did over the
speculate v to guess about
to describe someone or something in a The president's wife was portrayed in a negative
portrayed v to characterize
certain way light in the media.
The exhibit at the museum will last for three more
exhibit n a display a show
The noble class is usually made up of kings, queens
noble n a member of the nobility
and their families.
a person who reviews and gives opinions The critics gave a very positive review of the movie
critics n reviewer
about art, music, film, etc Charlotte's Web.
deemed v to consider The mayor is deemed to be a very honest man. to believe
We have to find purpose and joy even in mundane
mundane adj referring to the events of everyday living commonplace
It is important to meditate on noteworthy ideas and
noteworthy adj important significant
The firefighter ran valiantly into the raging fire to
valiantly adv bravely boldly
save the little girl.
Her children are very important to her; her life
revolves v to have as a focus
revolves around them.
marlin n a large fish After six days at sea, the old man caught a marlin.
Initially, she was very fond of the gentleman; then
initially adv at the beginning
she found out his true character.
After she was sentenced to life in prison, she walked
dignified adj with a formal, serious, and calm manner
in a dignified manner to her cell.
enormous adj very huge An enormous fish swallowed Jonah.
any of various types of boats small enough
skiff n A skiff can be powered by ores or sails.
for sailing or rowing by one person
adversary n an opponent The two teams in the competition are adversaries. a foe
utterly adv completely She was utterly exhausted after an eight hour walk. totally
futile adj useless Hard work without a vision or purpose is futile. unsuccessful
carcass n the body of a dead animal Vultures like to feed on the carcass of deer.
Unit 13 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
Her husband travels extensively because he is a
regional adj related to a region or geographical area district
regional director for a major computer company.
believing that people are only interested in She is so cynical that she only thinks people
cynical a mocking
themselves and are not sincere volunteer because it makes them look good.
to refuse because of the feeling that someone
He wanted to quit his job because he disdained
disdained v or something deserves no attention or contempt
working with his boss.
The core of the couple's problem is that they do not
core n the center of anything
evoke v elicit The movie evoked a feeling of sadness in me.
to lead something such as an attack or a She spearheaded a campaign to stop the alcohol
spearheaded v lead
course of action company from coming into town.
Before she become famous, she had written
numerous adj Many
numerous books that never got published.
of the order of events as they happen over The book gave a chronicle description of the events
chronological adj sequential
time that led to war.
the ability of a person to pronounce words It is important for politicians to have clear diction
diction n eloquence
clearly so that they can articulate their message.
arduously adv difficult She had arduously climbed over the mountain. tiring
As a child, her mother immersed her in classical
immersed v to become absorbed in to delve into
The company made several wrong assumptions
assumptions n a belief that something will happen, supposition
about the market and lost a lot of money.
The aristocratic family held parties that were
aristocratic adj a class of people who hold high social rank
attended by many dignitaries.
When faced with conflicts, most people do not look
inward adj toward the inside
inward but point their fingers at others.
After hearing about the accident, she was
devastated v to destroy completely
devastated to learn that her father was injured.
Many people risked their lives to fight for abolition
abolition n the stopping of something by law prohibition
We like to eat at that restaurant because of its
ambiance n southern culture and ambiance
to think about continually and be bothered The memory of the kidnapping haunted the girl for
by continually years.
elaborated v give more detail The president elaborated on his religious beliefs. explain
to succeed in understanding something often The chemistry concepts were very difficult for the to
complex student to grasp. comprehend
Unit 14 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
The recipient of the noble peace prize was a
recipient n a person who receives something beneficiary
a yearly award in the USA for the best writing She won the Pulitzer Prize for her best selling novel
Pulitzer Prize n
in newspapers, novels, poetry based on her childhood.
Migrant workers pick strawberries in California each
migrant n workers who harvest seasonal crops moving
possessions n control over something She lost all her possessions during the fire. ownership
to injure so that one cannot walk or use one's
crippled v The accident crippled her brother. disabled
miserably adv sad, heartbroken After her dog died, she felt miserably. unhappily
Cleaning up after the hurricane is going to be a
mammoth adj huge in size
He lost all his money, and he is in dire financial
dire v very serious very serious
We could not have a campfire because of the
drought n a time of little or no rainfall
a long-term loan from a bank for buying
mortgage n Most American families have a mortgage payment.
desperately adv in immediate, very strong need I desperately need a vacation.
The mother was arrested after she abandoned her
abandon v to leave someone or something to desert
baby daughter in the grocery store.
derogatorily adv showing lack of respect Many Asians were derogatorily labeled as "chinks." disparagingly
It is surprising to find that people still die of
starvation n the state of having no food
a search for something especially over a long His quest to find the perfect wife lasted 20 years,
quest n crusade
time period without much success.
There are many merits to learning to speak several
merits n high quality excellence
the ability to share or understand another She had empathy for the mother; she had also lost a
person's feelings child.
The prisoner's plight was broadcasted all over the
plight n a difficult situation predicament
marred v to damage Her reputation was marred by her divorce. to deface
We had three more hours to travel before we
destination n the place where someone is going
reached our destination.
Unit 15 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
The tragedy of losing a child affected the couple's
tragedy n a sad event disaster
playwright n person who writes plays Shakespeare was a playwright.
survivor n person who survives a life-threatening event She was the sole survivor of the plane accident.
figure n an important person John F. Kennedy is an important political figure.
an object regarded as an example of the best
classic n Miracle on 34th Street is a classic Christmas movie.
Out of anger, the husband made scathing remarks
scathing v harsh severe
about his wife.
fierce adj cruelly violent Her opponent was a fierce tennis player. ferocious
immense adj huge There is an immense statue in front of the library. very big
strived v to work hard for something She strived for perfection in everything she did.
She worked with children all day, and needed a
sanity n mental health
break in order to keep her sanity.
Her perfect plan started to unravel when her
unravel v to become undone to loosen
husband found out the secret.
Her lack of education compounded to her difficulty
compounded v to make something more difficult to complicate
in finding a job.
My mother instilled good moral values in me when I
instilled v to give by example or teaching
was a child.
overriding adj to set aside, ignore overrule
Most people that fantasize about winning the
inevitably adv unable to avoid
lottery will inevitably come to their sense.
Starvation was rampant in the city after the
rampant v uncontrollable and widespread
My mother was called to testify about the accident
testify v to tell what one knows
Resumption in the growth of the economy resulted beginning
resumption n a restart
in more jobs. again
She received an award for her notable work in
notable adj important, impressive outstanding
solving world poverty.
The voice of the children's choir resonated through
resonates v to sound clearly for a long time
out the church.
Unit 16 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
admirers n a person who thinks highly of another Bill Clinton has many admirers.
Martin Luther King Jr. is remembered for his
heroism n an act of courage or great skill
spotlight v to focus attention on The media spotlighted the candidates achievements.
The neighbors really didn't know the man because
reclusiveness n a disposition to prefer seclusion or isolation
of his reclusiveness.
After having spent most of his childhood alone, he
withdrawn adj not communicative shy
became very withdrawn as an adult.
clamor n a loud protest The students created quite a clamor.
The little girl's heroic act had a lasting impression on
lasting v continuing for a long time enduring
Lack of exercise has a negative impact on people's
impact n effect impression
public disagreement, usually involving strong
controversy n There is much controversy over stem cell research.
opinions and an important subject
Her mother was very rigid and expected her children
rigid adj strict unbending
to follow a strict schedule.
The women in the office were very disturbed by the
disturbed adj worried upset
vulgar language of the man.
The new law enabled women to have equal rights in
enable v to make possible for empower
the work place.
Her teaching methods were very unorthodox and
unorthodox adj unusual
caused much controversy in the school.
Although many praised his artwork, some found it
offensive adj suffering of the body or the mind disgusting
to be very offensive.
That little boy's tennis ability is very impressive; he
impressive adj causing admiration
will be a pro one day.
a magazine or other publication that comes
periodicals n I subscribe to several periodicals.
out at regular intervals
We went to China Town to have authentic Chinese
authentic adj genuine real
sensitive adj easily hurt or affected emotionally He is a very sensitive man; he cries very often.
ultimately adv in the end The children ultimately had to obey their parents.
The owner of the company gave a definitive answer
definitive adj clear and leaving no further question
to the employee's question.
Unit 17 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
holding the most important position or
dominant n Football is a dominant sport in the state of Texas.
to come into
appeared v to become visible He appeared in several movies.
After the civil war, there was an influx of refugees
influx n the sudden arrival of many people or things
fleeing to the neighboring country.
The dog adjusted to his new home because of the
gradual happening slowly or by small steps incremental
an important part or characteristic of a The salesperson explained the different features of
product or service the computer.
The firefighters extinguished the fire that had
extinguished v to stop put out
started in the garage.
The company diversified its products by selling
diversify v to make or become varied
The extinction of the dinosaur happened million of
extinction n destroyed so that they no longer exist
huge adj big There was huge trashcan next to the movie theater.
primitive adj belonging to an early stage of development: The villagers still used primitive methods for fishing. simple
The existence of poverty in America surprises many
existence n the presence of something in the real world
having many parts or details that make The map was very complex and difficult to
complex n involved
something hard to understand or deal with understand.
triggered v to start a reaction Watching the film triggered a childhood memory.
proliferate v increase in number rapidly After the bombing, fear proliferated the country. multiply
prey n animals killed for food by other animals Small fish are prey to bigger fish in the ocean.
carnivorous adj an animal that eats meat Lions are carnivorous animals.
herbivores n an animal that eats only plants Cows are herbivores animals.
adapted v adjust She adapted to her new surrounding very quickly.
nominally adv in name or thought but not reality The country is nominally independent.
Much progress was made in building the new
progress n movement toward a goal advancement
Unit 18 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
decompose v to rot Over time, dead plants decompose into the ground. to decay
the remains of ancient animal or plant life Fossils tell us a great deal about the dinosaurs that
preserved in rock lived long ago.
elusive v difficult to describe The answer to the murder mystery is elusive.
a type of rock composed of calcium
limestone n Many homes in Texas are built from lime stones.
Her many positive traits make her a very popular
traits n a characteristic an attribute
he area of the body between the backbone
pelvis n A women's pelvis is wider than a mans.
and the legs, framed by the hip bones
The parent's rules are unambiguous: if you come
unambiguous adj without doubt clear
home late, you are grounded for a week.
The little boy unearthed a wooden box full of
unearthed v to dig up to discover
money in his backyard.
The committee became suspicious when many of
unanswered adj not answered or explained
their questions were unanswered.
glided v to fly through the air without power Birds are able to glide through the air effortlessly. to soar
a governmental area into which many She and her husband are from the same province in
countries are divided China.
agile adj quick and skillful in moving The ballerina was very agile in her performance. nimble
an animal that lives by killing and eating
predators n Lions are predators; they eat other animals.
something that gets in the way and stops The new president faced many obstacles in
obstacles n hurdle
action or progress implementing his new plan.
The CEO expanded his company buy starting a new
expanded v to grow larger to enlarge
branch in Canada.
hollow adj empty, with no center The tree was not very healthy; the trunk was hollow.
The money raised from the fund raiser exceeded our
exceeds v to be more than what is expected
the development of living things, cultures or
evolution n Darwin is credited with the theory of evolution.
The contrasting views of the different age groups
contrasting n very different
was not surprising to the teacher.
The deer emerged from the woods and into the come into
emerged v to appear
Unit 19 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
close to a particular number or time although It will take approximately three weeks to frame the
approximately adv nearly
not exactly that number or time picture.
to discover something secret or hidden or When they moved the stone, they uncovered a giant
uncovered v reveal
remove something covering something else fossil.
mammals n a warm-blooded animal Female mammals feed their milk to the young. animal
The boy resembled his father; they both had curly
resembled v to look like someone or something else be alike
The baby indicated what toy she wanted by pointing
indicate v show where or what something is point out
genus n a type of classification Humans belong to the genus Homo.
Weasels cause problems for farmers because they
weasel n a small, brown and white meat-eating animal
like to eat chickens on the farm.
support v to hold up or bear the weight of Three beams supported the stage. encourage
Owls are nocturnal and sleep during most of the
nocturnal n during or relating to the night night
The book bag bulged because there were too many
bulged v swell or stick out protrude
books in it.
upright adj standing up My father bought an upright piano.
to have the most important place or greatest Her father was a great soccer player; he dominated
dominated v command
influence in the field.
inhabit v to live in an area This island is only inhabited by birds and flowers. dwell
You are an expert in this field, so I submit to your
submit v to agree
pouches n a bag-like pocket of skin Baby kangaroos live in the mother's pouch. pocket
an animal, such as a kangaroo or an
marsupials n opossum, whose female members have a Marsupials are found in Australia.
pouch to carry their young in
The disappearance of the magician is still a great
disappearance n an act of disappearing
All latecomers are required to sit at the back of the
latecomers n a person who arrives late
She had the black and white prints reproduced in
reproduced v to make copies of something copy
with constant high body heat in any
warm-blooded adj Humans are warm-blooded.
Unit 20 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
The pregnant woman listened to classical music
the developed embryo in humans and other
fetus n everyday because she believed her fetus would
The accident was partially caused by the broken
partially adv in part not fully
embryo n the early stage of growth before birth Chicken embryos grow inside the eggshell.
teat n a nipple of an animal Milk of a cow is squeezed through its teats.
native adj a person who is born in a certain place She is a native of Indonesia. endemic
words or objects that support the truth of The judge released the man because there was no
evidence n proof
something evidence that he had committed the crime.
hind adj related to the rear or posterior part The dog injured his hind leg. back
graze v to feed on grass The cows graze in the field. feed
digest v to process in the stomach Vegetables digest faster than meat.
one of the sharp nails on an animal's paw or
claws n Bears have sharp claws.
designed v to form mental plans for The company designed a better advertising plan. create
The family subsists on the money from the life
subsist v to live at basic or minimal level to exist
debate v present differing views on a question The two candidates debate over national security. to argue
The student was simultaneously working on two
simultaneously adv done at exactly the same time
The walked together until they reached the bridged,
diverged v to separate and go in different directions
then their paths diverged.
to continue steadily in the same manner in The little boy persisted in asking his mother for
spite of obstacles or opposition candy, until she agreed.
The discovery of the artifacts helped the scientists
discovery n the finding of something new
understand the ancient culture.
distinctive adj different from others The dish had a distinctive flavor. special
striking adj immediately noticeable He is a striking man; he is very handsome.
The similarities between the man and woman was
similarities n the state of being almost alike a resemblance
Unit 21 Definition Sentence Synm
of being based in nature, not in the He is a naturalist because he believes in what he can
The judge made her ruling based on the precedent
precedent n a case which has basis in an earlier case
established last year.
The scientist drew information from a library of
drew v to take or use something to portray
Darwin has been widely cited for popularizing the
widely adj broadly, commonly
theory of evolution.
Abortion continues to be one of the most
controversial adj something that is not accepted by everyone
controversial topics in American politics.
The jury found the woman's testimonial to be
convincing adj satisfying assuring
The writer worked hard in refining his composition
refining v to make more exact or clear
extending in the same direction as something
parallel adj The two roads run parallel to each other.
effort n an attempt to do something We made an effort to be friends after the argument.
slight adj being delicate or lacking strength The young man looked very slight to be a boxer.
Many people were speculating about the outcome
speculating v to expect to assume
of the game.
Accepting the validity of the theory was central to
central n at the core or foundation of something
notion n a belief or idea I had a notion that you would come tonight.
a privileged status, typically due to being Her seniority in the company allowed her to make
older or from having a strong record many big decisions.
The theory was revolutionary because no one had
revolutionary adj pertaining to great change
ever seen anything like it.
It is certainly remarkable that you got straight A's
remarkable adj incredible wonderful
It is important to talk in terms that laypersons can
laypersons n common people or citizens
The woman's condition did not allow her to have
offspring n children or babies born to a mother or father
lacking adj to be without His argument was lacking any convincing details.
perish v to die or become destroyed If the plane runs out of fuel we all will perish.
The mere idea of teaching the class made me
mere adj to be nothing more than something else
an idea or prediction that something will Scientists first make a hypothesis and then test it
occur with an experiment.
The worker split the piece of wood into two pieces
split v to divide into two pieces
with his ax.
previously adj having occurred beforehand We previously thought that it was not a good idea.
The evidence presented to the court was not
compelling v convincing
compelling, so the case was dismissed.
When was the last time that a software update
update v to make a new version
became available for this program?
The student was asked to revise his paper as it had
revise v to review and correct
The answers provided by the teacher were
contested v to question a dispute
contested by the honor student.
My friend is a geologist. He takes soil samples to his
geologist n a person who studies the earth and rocks
lab to examine them for their elements.
The tractor was used to plow the soil in order to
plow v to move or turn over
We dug a basin for each fruit tree so we could water a hole in the
basins n a depression
them more efficiently. ground
The boy did not speak, but his decision could be
implied v to be understood in an indirect manner
implied by the look on his face.
The alternative answer was not convincing to the
alternative adj a different choice
Darwin's theory of evolution is nearly universally
universally adj globally; all over the world
accepted by scientists.
The defendant's argument seemed implausible to
implausible adj not possible or warranting disbelief
dense adj very thick The population in New York City is dense. compact
Many say that children's brains have a plastic
having a quality that is flexible or able to be
plastic adj quality since they can be shaped to understand
having the action of going in the opposite A stay-at-home father may seem like a role reversal
direction to some older couples.
I climbed to the ridge of the mountain with my best
ridge n an elevated or higher portion of a structure
The girl's cell phone bill seemed to correspond with
correspond v to conform to or to be in agreement with
her actual airtime usage.
We had sufficient money to buy two pairs of
sufficient adj enough to meet the needs of something
descended v to come down The balloon descended from the sky in the evening. to lower
The basketball team survived a near loss and to stay in
survived v to continue living
continued to the semi-final game. existence
a person who studies the environment and The city hired an ecologist to investigate the impact
its organisms of the new apartment buildings on the river.
invented by human, based on an actual She bought artificially flavored vainilla because it
model was less expense than real vainilla.
to introduce or present something for a The actress was reintroduced by the announcer
second time after her name was mispronounced.
to establish the existence or reality of He wants to prove that he understands the
something difference between the two models.
The struggling couple wanted to involve the
involve v to take part in or engage in an activity
psychologist in their situation.
An ice age results when the earth's temperature
ice age n a time when many glaciers covered the earth
drops dramatically for a long period of time.
to consider something as correct or The governor did not condone the activity of the
The Caribbean ocean has an amazing variety of
marine life n animals or organisms that live in the sea
Terrestrial life forms have inhabited the planet for
terrestrial adj relating to the earth and its inhabitants
Vertebrates are some of the strongest organisms to
vertebrates n animals or organisms with a backbone
inhabit the earth.
habitat n a place where something lives The natural habitat of an alligator is a swamp.
sustained v to endure for a long period of time He sustained his innocence during the trial.
preventing something from doing something
inhibiting v His actions were inhibiting the success of others.
destruction n damage, or the state of being destroyed The destruction of the old house was sad to see.
There was mass hysteria when the fire alarm went
mass adj to a great degree
We could not have predicted that the underdog
predicted v to think something will happen
team would win.
over harvesting v to harvest something too much Forests have been destroyed due to over harvesting
the condition of something never happening The rooky's win at the championship was
A blue moon is a phenomenon that occurs every
phenomenon n a rare or significant event
The surface of the car was rusted from years of
surface n the exterior or upper part of something
The boy was unafraid of the consequence of getting
consequence n the result of an action
It is evident that you have prepared well for the
evident adj apparent observable
The process was accelerated by a knowledgeable
accelerated v to speed up or go faster
the product of something which has been
radiation n The radiation of heat from the sun is very high.
emitted from something else
There was a steady stream of messages coming to
steady adj constant or unchanging
The paper towl absorbed all of the water on the
absorbed v to take in to suck up
the air that surrounds the surface of the A spaceship must fly through the atmosphere to get
earth into outer space.
misnomer n an incorrect name for something Calling the activity legal was a misnomer.
project v to throw or cast something forward The flashlight projects light onto the wall.
to do something with someone or something I wanted to interact with the other customer in the
else store but I was shy.
emit v to send out The radio emits sound through a pair of speakers. to give off
The end result of the experiment did not confirm
result n the effect or consequence of an action
posing a problem; something that is Running out of gas in the middle of the desert is
the quality or state of something that is My uncertainty about the product made me decide
unsure to not buy it.
The construction of the housing district led to the
deforestation n the state of a forest which has been cleared
deforestation of the forest.
an area that is covered, or mainly covered, by
wetland n He grew up outside the city in a wetland.
The roof was vented to allow air to circulate around
vented v to have access to air
drained v to draw out The sink had not drained because it was clogged. to empty
to surround or form a circle around The explanation encompasses the central part of
something the problem.
vital adj crucial, extremely important Water is vital to our existence.
Speeding constitutes the basis to receifvfe a
constitutes v to set up to establish
A caterpillar undergores a transformation when it
undergoes v to experience to endure
turns into a butterfly.
One aspect of the problem we had not considered
aspect n a particular appearance or status
came back to haunt us.
The people of the town were united to fight for their
cause n a reason for an action or condition
multitude n a great number of people or things There was a multitude of cars at the car show.
The United States imports many products from
import v to bring in from somewhere else
implications n something that is implied The ruling of the court case had many implications.
The internet has allowed for ease of global
global adj relating to or involving the entire world
grazing v to feed on grass or other vegetation Cattle graze around the area of the ranch.
a group of people that is preoccupied with The conservation group did not want the scientists
conservation groups n
the environment performing their experiment near the ocean.
We could only speculate about the outcome of the
speculate v the think or be curious about a subject
irrevocable adj impossible to change or undo The decision of the manager was irrevocable.
reverse v to go in the opposite direction The man would like to reverse his actions.
There are many government subsidies available for
subsidies n a grant or donation of money
He police officer was responsible for enforcing the
enforce v to force something or to carry out an action
The conservation group wants to preserve the
preserve v to keep safe from destruction or injury
richness n the satate of having high quality or value There is a richness to be found in all places.
The girl was absolutely the fastest runner on the
absolutely adj definitely, for certain
A person can suffer of dehydration if he does not
dehydration n the state of being without water
drink enough water.
victims n a person who has been harmed by something There were many victims after the latest hurricane.
relentless adj to occur constantly, without stopping A relentless wave of attacks destroyed the city.
Many courses require a cumulative exam at the end
cumulative adj made up of a addition of individual parts
of the semester.
entirely adj completely, totally The necklace is made entirely of diamonds.
The car with the automatic transmission shifts gears
shift v to change or move
having the characteristic of drama; The number of car accidents has dramatically
surprisingly reduced over the past few years.
magna(molten The molten magna flowed out of the volcano at a
n substance emitted by an erupting volcanoe
magma-스 펠 링 수 정 rapid pace.
The bathroom was full of vapor after the man took a
vapor n a gaseous substance emitted from hot liquid steam
unequally adj not of the same character or measurement The piece of pie was cut unequally into two pieces.
compressed v to press together or reduce in size The clothing was compressed into the suitcase.
A seamstress can take a dress and alter its size or
altering v to change or modify the quality of something
Every news station has a meteorologist who gives
meteorologists n a person who studies the weather or climate
the weather report.
traverses v to cross The river traverses much territory from east to west. to cut across
a substance which has been converted into Much of the water in the teapot was lost due to
a substance that has been changed from The vapor in the bathroom turned into
vapor into liquid condensation on the window.
The meteorologist claims that there will be little
precipitation n a deposit of water or snow on the earth
to pass through something by filtering or
infiltrate v The water infiltrated the soil after several minutes.
The plumber noticed a droplet of water underneath
droplet n a very small drop of liquid
a type of fuel which has been formed by the Fossil fuels such as natural gas are commonly
fossil fuel n
remains of plants or animals burned to heat houses in the wintertime.
combustible adj able to combust The airplane fuel is highly combustible. burn
The tickets to the basketball game were surprisingly
economical adj not costing much money inespensive
a situation or circumstance which makes Not having studied for the exam was a disadvantage
something difficult to achieve for the student's success.
Unforseen drawbacks created delays for the
drawbacks n an unfavorable situation or feature
completion of the project.
an interruption in the normal course of an The student's interruptions were a disruption for
activity the class.
to change something, either a skillful or The manipulation of the data gave the professor the
deceptive manner result she wished for.
to involve as a consequence through A man was implicated in the crime thanks to the
inference neighbor's testimony.
ferns n a type of plant with long, thin leaves Ferns are popular houseplants.
a substance which settles at the bottom of a The coffee grounds settled as a sediment at the
liquid bottom of the coffee cup.
people who occupied the region in southwest The Mesopotamians created a powerful society
Asia between the Tigris and Euprhates rivers. along the Tigris River.
oil which has not been processed for typical Venezuela exports large quantities of crude oil to
crude oil n
use the United States.
Many dinosaurs died when they became trapped in
tar n a thick, heavy brown or black liquid
pits of tar.
drilled v to open a hole with a rotary motion A hole was drilled in the wall to hang the picture.
The idea was discarded as being impossible to
discarded v to throw away to cast off
synthetic adj a product which has been made artificially Synthetic oil is often used in high mileage cars.
Many countries are searching for forms of
renewable adj capable of being renewed
a substance used to reduce the temperature Industrial refrigerators use large quantities of
of something refrigerants to keep the food cool.
a substance which can explode or break apart The terrorists used explosives to destroy the
violently governmental building.
The scarcity of food lead to starvation across the having little of
scarcity n the state of being scarce
The hominids became the dominate group
hominid n any family of two-legged primates
a very dense and hard material that produces
flint n The campers used a piece of flint to start a fire.
sparks when struck hardly
ochre n a red or yellow iron used as a pigment The natives used ochre to pain their faces.
The mine shaft was closed because it was unsafe for
mine shaft n an opening used to enter a mine
The fighting ceased when the two sides came to an to bring to an
ceased v to stop
Many commodities are bought and sold worldwide
commodities n a product which can be bought or traded
strata n a sheet or layer of rock The earth is composed of many stratas.
the power to cause an effect over something The judge's ruling had a great influence on the
An excavation near the border revealed many
excavation n a hole or cavity formed by digging
Climbing a mountain without a rope is inherently a
inherently adj of being essential
The woman's testimony posed a problem for the
pose v to set in place
susceptible adj open or unresistant to a stimulus The little girl was susceptible to catching colds.
One would intuitvely assume that studying is a
intuitively adj readily learned or understood
curse n a cause of harm or misfortune The witch put a curse on the town before leaving.
The new graduate student showed great potential to
potential n possibility
The smelting of the substances created the desired
smelting n the melting or fusing of a material
Although it could not be seen, the man was
internally adv existing on the inside of something
external adj existing on the outside of something Skin is external to the body's organs.
The company's infrastructure did not allow the
infrastructure n The central framework of a system
workers to advance.
plume n a bird's feather We found a plume of a robin in the back yard.
The contamination emitted by cars each year is very
contamination n state of being dirty or polluted
array n a range or distribution of values There is a large array of colors in the spectrum.
harmful a dangerous or of causing harm Smoking cigarrettes is harmful to one's health.
The couple was eliminated from the competition
eliminated v to do away with, to put an end to
when they made a mistake in the final round.
The presence of danger elevates an animal's desire
elevates v to raise to heighten
The power company was disconnecting heat to
disconnecting v to end or terminate a connection
family's homes that had not paid their heating bill.
Bicycles do not release pollutants into the air as
pollutants n something which is unclean or impure
Diesel fuel is typically less expensive than regular
diesel n a heavy mineral oil used for power engines
a place or plant that processes oil or other The oil refinery worked around the clock to keep up
substances with the demands of customers.
The bird that flew over the refinery came away with
sooty plumes n a dirty or soiled feather
The stock market is notoriously volatile during
volatile adj subject to rapid change
Harold's new book focused on the role of women in
focused v to concentrate on something or to specify
today's business culture.
An urban home is desirable for those who wish to
urban adj pertaining to the city or city life
be near to everyday conveniences.
The warm weather diminished the necessity to heat
diminished v to lessen or decrease
the house as much as usual.
I would like to reduce the amount of coffee I
reduce v to lessen or decrease to diminish
consume each day.
a type of pollution, especially carbon dioxide, More and more greenhouse gas is emitted into the
greenhouse gas n
emitted in global warming atmosphere each year around the world.
a chronic lung condition presenting difficulty The boy had to use medicine to control his attacks
of breathing of asthma.
Acid rain can damage the environment in many
acid rain n precipitation of acid in the form of rain
The president implemented new regulations to put into
implemented v to put in place
regarding the trade agreement. action
The new company generated high revenues in their
generated v to create or make
The majority vote in the senate allowed the bill to
majority adj the greatest (largest) part of something
pass into law.
Tennis is a sport done as recreation by many
recreation n something done for fun or distraction
Shirley's decision was objectionable for several
objectionable adj of causing objection or a negative reaction
Steven improperly answer the majority of the
improperly adj incorrectly, not properly
questions on the exam.
to pass through an opening, typically by
leaked v The roof leaked every time it rained outside.
refuse or garbage carried out of buildings by Cities are responsible for controlling the sewage
the sewer created by its residents.
There was a layer of silt that remained after the dust
silt n a very fine grained material made of rock
The depletion of the ozone layer leads to faster
depletion n the state of being emptied or reduced
The entire stadium went crazy when the home team having no part
entire adj complete
won the game. omitted
a community of organisms pertaining to a Ecosystems come into danger when new housing
particular environment developments are created.
Snow accumulated on the road quickly during the
accumulated v to amass to gather
last snow storm.
Businesses typically must be built outside of
residential adj pertaining to an area where people live
Common citizens buy the majority of their goods
retail adj of being sold to customers in small quantities
from retail stores.
liquid which comes away from a particular There was a great amount of runoff into the streets
source after the rainstorm.
I bought some fertilizer for the grass in my lawn as
fertilizer n a substance used to help plants grow
well as for the houseplants.
fouled v to disturb or prevent The police fouled the attempted burglary.
Some candidates abruptly change their mind when
abruptly adj quickly rapidly
All activity on the college campus halted with the
halted v to stop or bring to an end
sounding of the fire alarm.
visible adj able to be seen The mountains were visible from across the city.
Henry bought some manure to use when planting
manure n a type of fertilizer used to help plants grow
Unit 31 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
an organic compound consisting of hydrogen
hydrocarbon n Hydrocarbons are a common element in our world.
liquefied v to turn into liquid The snow liquified when it melted in the sun.
She was extremely upset when she did not receive
extremely adj to a great degree, highly greatly
the job offer.
Getting bad grades is detrimental for getting into a
detrimental adj bad for something, harmful
The severity of the punishment was regarded by
severity n the quality of strength or strictness
many as too low.
His pain persisted even after the doctor gave him
persist v to endure to continue
The shipping company was proud of its reputation
timeliness n of being on time or being punctual
Many travelers use a device for the detection of
detection n the state of being noticed or detected
Some fishery operations are aimed at tourists who
fishery operations n the work of people in the fishing industry
would like to try fishing for the first time.
opposition to something or the ability to The group's resistance to change might have caused
resist change their downfall.
The severe snowstorm caused the entire city to shut
severe adj a strict or strong quality
waterlogged adj to be full of water My boots were waterlogged after I fell into the river.
Preening birds keep themselves clean by using their
preening birds n a bird which cleans itself with its bill
own bill to clean their feathers.
detrimintal or harmful, often in a subtle The deletirious comment was not appreciated until
manner much later.
of being second to something else, coming Completing his thesis was only secondary to
after something else maintaining his family.
Security was breached when classified information
breach v to break to violate
was published in a daily newspaper.
The governor worked to keep lethal weapons off the
lethal adj deadly, able to kill
occurring without losing time, happening The immediate reaction of the crowd was one of
Genetic mutations caused the farm animal to be
mutations n a change experienced by an organism
born differently than the others.
The idea of switching jobs lingered in his mind after
lingered v to persist or remain
the bad experience with his employer.
synonymous adj to mean the same as To help' is synonymous to 'To assist.'
hazardous adj dangerous, potentially harmful Smoking cigarrettes is hazardous to your health.
in a general
broadly adj widely The presentation broadly covered many topics.
emissions n something that is emitted, let out Cars need to be checked for emissions once a year.
imposed v to bring about by authority or force The professor imposed her rules on the class.
disposal n a place for leaving waste or garbage The city's disposal was overflowing with garbage.
His strategy was to start studying for the test
strategy n a careful plan or method
several days early.
Our manager received a strong criticism from the
criticism n an evaluation, often on the negative side
Nobody wants nuclear waste to be stored near their
waste n garbage, refuse
The student teacher was substituting for the regular
substituting v to put in place of something else
professor in class today.
My idea to finish the project in several days was
unrealistic adj not realistic inappropriate
proper adj correct, of the right representation She invited us to a proper English tea party.
At the end of the semester the students take a
comprehensive adj covering a large scop, broadly complete
incineration n the act of burning something The house was damaged by incineration.
money paid for doing something incorrectly The couple paid a large amount of money in fines
or illegal for not taking care of their children correctly.
indefinitely adj for an unspecified period of time The gym will be closed indefinitely for remodelling.
unregulated adj without rules or regulations Unregulated policies are difficult to enforce.
The amount of money raised by the campaign was
insignificant adj without much significance or worth
something suffered as result of an action, a The penalties for driving over the speed limit can be
hardship very costly.
to prevent from doing something, to Susan's news did not deter Brian from making his
It is a great accomplishment to have graduated first
accomplishment n something achieved or completed achievement
in your class.
He accurately identified the main language centers
accurately adj correctly, truthfully
of the brain.
The rules were established by the members of the
established v to bring into existence or to stabilize
a population of people living in a newly The first immigrants to the United States formed
established territory or state colonies on the east coast.
on purpose, resulting from careful
deliberate adj The decision to leave a night early was deliberate.
Early voyages to newly found territories were very
voyages n a trip or journey, typically by sea
The early colonists settled in the northeastern
settled v to establish a place to live, to develop an area
If there are no objections, this couple may be
objections n an opposition or complaint
He submitted his proposal for the project before
proposal n a plan to do something
Prior to working at the copy shop, she worked as a
prior adj beforehand, before
receptionist at a law firm.
a group of people that is against a particular The opposition to the president's idea was very
point or another group disorganized.
We took food provisions with us on the camping
provisions n a supply or material provided for a purpose
The story of the beginning of the church is
fascinating adj very interesting, incredible
a place or area pertaining to a particular group The southern territories have experienced troubles
of people or country recently.
John's parents were discontented with his academic
discontented adj upset, not content
The young man was imprisoned for attempted
imprisoned v to be put in jail or prison
initiated v to begin or start The children initiated their club in the park.
They were eager to begin on their journey to the
eager adj anxious, excited
The houses were built far enough inland to be safe
inland adj a piece of land which lies inward from the sea
from the storm.
The team capitalized on the opponents' errors and
capitalized v to take advantage of a situation
won the game.
A primary purpose of a battle tends to be the
conquest n something that is conquered or won in war
conquest of land.
The height of the mountain is like no other in this
height n the elevation of something, a high point
An agrarian country is capable of sustaining its own
agrarian adj relating to fields or land
dynasty n a kingdom or powerful group of people The dynasty of the emperors lasted for centuries.
composed v to be made up of, to be built of A table is composed of a flat board and four legs.
related to superstitious, belief in something The superstitious woman was afraid that a black cat
perhaps unaccountable for might cross her path.
The information provided to the candidate was
inaccurate adj not accurate, wrong incorrect
Jason was obligated to retake the exam since he did
obligated v to oblige, force to do something
not pass the first time.
Many professional athletes have the reputation of
arrogant adj an exaggeration of one's worth or self-esteem
The amount of work required in the class was
excessive adj exceeding a normal amount, too much
Her driver's license was revoked when she got her
revoked v to be denied or turned away annul
third speeding ticket.
triumphed v to win, to be victorious The politician triumphed in the election.
France established an alliance with the United States
alliance n a bond or connection between people
slaughter n a killing or butchering The lambs were taken to the farm for slaughter. massacre
The subjugation of the people was essential to his
subjugation n to bring under control or make submissive
to abandom or leave something after making Her defection from the country made international
a conscious decision news.
There was not a substantial amount of evidence in
substantial adj a notable amount, ample
the court case.
The prosecutor aggressively attacked the
aggressively adv with great power, marked by aggression fervently
The news of the train crash was unsettling to all
unsettling adj upsetting, making one feel uneasy disturbing
residents of the town.
money demanded by someone for the release The ransom demanded for the boy's liberty was very
of another high.
The plant is indigenous of the high mountain
indigenous adj originating in a particular area native
diverse adj having distinct or different qualities There is a diverse student body at this university.
immensely adj greatly, to a large degree He impressed me immensely with his new theory.
My willingness to help has not changed since the
willingness n inclination or disposition to do something
The judge requested that more evidence be brought
evidence n a sign or indication that something happened
to the court.
His victory was notable in that it was deemed
notable adj worthy to note, remarkable
an object characteristic of a particular time Archeologists look for artifacts during archeological
period or place digs.
remnants n something which remains or is left behind The there were few remnants from the yard sale.
A clue for the answer was gleaned from careful
gleaned v to extract or to bring to light
observation of the old records.
The descendents of the mountain clan became very
descendents n one who follows from a previous generation
His vast knowledge about the subject made his
vast adj great, expansive very broad
to take into a relationship or into The faculty was slow to adopt the director's
consideration by choice proposal for change.
loom v to come into sight or to appear The dark rain clouds loomed overhead.
The ceremonial wedding was impressive to the
ceremonial adj pertaining to a ceremony, very formal in detail
The president empowered his staff by giving them
empower v to give power to someone or something
the right to make their own decisions.
Her designer strived for symmetry when creating the
symmetry n to be equal on all sides balanced
The boys committed sacrilege when they spoke
sacrilege n a violation or offense to God
badly of God.
People came from all parts of town to perform a
ritual n a ceremony or traditional observation
ritual on Christmas day.
departed v to leave, to go away The plane departed on time this morning.
people who came before us in our family or I have many ancestors who came to the United
country's history States from Norway.
Tensions were high as the people waited for the
tensions n unrest or imbalance in a relationship
The roads were newly paved last year but are already
paved v to cover, often with asphalt
in poor condition.
The prison outbreak was the first story on the
outbreak n a disturbance or insurrection, often violent
The story about child abuse incensed the members
incensed v to arouse indignation or anger
of the community.
to bring from another place, often another The United States has been importing oil from
country Venezuela for many years.
to bring something to another place in an The pilot was smuggling drugs in his plane until one
illegal manner day he was caught.
Due to poor sales, there was a surplus of
surplus n an extra amount of something
automobiles left in the factory.
Rather than file for bankruptcy, it is better to try to impoverishme
bankruptcy n the state of having no money
pay your bills. nt
The exact number of people in the audience was
exact adj precise, free of error
The members of the soccer team unanimously
unanimously adv a condition in which all people agree unequivocally
decided to skip practice last night.
to portray oneself as someone else, often for The bank robber disguised himself by wearing a
the purpose of deceit black mask and sunglasses.
a structure built along the shore of an ocean, Fisherman's wharf is one of the most popular
typically for fishing tourist attractions in San Francisco.
Many crates were lined up along the walls of the
crates n a box or large container for storing objects
She was motivated to do her best work from the
motivated v to provide motivation or excitement
man's nice words.
There is a strict penalty for turning in homework
strict adj stringent, inflexible rigid
The wall along the side of the freeway prevented the
prevent v to keep something from happening
car from going off the road.
outright adj of being complete or exact What he said last night was an outright lie.
His negative comments on health care alienated a
alienated v to be left alone or removed from a situation
lot of voters.
a representative, typically elected by a group The candidates pursued becoming the delegate
of people from their party.
pertaining to a situation in which one is
Although they were paid fairly, the indentured
indentured adj bound to work for another and receive pay
servants were not happy with their work.
for the services
a condition in which a person cannot decide Living in servitude is something most people would
for himself or make his own decisions not wish to do.
happening without making a conscious The reaction to run away from trouble is
The prisoners' uprisingings were increasingly more an act of
uprisings n a fight
difficult to control. defiance
The family's descent was notable for its connection
descent n of coming from a line of ancestry
to the ruling party.
a representation of something, often made of There was a statue of the country's liberator in the
concrete or wood town plaza.
The college's rules strictly prohibited staying on
prohibited v not permitted or allowed
campus past midnight.
He was lynched for his involvement with the
lynched v to put to death, often by hanging
negative treatment received for doing The punishment for turning in a late assignment
something wrong was a zero in the gradebook.
the condition of giving or trading one thing In the slave trade, people were traded to work on
for another other people's land.
The tobacco plantations on the east coast have
plantations n a settlement, typically on a large piece of land
been in operation for centuries.
cruelty n a condition of poor, often violent, treatment Animal cruelty is not tolerated in the United States.
a part of the body that grows off the trunk or One must risk life and limbs to if he wants to
limbs n appendages
main section become a mountain climber.
The slave was whipped for failing to do his job
whip v to beat with a long rope
She went to the police to inform them about her
abusive adj harmful, harsh
I did not object when I was asked to stay late at
object v to disagree or oppose to something
work last night.
The quakers objected to the slave trade, even
Quakers n early group of settlers in the United States
though some had slaves.
The president tried to abolish the slave trade early in
abolishing v to put an end to to stop
The emancipation proclamation ended the slave
emancipation n to free or end restraint
The liberation of the slaves is a positive piece of the
liberation n condition of being free or liberated
existed v to be real or have life His problem with nervousness lasted for decades.
The government was not prepared for the rebellions
rebellions n an action of resistance or defiance
of the citizens.
The magnitude of the earthquake was greater than
magnitude n referring to size or proportions
any other in history.
subsequent adj following in time or place We heard subequent complaints from the students.
The outcome of the championship match was what
outcome n a result or consequence
one would expect.
The chain of events that lead up to the disclosure
chain of events n series of actions or events
debts n something owed, often of monetary value He had debts we knew of.
practice n a performance or action The lawyer's practice was very busy.
a person or animal that is held under the The captive was not allowed to talk to anyone but
control of someone else his lawyer.
schooner n a sailing ship or vessel with two sails We rode on the schooner to get to the island.
The ceremony commenced after all of the audience
commenced v to start or begin
The school's test scores were considered abysmmal
abysmal adj terrible, immeasurably low
by the school board.
intolerable adj not tolerable, unbearable The man's attitude was intolerable.
The bank processes hundreds of transactions each
transaction n an exchange or transfer of goods or services
a person who inhabits or lives in a particular The occupants of the hotel had to evacuate when
place they heard the fire alarm.
Last year's football team lived a near situation of
enslavement n a situation of being enslaved or held captive
Children acquire language from hearing it in their
acquired v to gain or come into possession
secure v to relieve from danger or to make safe The building was secured by the police chief.
complicated adj difficult, not easy Math problems can be very complicated.
horrific adj to feel horrible or terrible The scene of the crime was horrific. terrific
One avenue for solving the problem is reconsidering
avenue n a route, a manner for pursuing something
His bad attitude was affecting his performance on
affecting v to have an effect on something
recounted v to count again The voting ballots were recounted twice.
reverend n a priest or pastor at a church The town reverend was loved by all.
Her manager was frank about her recent
frank adj honest, sincere forthright
The book had a profound effect on my way of
profound adj characterized by intense feelings deep
a person who must serve another without According to the family tree, Davis' grandfather was
freedom a slave on a large plantation.
The song was banned from radio because of its
banned v to not allow, to prohibit
to consider the value of something, to find
criticized v Her work was criticized for being unoriginal.
The criminal was depicted as a good person in the
depicted v to show or demonstrate
The mayor's opinions were divergent from those of
divergent adj differing from a standard reference
the previous mayor.
conflict n a struggle or competition The conflict was escalated when the king was killed.
The president said he would not withdraw the
withdraw v to take away to draw back
troops from the region.
It was atrocious to see how badly the children
atrocious adj horrible, disgusting
Giving concrete examples is essential when
concrete adj definitive specific
The government decided to outlaw the sale of
outlawing v to make illegal
a person who thinks that his or her race is
racist n He was disliked for his reputation of being a racist.
better than any other
pertaining to the status quo or the normal
stereotypical adj The response was stereotypical for the situation.
Our opinion did not differ from that of the other
opinion n a way of thinking a belief
a reason given to prove something, a source The professor's argument for suspending the
of conflict student was not taken seriously.
The congressman facilitated the justice talks last
facilitated v to help something happen, to make easier
A one million dollar bounty was offered for the
bounty n a generous gift or reward
capture of the criminal.
labor n work, the expending of energy To labor all day without rest is no fun.
The output from the computer program was
output n the end result of an action
impossible to understand.
gross domestic the value of all goods and services produced The rising country's gross domestic product was
product by a country during a specific time period stronger than ever this year.
yield n the amount of a product returned or yielded The yield of corn per acre was quite high.
The woman pioneered the new clothing fashion
pioneering v to do something for the first time, to invent
seen at the awards ceremony.
People cannot endure living without water for very
endures v to withstand, to put up with
I modified the equation by adding an additional
modified v to change something deliberately to alter
a change in the economy motivated by the The industrial revolution in England caused
industrial revolution n
use of machinery to do humans' work widespread unemployment.
resistant adj capable of providing resistance The stain resistant shirt was worth every penny.
the quality or feature of being able to do She had many capabilities that we were not aware
a machine, like a train, that can move on its Locomotives transport people and products
own around the world every day.
We used an herbicide on the weeds growing in our
herbicides n an element used to kill or inhibit plant growth
the quality of being efficient, the degree to The company was looking for workers with a great
which one can do something with ease deal of efficiency.
pesticides n a substance used to kill pests, such as insects You can buy a pesticide to kill the ants in your patio.
The new branch on the rose bush stemmed from
stemmed v to come from, to branch off of
the main trunk of the plant.
The new company's operating costs were offset by
offset v to serve as a counterbalance for something
high first quarter sales.
They closed the business when they realized the
diminishing v to make less to decrease
increasingly diminishing returns.
modular adj based on a model, having pieces of set sizes The modular carpet could be pieced together easily.
There are twenty-seven amendments to the
amendment n something which is amended or added
constitution of the US
Her bid for presidency was denied by a stronger
denied v to not allow, to refuse
characterized by being a shortened version of The abridged dictionary still had more words than
something we needed to know.
The appropriate attire for the reunion was a
appropriate adj suitable or correct compatible
business suit and tie.
Her productivity at work increased when she started
productivity n relating to the production of something
to sleep more at night.
The amount of oppression on the people of the
oppression n cruel or unjust exertion of power
country was unbearable.
They increasingly realized that their decision was more and
increasingly adv with a greater rate
sentiment n the feeling of a person or group of people Our sentiment toward the criminal was very low.
There were many exclusions to the offer at the
exclusion n something that is removed or excluded
reformer n a person who makes reforms or changes Noah Webster was a spelling reformer.
The progression of notes played by the pianist was
progression n an advancement or succession
the condition of having moderation in one's
temperance n She was not known for having much temperance. restraint
actions or feelings
something which is formally confirmed or The ratification of the law was high on the list of
uppity adj feeling upbeat or happy We felt uppity after winning our first tennis match.
The incremental plan to reform spelling was
incremental adj in a step-by-step fashion
the condition of something compared to
status n In the classroom, John had high status.
The girl scouts achieved their goal of selling enough
achieve v to accomplish or to get something done
cookies to go to Washington D.C.
We gained momentum as we entered the final
momentum n the pace at which something occurs
round of competition.
The workers were picketing outside the
picketing v to petition or complain
The people's thinking on how to resolve the
coalesced v to grow together or to united
problem coalesced with time.
The naval headquarters were located just west of
naval adj pertaining to the navy
The children felt the urgent need to call their
urgent adj requiring immediate attention pressing
The pivotal moment in the debate came when the
pivotal adj very important, critical
two candidates argued over healthcare.
A tactical error at any moment could lead to
tactical adj concerning the tactics of doing something
Dropping the football during the last seconds of
blunder n a large mistake or error
the game was a blunder.
A group of nations opposed to the Allies Germany, Italy and Japan were axis powers during
Axis powers n
during World War Two. World War Two.
The police officer detected the smell of alcohol on
detected v to notice, to discover
The smaller country had few armaments to protect
armaments n a weapon or military force
internment n a place where people are held or confined The internment was known for its poor conditions.
imperial adj relating to an empire One day the imperial powers began to dissolve.
midget n a very small version of something The midget cars were popular at the car show.
an order from the government which
embargo n The US continues its financial embargo to Cuba.
The escalation of troops sent to the war was
escalations n the state of becoming greater or more intense
to change a person's opinion through I persuaded Rosa to come with me after offering
argument many convincing reasons.
Henry brought together an impressive assemblage
assemblage n a collection of people or things a gathering
We were preoccupied that the situation was not
preoccupied v to concern, to worry
aviator n a person who flies an airplane The early aviators were courageous. pilot
The manager's ultimatum was that the worker
ultimatums n a final demand or proposition needed to come to work on time or stop working
Our opinions seldom coincided with respect to the
coincide v to have agreement, to accord to concur
a person delegated to respresent a country or The government envoy did a great job in getting the
government people to come together.
Countries that opposed the Axis powers The major Allied Powers in WWII were Britain, Russia
Allied Powers n
during World War II and the United States.
The brutal punishment of the hostage was shown
brutal adj harsh severe
on the news.
official adj pertaining to an office, authoritative Spanish is the official language of Venezuela.
There were a variety of students from different
variety n pertaining to having different forms or types
countries in the class.
The doctors monitored her condition throughout
monitoring v to watch to observe
Her humanitarian efforts were recognized by the
humanitarian adj relating to humanity or people
Arms control is a frequent topic of international
arms control n the control of weapons or armaments
The soldier received torture after he was captured
torture n cruel mistreatment of someone or something
behind enemy lines.
a period of time marked by the absence or The failure of the Irish potato crop led to
extreme lack of food widespread famine in Ireland.
The worker was promoted for consistently
promote v to advance something, to further something
increasing sales revenues.
A low degree of collaboration on the project would
collaboration n the action of working jointly with others
certainly not be sufficient for success.
The company has subsidiaries in many different
subsidiary n a secondary or supporting organization
a person or group of people that creates or The founders of the organization were honored for
invents something their contributions.
The latter set of homework problems were the
latter adj pertaining to something that follows subsequent
a period of tension between the US and the The Cold War latest for approximately 50 years,
Cold War n
Soviet Union from the 1940s to the 1990s.
the deliberate destruction of a group of The genocide of the group will always be a low point
people in world history.
A violent protest outside the capitol made the
violent adj characterized by violence or strong force
peacekeeping n an effort to maintain peace and order Peacekeeping is always a priority of the government.
Driving over the speed limit constitutes a traffic
violations n an infringement, something done improperly
Twenty athletes were selected to represent the
selected v to choose or pick
country in the Olympic Games.
The rumor of a terrorist attack created a state of
turmoil n a state of confusion or commotion
turmoil in the village.
The removal of the senator created a rift in the
rift n an opening, a fissure
a person who oppresses, keeps another The oppressors were prosecuted under
down international law.
Many of the repressive actions were not considered
repressive adj to prevent or hold down by control
How the law was not repealed earlier is a mystery to
repealing v to take away, to draw back revoke, annul
contagious adj something communicated by contact The respiratory illness was highly contagious.
a soldier who has been designated as a The Green Berets are regarded as being part of the
Green Berets n
member of the Special Forces upper echelon of military forces.
Everyone says Paul is clumsy because he is always
clumsy adj lacking tact or dexterity
to interfere in business that is not of one's
meddling v She was always meddling in the life of her neighbor.
Our feeling of futility could not be overcome with
futility n useless, without worth
The actions of the students were not tolerated by
tolerated v to allow to put up with
It was difficult to resist ordering some icecream for
resist v to put up force against something
Mary intimidated the others by always having the
intimidate v to make another feel fear or nervouseness
answers for everything.
to make a formal request, to ask for The campus group petitioned for their own meeting
something space at the university.
The troops surrendered when they realized they
surrender v to give up, to relent
Having a rapid does not do much good if the speed
rapid adj very quick, very fast
limit is low.
causalities(용 어 정
a person or thing hurt or damaged by an A primary concern in a war is the number of
의대로 한다면 n
action casualties that may be suffered by either side.
casualties로 수 정 )
Over 100 civilians were injured in the bombing
civilians n A regular resident of a place
The infamous doctor was tried in court for his
infamous adj famous for being bad or evil
actions against humanity.
an act of invading, entering a place where one The enemy's invasions were met with great
is not welcome resistance by the smaller country.
His radical departure from his hypothesis made
radical adj greatly different, considerable
people wonder what was going on.
not moral, in conflict with general beliefs or Immoral actions are considered negatively when a
principles person runs for public office.
The taillights faded into the darkness as the car
fade v to slowly dissappear or go away
something that interferes, obstructs, gets in There was interference on the phone line and thus
the way we could not communicate easily.
The reforms made to the constitution were for the
reform n a result of a change to a policy or convention
better of the people.
Compensated emancipation was used as a way to
compensated the freeing of a slave in return for money or
n end slavery in places were slavery was deemed
emancipation another compensation
The general's tactics were considered highly
tactics n a way or mode of procedure
effective by the commissioner.
The psychologist wanted to institutionalize her
to integrate into a formal system or
institutionalize v patient after she did not respond to the clinical
The student disrupted the class with his
disrupt v to bother, to break up to disturb
The killing of the king prompted the beginning of
prompted v to motivate or encourage
The two teams squared off at this year's
squared off v to confront, to prepare to fight
Four of the five causes were considered adequate
cause n a reason for doing something
for beginning the project.
Her notoriety seemed to do her more harm than
notoriety n condition of being well known or famous
culminating v to result or end Our years of hard work culminated in success.
There was an assassination attempt on the gang
assassination n the killing of a person
leader last month.
She wore a disguise to work and nobody recognized
disguise n something used to prevent identification
who she was.
a formal ceremony to mark the beginning of The inauguration of the country's president was
an event very elegant.
The state seceded from the nation after a bitter fight
seceded v to withdraw, to remove
It was crucial for the group to agree before
crucial adj very important, essential critical
presenting themselves to the council.
to prevail over something, to have more The president can override any request for a bill
power presented to him by congress.
The incident in front of the the dormitory was
incident n a situation or event
a military award given by the President to a
The soldier was awarded the Purple Heart after her
Purple Heart n soldier who has been wounded or killed in
service in the Middle East.
There were few risks associated with the
risk n a danger, a possiblity for loss or injury
Many career choices are offered by universities and
careers n a job or profession
His wages were garnered in order to repay his debts
garnered v to withhold to reduce
to the company.
a piece of paper used for the purpose of The ballots had to be recounted after the national
The prolonged effects of the medication were not
prolonged v to last for a longer length of time endure
known at the time.
situation of becoming larger, of being Several of the buildings were in need of expansion
expanded to accommodate the growing staff.
His stance on the issue was that there was no
stance n a point of view or way of thinking
The airplane pilot was notably drunk before he
notably adj noticeably, to a high degree
boarded the plane.
Jane carried out her plan even though she knew it
carried out v to do, to take action
was a bad idea.
The crisis only worsened when the county's water
crisis n a desperate situation, a large problem
supply ran dry.
On the bright side, he learned something from his
failure n an inadquate performance, a poor result
a problem without an obviously correct She spent hours considering the best solution for
situation her dilemma
constructed v to build or put together The building was constructed in one week.
The group's attempt to take over the building was
averted v to turn away or to deter
averted by the police.
assassin n a person who kills The king's assassin was later killed for his action. murderer
to portray incorrectly, for an improper The defendant says he was framed by the police
purpose who needed to pin the action on someone.
pertaining to a situation which seems
Paradoxically, it seemed that the wrong answer was
paradoxically adv contrary to popular belief but which may be
The decline of the military turned out to be a good
decline n a reduction or lowering
thing for the country.
pledge n a sign or acknowledgment We pledged allegiance to our country. a token
restore v to make something new again The judge restored order in the courtroom quickly. to give back
It is important to have optimism in order to be
optimism n to have a positive outlook or belief
The candidate had lots of charisma and it helped
charisma n a special appeal or charm
him win votes.
The deregulation of the emission of greenhouse
deregulation n the state of losing rules or regulations
gases was harmful for the environment.
The situation was difused when the two parties
defused v to improve, to make less harmful or intense
began to speak to each other.
wit n mental resource or reasoning power We used our good wit to figure out the problem. sense
stint n a short period of time One of the workers stayed for only a stint.
outlook n perspective, a prospect The outlook for the situation did not look good.
advocate v to support or encourage He advocated the control of firearms in the county.
protection granted to a person after a period The professor received tenure after six years of
of trial service service at the university.
Mountain lions leaped out of the cage and ran out
leap v to jump, to make a large stride
of the zoo.
pertaining to the governor or to the The gubernatorial election was poorly attended by
government the residents of the town.
Wind swept through the city and damaged several
swept v to make a large motion, to move
He was physically fatigued after a long tennis
fatigued adj to be tired to be weary
The book about the history of Sweden was a saga in
saga n a long, detailed representation of a story
its own right.
having much money or being generally One way of measuring prosperity is by counting
prosperity n thriving
successful your money.
The concert was stimulating and we all left in a good
stimulating v to stimulate or invigorate
to have a shortage, to have spent more than The country's deficit grew larger and larger each
one has earned year.
The preacher was popular for giving energetic
preacher n a person who delivers a public sermon
The group was segregated because of the color of
segregated v to separate from others
the study of God and the relationship of God
theology n Many preachers have a degree in theology.
to the world
a movement by people to gain equality under The civil rights movement helped make major
civil rights movement n
the law changes in the society.
Nonviolent protests often have a larger impact than
nonviolent adj without violence
a situation in which one does not obey the Civil disobedience in the form of a violent protest
rules gained the attention of the governor.
dictated v to speak or give orders in a demanding way My boss dictated what we had to do that day.
The preacher inspired me with his wonderful
inspired v to influence or motivate to guide
a situation in which one refuses to be The boycott of the airline pilots caused large delays
involved in travel.
Her book was instrumental in getting the situation
instrumental adj having critical or crucial means
changed in congress.
Thousands of people lined the streets to protest
protest n a display of disagreement
the elimination of a situation in which people
desegregation n Desegregation led to a more unified country.
are kept separate
The judge incarcerated the criminal for repeat
incarcerated v to put in prison to imprison
The case of police brutality showed that police
brutality n a very harmful, damaging action
officers are not always kind.
He conveyed his message by making a public speech
convey v to show, to demonstrate
and by writing a letter.
The protests were realized by thousands of people
realized v to happen, to occur
around the country.
The prison riots claimed the lives of both inmates
riots n an uprising, a massive fight
and prison officials.
prejudice n a judgment which causes injustice or damage Although prejudice is common, it is not good.
The effectiveness of the new medicine has not been
effectiveness n producing a desired effect or outcome
proven by the Food and Drug administration.
The confrontation between the manager and the
confrontations n a tense meeting or a clash
employee harmed the image of the company.
Her illustrious career as an architect made her very
illustrious adj exemplary, brilliant noble
Public contributions to the roadwork project
contributions n the giving or gift of something
helped get the job done quickly.
former adj coming before, previous The former mayor was once a track and field athlete.
The candidates anti-semitic remarks gave him a bad
anti-Semitic adj of being against Jewish people
a member of the United States House of The number of congressmen from each state varies
Representatives depending on the population of that state.
Few youth from our high school gained entrance
prestigious adj having high value or regard honorable
into the prestigious college.
Television commercials are funded by the company
funded v to give funds, to pay
who is selling its product.
The mandates required that employers not judge
mandates n an order or command applicants on base of religion, sex or political
There were unresolved disputes that lingered for
disputes n an argument or controversy
characterized by being able to be argued or
arguably adj His recipe for lasagna was arguably the best ever.
something of great importance transferred The legacy she built helping children will endure for
from one generation to the next years to come.
His ability to speak well extends beyond the
abilities n the capability to do something, competence skill
person in charge of a business or The company's chairman resigned last night after
organization the scandal was published in the paper.
A staggering number of people attended the biology
staggering adj amazing, incredibly large
Each state in the US elects two senators to express
senator n a representative of the state the views and necessities of its citizens in
The pursuit of happiness is perhaps the most
pursuits n an activity or engagement in something
important pursuit of all.
The high school alumni celebrated their twentieth
alumni n a person who has graduated from a school
reunion this year.
Rules are established for the benefit of the
establishing v to make or bring into existence
despite adj in spite of Despite her poor preparation, Alice passed the quiz. rather than
a person who invites another person into The host family was very kind and generous with
their home or community their exchange student.
The hiring committee set norms for the types of
norms n a typical or accepted behavior or control
questions they would ask candidates.
The boxer remained unconscious after he was hit in
unconscious adj without consciousness, without awareness
the first round.
something that exists in the mind but that is Something in my subconscious told me that it was a
not readily available for reasoning bad idea.
motivations n something that motivates or encourages Her motivation for coming was not clear.
The researchers looked for anthropological evidence
anthropological adj pertaining to people or the study of people
at the ruin.
The evidence the lawyers brought to the case was
disparate adj made of fundamentally different components
There were gaps in the boy's story about why he
gaps n a hole or space
was late to school.
He had a tremendous drive to be successful at the
drives n a motivation or reason for doing something
The child's outrageous behavior at the park was
outrageous adj exceeding the usual limits, unconventional unreal
embarrassing for his parents.
phobias n an extreme fear She has a phobia for spiders.
a condition which leads a person to do
compulsive disorders n Binge eating is a common compulsive disorder.
something without thought or care
provoked v to spark or motivate The news provoked protests across the state.
The first wave of questions seemed easy to the
wave n a period or situation
intrinsic adj essential, characteristic The intrinsic value of the earrings was quite low.
a technique used for treating someone or The doctor offered his patient a cutting-edge
something treatment to alleviate the pain.
Our pediatrician has been healing sick children for
pediatrician n a doctor who works with children
The condemnation of the plan was agreed on by all
condemnation n censure or rejection
His perspective on how to solve the problem did
perspective n point of view, way of seeing something
not differ much from that of the other candidates
She extracted six ounces of fluid from the
extracted v to bring out, to separate to withdraw
instincts n a natural impulse or capacity My instincts told me that I better leave right away.
Unit 51 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
to tell apart from something else, to perceive The young child could not distinguish wrong from
a difference right.
We were able to see the team play in more than one
instance n a particular occurrence or situation
The manager proposed to raise the workers' salaries
proposed v to put forth, to make an offer
over the next six months.
The experiment set out to measure the reaction
reaction times n the time it takes for one to react to a stimulus
times of the participants.
conscious adj of perceiving or having awareness He made a conscious decision to leave his job.
the result of perceiving or being aware of The research study sought to investigate listeners'
something perception of foreign accent in the recordings.
a creation of an ideal situation in one's His fantasy was to win the lottery, retire, and buy a
imagination home on an island.
a situation which is unmanageable, out of Hysteria ensued when the fire broke out in the
control apartment complex.
Some people feel the impulse to eat if they are a sudden
impulses n inspiration, motivation
Governor James rejected the proposal to lower
rejected v to turn away, to refuse to repel
being completely opposed or of the opposite The two sides of the brain were once considered to
extreme be diametrically different.
observable adj able to be seen or observed The patient's distress was visually observable.
the use of a reward or consequence to A parrot that talks to get a cracker has learned
operant conditioning n
modify behavior operant conditioning.
Having quick feet is essential to be a good tennis
essential adj basic, being of the essence
It is critical that you study harder if you want to
critical adj crucial, indispensable vital
pass the class.
The girl emphasized to her parents that she did not
emphasized v to restate or try to impress an issue
want to go to the party.
The children were nurtured by their parents until
nurtured v to raise with care, to bring up
they left home.
The magazine article satisfied my curiosity about the
satisfy v to comply or yield a sufficient amount
group's religious beliefs.
I decided I needed some self-actualization so I went
self-actualization n to bring oneself up to date, to modernize
back to school.
Holistic medicine aims to treat the whole body, not
holistic adj pertaining to the whole of something
just a particular condition.
His innovative way of thinking got him a top
innovative adj new, pertaining to an innovation
position in the company.
pertaining to a new, creative way of doing The team made a groundbreaking discovery in
something cancer research.
advanced v to move forward, to continue We advanced through the jungle at a rapid pace.
Carol refined her novel by making the characters
refined v to make better or more pure, to improve
My psyche just doesn't allow me to take part in the
psyche n relating to a person's soul or personality
The resistance to the proposal was more than we
resistant adj able to resist or withstand
would have expected.
There were too many restrictions to be able to get
restriction n something that restricts, a regulation a restraint
the job done.
We could not differentiate the identical twins by
differentiated v to be able to see a difference
instinctual adj relating to instinct, a basic impulse Running from trouble is instinctual.
The old woman was arrested for harboring a
harboring v to hold or contain, to give refuge
My boss's actions seemed sadistic to the rest of the
sadistic adj a fondness for cruelty or punishment
The newspaper article compelled me to write a letter
compels v to drive or force to motivate
to the editor.
The pronoun 'it' is often used to refer to inanimate
inanimate adj without life or spirt
A traumatic event early in life can lead to phobias
traumatic adj of causing pain or distress
later in life.
The fusion of the two elements created an
fusion n the state of merging two or more objects coalition
The embattled president looked for ways to improve
embattled adj characterized by conflict or controversy troubled
her public opinion rating.
something considered to be profane or The action was deemed taboo by the school
taboos n not correct
The plates and glasses are fragile so please handle
fragile adj easily broken delicate
them with care.
Our bodies create antibodies as defense
defense mechanisms n something used to defend
mechanisms against colds or other illnesses.
enable v to make able, to give power The study session enabled us to pass the test easily. empower
The scientists conducted their research at the
conducted v to bring about, to lead to direct
The old man complained of problems with his
digestive adj pertaining to digestion
His reflexes closed his eyes when he looked at the
reflexes n an automatic response to a stimulus
an enzyme secreted into the mouth by the Saliva helps keep the mouth clean by breaking down
salivary glands starches.
a condition or factor which has effects on Several circumstances lead to his decision to leave
others the company.
It was an unconditioned response they were
unconditioned adj void of limitations or conditions
something that motivates some type of Stimuli were presented to subjects to test their
She practiced the piano with the help of a
metronome n a device used for keeping time or a beat
a situation of outgrowing something, or of His increased performance was an outgrowth of
being derived from something else continued practice.
His actions exemplified the kind of behavior the
exemplified v to give an example, to show something
president hoped for.
The frequency of his calls to his brother increased
frequency n a condition of ocurring frequently
over the years.
The musician received a positive response from the
positive adj characterized by affirmation
The candidate received a negative response for
negative adj marked by denial or without affirmation
changing his views.
a condition of reinforcing, adding strength or The police reinforcement helped control the
The food pellets were offered to the rabbit in the
pellet n a small, round piece of something
He amassed a great fortune over the years as a trial
amass v to collect, to gather
Different fashions come in and out of vogue over
vogue n fashion, a popular item
The advent of the personal computer revolutionized
advent n an invention, something coming into being
His play was critiqued by editors of a national
critiqued v to review or criticize
demeaning adj to lower in quality or character His opinions of his friends was demeaning.
He retained his scholarship by consistently getting
retain v to hold, to keep
He could not recall the time he last spoke to his
recall v to remember or to bring back
His sensory perception of smell was not as good as
sensory adj relating to the senses
We devoted a substantial amount of energy to the
devoted v to commit or to give
an addition or something used to help There are many wonderful nutrional supplements
complete something else available on the market today.
The snapshot of the scene was used to record it in
snapshot n a picture, a photograph
Having many rehearsals makes the final
rehearsal n a practice, a run-through
performance much better.
The proper sequence for the chemistry experiment
sequence n the order of something a progression
was not followed.
His mental grammar revealed the way he
mental adj pertaining to the mind, to brain activity
tasks n a job or project Many shopping tasks can now be done from home.
duration n the length that something lasts The duration of the moview is just over two hours.
neurons n a cell in the brain that processes information If a neuron dies, it cannot be regrown.
The man consolidated his credit card debt into one
consolidate v to put together, to bundle
The doctor was honored for his study of nervous
pathologies n a disease or the study of diseases
Her work schedule interferes with the amount of
interfere v to hinder or impede
time she can spend at home.
progressive adj characterized by progress, advancement The new idea was certainly a progressive one.
deterioration n the state of deteriorating, falling apart The old jeans were deteriorating.
impaired v to damage or make something worse His speech was impaired after the stroke.
obtained v to get or obtain She obtained her degree at a university in Denmark.
enhance v to improve or make better The old movie was enhanced with a new audio tack.
abstractly adv not specific, quite general The woman was portrayed abstractly in the painting.
Speaking colloquially is much different than
colloquially adv in everyday terms, in a common way
speaking in a formal situation.
relating to a psychological technique for The psychometric test did not yield any usable
taking mental measurements results.
One of the main collaborators at the art show was
collaborator n a person who collaborates or helps contributor
He coined the phrase as a way to describe
coined v to invent, to make up
something that had no name.
The defendant was asked to identify the criminal in
identify v to determine the identity of something
the police lineup.
Two cognitive tasks were realized to measure the
cognitive adj pertaining the the mind or mental ability mental
boys mental functioning.
His version of the story today did not coincide with
version n a form, variety or account of something
his earlier account.
Professor Menchin's lecture affected the class
profoundly adj to a great degree, vastly
The spectrum of responses ranged from very low to
spectrum n a continuum of color or of a sequence
an objective or characteristic used to judge There were several criteria for judging the writing
something assignment that the teacher did not agree with.
The data was renormalized when the researcher
renormalized v to be evaluated to a standard a second time found that it did not coincide with certain
characteristics of the study population.
from time to time, with some regularity of I called the insurance company periodically to be
frequency sure the policy was still current.
accurate adj correct, free of error The response to the question was accurate.
There was a considerable amount of food left over
considerable adj worthy of consideration, significant
from the party.
the production of an image by itself, for The lake was so clear that the fisherman could see a
example in a mirror reflection of his face in the water.
The painter was regarded as one of the best in the
regarded v to consider from a particular point of view
형용사, something that is passed from one
hereditary Stuttering is not a hereditary illness.
heredity generation to the next
nurture n environmental factors that influence a person His parents nurtured him from an early age.
conditions or factors that a person is born
nature n It was in his nature to be an aggressive person.
to combine various elements to make a single The scientist learned to synthesize the elements
product into a powerful medication.
She received insurance benefits which helped cover
benefit n a type of help or aid
the cost of the surgery.
The children were engaged in the activity from the
engaging v to take part in, to hold attention
The political candidates wanted to have a debate so
debates n a situaton that is arguable
they could express their views on the issue.
aptitudes n a skill or ability Her aptitude in mathematics was high.
of the relationship between two or more Michael's interpersonal skills were not those one
people would expect from a lawyer.
affinity n an attraction, a likeness He had an affinity for cats and dogs.
The boy's results on the standardized test did not
corresponding v to relate to, to compare closely to match
correspond with his grades in class.
an act of drama, a dramatical version of The television show presented a dramatization of
something what happened last night.
the use of reason, to come to a conslusion by Her reasoning about why she left school early was
He gradually worked his way up through the
gradually adj slowly, proceding in steps
cater v to provide a service, to work for The modeling agency catered to the youth market.
There was a varying degree of responses to the
varying adj differing, changing
The football team was evaluated by their record at
evaluated v to test something or determine its value
the end of the season.
to be able to pay for something or afford its I could not afford the tennis racquet I wanted so I
costs decided not to buy anhything at all.
He was adept at figuring out problems no one else
adept adj to be skilled or proficient
of central importance, at the core of The judge was fundamentally opposed to allowing
fundamentally adv principally
something an extension.
The old laws were reformed to take into account the
reformed v to change or alter for the better
present social situation.
Julie's account of the story was broader than that
broader adj wider, more general
His speech disorder resulted from a massive left-
disorder n a problem a disability
There was a subtle attempt by the director to
subtle adj not strong, light
improve public relations.
Jake's parents bonded with him by taking him to the
bonding v to bring together, to unite to join
zoo every Saturday.
relating to a general or quite non-specific He is generally considered to be the father of jazz
His manual motor skills improved after a period of
motor skill n a skill or ability learned through repetition
pertaining to a particular category, free of The specific complaint of the unhappy customer
question was not clear.
extent n a range To what extent do you believe he is telling the truth? a degree
He was suffering from an illness the doctors knew
suffering v to hurt or feel pain
to maintain or restrict within an area or
confined v The prisoner was confined to a small cell in the jail.
I relied on her good judgment to help us solve the
rely v to count on, to have confidence in something
A narrow selection of the students was needed to
narrow adj pertaining to a limited scope or range
determine the prize.
a question typically asked of a relatively The trivia show on television was popular all over
obscure or unpopular fact the nation.
There was an exorbitant amount of students
exorbitant adj relating to a great or incredible amount
missing from the class on Friday.
Melissa recited her poem to a roomfull of adoring
reciting v to say over again to practice
a moment in which a person becomes very I had a panic attack when I realized I had forgotten
panic attack n
scared or nervous the baby's food at the house.
the act of improvising or doing something on The musician's improvisation of the classic hit was
the spot not well received.
The skateboarder eluded the police by riding away
eluded v to avoid perception or grasp
a functional unit in the makeup of a person She was born to a family with strong genes for
that determines his or her characteristics cooking.
There is a particular watch that I am interested in
particular adj relating to a certain thing or detail
pertaining to something that indicates or Her high test scores were indicative of her
demonstrates dedication to studying hard for each exam.
It was time to make a rational decision on the
rational adj intelligent, well thought
My manager wanted to limit the number of hours I
limit v to restrict or restrain
could work each day.
Sara felt a certain amount of anxiety before leaving a fearful
anxiety n nervousness, a sense of apprehension
for work that day. concern
Stress can be extremely difficult to cope with on a
cope v to put up with to handle
challenges n something difficult to do It was a challenge we were not prepared to deal with.
The trouble stemmed from an earlier problem that
stem v to branch off from to come from
was never resolved.
The woman was inflexible in her decision to stay at
inflexible adj rigid adamant
flee v to run away The girl fleed from the house as it caught on fire escape
pertaining to the literal or precise
literally adj He was literally afraid of spiders.
interpretation of something
Mary was in her comfort zone driving at a slow
comfort zone n where one feels comfortable
Hysteria ensued at the announcement of free
ensues v to take place afterward to result
tickets for the concert.
crippling adj loss of force or power The news was a crippling blow to her ego. weakening
urges n a desire I felt the urge to eat another chocolate bar. an impulse
There was a bewildering number of options available
bewildering adj confusing perplexing
for insurance coverage.
"Raining like cats and dogs" is a metaphor for
metaphor n a figure of speech based on analogy
abuse n inproper treatment Animal abuse is not tolerated in this country. harm
unavoidable adj not avoidable His capture at the border was unavoidable.
repressed v to restrict He repressed his urges to go out that night. to oppress
The trauma Jane experienced as a youth still affects
trauma n an injury an upset
risky adj dangerous The behavior is risky at best. hazardous
sought v to look for We sought legal advise in the matter to request
A camera can be defined as a deviced used to take to determine
define v to give meaning to something
bond n a union Love is a bond that keeps people together.
assume v to think He assumed that all that glitters was gold. to consider
platonic adj friendly They had a platonic relationship outside of work.
universal adj world-wide, covering all things It was a universal goal to create world peace.
lust n sexual desire His feelings of lust for the woman were unbearable. craving
recognized v to take notice She recognized that he was not the man for her. to understand
There were controls in place to ensure that
controls n something used to control something else
everything worked properly
Harry was passionate about taking group
passionate adj having intense feelings impassioned
photographs at the parties.
consciously adj having a noticeable thought or observation He consciously made up his mind to quit his job. aware
She refrained from using any more of the
refrain v to keep from doing something to abstain
connotation n a suggested meaning The connotation of his remark was quite negative.
homosexuality n of being attracted to the same sex His homosexuality was not a secret.
The strictest interpretation of the law was used
strictest adj stringent severe
lasts v to endure The movie lasted for more than three hours. to continue
His idea originated from something he had read
originated v to come from, to begin at
The results suggested that the hypothesis was
suggest v to bring to mind or imply to hint
Her erotic fantasies were a secret to the rest of the
erotic adj arousing sexual desire
Taking a basic mathematics course is a prerequiste
prerequisite n something needed beforehand
reserved adj restrained Her actions at the gathering were quite reserved. quiet
John was one of the more gregarious guests at the
gregarious adj happy, social sociable
dichotomous adj relating to two opposing parts Their views on the issue were dichotomous.
The mayor's opinion fluctuated depending on who
fluctuate v to vary swing
he was talking to.
Ambiversion is not a very common quality for a
ambiversion n of being both introverted and extroverted
person to have.
The woman decided to do some research about the
research n investigation, experimentation
Her favorite CD comprised musics of different
comprised v to make up, to compose
His predisposition to arguing was not taken well by
predisposition n to be susceptible to something inclination
The dimensions of the table were two feet deep by 3
dimension n a measurement, the size of something
My first impression of the student was that he was
impressions n a characteristic or trait given by something an idea
Dr. Martly queried about the results of the
queried v to ask, to inquire to question
limitations n a restriction, a restraint Few limitations seemed to apply to the man.
The defendant felt he was misrepresented in the
misrepresent v to give false information, to mislead
initial adj first, beginning Dan's initial reaction was one of frustration.
the outer or superficial part of a structure in The brain's cortex is responsible for processing high
the body, such as the cerebral cortex mental functions.
introvert n a person who is shy or unsociable Jason was known as being an introvert.
Although he is an extrovert, he was not very
extrovert n a person who is sociable or gregarious
talkative last evening.
His delinquent behavior earned him the reputation
delinquent adj poor or unacceptable
as a bad child.
I have a tendency to want to eat out on Thursday
tendency n being prone to a particular action
prefer v to like better, to put before something else Would you prefer to drink coffee or tea?
Unit 61 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
There is an overlap between the fields of linguistics
overlap n having something in common
The commissioner lashed out at the actions of the to become
lash out v to strike out
baseball player. angry
perceived v to become aware, to understand I perceived his response as being negative.
His behavior seemed very juvenile for a man of 37
juvenile adj relating to youth childish
years of age.
We were committed to the company because of our
commit v to do, to carry out to obligate
two year contract with them.
It was a compulsive disorder the doctor was trying
compulsive adj done without thinking obsessive
The crimes were linked to each other by the police
linked v to connect, to couple
The chain became detached from the bicycle during
detach v to separate, to take apart
honors n a good showing, of having merit He passed the exams with honors.
The two ideas were confused in the mind of the
confuse v to cause indistinction, to lose differentiation
His habitual drunkenness caused him to be denied
habitual adj happening on a regular basis customary
citizenship in his new country.
sensational adj wonderful, incredible It was a sensational performance.
superficially adv on the surface, as seen by the eye Superficially, his actions seemed to be quite decent.
craved v to want, to desire The pregnant woman craved soup every day.
His domination of the sport was recorded in the
domination n complete control, supremacy
of not having ability, lack of power or The student's inability to do well in mathematics
resources was more psychological than real.
remorse n a sense of guilt The criminal felt no remorese for his actions. reproach
being of lesser quality, of a lower degree or Although the products were inexpensive, they were
inferior adj mediocre
rank of inferior quality.
unstable adj not stable, not constant The construction was unstable and soon fell down. irregular
Impulsiveness is generally not considered to be a
impulsiveness n having impulse, spontaneity
good characteristic in a person.
distinct adj different, separate The two theories were distinct in nature. discrete
The two gentlemen interacted over dinner at the
interacting v to have contact, to act upon something else
His identity was not revealed until after the trial was
identity n a distinguishing characteristic a description
Multiple choice tests are a favorite of college
multiple adj more than one, several
She suffered a fracture to her wrist as result of the
fractures n a slight crack or break
He altered the recipe by reducing the salt and
alter v to change, to make different
adding some cumin.
of having information or having learned The professor's knowledge of the subject was
something incredibly high.
The group reached a consensus after much
consensus n a general agreement unity of belief
It was apparent that the student had studied a great
apparent adj clear, obvious
deal for the final exam.
The patient desired hypnosis to see if her problems
hypnosis n a trance, as if being asleep
could be revealed.
The paramedics tried to revive the elderly man but it
reviving v to bring back to life, to restore consciousness
was no use.
The athlete's inclusion in the hall of fame was a
inclusion n of being included, of being part of something
The woman sent her passport to the consulate to
renewed v to make new again, to restore to replenish
have it renewed.
People in the pueblo united to celebrate their
unite v to join, to bring together
of identifying a disease or reaching a Dr. Jones's diagnosis was that the man had broken
conclusion his ankle.
antidepressants n a drug given to alleviate depression Some people receive antidepressants unnecessarily.
tranquillizers(tranquil The young man was given a tranquilizer after the car
n a drug given to make a person more calm
izers로 수 정 ) accident.
prognosis n a prediction The prognosis for the man's health was not good. a forecast
an idea or perception that is not based on He suffered hallucinations of robbers in his house
reality after taking an illicit drug.
We integrated the ideas of the committee in the
integrate v to bring together, to blend to unite
revision of our proposal.
Hearing loss is a common impairment among elderly
impairment n a condition of being damaged or hurt
Losing control of one's balance is a dysfunction of
dysfunction n an abnormal or incorrect function
the eustachian tube.
loosely adj not rigid or secure The bolt was loosely fastened to the mirror.
madness n a state of craziness, mad Her madness did not allow her to work in public. insanity
a disease characterized by loss of cognitive A common cause of dementia is Alzheimer's
His performance at the concert exhibited his great
exhibits v to show to display
Arriving to work on time everyday demonstrated the
demonstrate v to display, to prove
new secretary's sense of responsibility.
delusions n a false belief He had delusions of becoming the next tennis star.
characterized by having large or oversized The boy's exaggeratedly quiet behavior led his
proportions parents to believe he had an emotional problem.
A disturbance at the convention would be
disturbance n something disurbed, unrest
The student's writing style was inappropriate for the
inappropriate adj not appropriate unsuitable
My recovery from the fall took longer than
recovery n the process or act of recovering
The causes of some mental disorders are not fully
causes n a reason for a condition or action
She inherited a lot of money when her grandfather
inherited v to be given, to be born with
self-esteem n a person's belief of or value for himself A low self-esteem will not get you anywhere.
The man's wealth did him no good when he was
wealth n having a lot of something, particularly money
diagnosed with a terminal illness.
The patient received psychotherapy after being
psychotherapy n therapy for the mind
diagnosed with a mental disorder.
an unhealthy state, pertaining to some types
infection n I had to take antibiotics to cure my ear infection.
pertaining to youth before reaching In adelolescence people go through many emotional
cure n a solution The cure for cancer has not been found. a remedy
A significant change in events ocurred over the
significant adj having meaning, often to a large degree
His state of depression made him want to sleep all
depression n a state of feeling sad or moody
a psychological disorder characterized by The medication is designed for a strong bipolar
bipolar disorder n
mood swings from happiness to sadness disorder.
This instance constitutes the fourth time you are
constitutes v to make up, to comprise to compose
late for work this week.
A pathological condition needs to be diagnosed by
pathological adj related to illness or disease
a medical doctor.
manic adj related to excitement The actions were extremely manic.
characterized by being dependent on
dependency n A baby has a dependency with his or her mother.
a method for measuring a mental The patient was refered to the clinic for
The psychiatrist ordered the patient to take
psychiatrist n a doctor who treats psychological disorders
medicine to help treat the problem.
She suffered a debilitating injury when she broke
debilitating adj pertaining to weakness
There is a trend to offer patients medication for
trend n something popular at a particular time tendency
their psychological illnesses.
a place where a patient goes after leaving a
He spent a month in the halfway house after being
halfway house n hospital or clinic but before going to their
released from the hospital.
something given as a motivation to do The car dealership offered many incentives to buy a
something new car.
She overcame her bout with cancer after a
overcome v to win, to prevail to get better
I plan to contribute five percent of my earnings to
contribute v to give to supply
my retirement plan.
He used different props on the stage to create the
props n something used to support or assist
look of a jungle.
Some of the children articulated their desire to go to
articulate v to say to verbalize
The scientist added a stabilizer to the solution to
stabilizer n something used to stablize
keep it from reacting.
a person who assists another in a clinical The sports therapist was well known for his work
situation with soccer players.
mood n a state of mind, an emotion He was in a bad mood after the party.
unrelated adj not related The two crimes that evening were unrelated. not associated
digits n numbers The digits one and zero are used in a binary system.
We converted the business losses into profits with
converted v to change, to make different
a new sales plan.
binary adj consisting of ones and zeros. Binary systems are used in computer coding.
genius n a person of extreme intelligence Susan was regarded as a genius by her peers.
The options were limited to those selected by the
limited adj restricted reduced
The comparisons between the two candidates were
comparisons n a state of comparing two elements
offensive for some.
Her reaction was interpreted as disinterest in the
interpret v to understand to conceive
It is fortunate that we did not run out of gas on the
fortunately adj of being fortunate, of a fortunate manner
The time-consuming activity of counting all the
time-consuming adj something that takes time to complete or do
papers was bothersome.
The engine harnessed the power of one hundred
harnessed v to hold to sustain
The assembly outside the president's house was
assembly n a gathering a group
There was a tremendous amount of interest in the
tremendous adj to a great degree very large
We employed the help of a gardener to trim our
employ v to offer work, to pay for service
Some of the segments of the recording were not
segments n a portion, a piece
retrieved v to recall, to bring The janitor retrieved the guest's missing watch. to get
The young boy has the mental capacity of a person
capacity n ability, skill aptitude
twice his age.
a device for storing something such as Computers now come with large hard drives that act
storage system n
information as storage systems.
A few of the advancements in the project did not an
advancements n a progression
seem to be worthwhile. improvement
executed v to do, to perform The computer executed multiple tasks easily. to carry out
Many generations of families have immigrated to
generations n a period of time relating to one's ancestry
the United States from that country.
an instrument, something with a capability to Modern telephone devices can be used when
do something else traveling internationally.
efficient adj producing a quick effect His work in the kitchen was efficient. effective
The sewing pattern was not as complicated as it
pattern n a form or model
The theory lacked any real evidence that it would
lack v to be in need of something to be deficient
a device used to change a pattern or the state
switches n There were many light switches in the house.
the study of the motion of objects, such as The government spent much money on
of firearms modernizing their ballistics.
a device which explodes with the intent of The terrorist threatened to use a bomb if his
bomb n an explosive
harming something requests were not granted.
Some of the memory modules in the computer had
modules n a piece, a segment
The circuit board was rewired to work properly in
rewired v to wire again
the new machine.
The computer input allowed the company to
input n something that is put in
modernize their billing process.
The error was costly because it meant we had to
costly adj expensive, demanding a high price
start the project over again.
New computers come with two independent
processor n a device used for processing information
Silicon is often used in plastic surgery as it retains
silicon n a flexible plastic-like substance
its shape and softness for a long time.
The durability of the camera was deemed
durability n the amount time something works or endures
primary adj first My primary laptop battery died last night.
Getting her degree was a means to having a higher something
means n something useful, a way to do something
quality of life. helpful
circuits n an electrical path or assembly Electronic equipment is full of circuits.
The shoes were more affordable than I thought they
affordable adj within a price range that a person can pay for
Recent innovations in technology help us
innovations n an invention communicate with friends and family around the
He maintained his idea even though others
maintain v to keep, to carry on to sustain
analyze v to examine We analzyed the question from all possible angles. to study
a count of something, typically of the A census is taken in the United States every ten
The company divested itself from all dealings
divested v to deprive or rid to free
outside of the country.
consumer n a person who buys or consumes something The consumer computer market is booming.
The media-savvy viewers knew that the
media-savvy adj to be smart or informed about the media
advertisement was false.
The theory concentrates on a post-modern view of
concentrates v to bring together or gather to focus
The company decided to invest in niche markets
niches n a small, specialized market
The game consoles were a popular item during
consoles n a case or cabinet
The comment fueled criticism of the director's
fueled v to motivate to encourage
a person who explains or interprets Some language interpreters charge high rates for
something their service.
He worked in conjunction with the other members
conjunction n connection combination
of the staff.
Missy's loyalty to the company was praised by the
loyalty n to be faithful or loyal fidelity
stable adj fixed, not flexible A stable table is needed to do the craftwork.
His dominance on the basketball court was
dominance n the state of having complete control domination
Few customers came to the grand opening of the
customer n a person who buys or shops for a product
revenues n money made from sales Revenues for the third quarter were up ten percent. income
an electronic device used to process The price of microprocessors continues to
margin n an outside limit, a difference The margin for error was very low in the operation.
Jake bought a cutting-edge computer system after
cutting-edge n brand new innovative
peaked v to reach a high or maximum point The students' grades peaked about 85%
The two writers were compared to each other for
compared v to make a comparison, to look for similarities
their work on American literature.
A worldwide company has the benefit of being able
worldwide adj around the world
to work in many different countries.
He gave the command to move the tanks to the
commands n an order, a signal
My teacher assigned a homework problem I could
assigned v to give significance, to appoint
not figure out.
stored v to keep, to put away We stored many old records in the attic.
The woman has managed the restaurant for the past
managed v to take care of to conduct
concern n a state of interest and uncertainty I expressed my concern in the girl's health. apprehension
demand n a request made with authority The judge's demands seemed too severe. an order
reliable adj dependable My car is not very reliable.
broadband adj composed of a wide bandwidth of frequency The broadband internet connection is very fast.
a device used to transmit information from The communications satellite lost its signal with the
the sky Earth.
She made great strides in improving interior
strides v a step, a stage of progress
His speech impediment was hardly noticeable after
impediment n an obstruction a hinderance
the therapy ended.
compete v to partake in competition I do not like to compete as much as my sister does.
She widened her horizons by getting a college
widen v to make wider, to broaden
The range of possibilities for the startup company
ranges n a spectrum, a set of values
The weatherman predicted that it would snow
predict v to declare something in advance to foretell
deciphering v to figure out The researchers deciphered the old written texts.
ubiquitous adj being in all places at one time His spirit seemed to be ubiquitous that day.
literature n a piece of writing, such as a novel Modern literature has a broad range of styles.
unequivocally adj without exception or doubt She made her comment unequivocally.
to be good at something or have good
savvy adj The tech savvy student made a great presentation.
knowledge of something
Customer feedback tends to help companies judge
feedback n a response
He was no longer considered a contender for the
contender n a participant in a contest
profits n earnings that exceed expenses The company's profits were at an all time high.
There were two modes available to correct the
modes n a way of doing something a manner
We developed a plan to have the troops out in one
developed v to set forth, to make something happen
the ability or permission to be able to do
access n I was not granted access to the website.
His version of the story today did not coincide with
versions n a particular account or description
his earlier account.
current adj happening at the present time The current belief is that the defendant is guilty.
displays v to show, to demonstrate He displayed great courage when rescuing the cat.
wane v to become smaller Interest in the project waned after several months. to decrease
virtual adj seeming to be real The virtual reality TV program was a big hit.
Blogs are popular among teenagers and young
blogs n a posting page on an internet web site
tasks n a job One of his tasks included fixing the sink. a duty
The salesman was not readily available to answer the
readily adj easily, quickly
like-minded adj pertaining to thinking alike My best friend and I are like-minded.
general adj not specified or limited The report was very general in its information.
An astonishing amount of students were absent
astonishing adj incredible surprising
Her mom didn't anticipate the bad news from her
anticipate v to think or discuss something in advance
Michael deliberately decided to not answer the
deliberately adj with careful thought or anticipation voluntary
interfere v to get in the way, to interpose Please do not interfere in this matter.
The minor was corrupted by some of the older
corrupt adj to change from good to bad to spoil
people in the neighborhood.
illustrates v to display, to show The book illustrates how to construct a fence.
malicious adj marked by malice, bad The man's malicious remarks alarmed the citizens.
replicate v to make a copy, to repeat Policemen tried to replicate the crime. to duplicate
relatively adv loosely, somewhat The answer was relatively on target.
inflicted v to cause The punishment was inflicted by the older boy.
The champion tennis player exploited the
exploit v to take advantage of to make use of
weakenesses of his opponents.
intends v to plan, to have in mind I intend to talk to the teacher as soon as possible.
Soldiers from the neighboring country invaded the
invade v to enter territory illegally to encroach
globe n a round model representing the Earth My friend bought a globe for his house.
havoc n massive disorder or confusion The hurricane caused havoc in the city.
nuisance n an annoyance She was a real nuissance in the classroom.
New plumbing was constructed to drain water from
drain v to empty, to draw off
vigilance n to be vigilant, characterized by watchfulness We bought a dog to provide vigilance for the house.
The couple tried to minimize their differences to to keep to a
minimize v to make as small as possible
save their marriage. minimum
The prominence of the theory made all other
prominence n something prominent, of having great notice
theories seem insignificant.
issues n a conclusion or decision Several issues were brought up at the meeting.
Unit 71 Parts Definition Sentence Synm
Although less common years ago, piracy is
piracy n robery, often at sea
becoming more common these days.
to falsely sign or alter a document or other
forgery n Forgery is a criminal offense.
sources n the origin of something We have good sources for the information.
The teenagers were charged with the vandalism of
vandalism n purposeful destruction of property
the neighbor's fence.
The woman wished to remain anonymous in the
anonymous adj without a name unidentified
Four of the perpetrators were captures shortly after
perpetrators n a person who commits a crime
victim n a person harmed by a crime or event One of the victims lived to tell the story.
Identity theft is quickly becoming a major problem
identity theft n robbery of personal data or information
for the society.
Her false statements in the courtroom caused the
false adj untrue not genuine
dismissal of the case.
utilize v to use Try to utilize all of the materials.
The young professor went to the conference
networking n the use or creation of a network
primarily for networking.
spam n junk mail sent electronically Spam filled the inboxes of the email subscribers.
estimate v to provide an approximate value We requested an estimate for fixing the garage door.
espionage n the act of spying Espionage is practiced by many countries.
The counterfeit money was confiscated by the
counterfeit n false, fake
relating to a practice or promotional versions
demo n The band recorded a demo of their songs.
to take control of a vehicle against someone's
hijacked v The terrorists hijacked the plane.
legitimate adj true, correct She had a legitimate excuse to miss class.
recent adj happening a short time ago The recent news of the victory made the fans happy.
dashboard n the console of a car or vehicle The speedometer is located on the car's dashboard.
widespread adj very common, spread out greatly There was widespread panic at the event. prevalent
inherent adj innate, essential The inherent danger of the plan was not recognized. intrinsic
intention n plan, goal His intentions were clear. resolve
permitted v to allow, to let something happen I was permitted access to the concert.
bothersome, something that interrupts The student's comments in the class were quite
something else disruptive.
circulating v to move in a circle, to move around The news circulated around the town quickly. to revolve
contained v to hold or to have The jar contained some delicious spices.
fraudulent adj not authorized She reported fraudulent use of her credit card. deceitful
Many precautions to ensure the children's safety
precautions n of taking advanced care safeguard
were in place.
The incidence of teen pregnancy was quite high that
incidence n rate of occurrence
The distributor for the juice company is very
distributors n someone who distributes
You must exercise caution when participating in
caution n forethought or precaution warning
with frequency, relating to how frequent John frequently asked questions I was not able to
something happens answer.
The analyst tracked the sales reports for the
track v to follow to trace
detect v to notice, to discover He detected the smell of gas in the apartment.
ensure v to make sure, to guarantee I ensure you that the job will be ready on time.
The candidate secured the nomination by winning
secure v to fasten, to guarantee
the most votes.
Her random telephone calls to the sales agency had
random adj without a definite pattern or method
They prevented the burglary by building a high
preventing v to keep from happening to hold back
extreme adj existing to a high degree Extreme measures were taken to ensure their safety.
reflect v to turn back, to send back light The image was reflected in the car's mirror.
The remarks in the meetings were not
commonplace adj common, usual
He was able to advance his theory greatly in one
decade n a period of ten years
dubbed v to call She was dubbed the next great promise in her sport. to name
The distrustful manager constantly monitored his
distrustful adj not trustworthy, showing distrust
substitute n something put in place of another The substitute teacher was afraid of the students.
parcel n a piece of mail The parcel service was quite slow. a package
His memory of the event had been displaced in
displace v to move to another place to misplace
Fortunately the ski gloves were more inexpensive
inexpensive adj not expensive, economical cheap
than I thought.
tactile adj relating to touch The boy's tactile sense was diminished after the fall. tangible
pertaining to meteors, happening to a great The meteoric rise of the price of stocks and bonds
degree shocked the government.
bulk adj in great quantity or degree The grocery store sold many of its products in bulk.
Hank's unwanted remarks caused quite a bit of
unwanted adj not wanted
It is unfortunate that you did not receive your
unfortunate adj not fortunate unsuitable
documents in time.
We took careful consideration when making our
considerations n a thought or opinion
Sensory neurons take information from the body
sensory adj related to the senses
and carry it to the brain.
formality n of being formal Defending her thesis now seemed only a formality. a convention
It is considered good etiquette to chew with your
etiquette n pertaining to manners or customs
postal adj relating to mail service The postal service is very efficient in that town.
gratitude n of being grateful She showed her gratitude by baking him a cake. thankfulness
a feeling of fulfillment, fulfilling a need or
satisfaction n Customer satisfaction is guaranteed at this store.
interior n the inside part of something The car's interior was in excellent condition.
realms n a domain The realms of the king reached far and wide. an area
envisioned v to have a vision, to imagine something I envision a great success for our company. to think
solely adv by itself, alone She is solely responsible for her success. singly
The irrelevant comment did not go with the
irrelevant adj not relevant, inapplicable
cumbersome adj troublesome, not easy It was combursome to build the ping pong table.
having a high level of sophistication, not A sophisticated desgin is needed to sell the
having significant meaning in relation to
relevant adj The comment seemed relevant but in fact it was not. pertinent
a main office, an administrative building or The company's headquarters are located in
center Albuquerque, NM.
cluster n a group or gathering of something A cluster of antiques was found in the attic.
Our family's income skyrocketed when my mom got
skyrocket v to rise quickly, to increase at a fast pace
a great job.
complex adj of being difficult, not easy Some mathematics formulas are very complex.
Her complimentary remarks of my performance
complimentary adj pertaining to a compliment, favorable
made me happy.
What I thought was a novel idea turned out to be
novel adj new original
something someone else had already thought of.
zoom v to enlarge, to get closer I made the camera zoom in on the object.
Her engagement to the old friend made her family
engagement n an arrangement
complacent adj unconcerned, self-satisfied A complacent attitude to success is not good.
undisputed adj not in dispute, unchallenged His place at the top of the sport is undisputed.
The web site is innovative in the sense that it allows
innovative adj creative, new
its users to share in its design.
various adj not consistent He received various complaints about his work. variable
multifunctional adj having many functions It helps to be multifunctional in todays busy world.
The complexity of the problem was not fully realized
complexity n level of difficulty complex
Mary's social network allowed her to meet new
networks n a group of elements linked together
image n a picture or reproduction of something An image of the Virgin Mary appeared in the town.
overall adj all encompassing, most general The overall trend was positive.
The singer put on a dynamic performance at the
dynamic adj having force or energy
concert last night.
That the car's engine would die suddenly was not
foreseen v having been imagined anticipated
foreseen by the mechanics.
equivalent n having the same value The two answers were believed to be equivalent. equal
We need a piece of cable that is more flexible than
flexible adj bendable, not rigid pliant
striving v to work fore, to contend He strives to be the best person he can be.
The underlying idea is that descriptive grammar
underlying adj basic, lying underneath accounts for how people speak better than
The work done by the contractor complies with the
complies v to conform to adapt
necessary quality demanded by the city.
He outlined his theory by covering its most central
outline v to give a plan, to show a direction
He formatted his paper using the guidelines of the
formatted v to make in a particular way to arrange
Typically, you want to make more money than you
typically adv normally, generally
The website's backbone is resistent to outside
backbone n structure, a chief characteristic of something
His point of view on the subject did not conform
conforms v to be similar, to take on a particular shape
with the ideas of the other people.
something that serves, a device used to relay The computer servers worked twenty-four hours a
pertaining to something that occurrs at the
actual adj The actual time is 11:58 AM. current
The concept of waiting another day did not exist for
concept n soething conceived, a notion a thought
glimpsed v to look quickly We glimpsed at the movie star as she rushed by.
the act of navigating, of moving an object
navigation n The captain's navigation skills were extraordinary.
such as a ship from one place to another
The children at the camp were clamoring for to make a loud
clamoring v to vye, to try
sectors n a piece, a segment Three of the sectors on the disk were bad. a section
Many people were drawn to the park by the music
drawn v to attract(?), to portray
There was not adequate people on hand to control
adequate adj sufficient, enough
The designer launched a new product at this year's
launch v to set off, to cause to begin to embark
My endeavor to become a better tennis player has
endeavors n an effort, an activity
been slow coming.
The continuous sound of the girl's crying was
continuous adj free of interruption constant
driving me crazy.
Some of the manager's shortcomings were not
shortcomings n an imperfection a flaw
The lags in the information feed made it difficult for
lags n a period of being decreased or slowed down the news station to present up-to-the-minute news
The rice is comprised of two cups of water and one
compromise v to make up, to compose to constitute
cup of rice.
It is obvious that he does not want to come to work
obvious adj clear, easily seen evident
The remote server sent information more slowly
remote adj far away, from afar distant
than the closer ones.
The shelving unit collapsed when we tried to move it
collapsed v to fall apart or inward to break down
out of the house.
The impetus for creating the new design was based
impetus n a driving force or stimulus an impulse
on the fact that no current design was working.
His limiting treatment of his partner led to
limiting adj functioning as a limit restrictive
The constant sound coming from the room was
constant adj occurring all the time, without interruption invariable
rotation n the curve of something, the act of rotating The unit's rotation seemed to be limited.
She diverted his attention by bringing up a different
diverting v to turn aside, to deviate
coffers n a chest or box Many old coffers were stored in the attic.
artists n a person who is creative or makes art Some of the artists at the show were quite famous.
His aggressive nature did not go over well at the
aggressive adj showing aggression combative
The segment of the population targetted in the ad
targeting v to aim for something to set a goal
Two of the violators were arrested on charges of
violators n a person who violates, disturbs
inception n beginning Since its inception it has been widely coveted. start
peer n a person who works alongside someone else His peers in the class were supportive of his work. companion
One who plagiarizes does not give credit to the
credit n recognition, acknowledgement
original author's work.
the act of using someone else's ideas or
plagiarism n Plagiarism is not tolerated on the college campus.
words as if they were your own
The protestors were not allowed to distribute their
distribute v to give out to scatter
flyers near the school.
The father gave his daughter consent to go on the
consent n permission approval
copyright to break a law regarding the use of Copyright infringement is a subject that can be
infringement copyrighted work difficult to understand.
We ran into a snag when we did not receive
snag n a difficulty, an obstacle
permission to continue with our work.
The guilty verdict was presented to the judge by the
verdict n a judgment in a court case a finding
head of the jury.
avoid v to keep away I tried to avoid the professor after I failed the test.
The two boys said they would not assume liability
liability n accountability, something that is liable
for the crash.
landmark n an obvious place or boundary The Eiffel Tower is a landmark in Paris.
creation n something created or invented Her creations in the kitchen were truly delicious.
of being more stiff or less flexible than Stiffer punishments for the possession of illegal
something else drugs have curbed drug use.
We ventured into the mountains with only our
venture v to go out, to explor
encounter v to find She encountered her professor at the coffee shop. to come upon
Shaking your head is akin to saying you dislike
akin adj alike, related
The proverbial remark was known by all members of
proverbial adj relating or resembling
The man was so gullible that he believed everything
gullible adj easily fooled or cheated innocent
he was told.
The worker was naïve to think that he would not be
naïve adj innocent, young-minded
schemes n a plan or action often considered deceptive The scheme to win more voters did not work.
underestimate v to place low value on something I underestimated the ability of the boy.
lure v to attract He tried to lure the fish with a new type of bait.
slang n a type of language that is considered informal Kids love to use slang when they talk to each other.
solicitations n a request, a drawing force Solicitations were not allowed at the business.
The contestant captured the majority of votes in the
captured v to get to grab
My call was redirected to the customer service
redirect v to send in another direction
His vulnerability was considered a great weakness in
vulnerability n open to physical or emotional distress
cons n something negative Fortunately for us, the pros outweighed the cons.
unsolicited adj not requested or asked for The unsolicited calls angered the older gentleman. unwanted
vary v to differ Answers may vary for this exercise. to deviate
ignorance n pertaining to not knowing something Some say ignorance is bliss.
He exploited his opponent's weakness by always
exploiting v to make use of, to utilize
hitting the ball to his backhand side.
The public attorney prosecuted his client's case
prosecuting v to engage in, to perform on
anonymity n of being anonymous, unknown I requested anonymity when I filed my complaint.
He was accused of stalking the woman for several
stalking v to follow to pursue
Many of the victims of the hurricane lost their
victims n a person hurt by something
She harassed the employee until he finally quit the
harassing v to bother, to annoy constantly to worry
engage v to bring into contact He engaged our attention by telling a fantastic story. to involve
My intential omission of the material made my
intentional adj purposeful voluntary
A variety of different styles are available for
variety n assorted, various
purchase at this store.
obscenities n a bad word or rude comment Obscenities are not tolerated in public places.
a level piece of ground, often used for raising
platform n He stood on the platform when he gave the speech.
to show something is false or not
impugn v The lawyer impugned the defendant's testimony.
claim v to say She claimed that she was not at the park that night. to request
The explicit comment got the worker in a load of
explicit adj obvious, fully revealed definite
overwrite v to write over, to cover Do not overwrite the information on the disk.
We regulated the activity by keeping it to only thirty
regulated v to impose regulation to adjust
He did his work judiciously and was praised for his
judiciously adv responsibly wisely
venue n a place for doing something The venue for the concert changed three times.
pursue v to follow I would like to pursue a degree in English. to continue
kidnap v to take hostage and demand money The boy was kidnapped last night.
Looking both ways before crossing the street is reasonable
commonsense n good judgment
particular adj concerned with specific details There is a particular order that needs to be followed.
awareness n state of being aware His awareness of the issue made us feel better. consiousness
Can you link the two crimes that occurred last
link v to relate, to put together
gathering v to bring together The net was used for gathering butterflies. to assemble
integral adj central, of much importance Understanding the example is integral for success. essential
The company offered several benefits, such as
benefits n something useful or that promotes well-being
health insurance, to its employees.
Expanding your horizons will help you see the world
expanding v to grow to enlarge
in different ways.
Modern medicine improves our chances for living a
improves v to make better
Her employability was even greater since she spoke
employability n being able to be employed hirable
poverty n pertaining to having little money Twenty percent of the residents here live in poverty.
The value of the new car decreased the moment it
value n the worth of something
was driven off the lot.
The product's longevity demonstrates its high
longevity n the amount of time something lasts durability
It is not easy to comprehend some of the processes to grasp
comprehend v to understand
involved in neurophysiology. meaning
The manager limited the employees' breaks to
limits v to restrict, to inhibit to restrain
The accumulation of snow on the ground happened
accumulation n buildup, something gathered
stake n an interest in the gain of something We held a stake in the company's success.
The integration of the different elements yielded an
integration n incorporation
award winning product.
We can leverage the voters by offering them
leverages v to lift, to increase
durable adj longlasting Some pants are not as durable as others. strong
Consumption of fruits and vegetables is on the
consumption n the act of consuming
impart v to give or grant She imparted some of her wisdom on me. to convey