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					                Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer (GCB)
Data Provider   Transparency International
Description     Nongovernmental organization devoted to fighting corruption
Website         www.transparency.org
Data Source     Global Corruption Barometer
Type            Survey
Respondents     Households
Frequency       Annual since 2004
Coverage        Global sample of countries
Public Access   Country-level aggregate responses and some breakdowns are reported on TI's website
Description     This survey commissioned by TI collects data on households' experiences with petty
                corruption and their perceptions of the overall incidence of corruption. Note that we do NOT
                use data from the TI Corruption Perceptions Index. This is a composite indicator of corruption
                based on an aggregation of a subset of the data sources that we use in our Control of
                Corruption indicator. Note that in each year we carry forward scores for those countries that
                were covered in earlier years (up to two) but not in current year.

                                                                                                                 2010   2009   2008
                Voice and Accountability
                NA                                                                                                ..     ..     ..

                Political Stability and Absence of Violence
                NA                                                                                                ..     ..     ..

                Government Effectiveness
                NA                                                                                                ..     ..     ..

                Regulatory Quality
                NA                                                                                                ..     ..     ..

                Rule of Law
                NA                                                                                                ..     ..     ..

                Control of Corruption
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Political parties                          X          X      X
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Parliament/Legislature                     X          X      X
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Media                                      X          X      X
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: The military                                ..        ..     ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Education system                            ..        ..     ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Legal system/Judiciary                     X          X      X
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Medical services                            ..        ..     ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Police                                      ..        ..     ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Registry and permit services                ..        ..     ..
                                                                                                               ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Utilities (telephone, electricity, water, etc.)       ..     ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Tax revenue                                 ..        ..     ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Customs                                     ..        ..     ..
                Frequency of corruption among public institutions: Public officials                           X          X      X
                Frequency of household bribery                                                                X          X      X

                Country coverage *                                                                               89     79     79
                Year of Publication                                                                              2010   2009   2008
* includes some countries carried forward from previous years
2007   2006   2005   2004   2003   2002   2000   1998   1996


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 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..


 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..


 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..


 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 X      X      X      X      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..

78     79     74     62      ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
2007   2006   2005   2004    ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
                                                                         How corrupt are the
                                       household       Frequency of      following institutioms? (1-   Political   Parliament/
country              code   GCB04CC   bribery (0-1)   corruption (1-5)   5)                            parties     Legislature
Afghanistan          AFG      0.51         ..               3.0                                          3.1          2.9
Albania              ALB      0.62        0.69              2.8                                          2.9          3.0
Argentina            ARG      0.61        0.94              3.9                                          4.6          4.6
Austria              AUT      0.79        0.99              2.6                                          3.3          2.8
Bolivia              BOL      0.53        0.70              3.6                                          4.5          4.3
Bosnia-Herzegovina   BIH      0.62        0.87              3.5                                          4.3          4.1
Brazil               BRA      0.57        0.89              4.0                                          4.5          4.3
Bulgaria             BGR      0.64        0.94              3.7                                          4.3          4.2
Cameroon             CMR      0.37        0.40              3.7                                          3.5          3.3
Canada               CAN      0.75        0.99              3.0                                          3.8          3.5
Costa Rica           CRI      0.59        0.86              3.7                                          4.5          4.3
Croatia              HRV      0.66        0.91              3.3                                          3.6          3.6
Czech Republic       CZE      0.63        0.77              3.1                                          3.9          3.5
Denmark              DNK      0.87        0.98              2.0                                          2.6          2.2
Ecuador              ECU      0.49        0.72              4.0                                          4.9          4.8
Estonia              EST      0.75        0.94              2.8                                          3.5          3.1
Finland              FIN      0.85        0.97              2.0                                          3.0          2.6
France               FRA      0.77        0.98              2.8                                          4.1          3.4
Georgia              GEO      0.66        0.94              3.5                                          3.5          3.4
Germany              DEU      0.77        0.99              2.8                                          3.9          3.2
Ghana                GHA      0.54        0.71              3.5                                          3.7          3.0
Greece               GRC      0.67        0.89              3.2                                          3.8          3.0
Guatemala            GTM      0.54        0.82              4.0                                          4.2          4.1
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaHKG       0.82        0.99              2.4                                          3.0          2.5
Iceland              ISL      0.86        0.97              2.0                                          3.1          2.5
India                IND      0.59        0.84              3.7                                          4.6          4.0
Indonesia            IDN      0.60        0.87              3.7                                          4.4          4.4
Ireland              IRL      0.78        0.99              2.8                                          3.9          3.2
Israel               ISR      0.72        0.98              3.2                                          4.3          4.1
Italy                ITA      0.72        0.98              3.2                                          4.2          3.7
Japan                JPN      0.70        0.99              3.3                                          4.3          3.7
Kenya                KEN      0.48        0.63              3.6                                          4.1          4.0
Korea, South         KOR      0.65        0.94              3.5                                          4.4          4.5
Kosovo               LWI      0.73        0.89              2.7                                          3.0          2.4
Latvia               LVA      0.60        0.82              3.5                                          4.2          4.0
Lithuania            LTU      0.52        0.67              3.5                                          4.2          4.2
Luxembourg           LUX      0.83        0.98              2.3                                          2.9          2.4
Macedonia            MKD      0.62        0.91              3.7                                          4.2          4.1
Malaysia             MYS      0.76        0.97              2.8                                          3.5          3.0
Mexico               MEX      0.54        0.80              3.9                                          4.5          4.2
Moldova              MDA      0.49        0.66              3.7                                          4.1          4.1
Netherlands          NLD      0.80        0.98              2.5                                          2.8          2.6
Nigeria              NGA      0.48        0.65              3.8                                          4.5          4.2
Norway               NOR      0.81        0.97              2.4                                          3.1          2.7
Pakistan             PAK      0.52        0.75              3.9                                          4.1          4.0
Peru                 PER      0.53        0.85              4.2                                          4.6          4.5
Philippines          PHL      0.57        0.79              3.6                                          4.1          4.1
Poland               POL      0.64        0.94              3.6                                          4.2          4.1
Portugal             PRT      0.71        0.98              3.2                                          3.9          3.4
Romania          ROM   0.55   0.71   3.4   4.2   4.0
Russia           RUS   0.58   0.78   3.5   3.8   3.7
Singapore        SGP   0.91   0.99   1.7   1.9   1.6
South Africa     ZAF   0.70   0.97   3.3   3.8   3.4
Spain            ESP   0.73   0.98   3.1   3.8   3.2
Switzerland      CHE   0.80   0.98   2.5   3.2   2.8
Taiwan, China    TWN   0.73   0.99   3.1   4.0   4.1
Turkey           TUR   0.61   0.94   3.9   4.0   3.8
Ukraine          UKR   0.50   0.72   3.9   4.3   4.3
United Kingdom   GBR   0.78   0.99   2.7   3.4   3.2
United States    USA   0.75   1.00   3.0   3.6   3.3
Uruguay          URY   0.63   0.90   3.6   4.3   4.1
Venezuela        VEN   0.59   0.91   4.0   4.1   4.2
                                                                Registry
                   Education Legal system/ Medical             and permit              Tax
Media   Military    system     Judiciary   services   Police    services Utilities   revenue   Customs
 2.6      3.0         2.5         3.4        2.8       3.0        2.9        3.0       3.0       3.3
 2.2      2.0         2.1         3.2        3.3       3.1        2.7        2.4       3.5       3.7
 3.5      3.4         3.1         4.3        3.3       4.4        3.8        3.7       3.6       4.2
 2.8      2.5         2.3         2.6        2.4       2.8        2.5        2.4       2.7       2.6
 2.8      3.6         3.0         4.0        3.0       4.2        3.0        3.0       3.6       4.2
 3.1      2.3         3.5         4.0        3.8       3.9        3.1        2.7       3.3       4.0
 3.6      3.4         3.9         4.2        3.9       4.4        3.6        3.8       4.2       3.9
 3.0      2.7         3.3         4.3        3.8       3.8        3.6        2.8       3.5       4.5
 3.3      3.5         3.5         4.0        3.6       4.3        3.4        3.2       3.9       4.3
 3.2      2.6         2.6         3.2        2.7       2.8        2.5        3.0       3.1       2.6
 3.6      0.0         3.8         4.0        4.4       4.2        3.5        4.1       4.3       4.1
 3.1      2.7         3.0         3.8        3.6       3.3        3.5        3.1       3.5       3.3
 2.9      2.8         2.6         3.5        3.0       3.8        2.3        2.1       2.9       3.4
 2.6      1.9         1.7         1.9        2.0       1.9        1.5        1.7       1.7       1.7
 3.0      3.6         3.5         4.5        3.3       4.3        4.3        3.7       3.5       4.4
 2.8      2.0         2.4         3.1        2.7       2.9        2.9        2.4       2.5       3.0
 2.9      1.6         1.6         2.0        1.9       1.7        1.6        2.0       2.0       1.6
 3.5      2.3         2.0         3.3        2.2       3.1        2.2        2.2       2.5       2.7
 2.7      2.9         3.3         3.8        3.6       4.2        3.4        3.0       3.9       3.9
 3.1      2.5         2.5         2.8        2.7       2.5        1.9        2.6       2.9       2.6
 2.8      2.4         3.5         3.7        3.3       4.5        3.3        3.8       3.7       4.3
 3.5      2.2         2.8         3.1        4.0       3.2        2.8        3.0       3.7       3.3
 3.7      3.8         3.8         4.1        3.8       4.2        3.7        3.9       4.1       4.1
 3.0      2.0         2.2         2.5        2.1       3.0        1.8        2.0       2.1       2.5
 2.9      0.0         1.7         2.2        2.0       2.0        1.8        2.4       1.7       2.1
 2.7      1.9         3.8         4.0        3.8       4.5        3.7        3.5       3.4       3.9
 2.6      3.3         3.2         4.2        3.0       4.2        3.7        3.1       4.0       4.3
 2.8      2.1         2.2         3.3        2.8       3.1        2.0        2.3       3.0       2.3
 3.1      2.3         2.7         2.7        3.1       3.0        3.1        3.2       3.3       3.1
 3.3      2.4         2.5         3.2        3.4       2.5        3.5        2.9       3.5       2.8
 3.3      3.0         3.1         3.1        3.7       3.9        2.6        3.0       3.4       3.0
 2.7      3.0         2.9         3.8        3.5       4.3        3.9        3.4       3.9       4.0
 3.6      3.4         3.5         3.6        3.4       3.8        2.5        2.5       3.4       3.7
 2.3      1.4         2.6         2.9        3.5       1.9        2.8        3.1       2.7       3.5
 3.1      2.5         3.0         4.1        3.6       4.0        3.1        2.3       3.5       4.1
 3.2      2.4         3.0         4.2        3.8       4.1        2.9        2.7       3.5       4.3
 2.6      1.9         2.0         2.5        2.1       2.4        2.0        2.0       2.2       2.2
 3.3      2.7         3.8         4.3        4.2       3.8        3.1        3.0       3.6       4.2
 2.4      2.3         2.3         2.9        2.2       3.8        3.2        2.2       2.6       3.4
 3.6      3.2         3.4         4.3        3.5       4.5        3.8        3.7       4.0       4.0
 3.0      2.9         3.6         4.1        3.9       4.3        3.8        2.8       3.8       4.3
 3.0      2.4         2.1         2.6        2.2       2.7        2.3        2.6       2.5       2.6
 3.0      3.9         3.8         3.8        3.1       4.8        3.3        3.5       3.8       4.0
 3.2      2.4         2.0         2.3        2.4       2.3        2.0        2.4       2.1       2.3
 3.5      3.3         3.6         4.1        3.8       4.4        3.9        3.8       4.0       3.9
 4.2      4.2         4.0         4.5        3.9       4.5        4.2        3.9       4.1       3.8
 2.8      3.4         3.3         3.6        3.2       4.2        3.6        3.3       3.8       3.9
 3.4      3.1         3.5         4.0        4.1       3.9        3.7        3.1       3.5       3.1
 3.2      2.7         3.0         3.5        3.3       3.4        2.7        2.9       3.9       2.9
2.6   2.4   3.3   4.1   3.9   3.8   3.4   2.5   2.9   4.2
3.4   3.4   3.5   3.7   3.4   4.0   3.2   2.7   3.4   3.5
2.0   1.7   1.6   1.7   1.6   1.7   1.5   1.5   1.6   1.8
2.8   2.9   3.2   3.4   3.4   3.8   3.5   3.0   2.9   3.1
3.6   2.7   2.7   3.4   2.6   2.9   2.9   3.0   3.4   3.0
3.1   2.4   2.1   2.3   2.3   2.3   2.1   2.3   2.7   2.3
2.7   3.3   2.7   3.4   2.5   3.3   1.8   3.1   2.9   3.5
3.8   3.1   3.9   3.9   4.1   4.0   3.8   4.1   4.2   4.1
3.4   3.1   3.9   4.2   4.1   4.3   3.4   3.0   4.2   4.3
3.3   2.5   2.4   3.0   2.4   2.8   2.2   2.3   2.6   2.5
3.5   2.5   2.8   3.3   3.0   2.9   2.2   2.9   3.2   2.6
3.4   3.5   3.1   3.9   3.3   4.2   3.0   3.1   3.3   4.2
4.0   3.6   3.9   4.3   4.0   4.2   3.8   3.6   3.9   3.9
                                                                           How corrupt are the           Political
                                    household bribery    Frequency of      following institutioms? (1-   parties
country              code   GCB05CC      (0-1)          corruption (1-5)   5)
Afghanistan *        AFG      0.51           ..               3.0                                          3.1
Albania *            ALB      0.62          0.69              2.8                                          2.9
Argentina            ARG      0.63          0.94             3.73                                          4.6
Austria              AUT      0.75          0.95             2.79                                          3.6
Bolivia              BOL      0.55          0.80             3.83                                          4.8
Bosnia-Herzegovina   BIH      0.65          0.94             3.55                                          4.5
Brazil *             BRA      0.57          0.89             4.0                                           4.5
Bulgaria             BGR      0.63          0.93             3.69                                          4.3
Cambodia             KHM      0.59          0.63             2.78                                          2.9
Cameroon             CMR      0.42          0.52             3.73                                          3.9
Canada               CAN      0.76          0.99             2.84                                          3.9
Chile                CHL      0.70          0.97             3.24                                          4.2
Colombia             COL      0.65          0.94             3.53                                          4.4
Costa Rica           CRI      0.64          0.96             3.71                                          4.6
Croatia              HRV      0.67          0.93             3.33                                           4
Czech Republic       CZE      0.66          0.80             2.96                                          3.7
Denmark              DNK      0.86          0.99             2.09                                          2.7
Dominican Republic   DOM      0.59          0.84             3.63                                          4.3
Ecuador              ECU      0.52          0.82             4.12                                          4.9
Estonia *            EST      0.75          0.94             2.8                                           3.5
Ethiopia             ETH      0.54          0.70             3.45                                          3.6
Finland              FIN      0.85          0.97             2.11                                          3.1
France               FRA      0.77          0.98             2.79                                          4.1
Georgia              GEO      0.69          0.93             3.18                                          3.6
Germany              DEU      0.77          0.98             2.77                                          3.7
Ghana                GHA      0.57          0.77             3.52                                          4.1
Greece               GRC      0.65          0.88             3.35                                          4.1
Guatemala            GTM      0.52          0.74             3.82                                          4.2
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaHKG       0.82          1.00             2.45                                          3.1
Iceland              ISL      0.84          0.99             2.27                                          3.3
India                IND      0.58          0.88             3.84                                          4.7
Indonesia            IDN      0.64          0.88             3.44                                          4.2
Ireland              IRL      0.80          0.99             2.58                                          3.7
Israel               ISR      0.71          0.98             3.27                                          4.5
Italy                ITA      0.46           ..              3.15                                          4.2
Japan                JPN      0.71          1.00             3.34                                          4.2
Kenya                KEN      0.59          0.76             3.31                                          3.7
Korea, south         KOR      0.67          0.96             3.49                                          4.4
Kosovo               LWI      0.75          0.91             2.62                                          3.1
Latvia *             LVA      0.60          0.82             3.5                                           4.2
Lithuania            LTU      0.54          0.70             3.49                                          4.3
Luxembourg           LUX      0.78          0.94             2.51                                          3.4
Macedonia            MKD      0.64          0.92             3.51                                          4.1
Malaysia             MYS      0.73          0.94             2.91                                          3.7
Mexico               MEX      0.48          0.68             3.89                                          4.7
Moldova              MDA      0.52          0.68             3.52                                          3.8
Netherlands          NLD      0.79          1.00             2.66                                           3
Nicaragua            NIC      0.58          0.95             4.14                                          4.6
Nigeria               NGA    0.51   0.70   3.75   4.5
Norway                NOR    0.80   0.96   2.47   3.2
Pakistan              PAK    0.58   0.84   3.73   3.9
Panama                PAN    0.59   0.91   3.89   4.7
Paraguay              PRY    0.37   0.54   4.18   4.8
Peru                  PER    0.55   0.85   4.01   4.5
Philippines           PHL    0.66   0.91   3.39   4.2
Poland                POL    0.66   0.90   3.38   4.2
Portugal              PRT    0.73   0.98   3.05   3.9
Romania               ROM    0.60   0.74   3.16   3.8
Russia                RUS    0.58   0.83   3.68   4
Senegal               SEN    0.64   0.74   2.88   3.6
Serbia                YUG    0.57   0.80   3.63   4.2
Singapore             SGP    0.87   0.96   1.92   2.2
South Africa          ZAF    0.70   0.95   3.20   4
Spain                 ESP    0.75   1.00   3.03   3.4
Switzerland           CHE    0.82   0.99   2.39   3.2
Taiwan, China         TWN    0.70   0.97   3.25   4.1
Thailand              THA    0.74   0.94   2.87   3.9
Togo                  TGO    0.53   0.67   3.47   3.6
Turkey                TUR    0.61   0.95   3.93   4.1
Ukraine               UKR    0.60   0.86   3.61   3.9
United Kingdom        GBR    0.79   0.99   2.63   3.5
United states         USA    0.72   0.99   3.20   3.9
Uruguay               URY    0.71   0.97   3.21   4
Venezuela             VEN    0.67   0.94   3.38   3.7



* Added from previous year
                                                                                                    Utilities
                                                      Legal                          Registry and
Parliament/L                          Education                  Medical                          (telephone,
               Media   The military               system/Judic              Police     permit
 egislature                            system                    services                          electricity,
                                                       iary                           services
                                                                                                  water, etc.)
    2.9         2.6        3.0           2.5          3.4          2.8       3.0         2.9           3.0
    3.0         2.2        2.0           2.1          3.2          3.3       3.1         2.7           2.4
    4.5         3.4        3.2            3           4.3           3        4.3         3.6           3.3
    3.1          3         2.7           2.4          2.8          2.5       2.8         2.8           2.3
    4.6          3         3.8           3.3          4.3          3.2       4.7         3.1           3.2
    4.2         3.1        2.4           3.6          4.1          3.9        4          2.9           2.5
    4.3         3.6        3.4           3.9          4.2          3.9       4.4         3.6           3.8
    4.2         3.2        2.7           3.4          4.3          4.1       3.8         3.6           2.8
    2.4         2.2        2.5           2.2          3.9          2.8       3.2         2.3           2.1
    3.3         2.9        3.6           3.6          4.3          3.7       4.7         3.6           2.7
    3.6         3.1        2.5           2.3          3.2          2.5       2.7         2.2           2.7
    3.8          3          3            2.4          4.1          2.6       3.5         2.8            3
    4.2          3         3.2            3           3.8          3.2       3.8         3.1           3.5
    4.2         3.1         .            3.1          3.6          3.5       3.8         3.2           3.6
    3.8          3         2.6           2.9          3.9          3.5       3.3         3.3            3
    3.3         2.7        2.6           2.5          3.4          2.9       3.7         2.4           2.2
    2.5         2.8         2            1.9           2           2.1        2          1.6           1.9
    3.7         3.2        3.4           3.1          3.8          3.4       4.3         3.4           3.5
    4.9         3.3        3.6           3.6          4.6          3.5       4.3         4.4           4.1
    3.1         2.8        2.0           2.4          3.1          2.7       2.9         2.9           2.4
    3.2         3.5        3.6           3.4          3.7          3.4       3.7         2.7           3.2
    2.7         2.9        1.7           1.8           2            2        1.7         1.7            2
    3.4         3.4        2.4            2           3.1          2.3       3.1         2.2           2.3
    3.6         2.9        2.5           2.9          3.9          3.1       2.9         3.1           2.6
    3.2         3.3        2.5           2.3          2.7          2.8       2.4         2.1           2.7
    3.1         3.1        2.3           3.5          3.8          2.9       4.7         3.1           3.7
    3.5         3.7        2.5           2.7          3.7          3.6       3.3         2.5           3.3
     4          3.5        3.9           3.4          3.9          3.6       4.2         3.6           3.7
    2.5          3         2.3           2.3          2.4          2.2       2.9         1.9           2.1
    2.6         3.1         .            1.5          2.3          1.9        2          1.7           2.8
    4.4         2.7        2.1           3.8          4.3          3.8       4.7          4            3.7
     4          2.4        2.9            3           3.8          2.7        4          3.5            3
    3.1         2.8         2             2           3.2          2.4       2.7         1.8           2.2
    4.2         3.3        2.5            3           2.9           3        3.3         3.1           3.2
    3.6         3.3        2.4           2.6          3.2          3.5       2.5         3.5           2.6
    3.7         3.4         3            3.1           3           3.6       3.8         2.7           3.2
    3.8         2.3        2.5           2.5          3.6          3.2       4.1         3.7           3.2
    4.4         3.5        3.4           3.6          3.7          3.3       3.7         2.4           2.4
    2.5         2.2        1.2           2.4           3           3.4       1.9         2.6            3
    4.0         3.1        2.5           3.0          4.1          3.6       4.0         3.1           2.3
    4.1         2.9        2.4           3.1          4.2          3.9       4.1         2.9           2.5
    2.8          3         2.1           2.2          2.6          2.1       2.7         2.4           2.1
     4           3         2.4           3.7          4.3          3.9       3.5         2.8           2.8
    3.1         2.4        2.4           2.3          2.9          2.3        4          3.2           2.4
    4.4         3.3        3.1           3.1          4.5          3.2       4.7          4            3.6
    3.6          3         2.8           3.9          3.8           4        4.2         3.3           2.7
    2.8         3.1        2.5           2.2          2.7          2.3       2.9         2.4           2.9
    4.4         3.7        3.4           4.1          4.4           4        4.3         4.1           4.2
4.1   2.8   3.8   3.8   3.8   3     4.7   3.1   3.6
2.7   3.2   2.7   2     2.2   2.6   2.4   1.9   2.5
3.7   3.3   3.1   3.4   4     3.7   4.3   3.7   3.8
4.7   3.2   3.9   3.3   4.5   3.2   4.4   3.4   3.5
4.7   3.1   4.2   3.6   4.6   3.9   4.7   3.8   4
4.5   3.7   4.1   3.8   4.5   3.6   4.4   4.1   3.6
4.2   2.5   2.7   3     3.4   2.9   4     3.3   3.1
4.1   2.8   2.6   2.9   4     4.1   3.9   3.5   2.6
3.3   2.9   2.4   2.7   3.3   2.9   3     2.6   2.6
3.6   2.7   2.4   2.9   3.7   3.6   3.6   2.9   2.5
3.9   3.4   3.5   3.7   3.9   3.5   4.2   3.5   3.1
3.1   2.4   1.9   2.5   3.2   2.7   3.7   3.1   2
3.8   3.7   2.9   3.7   4.1   4     4     2.9   2.9
1.8   2.2   1.9   1.8   2.1   1.7   2     1.8   1.7
3.7   2.6   2.7   2.8   3.3   3     4     3.8   2.9
3.2   3.1   2.9   2.7   3.2   2.9   3.1   2.8   2.9
2.7   2.9   2.3   1.9   2.3   2.3   2.2   2     2.3
4.3   2.7   3.5   2.8   3.4   3.1   3.4   1.8   3.2
2.8   2.5   2.6   2.8   2.8   2.4   3.8   2.2   2.6
3.5   3     3.5   2.9   3.9   3     3.9   3.6   3.1
3.9   3.8   3.3   4     4     4.1   4     3.7   4
3.8   3.1   3     3.8   4.1   4     4.1   3.3   2.5
3.2   3.2   2.5   2.1   2.9   2.2   2.8   2     2.3
3.5   3.5   2.9   3     3.5   3.1   3.1   2.5   3
3.4   2.8   2.9   2.6   3.5   3.2   3.9   2.3   2.9
3.7   3.2   3.2   3.1   3.4   3.3   3.7   3.4   3.2
Tax revenue

              Customs
    3.0         3.3
    3.5         3.7
    3.4         4.2
    2.8         2.7
    3.5         4.4
    3.5         3.9
    4.2         3.9
    3.4         4.5
    3.1         3.8
     4          4.4
    2.9         2.5
    3.2         3.3
    3.6         3.6
    4.1          4
    3.3         3.3
    2.7         3.4
    1.8         1.8
    3.8         3.7
    3.7         4.5
    2.5         3.0
    3.8         3.6
    1.9         1.8
    2.5         2.7
    3.5         3.6
    2.9         2.6
    3.7         4.2
    3.8         3.5
     4          3.8
    2.1         2.6
    1.8          2
    3.8         4.1
    3.8          4
    2.8         2.2
    3.2          3
    3.5         2.9
    3.5         2.9
    3.4         3.7
    3.5         3.6
    2.7         3.4
    3.5         4.1
    3.3         4.2
    2.4         2.3
    3.4         4.2
    2.8         3.4
    3.9         4.2
    2.9         4.2
    2.4         2.7
    4.4         4.1
3.6   4.2
2     2.2
3.9   4
3.9   4
4.1   4.6
3.9   3.4
3.7   3.7
3.1   2.7
3.7   3.3
2.4   3.8
3.8   3.7
2.8   3.6
3.2   4.2
1.8   2
2.7   2.9
3.3   2.8
2.5   2.1
3.1   3.6
2.8   3.2
3.4   4.2
4.2   4.1
3.6   4.1
2.5   2.4
3.4   3
3     4
3.2   3.4
                                                                           How corrupt are the
                                                                                                         Political
                       Code              household       Frequency of      following institutioms? (1-
                                                                                                         parties
Country                       GCB06CC   bribery (0-1)   corruption (1-5)   5)
Afghanistan **         AFG      0.51         ..               3.0                                          3.1
ALBANIA                ALB      0.52        0.62             3.30                                          3.2
ARGENTINA              ARG      0.66        0.96             3.55                                          4.4
AUSTRIA                AUT      0.76        0.95             2.75                                          3.3
BOLIVIA                BOL      0.57        0.79             3.60                                          4.4
Bosnia-Herzegovina *   BIH      0.65        0.94             3.55                                          4.5
Brazil **              BRA      0.57        0.89             4.0                                           4.5
BULGARIA               BGR      0.62        0.93             3.82                                          4.3
Cambodia *             KHM      0.59        0.63             2.78                                          2.9
CAMEROON               CMR      0.42        0.61             4.06                                          4.3
CANADA                 CAN      0.78        0.99             2.73                                          3.6
CHILE                  CHL      0.71        0.97             3.22                                          3.9
COLOMBIA               COL      0.70        0.96             3.27                                          3.7
CONGO                  COG      0.55        0.82             3.85                                          4.1
Costa Rica *           CRI      0.64        0.96             3.71                                          4.6
CROATIA                HRV      0.64        0.96             3.70                                          4.1
CZECH REPUBLIC         CZE      0.68        0.90             3.15                                          3.7
DENMARK                DNK      0.87        0.99             1.99                                          2.5
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC     DOM      0.57        0.79             3.57                                          4.3
Ecuador *              ECU      0.52        0.82             4.12                                          4.9
Estonia **             EST      0.75        0.94             2.8                                           3.5
Ethiopia *             ETH      0.54        0.70             3.45                                          3.6
FIJI                   FJI      0.71        0.97             3.15                                          3.6
FINLAND                FIN      0.84        0.99             2.22                                          3.0
FRANCE                 FRA      0.79        0.99             2.65                                          3.8
GABON                  GAB      0.50        0.69             3.80                                          4.2
Georgia *              GEO      0.69        0.93             3.18                                          3.6
GERMANY                DEU      0.79        1.00             2.65                                          3.7
Ghana *                GHA      0.57        0.77             3.52                                          4.1
GREECE                 GRC      0.68        0.93             3.29                                          3.9
Guatemala *            GTM      0.52        0.74             3.82                                          4.2
Hong Kong SAR, China   HKG      0.74        0.94             2.82                                          3.5
ICELAND                ISL      0.82        0.99             2.45                                          3.4
INDIA                  IND      0.63        0.81             3.18                                          4.2
INDONESIA              IDN      0.57        0.79             3.55                                          4.1
Ireland *              IRL      0.80        0.99             2.58                                          3.7
ISRAEL                 ISR      0.73        0.98             3.09                                          4.2
ITALY                  ITA      0.49         ..              3.04                                          4.0
JAPAN                  JPN      0.69        0.95             3.31                                          4.0
KENYA                  KEN      0.63        0.82             3.22                                          3.6
KOREA, SOUTH           KOR      0.70        0.98             3.32                                          4.3
KOSOVO                 LWI      0.74        0.95             2.87                                          3.6
Latvia **              LVA      0.60        0.82              3.5                                          4.2
Lithuania *            LTU      0.54        0.70             3.49                                          4.3
LUXEMBOURG             LUX      0.80        0.95             2.38                                          3.0
MACEDONIA              MKD      0.63        0.94             3.73                                          4.3
MALAYSIA               MYS      0.77        0.97             2.69                                          3.5
MEXICO                 MEX      0.54        0.77             3.77                                          4.4
MOLDOVA                MDA      0.62        0.83             3.37                                          3.7
MOROCCO                      MAR   0.50   0.62   3.50   3.5
NETHERLANDS                  NLD   0.78   0.99   2.71   3.1
Nicaragua *                  NIC   0.58   0.95   4.14   4.6
NIGERIA                      NGA   0.47   0.67   3.89   4.5
NORWAY                       NOR   0.80   0.99   2.54   3.0
PAKISTAN                     PAK   0.51   0.70   3.72   4.0
PANAMA                       PAN   0.64   0.92   3.60   4.3
PARAGUAY                     PRY   0.51   0.75   3.95   4.6
PERU                         PER   0.59   0.87   3.80   4.2
PHILIPPINES                  PHL   0.60   0.79   3.33   3.8
POLAND                       POL   0.68   0.97   3.44   4.0
PORTUGAL                     PRT   0.73   0.99   3.15   3.9
ROMANIA                      ROM   0.66   0.87   3.21   4.1
RUSSIA                       RUS   0.60   0.86   3.64   3.8
SENEGAL                      SEN   0.57   0.77   3.48   4.2
SERBIA                       YUG   0.65   0.90   3.42   3.9
SINGAPORE                    SGP   0.88   0.98   1.90   2.1
SOUTH AFRICA                 ZAF   0.71   0.97   3.20   3.9
SPAIN                        ESP   0.74   0.99   3.03   3.9
SWEDEN                       SWE   0.84   0.99   2.23   2.8
SWITZERLAND                  CHE   0.82   0.99   2.38   3.0
Taiwan, China                TWN   0.65   0.99   3.74   4.5
THAILAND                     THA   0.74   0.93   2.83   3.7
Togo *                       TGO   0.53   0.67   3.47   3.6
TURKEY                       TUR   0.60   0.97   4.05   3.9
UKRAINE                      UKR   0.57   0.81   3.71   4.2
UNITED KINGDOM               GBR   0.76   0.99   2.89   3.7
UNITED STATES                USA   0.70   0.98   3.34   4.3
Uruguay *                    URY   0.71   0.97   3.21    4
VENEZUELA                    VEN   0.60   0.85   3.62   4.0



* Added from previous year
** Added from two years earlier
Parliament /            The       Education               Medical              Registry and                 Tax
               Media                          Judiciary              Police                   Utilities
Legislature            military    system                 services            permit services             revenue
                                                                                                                    Customs
    2.9         2.6      3.0         2.5        3.4         2.8       3.0           2.9          3.0        3.0       3.3
    3.2         2.5      2.7         2.8         3.8        4.1       3.8           3.6          3.2        3.4        ..
    4.3         3.4      3.4         2.7         4.2        2.8       4.2           3.3          3.1        3.2        ..
    2.9         2.8      2.6         2.4         2.8        2.5       3.0           2.7          2.4        2.8        ..
    4.0         3.0      3.6         3.0         4.3        3.3       4.4           3.2          3.0        3.4        ..
    4.2         3.1      2.4         3.6         4.1        3.9        4            2.9          2.5        3.5       3.9
    4.3         3.6      3.4         3.9        4.2         3.9       4.4           3.6          3.8        4.2       3.9
    4.2         3.2      2.9         3.7         4.4        4.2       4.0           3.8          3.3        4.0        ..
    2.4         2.2      2.5         2.2         3.9        2.8       3.2           2.3          2.1        3.1       3.8
    4.2         3.6      4.3         4.1         4.4        4.1       4.7           3.8          3.2        4.0        ..
    3.2         3.0      2.5         2.3         3.0        2.3       2.5           2.2          2.7        2.7        ..
    3.8         3.2      3.3         2.8         3.8        2.7       3.4           2.8          2.9        2.8        ..
    3.7         2.9      3.2         2.8         3.4        3.1       3.5           2.9          3.3        3.5        ..
    3.8         4.1      4.3         3.5         3.7        3.6       4.3           3.6          3.6        3.8        ..
    4.2         3.1       .          3.1         3.6        3.5       3.8           3.2          3.6        4.1        4
    4.1         3.3      2.9         3.6         4.4        4.3        ..           3.7          3.1        3.5        ..
    3.4         2.9      2.8         2.8         3.5        3.2       3.8           3.4          2.6        2.6        ..
    2.1         2.5      2.0         1.8         1.7        2.0       1.8           1.9          2.0        1.6        ..
    4.1         3.1      3.6         2.7         4.1        3.0       4.4           3.3          3.3        3.4        ..
    4.9         3.3      3.6         3.6         4.6        3.5       4.3           4.4          4.1        3.7       4.5
    3.1         2.8      2.0         2.4        3.1         2.7       2.9           2.9          2.4        2.5       3.0
    3.2         3.5      3.6         3.4         3.7        3.4       3.7           2.7          3.2        3.8       3.6
    3.4         2.7      2.9         3.0         3.2        3.1       3.2           3.0          3.3        3.3        ..
    2.6         2.9      1.8         2.0         2.1        2.1       1.8           1.7          2.3        2.1        ..
    3.2         3.3      2.3         2.0         2.9        2.1       2.8           2.2          2.2        2.3        ..
    3.9         3.9      4.0         3.7         4.1        3.6       4.3           3.4          3.0        3.7        ..
    3.6         2.9      2.5         2.9         3.9        3.1       2.9           3.1          2.6        3.5       3.6
    3.1         3.1      2.5         2.2         2.5        2.6       2.3           2.0          2.8        2.4        ..
    3.1         3.1      2.3         3.5         3.8        2.9       4.7           3.1          3.7        3.7       4.2
    3.4         3.8      2.6         2.8         3.6        3.5       3.4           2.4          3.1        3.7        ..
     4          3.5      3.9         3.4         3.9        3.6       4.2           3.6          3.7         4        3.8
    2.9         3.7      2.8         2.6         2.6        2.6       3.4           2.2          2.4        2.3        ..
    2.7         3.0       ..         2.0         2.5        2.3       2.3           1.9          2.5        1.9        ..
    3.5         2.4      1.9         3.1         3.4        3.1       4.3           3.3          2.8        3.0        ..
    4.2         2.8      3.3         3.3         4.2        3.0       4.2           3.6          2.9        3.4        ..
    3.1         2.8       2           2          3.2        2.4       2.7           1.8          2.2        2.8       2.2
    3.8         3.1      2.2         2.6         2.8        2.9       3.3           3.0          3.1        3.0        ..
    3.3         3.3      2.4         2.3         3.2        3.2       2.4           3.2          2.7        3.4        ..
    3.7         3.4      3.1         3.1         3.0        3.6       3.6           2.7          3.0        3.2        ..
    3.5         2.3      3.0         2.6         3.5        2.9       4.1           3.5          3.0        3.4        ..
    4.2         3.5      3.2         3.3         3.5        3.1       3.3           2.4          2.4        3.3        ..
    3.2         2.4      1.5         2.8         3.6        3.8       2.2           2.8          3.1        2.6        ..
    4.0         3.1      2.5         3.0        4.1         3.6       4.0           3.1          2.3        3.5       4.1
    4.1         2.9      2.4         3.1         4.2        3.9       4.1           2.9          2.5        3.3       4.2
    2.6         2.9      2.2         2.2         2.5        2.0       2.4           2.0          2.1        2.3        ..
    4.2         3.4      2.9         4.0         4.5        4.3       3.9           3.2          2.9        3.4        ..
    3.0         2.4      2.0         2.2         2.8        2.1       3.8           3.1          2.2        2.5        ..
    4.3         3.5      3.2         3.2         4.2        3.0       4.5           3.9          3.5        3.8        ..
    3.7         3.2      3.0         3.6         3.9        3.8       4.1           3.1          2.3        2.7        ..
3.5   3.0   3.2   3.2   4.0   4.0   4.2   4.1   2.6   3.2   ..
2.9   3.1   2.6   2.3   2.7   2.4   2.9   2.5   2.9   2.4   ..
4.4   3.7   3.4   4.1   4.4    4    4.3   4.1   4.2   4.4   4.1
4.1   3.2   3.7   4.3   4.1   3.4   4.9   3.3   3.8   3.5   ..
2.6   3.2   3.1   2.2   2.3   2.6   2.3   1.9   2.7   2.0   ..
3.9   3.6   3.1   3.1   3.8   3.4   4.4   3.9   3.8   3.9   ..
4.3   2.9   4.1   3.3   4.1   2.8   4.2   3.5   3.0   3.1   ..
4.6   2.9   4.1   3.2   4.4   3.4   4.6   4.2   3.6   3.9   ..
4.3   3.5   3.9   3.4   4.5   3.4   4.2   3.7   3.3   3.4   ..
3.9   2.5   3.4   3.0   3.4   2.9   3.9   3.2   2.9   3.7   ..
3.9   3.3   3.1   3.1   3.8   3.9   3.7   3.2   2.7   3.1   ..
3.3   3.1   2.7   2.8   3.4   3.0   3.3   2.7   2.8   3.6   ..
4.0   2.9   2.5   3.2   3.9   3.8   3.6   2.8   2.3   2.2   ..
3.9   3.5   3.5   3.7   3.9   3.7   4.0   3.6   2.9   3.5   ..
3.9   3.2   2.3   3.1   4.4   3.2   4.3   4.0   2.1   3.6   ..
3.8   3.5   2.9   3.4   3.8   3.9   3.6   2.9   2.9   3.0   ..
1.8   2.2   1.9   1.8   2.0   1.8   1.9   1.8   1.8   1.8   ..
3.6   2.9   2.9   3.0   3.2   3.0   3.9   3.3   2.9   2.6   ..
3.3   3.4   2.7   2.3   3.1   2.3   2.9   3.4   2.9   3.1   ..
2.4   2.8   2.1   1.8   2.2   2.1   2.2   1.9   2.4   1.8   ..
2.6   2.9   2.4   1.9   2.3   2.2   2.2   2.0   2.2   2.5   ..
4.5   3.3   4.1   3.5   3.9   3.8   4.1   2.4   3.6   3.4   ..
2.9   2.8   2.6   2.8   2.6   2.3   3.6   2.4   2.6   2.8   ..
3.5    3    3.5   2.9   3.9    3    3.9   3.6   3.1   3.4   4.2
4.0   3.9   3.9   4.1   4.2   4.2   4.0   4.1   4.0   4.2   ..
4.2   3.1   3.1   3.8   4.2   3.9   4.2   3.4   2.8   3.9   ..
3.4   3.4   2.5   2.4   3.2   2.4   3.0   2.3   2.7   2.8   ..
3.9   3.6   2.9   3.0   3.6   3.1   3.2   2.5   3.1   3.5   ..
3.4   2.8   2.9   2.6   3.5   3.2   3.9   2.3   2.9    3    4
3.7   3.5   3.7   3.0   3.9   3.4   4.2   3.8   3.1   3.5   ..
                                         household       Frequency of      How corrupt are the           Political
Country                Code   GCB07CC
                                        bribery (0-1)   corruption (1-5)   following institutioms? (1-   parties
                                                                           5)
ALBANIA                ALB      0.58        0.75             3.35                                          3.3
ARGENTINA              ARG      0.65        0.98             3.75                                          4.4
ARMENIA                ARM      0.40         ..              3.40                                          3.7
AUSTRIA                AUT      0.78        0.99             2.73                                          3.2
BOLIVIA                BOL      0.63        0.89             3.51                                          4.3
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA     BIH      0.60        0.97             4.07                                          4.4
BULGARIA               BGR      0.66        0.96             3.61                                          4.3
Cambodia **            KHM      0.59        0.63             2.78                                          2.9
CAMEROON               CMR      0.50        0.71             3.84                                          4.2
CANADA                 CAN      0.76        1.00             2.91                                          3.9
CHILE *                CHL      0.71        0.97             3.22                                          3.9
COLOMBIA               COL      0.62        0.82             3.33                                           4
CONGO *                COG      0.55        0.82             3.85                                          4.1
Costa Rica **          CRI      0.64        0.96             3.71                                          4.6
CROATIA                HRV      0.65        0.96             3.61                                           4
CZECH REPUBLIC         CZE      0.70        0.95             3.20                                          3.6
DENMARK                DNK      0.82        0.99             2.43                                          3.1
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC     DOM      0.64        0.90             3.43                                          4.2
Ecuador **             ECU      0.52        0.82             4.12                                          4.9
Ethiopia **            ETH      0.54        0.70             3.45                                          3.6
FIJI *                 FJI      0.71        0.97             3.15                                          3.6
FINLAND                FIN      0.83        0.97             2.24                                          3.3
FRANCE                 FRA      0.80        1.00             2.62                                          3.7
GABON *                GAB      0.50        0.69             3.80                                          4.2
GEORGIA ^              GEO      0.73        0.93             2.90                                          3.2
GERMANY ^              DEU      0.79        1.00             2.65                                          3.5
GHANA ^                GHA      0.59        0.77             3.33                                          3.6
GREECE                 GRC      0.68        0.94             3.32                                          4.1
GUATEMALA ^            GTM      0.55        0.74             3.58                                          3.9
Hong Kong SAR, China   HKG      0.78        0.96             2.60                                          3.2
ICELAND                ISL      0.79        1.00             2.70                                          3.7
INDIA                  IND      0.61        0.83             3.47                                          4.6
INDONESIA              IDN      0.63        0.88             3.47                                           4
IRELAND                IRL      0.79        0.98             2.59                                          3.4
ISRAEL *               ISR      0.73        0.98             3.09                                          4.2
ITALY                  ITA      0.48         ..              3.08                                          4.2
JAPAN                  JPN      0.70        1.00             3.41                                          4.3
KENYA *                KEN      0.63        0.82             3.22                                          3.6
KOREA, SOUTH           KOR      0.71        0.99             3.32                                          4.2
KOSOVO                 LWI      0.53        0.52             2.86                                          3.8
LIECHTENSTEIN          LIE      0.69        0.93             3.19                                           4
Lithuania **           LTU      0.54        0.70             3.49                                          4.3
LUXEMBOURG             LUX      0.74        0.97             2.93                                          3.7
MACEDONIA              MKD      0.42        0.55             3.85                                          4.1
MALAYSIA               MYS      0.76        0.94             2.68                                          3.6
MEXICO *               MEX      0.54        0.77             3.77                                          4.4
MOLDOVA                MDA      0.65        0.87             3.30                                          3.7
MOROCCO *              MAR      0.50        0.62             3.50                                          3.5
NETHERLANDS                   NLD          0.80     0.99   2.59   3
Nicaragua **                  NIC          0.58     0.95   4.14   4.6
NIGERIA                       NGA          0.53     0.72   3.62   4.3
NORWAY ^                      NOR          0.79     0.99   2.64   3
PAKISTAN                      PAK          0.50     0.67   3.66   3.9
PANAMA                        PAN          0.62     0.88   3.54   4.4
PARAGUAY *                    PRY          0.51     0.75   3.95   4.6
PERU                          PER          0.64     0.93   3.59   4.2
PHILIPPINES                   PHL          0.71     0.90   2.92   3.4
POLAND ^                      POL          0.67     0.97   3.54   4.2
PORTUGAL                      PRT          0.72     0.99   3.18   4.1
ROMANIA                       ROM          0.67     0.89   3.19   3.9
RUSSIA                        RUS          0.62     0.93   3.73   3.7
SENEGAL                       SEN          0.66     0.88   3.22   4.1
SERBIA                        YUG          0.67     0.93   3.36   4
SINGAPORE ^                   SGP          0.86     0.98   2.02   2.2
SOUTH AFRICA                  ZAF          0.72     0.99   3.19   3.8
SPAIN                         ESP          0.75     0.99   2.93   3.9
SWEDEN                        SWE          0.81     1.00   2.47   3.2
SWITZERLAND                   CHE          0.84     1.00   2.31   2.8
TAIWAN, CHINA *               TWN          0.65     0.99   3.74   4.5
THAILAND ^                    THA          0.70     0.93   3.09   4.2
Togo **                       TGO          0.53     0.67   3.47   3.6
TURKEY                        TUR          0.63     0.97   3.84   3.7
UKRAINE                       UKR          0.58     0.84   3.74   4.1
UNITED KINGDOM                GBR          0.78     0.99   2.72   3.5
UNITED STATES                 USA          0.70     0.98   3.30   4.1
Uruguay **                    URY          0.71     0.97   3.21   4
VENEZUELA                     VEN          0.69     0.92   3.15   3.3
VIETNAM                       VNM          0.76     0.96   2.77   ..



* Added from previous year
** Added from two years earlier
^ Partial data carried forward from previous year
                                                                                                               Utilities
                                                          Legal
Parliament/Legi                          Education                     Medical              Registry and     (telephone,
                  Media   The military               system/Judiciar              Police
     slature                              system                       services            permit services    electricity,
                                                            y
                                                                                                             water, etc.)
      3.2          2.4        2.4           2.9            3.8           4.2       3.7           3.7             3.7
      4.3          3.6        3.6           2.9            4.2           3.1       4.3           3.8             3.5
      3.7           3          3            3.5            3.9           3.4       3.7           3.6             2.1
      2.9           3         2.9           2.5            2.6           2.5       2.8           2.6             2.3
      4             3         3.2            3             4             3.1       4.2           3.2             3.1
      4.3           4         3.8           4.1            4.2           4.2       4.1           3.9             3.8
      4.2           3         2.8           3.4            4.3           4.1        4            3.3             2.7
      2.4          2.2        2.5           2.2            3.9           2.8       3.2           2.3             2.1
      3.8          3.3        3.6            4             4.3           3.9       4.6           3.4             2.8
      3.4          3.1        2.6           2.5            3.1           2.6       2.9           2.3             2.7
      3.8          3.2        3.3           2.8            3.8           2.7       3.4           2.8             2.9
      3.9          2.9        3.3           2.8            3.5            3        3.5           3.1             3.2
      3.8          4.1        4.3           3.5            3.7           3.6       4.3           3.6             3.6
      4.2          3.1         .            3.1            3.6           3.5       3.8           3.2             3.6
      3.9          3.3        2.8           3.3            4.3           4.2       3.8           3.6             3.1
      3.4          2.8        3.2           2.9            3.6           3.4       3.8           3.4             2.5
      2.5          3.1        2.4           2.3            2             2.5       2.2           1.9             2.5
      3.6           3         3.8           2.4            3.7           2.7       4.3           3.4             3.1
      4.9          3.3        3.6           3.6            4.6           3.5       4.3           4.4             4.1
      3.2          3.5        3.6           3.4            3.7           3.4       3.7           2.7             3.2
      3.4          2.7        2.9           3.0            3.2           3.1       3.2           3.0             3.3
      2.5           3         1.8            2             2.1           2.1       1.8           1.7             2.2
      2.9          3.4        2.1           1.9            2.6           2.3       2.8           2.2             2.3
      3.9          3.9        4.0           3.7            4.1           3.6       4.3           3.4             3.0
      3.4          2.6        2.3            3             3.6           3.1       2.9           2.5             2.4
      3            3.1        2.4           2.2            2.5           2.8       2.3           2               3.1
      3.4          2.8        2.4           3.2            3.7           2.8       4.6           3.4             3.3
      3.4          3.7        2.6           2.9            3.6           3.5       3.3           2.3             3.3
      4            3.1        3.8           3.2            3.8           3.2       4.3           3.2             3.4
      2.7          3.4        2.4           2.7            2.4           2.4        3            2.1             2.1
      2.9          3.3         ..           2.2            2.8           2.5       2.4           2.2             2.7
      3.9          2.5        1.8           3.4            3.8           3.3       4.5           3.7             3.3
      4.1          2.5         3             3             4.1           2.8       4.2           3.8             3.1
      2.8          2.8        2.1           2.1            2.9           2.5       2.7           2.2             2.4
      3.8          3.1        2.2           2.6            2.8           2.9       3.3           3.0             3.1
      3.7          3.2        2.2           2.4            3.1           3.2       2.3           3.4             2.8
      3.8          3.5        3.2           3.3             3            3.6       3.7           2.7             3.1
      3.5          2.3        3.0           2.6            3.5           2.9       4.1           3.5             3.0
      4.1          3.4        3.2           3.2            3.5           3.3       3.5           2.4             2.4
      3.5          2.5        1.2           2.5            3.5           3.8       2.2           2.9             2.9
      4             3         2.3           2.9            3.9           3.9       3.7           2.9             2.1
      4.1          2.9        2.4           3.1            4.2           3.9       4.1           2.9             2.5
      3.2          3.4        2.7           2.6            3             2.7        3            2.6             2.5
      4            3.5        3.1           4.3            4.5           4.5       4.1           3.5              3
      2.8          2.5        2.2           2.2            2.7           2.2       3.7           3.1             2.2
      4.3          3.5        3.2           3.2            4.2           3.0       4.5           3.9             3.5
      3.6          2.8        2.6           3.3            3.7           3.8       4.1           3.2             2.4
      3.5          3.0        3.2           3.2            4.0           4.0       4.2           4.1             2.6
2.7   3     2.5   2.3   2.5   2.6   2.7   2.1   2.7
4.4   3.7   3.4   4.1   4.4   4     4.3   4.1   4.2
3.8   3.1   3.3   3.3   3.4   3.1   4.5   3.5   3.7
2.6   3.5   3.1   2.4   2.4   2.6   2.5   2     2.7
3.8   3.3   3.2   3     3.5   3.4   4.3   3.9   3.9
4.3    3     3    3.1   3.9   3.2   4.2   3.3   3.1
4.6   2.9   4.1   3.2   4.4   3.4   4.6   4.2   3.6
4.1   3.4   3.5   3.1   4.2   3.1   3.9   3.5   3.1
3.5   2.1   2.9   2.5   3     2.5   3.6   2.9   2.6
3.9   3.4   3.1   3.1   3.8   4     3.8   3.7   2.7
3.6   3     2.6   2.9   3.4   3.2   3.2   2.6   2.8
3.9   2.8   2.4   3     3.8   3.7   3.7   2.9   2.4
3.9   3.7   3.8   3.9   3.9   3.9   4.1   3.7   3
3.7   3.1   2.1   2.9   3.7   3     4     3.5   2.2
3.6   3.5   2.9   3.6   3.8   3.8   3.6   2.7   2.6
2     2.4   1.9   1.9   2.1   2     2     1.9   1.9
3.6   2.8   2.7   3.1   3.3   3.1   3.8   3.6   2.8
3.1   3.4   2.5   2.3   3     2.2   2.8   2.9   3.1
2.5   3.2   2.4   2.1   2.4   2.4   2.5   2.2   2.4
2.5   2.9   2.2   1.9   2.2   2.2   2.2   2.2   1.9
4.5   3.3   4.1   3.5   3.9   3.8   4.1   2.4   3.6
3     2.7   3     2.9   2.9   2.5   4     2.9   2.8
3.5   3     3.5   2.9   3.9   3     3.9   3.6   3.1
3.6   3.7   3.4   4     3.8   4     4     3.9   4
4.1   3.2   3.1   3.8   4.2   4     4.1   3.4   3.1
3.1   3.4   2.4   2.3   2.9   2.3   2.7   2     2.6
3.7   3.6   2.9   3     3.5   3.2   3.2   2.6   3
3.4   2.8   2.9   2.6   3.5   3.2   3.9   2.3   2.9
3.3   2.9   3     2.3   3.5   2.7   3.8   3.7   2.7
..    2.4   ..    ..    ..    3.1   ..    ..    2.8
Tax revenue

              Customs
    3.6          ..
    3.5          ..
    3.8          ..
    2.7          ..
    3.5          ..
     4           ..
    3.6          ..
    3.1         3.8
    4.3          ..
    2.9          ..
    2.8          ..
    3.4          ..
    3.8          ..
    4.1          4
    3.4          ..
    2.6          ..
    2.2          ..
    3.5          ..
    3.7         4.5
    3.8         3.6
    3.3          ..
    2.1          ..
    2.6          ..
    3.7          ..
    2.9          ..
    2.3          ..
    3.4          ..
    3.8          ..
    3.5          ..
    2.2          ..
    2.3          ..
    3.4          ..
    3.6          ..
    2.6          ..
    3.0          ..
    3.4          ..
    3.3          ..
    3.4          ..
    3.3          ..
    2.7          ..
    2.4          ..
    3.3         4.2
    2.8          ..
    3.7          ..
    2.3          ..
    3.8          ..
    3.1          ..
    3.2          ..
2.4   ..
4.4   4.1
3.8   ..
2.2   ..
4.1   ..
3.4   ..
3.9   ..
3.4   ..
3.1   ..
3.2   ..
3.6   ..
2.6   ..
3.4   ..
3.1   ..
2.9   ..
1.9   ..
2.5   ..
3     ..
1.9   ..
2.4   ..
3.4   ..
3.1   ..
3.4   4.2
4.1   ..
4     ..
2.7   ..
3.5   ..
3     4
3.4   ..
..    ..
                                        household bribery Frequency of       How corrupt are the           Political
Country                Code   GCB08CC
                                             (0-1)        corruption (1-5)   following institutioms? (1-   parties
                                                                             5)
ALBANIA *              ALB      0.60          0.75              3.18                                         3.3
argentina              ARG      0.59          0.96              4.12                                         4.37
armenia                ARM      0.64          0.57              3.11                                         3.01
austria                AUT      0.77          0.98              2.80                                         3.24
azerbaijan             AZE      0.49          0.55              3.28                                         2.76
belarus                BLR      0.70          0.88              3.28                                         3.17
bolivia                BOL      0.49          0.71              4.13                                         4.50
bosnia-herzegovina     BIH      0.58          0.91              4.17                                         4.39
brunei                 BRN      0.85          0.99              2.14                                         2.13
bulgaria               BGR      0.59          0.96              4.02                                         4.30
cambodia               KHM      0.53          0.53              3.12                                         2.95
cameroon               CMR      0.46          0.48              4.04                                         4.12
canada                 CAN      0.74          0.98              3.07                                         3.49
chile                  CHL      0.62          0.91              3.96                                         4.24
colombia               COL      0.66          0.92              3.60                                         4.04
croatia                HRV      0.60          0.97              4.08                                         4.11
czech republic         CZE      0.66          0.89              3.43                                         3.62
denmark                DNK      0.83          0.99              2.28                                         2.59
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC * DOM        0.62          0.90              3.63                                         4.2
el salvador            SLV      0.60            ..              3.80                                         4.43
finland                FIN      0.82          0.99              2.40                                         2.96
France *               FRA      0.73          1.00              3.15                                         3.7
georgia                GEO      0.73          0.98              3.11                                         3.11
GERMANY *              DEU      0.74          1.00              3.03                                         3.5
ghana                  GHA      0.52          0.60              3.62                                         3.69
greece                 GRC      0.63          0.83              3.77                                         4.32
GUATEMALA *            GTM      0.53          0.74              3.70                                         3.9
Hong Kong SAR, China   HKG      0.72          0.93              3.02                                         3.29
hungary                HUN      0.65          0.86              3.65                                         4.17
iceland                ISL      0.71          0.98              3.34                                         3.89
india                  IND      0.62          0.92              3.50                                         4.20
indonesia              IDN      0.57          0.72              3.77                                         3.98
iraq                   IRQ      0.49           0.6              3.49                                         3.74
IRELAND *              IRL      0.74          0.98              2.98                                         3.4
israel                 ISR      0.67          0.99              3.59                                         4.31
italy                  ITA      0.32            ..              3.72                                         4.06
japan                  JPN      0.63          0.99              3.86                                         4.31
kenya                  KEN      0.55           0.7              3.59                                         4.01
korea, south           KOR      0.63          0.98              3.89                                         4.25
kosovo                 LWI      0.67          0.88              3.38                                         3.80
kuwait                 KWT      0.81          0.81              2.33                                         2.34
lebanon                LBN      0.61          0.86              3.69                                         4.06
liberia                LBR      0.37          0.22              3.71                                         3.41
LIECHTENSTEIN *        LIE      0.67          0.72              3.73                                          4
lithuania              LTU      0.59          0.30              3.76                                         4.00
luxembourg             LUX      0.71          0.96              3.19                                         3.25
macedonia              MKD      0.63          0.96              3.79                                         3.81
malaysia               MYS      0.68          0.92              3.29                                         3.82
moldova                MDA      0.59          0.75              3.47                                         3.58
mongolia               MNG      0.54          0.72              3.70                                         3.86
morocco                MAR      0.53          0.65              3.69                                         3.53
netherlands                  NLD   0.79   0.99   2.53   2.60
nigeria                      NGA   0.57   0.86   3.59   4.23
norway                       NOR   0.75   0.98   2.95   3.05
pakistan                     PAK   0.53   0.82   3.67   3.58
panama                       PAN   0.52   0.96   4.13   4.56
peru                         PER   0.55   0.83   4.04   4.27
philippines                  PHL   0.64   0.89   3.47   3.98
poland                       POL   0.67   0.96   3.50   3.55
portugal                     PRT   0.71   0.98   3.28   3.93
romania                      ROM   0.58   0.88   3.99   4.27
russia                       RUS   0.56   0.71   3.94   3.94
senegal                      SEN   0.53   0.65   3.62   3.74
serbia                       YUG   0.61   0.82   3.88   4.05
sierra leone                 SLE   0.47   0.43   3.79   3.95
singapore                    SGP   0.84   0.95   2.09   2.13
SOUTH AFRICA *               ZAF   0.70   0.99   3.38   3.8
spain                        ESP   0.73   0.98   3.15   3.62
SWEDEN *                     SWE   0.77   1.00   2.83   3.2
switzerland                  CHE   0.79   0.99   2.67   2.95
thailand                     THA   0.67   0.89   3.27   4.08
turkey                       TUR   0.68   0.98   3.41   3.38
uganda                       UGA   0.56   0.47   3.35   3.31
ukraine                      UKR   0.43   0.83   4.32   4.37
united kingdom               GBR   0.69   0.97   3.30   3.63
united states                USA   0.65   0.98   3.72   4.05
venezuela                    VEN   0.56   0.72   3.99   4.29
VIETNAM *                    VNM   0.80   0.96   2.40    ..
zambia                       ZMB   0.59   0.62   3.28   3.50


* Added from previous year
                        Legal
Parliament/
              Media   system/Ju
Legislature                        Public
                        diciary
                                  Officials
    3.2        2.4       3.8         ..
   4.23       3.41      4.26        4.35
   3.09       2.88      3.34        3.24
   2.62       3.03      2.36        2.73
   3.07       2.68      4.02        3.89
   3.02       3.01      3.43        3.75
   4.22       3.41      4.38        4.13
   4.26       3.67      4.30        4.23
   2.07       1.93      1.97        2.62
   4.24       3.01      4.50        4.05
   2.70       2.35      4.08        3.51
   3.80       3.51      4.45        4.33
   3.11       3.04      2.67        3.03
   3.93       3.43      4.16        4.04
   3.86       2.86      3.51        3.71
   4.04       3.65      4.39        4.19
   3.47       2.92      3.36        3.75
   2.08       2.79      1.71        2.24
    3.6         3        3.7         ..
   3.44       2.99      4.21        3.95
   2.46       2.57      1.91        2.09
    2.9        3.4       2.6         ..
   3.13       2.88      3.29        3.16
     3         3.1       2.5         ..
   3.09       3.02      4.14        4.17
   3.66       3.79      3.37        3.68
     4         3.1       3.8         ..
   2.71       3.58      2.50        3.01
   3.79       3.73      3.03        3.53
   3.18       3.54      2.71        3.39
   3.55       2.90      3.15        3.70
   4.43       2.34      4.09        4.03
   3.42       3.28      3.10        3.89
    2.8        2.8       2.9         ..
   3.97       3.17      2.86        3.61
   3.73       3.41      3.49        3.90
   3.93       3.56      3.21        4.30
   4.02       1.80      4.02        4.08
   4.24       3.63      3.59        3.72
   3.42       2.34      3.98        3.34
   1.83       2.37      1.70        3.41
   3.75       3.44      3.31        3.89
   4.10       2.76      4.26        4.03
     4          3        3.9         ..
   3.99       2.99      3.92        3.90
   2.92       3.56      2.97        3.25
   3.67       3.28      4.21        3.98
   3.26       2.62      3.07        3.68
   3.42       3.06      3.71        3.60
   3.92       3.00      4.07        3.64
   3.52       2.66      4.11        4.64
2.30   2.73   2.30   2.70
3.79   3.04   3.42   3.46
2.69   3.46   2.40   3.14
3.61   3.09   3.86   4.20
4.61   2.84   4.37   4.26
4.28   3.38   4.43   3.84
3.94   2.02   3.44   4.00
3.39   3.38   3.42   3.76
3.33   2.85   3.29   3.00
4.33   3.37   4.17   3.82
3.87   3.48   3.93   4.50
3.68   2.94   3.82   3.90
3.83   3.68   3.93   3.90
3.83   2.57   4.32   4.30
1.85   2.48   1.80   2.17
3.6    2.8    3.3     ..
3.05   3.06   2.97   3.03
2.5    3.2    2.4     ..
2.60   3.11   2.21   2.49
3.05   2.80   2.76   3.66
3.36   3.39   3.26   3.64
3.41   2.14   3.93   3.96
4.48   3.77   4.51   4.49
3.32   3.57   2.75   3.23
3.94   3.72   3.20   3.69
3.91   3.36   4.15   4.22
 ..    2.4     ..     ..
2.84   2.23   3.73   4.12
                                                                             How corrupt are the
                                        household bribery Frequency of                                     Political
Country                Code   GCB09CC                                        following institutioms? (1-
                                             (0-1)        corruption (1-5)                                 parties
                                                                             5)
ALBANIA *              ALB      0.57          0.75              3.18                                         3.30
argentina              ARG      0.59          0.97              4.12                                         4.37
armenia                ARM      0.64          0.81              3.11                                         3.01
austria                AUT      0.77          0.99              2.80                                         3.24
azerbaijan             AZE      0.49          0.56              3.28                                         2.76
belarus                BLR      0.70          0.97              3.28                                         3.17
bolivia                BOL      0.49          0.75              4.13                                         4.50
bosnia-herzegovina     BIH      0.58          0.95              4.17                                         4.39
brunei                 BRN      0.85          0.98              2.14                                         2.13
bulgaria               BGR      0.59          0.93              4.02                                         4.30
cambodia               KHM      0.53          0.60              3.12                                         2.95
cameroon               CMR      0.46          0.69              4.04                                         4.12
canada                 CAN      0.74          0.99              3.07                                         3.49
chile                  CHL      0.62          0.97              3.96                                         4.24
colombia               COL      0.66          0.97              3.60                                         4.04
croatia                HRV      0.60          0.97              4.08                                         4.11
czech republic         CZE      0.66          0.93              3.43                                         3.62
denmark                DNK      0.83          0.99              2.28                                         2.59
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC * DOM        0.60          0.90              3.63                                         4.20
el salvador            SLV      0.60          0.89              3.80                                         4.43
finland                FIN      0.82          0.98              2.40                                         2.96
France *               FRA      0.73          1.00              3.15                                         3.70
georgia                GEO      0.73          0.99              3.11                                         3.11
GERMANY *              DEU      0.75          1.00              3.03                                         3.50
ghana                  GHA      0.52          0.71              3.62                                         3.69
greece                 GRC      0.63          0.95              3.77                                         4.32
GUATEMALA *            GTM      0.53          0.74              3.70                                         3.90
Hong Kong SAR, China   HKG      0.72          0.94              3.02                                         3.29
hungary                HUN      0.65          0.95              3.65                                         4.17
iceland                ISL      0.71          1.00              3.34                                         3.89
india                  IND      0.62          0.87              3.50                                         4.20
indonesia              IDN      0.57          0.84              3.77                                         3.98
iraq                   IRQ      0.49          0.60              3.49                                         3.74
IRELAND *              IRL      0.74          0.98              2.98                                         3.40
israel                 ISR      0.67          0.99              3.59                                         4.31
italy                  ITA      0.32            ..              3.72                                         4.06
japan                  JPN      0.63          0.98              3.86                                         4.31
kenya                  KEN      0.55          0.75              3.59                                         4.01
korea, south           KOR      0.63          0.99              3.89                                         4.25
kosovo                 LWI      0.67          0.94              3.38                                         3.80
kuwait                 KWT      0.81          0.94              2.33                                         2.34
lebanon                LBN      0.61          0.89              3.69                                         4.06
liberia                LBR      0.37          0.41              3.71                                         3.41
LIECHTENSTEIN          LIE      0.67          0.89              3.19                                         4.00
lithuania              LTU      0.59          0.88              3.76                                         4.00
luxembourg             LUX      0.71          0.96              3.19                                         3.25
macedonia              MKD      0.63          0.96              3.79                                         3.81
malaysia               MYS      0.68          0.93              3.29                                         3.82
moldova                MDA      0.59          0.79              3.47                                         3.58
mongolia               MNG      0.54          0.75              3.70                                         3.86
morocco                MAR      0.53          0.73              3.69                                         3.53
netherlands            NLD      0.79          0.97              2.53                                         2.60
nigeria                      NGA   0.57   0.78   3.59   4.23
norway                       NOR   0.75   0.99   2.95   3.05
pakistan                     PAK   0.53   0.73   3.67   3.58
panama                       PAN   0.52   0.81   4.13   4.56
peru                         PER   0.55   0.87   4.04   4.27
philippines                  PHL   0.64   0.90   3.47   3.98
poland                       POL   0.67   0.98   3.50   3.55
portugal                     PRT   0.71   0.98   3.28   3.93
romania                      ROM   0.58   0.91   3.99   4.27
russia                       RUS   0.56   0.85   3.94   3.94
senegal                      SEN   0.53   0.71   3.62   3.74
serbia                       YUG   0.61   0.93   3.88   4.05
sierra leone                 SLE   0.47   0.63   3.79   3.95
singapore                    SGP   0.84   0.96   2.09   2.13
SOUTH AFRICA *               ZAF   0.70   0.99   3.38   3.80
spain                        ESP   0.73   0.99   3.15   3.62
SWEDEN *                     SWE   0.77   0.99   2.83   3.20
switzerland                  CHE   0.79   0.99   2.67   2.95
thailand                     THA   0.67   0.91   3.27   4.08
turkey                       TUR   0.68   0.95   3.41   3.38
uganda                       UGA   0.56   0.71   3.35   3.31
ukraine                      UKR   0.43   0.68   4.32   4.37
united kingdom               GBR   0.69   0.96   3.30   3.63
united states                USA   0.65   0.97   3.72   4.05
venezuela                    VEN   0.56   0.86   3.99   4.29
VIETNAM *                    VNM   0.78   0.96   2.40    ..
zambia                       ZMB   0.59   0.75   3.28   3.50


* Added from previous year
                        Legal
Parliament/
              Media   system/Ju    Public
Legislature
                        diciary   Officials
   3.20       2.40      3.80         ..
   4.23       3.41      4.26        4.35
   3.09       2.88      3.34        3.24
   2.62       3.03      2.36        2.73
   3.07       2.68      4.02        3.89
   3.02       3.01      3.43        3.75
   4.22       3.41      4.38        4.13
   4.26       3.67      4.30        4.23
   2.07       1.93      1.97        2.62
   4.24       3.01      4.50        4.05
   2.70       2.35      4.08        3.51
   3.80       3.51      4.45        4.33
   3.11       3.04      2.67        3.03
   3.93       3.43      4.16        4.04
   3.86       2.86      3.51        3.71
   4.04       3.65      4.39        4.19
   3.47       2.92      3.36        3.75
   2.08       2.79      1.71        2.24
   3.60       3.00      3.70         ..
   3.44       2.99      4.21        3.95
   2.46       2.57      1.91        2.09
   2.90       3.40      2.60         ..
   3.13       2.88      3.29        3.16
   3.00       3.10      2.50         ..
   3.09       3.02      4.14        4.17
   3.66       3.79      3.37        3.68
   4.00       3.10      3.80         ..
   2.71       3.58      2.50        3.01
   3.79       3.73      3.03        3.53
   3.18       3.54      2.71        3.39
   3.55       2.90      3.15        3.70
   4.43       2.34      4.09        4.03
   3.42       3.28      3.10        3.89
   2.80       2.80      2.90         ..
   3.97       3.17      2.86        3.61
   3.73       3.41      3.49        3.90
   3.93       3.56      3.21        4.30
   4.02       1.80      4.02        4.08
   4.24       3.63      3.59        3.72
   3.42       2.34      3.98        3.34
   1.83       2.37      1.70        3.41
   3.75       3.44      3.31        3.89
   4.10       2.76      4.26        4.03
   4.00       3.00      3.90         ..
   3.99       2.99      3.92        3.90
   2.92       3.56      2.97        3.25
   3.67       3.28      4.21        3.98
   3.26       2.62      3.07        3.68
   3.42       3.06      3.71        3.60
   3.92       3.00      4.07        3.64
   3.52       2.66      4.11        4.64
   2.30       2.73      2.30        2.70
3.79   3.04   3.42   3.46
2.69   3.46   2.40   3.14
3.61   3.09   3.86   4.20
4.61   2.84   4.37   4.26
4.28   3.38   4.43   3.84
3.94   2.02   3.44   4.00
3.39   3.38   3.42   3.76
3.33   2.85   3.29   3.00
4.33   3.37   4.17   3.82
3.87   3.48   3.93   4.50
3.68   2.94   3.82   3.90
3.83   3.68   3.93   3.90
3.83   2.57   4.32   4.30
1.85   2.48   1.80   2.17
3.60   2.80   3.30    ..
3.05   3.06   2.97   3.03
2.50   3.20   2.40    ..
2.60   3.11   2.21   2.49
3.05   2.80   2.76   3.66
3.36   3.39   3.26   3.64
3.41   2.14   3.93   3.96
4.48   3.77   4.51   4.49
3.32   3.57   2.75   3.23
3.94   3.72   3.20   3.69
3.91   3.36   4.15   4.22
 ..    2.40    ..     ..
2.84   2.23   3.73   4.12
                                                          Frequency of
                                        household bribery                  How corrupt are the
Country                Code   GCB09CC                     corruption (1-
                                             (0-1)                         following institutioms? (1-   Political
                                                               5)
                                                                           5)                            parties
AFGHANISTAN            AFG      0.54          0.60             0.48                                        2.90
ARGENTINA              ARG      0.62          0.93             0.32                                        4.10
ARMENIA                ARM      0.59          0.84             0.34                                        3.60
AUSTRIA                AUT      0.75          0.96             0.55                                        3.20
AUSTRALIA              AUS      0.96          0.96              ..                                         2.60
AZERBAIJAN             AZE      0.61          0.68             0.55                                        3.80
BANGLADESH             BGD      0.42            ..             0.42                                        3.20
BELARUS                BLR      0.63          0.85             0.42                                        4.20
BOLIVIA                BOL      0.54          0.82             0.27                                        4.10
BRAZIL                 BRA      0.98          0.98              ..                                         2.13
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA     BIH      0.62          0.90             0.35                                        4.10
BRUNEI*                BRN      0.85          0.98             0.71                                        3.10
BULGARIA               BGR      0.62          0.94             0.30                                        4.00
CAMBODIA               KHM      0.37          0.30             0.45                                        3.90
CAMEROON               CMR      0.49          0.66             0.32                                        4.00
CANADA                 CAN      0.70          0.98             0.42                                        3.40
CHILE                  CHL      0.63          0.90             0.37                                        4.20
CHINA                  CHN      0.67          0.91             0.43                                        4.00
COLOMBIA               COL      0.58          0.86             0.31                                        3.80
CROATIA                HRV      0.63          0.97             0.30                                        2.80
CZECH REPUBLIC         CZE      0.66          0.95             0.38                                        4.40
DENMARK                DNK      0.76          0.86             0.66                                        3.70
EL SALVADOR            SLV      0.60          0.90             0.31                                        3.40
MACEDONIA              MKD      0.63          0.89             0.38                                        3.70
FIJI                   FJI      0.75          0.94             0.56                                        3.60
FINLAND                FIN      0.77          0.99             0.55                                        2.90
FRANCE                 FRA      0.72          0.97             0.48                                        3.70
GEORGIA                GEO      0.71          0.84             0.58                                        4.10
GERMANY                DEU      0.73          0.99             0.48                                        4.60
GHANA                  GHA      0.57          0.78             0.36                                        3.30
GREECE                 GRC      0.57          0.95             0.20                                        3.90
Hong Kong SAR, China   HKG      0.71          0.95             0.46                                        4.30
HUNGARY                HUN      0.68          0.94             0.43                                        4.20
ICELAND                ISL      0.67          0.98             0.37                                        3.50
INDIA                  IND      0.45          0.55             0.36                                        3.90
INDONESIA              IDN      0.67          0.90             0.43                                        4.40
IRAQ                   IRQ      0.51          0.54             0.48                                        4.50
IRELAND                IRL      0.68          0.98             0.38                                        4.40
ISRAEL                 ISR      0.65          0.98             0.33                                        4.20
ITALY                  ITA      0.60          0.90             0.31                                        3.80
JAPAN                  JPN      0.63          0.94             0.33                                        4.00
KENYA                  KEN      0.58          0.73             0.43                                        4.20
KOREA, SOUTH           KOR      0.64          0.97             0.32                                       2.34
KOSOVO                 LWI      0.65          0.94             0.37                                        4.30
KUWAIT*                KWT      0.81          0.94             0.67                                        4.10
LATVIA                 LVA      0.65          0.91             0.39                                        2.90
LEBANON                LBN      0.55          0.79             0.31                                        4.20
LIBERIA                LBR      0.40          0.36             0.44                                        2.90
LITHUANIA              LTU      0.57          0.84             0.30                                        4.00
LUXEMBOURG             LUX      0.75          0.91             0.59                                        4.40
MALAYSIA               MYS      0.61          0.79             0.43                                        3.80
MEXICO                      MEX        0.50   0.77   0.24   4.20
MOLDOVA                     MDA        0.56   0.78   0.34   2.00
MONGOLIA                    MNG        0.51   0.73   0.30   3.00
MOROCCO                     MAR        0.79   0.95   0.64   3.50
NETHERLANDS                 NLD        0.76   0.98   0.54   4.50
NEW ZEALAND                 NZL        0.73   0.98   0.49   3.00
NIGERIA                     NGA        0.47   0.62   0.32   4.10
NORWAY                      NOR        0.80   0.99   0.61   3.10
PAKISTAN                    PAK        0.46   0.63   0.29   4.56
WEST BANK GAZA              WBG        0.64   0.72   0.56   4.00
PANAMA*                     PAN        0.52   0.81   0.22   4.20
PAPUA NEW GUINEA            PNG        0.65   0.86   0.44   3.60
PERU                        PER        0.57   0.87   0.26   3.60
PHILIPPINES                 PHL        0.67   0.88   0.47   4.20
POLAND                      POL        0.68   0.93   0.43   4.50
PORTUGAL                    PRT        0.68   0.97   0.39   3.50
ROMANIA                     ROM        0.57   0.88   0.26   4.40
RUSSIA                      RUS        0.60   0.85   0.36   4.20
SENEGAL                     SEN        0.45   0.66   0.25   3.50
SERBIA                      YUG        0.61   0.92   0.30   2.90
SIERRA LEONE                SLE        0.47   0.50   0.44   4.30
SINGAPORE                   SGP        0.73   0.91   0.55   3.70
SLOVENIA                    SVN        0.66   0.98   0.34   3.90
SOLOMON ISLANDS             SLB        0.67   0.88   0.47   4.40
SOUTH AFRICA                ZAF        0.59   0.80   0.39   2.90
SPAIN                       ESP        0.66   0.98   0.34   3.60
SWITZERLAND                 CHE        0.78   0.99   0.58   3.20
Taiwan, China               TWN        0.94   0.94    ..    3.10
THAILAND                    THA        0.65   0.88   0.43   4.00
TURKEY                      TUR        0.59   0.71   0.48   4.00
UGANDA                      UGA        0.48   0.50   0.46   4.30
UKRAINE                     UKR        0.53   0.81   0.26   4.00
UNITED KINGDOM              GBR        0.68   0.98   0.38   4.00
UNITED STATES               USA        0.62   0.94   0.30   2.00
VANUATU                     VUT        0.69   0.91   0.48   3.60
VENEZUELA                   VEN        0.60   0.87   0.34
VIETNAM                     VNM        0.70   0.75   0.66
ZAMBIA                      ZMB        0.62   0.82   0.43


* carried forward from previous year
                            Legal
Parliament/Le           system/Judici
  gislature     Media        ary      Public officials
    3.20        2.80        3.40            3.10
    3.90        3.00        3.70            4.00
    3.80        2.90        4.10            3.80
    2.70        2.80        2.50            2.80
    2.50        2.40        3.20            3.30
    3.10        2.30        3.50            4.00
    3.20        3.10        3.40            3.80
    3.80        3.30        4.30            4.10
    3.90        2.80        3.50            3.80
    2.07        1.93        1.97            2.62
    3.90        2.90        4.30            3.90
    2.90        2.60        4.00            3.50
    3.70        3.00        4.00            3.90
    3.60        3.00        2.90            3.30
    3.70        2.70        3.60            3.60
    3.40        3.30        3.00            3.40
    4.20        2.70        3.80            4.00
    4.00        3.20        4.10            3.80
    3.60        2.80        3.50            3.70
    2.30        2.60        1.60            2.50
    3.80        2.40        4.10            4.20
    3.50        2.80        3.90            3.60
    2.70        2.30        2.50            3.00
    2.90        2.70        2.00            2.70
    3.10        3.00        2.80            3.00
    2.60        2.40        2.90            2.70
    3.10        3.00        2.40            3.20
    3.70        2.60        3.90            3.60
    4.30        4.30        3.90            4.00
    3.00        3.20        2.90            3.40
    3.40        3.10        2.90            3.20
    3.70        3.50        2.70            3.50
    4.00        3.00        3.10            3.50
    3.60        2.80        3.30            3.20
    3.60        2.30        2.60            3.10
    4.00        3.00        2.70            3.30
    4.00        3.20        2.80            3.90
    4.00        3.30        3.40            3.70
    3.80        3.50        3.10            3.90
    3.80        1.60        3.80            3.50
    4.00        3.40        3.60            3.60
    3.90        2.30        4.10            3.20
    1.83        2.37        1.70            3.41
    3.70        2.50        3.20            3.60
    3.80        3.50        3.50            3.90
    3.60        2.40        3.70            3.60
    4.20        2.90        4.00            3.80
    2.50        2.70        2.50            2.70
    3.40        2.70        3.00            3.30
    4.20        3.20        4.30            4.20
    3.70        3.00        3.90            3.80
4.20   2.90   4.10   3.60
2.00   1.30   3.50   3.50
2.70   2.90   2.60   3.00
3.20   3.10   2.50   3.00
4.20   2.70   3.70   3.50
2.20   2.90   1.90   2.80
4.00   3.30   3.60   4.20
2.80   2.80   2.40   2.80
4.61   2.84   4.37   4.26
3.70   2.30   2.70   3.50
4.30   2.90   4.40   4.00
3.50   2.00   3.10   3.50
3.40   2.80   3.30   3.40
3.70   2.80   3.40   3.20
4.50   3.10   4.00   3.80
3.60   3.20   3.70   3.90
4.50   3.00   4.20   4.00
3.80   3.40   3.90   3.80
3.40   2.60   3.50   3.30
2.60   3.00   2.70   2.90
3.70   3.10   3.50   3.60
3.70   2.20   2.60   3.40
3.80   2.50   3.50   3.60
3.50   3.40   3.40   3.50
2.60   3.00   2.30   2.60
3.40   2.80   3.00   3.70
2.90   3.00   3.10   3.30
3.30   2.00   3.90   3.50
4.10   3.20   4.40   4.10
3.80   3.40   2.80   3.40
4.00   3.50   3.40   3.80
3.30   2.40   2.70   3.10
4.00   2.30   4.10   3.80
1.90   2.20   2.80   3.00
3.20   2.80   3.40   3.50

				
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