African American History.xls by zhaonedx

VIEWS: 15 PAGES: 60

									 Last Name       First Name            Occupation          Birth Death Gender


Aaliyah                          arts, music, acting       1979 2001 f


Aaron        Hank                sports, baseball          1934       m

Abdull-
Jabbar       Kareem              sports, basketball        1947       m

                                 civil rights, Politics,
Abernathy    Ralph               religion                  1926 1990 m


Adderly      Julian "Cannonball" music, arts               1928 1975 m


Ailey        Alvin               arts, acting              1931 1989 m

                                 engineer, science,
Alexander    Archibald           politics                  1888 1958 m


Ali          Mohammad            sports, boxing            1942       m


Allen        Richard             religion                  1760 1831 m


Allen        Debbie              arts, dance               1950       f


Anderson     Marian              music, arts               1897 1993 f


Angelou      Maya                writing, acting, arts     1928       f


Armistead    James               politics                  1760 1830 m


Armstrong    Henry               sports, boxing            1912 1988 m


Armstrong    Louis               music, arts               1901 1971 m
Ashby      Matthew          abolition                 1727 1771 m


Ashe       Arthur           sports, tennis            1943 1993 m


Ashford    Evelyn           sports, track & field     1957      f


Attucks    Crispus          military                  1723 1770 m


Bailey     Donavan          sports, track & field     1967      m

           George (Father   religion, civil rights,
Baker      Divine)          politics                  1882 1965 m


Baker      Josephine        music, arts               1906 1975 f


Baldwin    James            writing                   1924 1987 m


Banks      Ernie            sports, baseball          1931      m


Banneker   Benjamin         science, inventing        1731 1806 m

                            civil rights, writing,
Baraka     Amira            politics, education       1934      m


Barkley    Charles          sports, basketball        1963      m


Basie      Count            music, arts               1904 1984 m


Bassett    Angela           arts, acting              1958      f

                            medicine, science,
Bath       Patricia         inventing                 1942    0f


Baylor     Elgins           sports, basketball        1934      m
Beamon       Bob                sports, track & field   1946      m
                                slave, farming,
                                carpentry, inventing,
Beard        Andrew             business                1849 1921 m


Bearden      Romare             art, arts               1911 1988 m


Beckwourth James                exploring               1798 1866 m


Belafonte    Harry              arts, music             1927      m

Belafonte-
Harper       Shari              arts, music, acting     1954      f


Bell         James "Cool Papa" sports, baseball         1903 1991 m


Belle        Albert             sports, baseball        1966      m


Benjamin     Andre Dr. Dre      music, arts             1965      m


Benjamin     Miriam             inventing, education    1850    0f


Berry        Halle              arts, acting            1968      f


Berry        Chuch              music, arts             1926      m


Bethune      Mary McLeod        education, politics     1875 1955 f

             James Hubert
Blake        (Eubie)            music, arts             1883 1983 m


Bluford      Guion              science, aerospace      1942      m


Bolin        Judge Jane         politics, law           1908 1974 f
Bond       Julian         civil rights, politics   1940      m


Bonds      Barry          sports, baseball         1964      m


Bontemps   Arna           writing                  1902 1973 m


Boston     Ralph          sports, track & field    1939      m

                          science, physics,
Bouchet    Edward         chemistry, education 1852 1918 m


Bradley    Tom            politics, law            1917 1998 m


Bradley    Benjamin       science, inventing       1830      m


Brandy                    arts, music              1979      f

                          science, physics ,
Branson    Herman R.      administration           1914 1995 m


Brauger    Andre          acting                   1962      m

                          politics, law, public
Braun      Carol Mosley   service                  1947      f

Brisco-
Hooks      Valerie        sports, track & field    1960      f


Brock      Lou            sports, baseball         1939      m


Brooke     Gwendolyn      writing                  1917 2000 f


Brooks     Avery          arts, acting             1948      m


Brown      Jim            sports, football         1936      m
Brown      James           music, arts              1933        m


Bruce      Blanche Kelso   politics                 1841 1898


Buchanan   Buck            sports, football         1940 1992 m


Bullins    Ed              writing, law, politics   1935        m


Bunche     Ralph           politics                 1904 1971 m


Burleigh   Harry T.        music, education         1866 1949 m


Burrell    Leroy           sports, track & field    1967        m


Burton     LeVar           acting, arts             1957        m


Calhoun    Lee             sports, track & field    1933 1989 m


Calloway   Cab             music, arts              1907 1994 m


Campanella Roy             sports, baseball         1921 1993 m


Campbell   Milt            sports, track & field    1933        m


Campbell   Earl            sports, football         1955        m


Carew      Rod             sports, baseball         1945        m


Carmichael Stokley         civil rights, politics   1941 1998 m


Carroll    Dianne          acting, arts             1935        f
Carson      Julia              politics, business       1938      f


Carter      Betty              music, arts              1930 1998 f


Carter      Benny              music, arts              1907      m


Carter      Cris               sports, football         1965      m

                              science, inventing,
Carver      Gerogr Washington humanitarian              1865 1943 m

Chamberlai
n          Wilt                sports, basketball       1936 1999 m
                               science,
                               biochemistry,
Chappelle   Emmett W.          education                1925      m


Charles     Ray                music, arts              1930 2004 m


Chestnut    Charles W,         law, writing, politics   1858 1932 m


Chisholm    Shirley            politics                 1924 2005 f


Christie    Linford            sports, track & field    1960      m


Cinque      Joseph             abolition                1811 1852 m


Clark       Kenneth B.         education, writing       1914      m

                               civil rights, writing,
Cleaver     Eldridge           politics                 1935 1998 m


Clemente    Roberto            sports, humanitarian 1934 1972 m


Clinton     George             music, arts              1940      m
Coachman      Alice          sports, track & field   1923      f


Cole          Nat King       music, arts             1919 1965 m


Cole          Rebecca        medicine, science       1846 1922 f


Cole          Natalie        music, arts             1950      f


Coleman       Bessie         science, military       1893 1926 f


Coltrane      John           music, arts             1926 1967 m


Combs         Sean "Puffy"   music, arts             1969      m


Conyers       John           politics, law           1929      m


Coolio                       music, arts             1963      m


Cooper        Cynthia        sports, basketball      1963      m

                             acting, arts,
Cosby         Bill           comedian                1937      m

Crosthwait,                  science, engineer,
Jr            David          inventing, education    1898 1976 m


Crothers      Scatman        acting                  1910 1986 m


Cuffe         Paul           sailing, philanthropy   1715 1817 m


Cullen        Countee        writing                 1903 1946 m


Davis         Miles          music, arts             1926 1991 m
Davis       Ernie                sports, football         1939 1962 m

                                 arts, acting, writing,
Davis       Ossie                directing                1917     m

                                 civil rights, writing,
Davis       Angela               education, politics      1944     f


Davis Jr.   Sammy                arts, music              1925 1990 m


Davis, Jr   Benjamin             military                 1912 2002 m


Dawson      William L.           music, arts              1899     m

                                exploring, trading,
De Sable    Jean-Baptiste-Point business                  1750 1850 m


Dee         Ruby                 arts, acting             1924     f


DeFrantz    Anita                sports, rowing           1952     f
                                 abolition, writing,
                                 medicine, science,
Delany      Martin R.            exploring, business      1812 1885 m


Dett        Robert Nathaniel     music, arts              1882 1943 m


Devers      Gail                 sports, track & field    1966     f


Dickerson   Eric                 sports, football         1960     m


Diddley     Bo                   music, arts              1928     m


Dillard     Harrison             sports, track & field    1923     m


Dinkins     David                politics, law            1927     m
Doby       Larry              sports, baseball          1924 2003 m


Dogg       Snoop              music, arts               1972     m


Domino     Antoine "Fats"     music, arts               1928     m


Dorsett    Tony               sports, football          1954     m


Dorsey     Thomas A.          music, arts               1899 1993 m


Douglas    James "Buster*     sports, boxing            1960     m


Douglas    Aaron              art, arts                 1899 1979 m

                              abolition, writing,
Douglass   Frederick          politics                  1817 1895 m


Drew       Charles R,         medicine, science         1904 1950 m

                              civil rights, politics,
DuBois     W.E.B.             writing, education        1868 1963 m


Dunbarl    Paul Laurence      writing                   1872 1905 m
                              acting; dance, arts,
                              politics; social
Dunham     Katherine          science                   1910     m


Edmonds    Kenneth "Babyface" music, arts               1959     m


Elder      Lee                sports, golf              1934     m

                              engineer, science,
Elder      Clarence L.        inventing                 1935     m

                              politics, medicine,
Elders     Joyce              science                   1933     f
Ellington    Duke             music, arts              1899 1974 m


Ellison      Ralph            writing                  1914 1994 m


Erving       Julius "Dr. J"   sports, basketball       1950      m


Estevanico                    exploring                1500 1539 m


Evans        Lee              sports, track & field    1947      m


Evers        Medgar           civil rights             1925 1963 m

Evers-
Williams     Myrlie           civil rights, politics   1933      f


Ewing        Patrick          sports, basketball       1962      m


Farakhan     Louis            religion                 1933      m


Farmer       James            civil rights, politics   1920 1999 m

                              acting, arts,
Fetchit      Stepin           comedian                 1902 1985 m


Fielder      Cecil            sports, baseball         1963      m

                              acting, religion,
Finster      Howard           music, art               1916 2001 m


Fishburne    Laurence         arts, acting             1961      m


Fitzgerald   Ella             music, arts              1917 1996 f


Flood        Curt             sports, baseball         1938 1997 m
                            oceanography,
Forde      Evan             science                   1952     m

                            sports, boxing, arts,
Foreman    George           business                  1949     m

                            arts, acting,
Foxx       Redd             comedian                  1922 1991 m


Franklin   John Hope        education, writing        1915     m


Frazier    Joe              sports, boxing            1944     m


Frazier    Walt             sports, basketball        1945     m


Freeman    Morgan           arts, acting              1937     m


Fuller     Charles          writing, arts, acting     1939     m

           Clarence "Big
Gaines     House"           sports, basketball        1924     m


Gaither    Alonzo "Jake*    sports, football          1903 1994 m


Garnet     Henry H.         abolition, religion       1815 1882 m

                            religion, abolitionist,
Garnet     Henry Highland   politics                  1815 1882 m


Garvey     Marcus           civil rights, politics    1887 1940 m


Gaston     Cito             sports, baseball          1944     m

                            education, writing,
Gates      Henry Louis      civil rights,             1950     m


Gaye       Marvin           music, arts               1939 1984 m
Gervin      George      sports, basketball    1952        m


Gibson      Althea      sports, tennis        1927 2003 f


Gibson      Josh        sports, baseball      1911 1947 m


Gibson      Bob         sports, baseball      1935        m


Gillespie   Dizzy       music, arts           1917 1993 m


Giovanni    Nikki       writing               1943        f

                        arts, civil rights,
Glover      Danny       acting                1947        m

                        arts, acting,
Goldberg    Whoppi      producing             1949        f


Goode       Sarah       inventing, business   1850        f


Gooding, Jr. Cuba       arts, acting          1968        m


Goodson     Carter G.   education, author     1875 1950


Gordy Jr.   Berry       music, arts           1929        m


Gossett, Jr. Louis      arts, acting          1936        m


Greene      Joe         sports, football      1946        m


Grier       Pam         arts, acting          1949        f


Griffey     Ken         sports, baseball      1969        m
Griffin     Archie             sports, football         1954      m

                               education, writing,
Grimke      Archibald          law, politics            1849 1930 m


Gwynn       Tony               sports, baseball         1960      m


Hagler      Marvin             sports, boxing           1954      m


Haley       Alex               writing                  1921 1992 m

                               religion, abolition,
Hall        Prince             education                1748      m

                               chemistry, science,
Hall        Lloyd              inventing, politics      1894 1971 m

Hamer
(Townsend) Fannie Lou          civil rights, politics   1917 1977 f


Hamilton    Lisa Gay           arts, acting             1964      f


Hammon      Jupiter            writing                  1711 1806 m


Hampton     Lionel             music, arts              1913 2002 m


Hancock     Herbie             music, arts              1940      m


Handy       W.C.               music, arts              1873 1958 m


Hansberry   Lorraine           writing                  1930 1965 f


Harper      Ben                music, arts              1969      m

                               politics, law,
Harris      Patricia Roberts   education                1924 1985 f
Harris      Franco     sports, football       1950      m


Hastie      William    politics, law          1904 1976 m

                       politics, Education,
Hatcher     Richard    law                    1933      m


Hayes       Elvin      sports, basketball     1945      m


Hayes       Roland     music, arts            1887 1977 m


Hayes       Michael    music, arts            1942      m


Hearns      Thomas     sports, boxing         1958      m


Henderson   Rickey     sports, baseball       1958      m


Hendirx     Jimi       music, arts            1942 1970 m


Henson      Matthew    explorer, politics     1866 1955 m

Higginbotha
m           A. Leon    politics, law          1928 1998 m

                       education, women's
Hill        Anita      rights, writing        1956      f

                       arts, acting, directing,
Holder      Geoffrey   design                   1930    m


Holiday     Billie     music, arts            1915 1959 f


Holmes      Larry      sports, boxing         1949      m


Holyfield   Evander    sports, boxing         1962      m
Hooker     John Lee         music, arts               1917 2001 m

                            leader, civil rights,
Hooks      Benjamin         religion, law, politics   1925      m


Horne      Lena             music, arts               1917      f


Houston    Whitney          arts, music               1963      f

                            civil rights, education,
Houston    Charles H,       Law, politics            1895 1950 m


Howard     Gen. Oliver      military, education       1830 1909 m


Hubbard    William DeHart   sports, track & field     1903 1976 m


Hughes     Langston         writing                   1902 1967 m


Hurston    Zora Neale       writing                   1891 1960 f


Ice Cube                    music, arts               1969      m


Ice T                       music, arts               1958      m

                            science, chemistry,
Imes       Samuel E.        physics, education        1883 1941 m


Innis      Roy              civil rights, politics    1934      m


Jackson    Michael          music, arts               1958      m


Jackson    Mahalia          music, arts               1911 1972 f

                            arts, acting,
Jackson    Samuel L.        producing                 1948      m
                              civil rights, politics,
Jackson    Jesse              religion                  1941     m

                              politics , education,
Jackson    Maynard            law, politics             1938 2003 m


Jackson    Janet              music, arts               1966     f

                              sports, football,
Jackson    Bo                 baseball                  1962     m


Jackson    Reggie             sports, baseball          1946     m


James      Daniel "Chappie"   military                  1920 1978 m

                              medicine, science,
Jemison    Mae                space                     1956     f


Jennings   Thomas             science, inventing        1791 1859 m


Johnson    William H.         art, music, arts          1901 1970 m


Johnson    Jack               sports, boxing            1878 1946 m


Johnson    Judy               sports, baseball          1899 1989 m


Johnson    Rafer              sports, track & field     1935     m


Johnson    Robert             music, arts               1911 1938 m


Johnson    Michael            sports, track & field     1967     m

                              writing, education,
Johnson    James Weldon       law, politics             1871 1938 m


Johnson    Ervin "Magic"      sports, basketball        1959     m
Jones      Frederick M.        science, inventing       1892 1961 m

                               music, arts, writing,
Jones      Lois Mailou         producing                1905 1998 f


Jones      James Earl          arts, acting             1931      m


Jones      Quincy              music, arts              1906 1998 m


Jones      Deacon              sports, football         1938      m


Jones      Marion              sports, track & field    1975      f


Jones Jr   Roy                 sports, boxing           1969      m


Joplin     Scott               music, arts              1868 1917 m


Jordan     Barbara             politics, civil rights   1936 1996 f


Jordan     Michael             sports, basketball       1963      m


Joyner     Florence Griffith   sports, track & field    1959 1998 f

Joyner-
Kersee     Smokey              sports, track & field    1962      f

                               chemist, science,
Julian     Percy L             inventing, medicine      1899 1975 m

                               education, biology
Just       Ernest Everest      science, writing         1883 1941 m


Kincaid    Jamaica             writing                  1940      f


King       B.B.                music, arts              1925 2003 m
King        Coretta Scott      civil rights, politics    1927      f


King        Don                sports, boxing            1931      m

                               civil rights, politics,
King JR     Martin Luther      religion                  1929 1968 m


Kitt        Eartha             arts, music               1927      f


La Salle    Eriq               arts, acting, directing 1962        m

                               politics, education,
Langston    John M.            law                       1829 1897 m


Larsen      Nella              writing                   1891 1964 f


Latifah     Queen              arts, music               1970      f


Latimer     Lewis H.           science, inventing        1848 1929 m


Lawrence    Jacob              arts, art                 1917 2000 m
                               arts, acting,
                               comedian, directing,
Lawrence    Martin             producing                 1965      m


Ledbetter   Huddie "Leadbelly" music, arts               1885 1949 m

                               art, music, arts,
Lee         Spike              directing                 1957      m


Leonard     Buck               sports, baseball          1907 1997 m


Leonard     Sugar Ray          sports, boxing            1956      m


Lewis       Carl               sports, track & field     1961      m
Lewis       Bill        sports, football         1868 1949 m

                        education, writing,
Lewis       Arthur      business                 1915 1991 m


Lewis       Edmonia     art, arts                1845 1909 f


Lil' Kim                music, arts              1975      m


Liston      Sonny       sports, boxing           1932      m

                        arts, acting,
Little      Cleavon     comedian                 1939 1992 m


Locke       Alain       writing, education       1886 1954 m


Logan       Greenbury   military                 1799 1880 m


Louis       Joe         sports, boxing           1914 1981 m

                        arts, acting,
Mac         Bernie      comedian                 1958      m


Malcolm X               civil rights, politics   1925 1965 m


Malone      Moses       sports, basketball       1955      m


Malone      Karl        sports, basketball       1963      m


Marsalis    Wynton      music, arts              1961      m


Marshall    Thurgood    law, politics            1908 1993 m


Mathis      Johnnie     music, arts              1935      m
Mays        Willie        sports, baseball         1931      m


McAdoo      Bob           sports, basketball       1951      m

                          science, chemistry ,
McBay       Henry C. R.   education                1914 1995 m


McCovey     Willie        sports, baseball         1938      m


McCoy       Elijah        science, inventing       1844 1929 m


McDaniel    Hattie        arts, music, acting      1895 1952 f

                          writing, civil rights,
McKay       Claude        politics                 1890 1948 m

                          civil rights, law,
McKissick   Floyd         politics                 1922 1991 m


McQueen     Butterfly     arts, acting             1911 1995 f


Mfume       Kweisi        politics, civil rights   1948      m


Miller      Cheryl        sports, basketball       1964      f


Mingus      Charles       music, arts              1922 1979 m


Mitchell    Arthur        acting                   1934


Monk        Thelonious    music, arts              1917 1982 m


Moon        Warren        sports, football         1956      m


Moore       Arcie         sports, boxing           1913 1998 m
Moorer     Michael      sports, boxing            1967     m


Morgan     Garrett      inventing, business       1877 1963 m


Morgan     Joe          sports, baseball          1943     m


Morrison   Toni         writing                   1931     f


Morton     Jelly Roll   music, arts               1890 1941 m


Moses      Edwin        sports, track & field     1955     m


Motley     Marion       sports, football          1920 1999 m


Moton      Robert M.    education                 1867 1940 m

                        religion, civil rights,
Muhammad Benjamin F.    politics                  1948     m


Muhammad Elija          religion                  1897 1975 m

                        arts, acting,
Murphy     Eddie        comedian                  1961     m


Murphy     Calvin       sports, basketball        1948     m


Murray     Eddie        sports, baseball          1956     m


Mya                     music, arts               1979     f


Neville    Aaron        music, arts               1941     m


Newton     Thandie      arts, acting              1972     f
Newton      Huey             civil rights, politics   1942 1989 m


Norman      Jessye           music, arts              1945


Norton      Eleanor Holmes   politics, law            1937      m


Notorious   B.I.G.           music, arts              1972 1997 m


Olajuwon    Hakeem           sports, basketball       1963      m


O'Neal      Shaquille        sports, basketball       1972      m


Owens       Jessie           sports, track & field    1913 1980 m


Owens       Jesse            sports, track & field    1913 1980 m


Page        Alan             sports, football         1945      m


Paige       Satchel          sports, baseball         1906 1982 m


Parker      Charlie "Bird"   music, arts              1920 1955 m


Parks       Rosa             civil rights, politics   1913 2005 f

                             writing, art, music,
Parks       Gordon           arts                     1912      m


Patterson   Floyd            sports, boxing           1935      m


Payton      Walter           sports, football         1954 1999 m


Peete       Calvin           sports, golf             1943      m
Petry       Ann Lane       writing, science        1908 1997 f


Pinchback   P.B.S.         politics                1837 1921 m

Pinkett-                   arts, acting,
Smith       Jada           directing, designing    1971      f


Pippin      Scottie        sports, basketball      1965      m


Pippin      Horace         acting                  1888 1946 m


Poitier     Sidney         arts, acting, directing 1927      m


Pollard     Fritz          sports, football        1894 1986 m


Poor        Salem          military                1748      m


Powell      Adam Clayton   politics, religion      1908 1972 m


Powell      Mike           sports, track & field   1963      m


Powell      Colin          politics, military      1937      m


Price       Leontyne       music, arts             1927      m


Pride       Charley        music, arts             1935      m


Prince                     music, arts             1958      m


Prosser     Gabriel        abolition, business     1775 1800 m

                           arts, acting,
Pryor       Richard        comedian                1940      m
Puckett    Kirby           sports, baseball        1961        m

                           medicine, science,
Rabb Jr.   Maurice F.      ophthalmologist         1931        m


Rainey     Joseph          politics                1832 1887 m


Rainey     Ma              music, arts             1886 1939 f


Rainey     Gertrude "Ma"   music, arts             1886 1939 f


Randolph   A. Phillip      politics                1889 1979 m


Randolph   Virginia        education               1874 1958 f


Rangel     Charles         politics                1930        m


Redding    Otis            music, arts             1941 1967


Reed       Willis          sports, basketball      1942        m


Reese      Della           arts, music, acting     1932        f


Reuben     Gloria          arts, acting, music     1964        f

                           religion, politics,
Revels     Hiram           education               1827 1901 m


Reynolds   Butch           sports, track & field   1964        m


Rhames     Ving            arts, acting            1920 1998 m


Rice       Condoleezza     education, politics     1956        f
Rice        Jerry       sports, football        1962     m


Rillieux    Norbert     inventing, business     1806 1894 m


Robertson   Oscar       sports, basketball      1938     m


Robeson     Paul        arts, music, acting     1888 1976 m


Robeson     Paul        music, sports           1898 1976 m


Robinson    Jackie      sports, baseball        1919 1972 m


Robinson    Eddie       sports, football        1919     m


Robinson    Frank       sports, baseball        1935     m


Robinson    Sugar Ray   sports, boxing          1921 1989 m


Robinson    David       sports, basketball      1965     m


Robinson    Smokey      music, arts             1940     m

Robinson-
Peete       Holly       arts, acting            1964     f


Rock        Chris       arts, acting, writing   1966     f


Rodman      Dennis      sports, basketball      1961     m


Roeson      Paul        sports, football        1898 1976 m


Rollins     Howard E.   arts, acting            1950 1996 m
Ross        Diana               arts, music               1944        f


Rowan       Carl Thomas         writing, politics         1925 2000 m


Rucker      Darius              music, arts               1966        m


Rudolph     Wilma               sports, track & field     1940 1994 f


Russell     Bill                sports, basketball        1934        m


Russworm    John                writing                   1799 1851 m


Rustin      Bayard              civil rights, politics    1912 1987 m


Sancho      Ignatius            writing, music, arts      1729 1780 m

            Augusta Christine
Savage      Fells               art, arts                 1892 1962


Seal        Bobby               civil rights, politics    1936        m


Shakur      Tupac               music, arts               1971 1996 m


Shange      Ntozke              writing                   1948        f

Shuttleswort                    religion, civil rights,
h            Fred               politics                  1922        m

                                arts, acting,
Sinbad                          producing                 1956        m


Smith       Will                arts, music               1968        m

                                arts, acting,
Snipes      Wesley              producing                 1962        m
Spingarn    Joel Elias    education, writing        1875 1939 m

                          civil rights, politics
Steele      C.K.          religion, education       1914 1980 m


Swanson     Howard        music, arts               1909 1978 m


Tanner      Henry O.      art, religion, arts       1859 1937 m
                          civil rights, politics,
                          writing, women's
Terrell     Mary Church   rights, education         1863 1954 f


Thurmen     Wallace       writing                   1902 1934 m


Toomer      Jean          writing                   1894 1967 f
                          abolition,
                          humanitarian,
Toussaint   Pierre        Business                  1766 1853 m


Tucker      Chris         arts, acting              1972      m


Turner      Tina          music, acting, arts       1939      f


Tyson       Cicely        arts, model, acting       1933      f


Uggams      Leslie        arts, acting, music       1943      f

Van Der
Zee         James         photographer              1886 1983 m


Vandross    Luther        music, arts               1951      m


Vassa       Gustavus      abolition, writing        1745 1800 m


Vaughan     Sarah         music, arts               1924 1990 f
Vesey      Denmark         abolition, politics      1767 1822 m


Walker     T-Bone          music, arts              1910 1975 m

                           inventing, business,
Walker     Madame C.J.     Philanthropist           1867 1919 f


Waller     Thomas "Fats"   music, arts              1903 1943 m


Warwick    Dionne          music, arts              1941      f


Washington Dinah           music, arts              1924 1963 f


Washington Denzel          arts, acting             1954      m


Waters     Muddy           music, arts              1915 1983 m


Waters     Ethel           arts, acting, music      1896 1977 f


Watts      Andre           music, arts              1946      m
                           arts, acting,
                           comedian, writing,
Wayans     Damon           producing                1960      m


Wayans     Keenan Ivory    arts, directing,         1958      m


Weathers   Carl            arts, sports, football   1948      m
                           writing, Civil rights,
Wells-                     politics, education,
Barnett    Ida B.          women's rights           1862 1931 f

                           education; religion,
West       Cornel          writing                  1953      m


Whitaker   Forest          arts, music, acting      1961      m
                                  education, civil rights,
White        Walter               writing, politics        1893 1955 m


Wideman      John Edgar           0                        1941     m


Wilkins      Roy                  civil rights, politics   1901 1981 m

                               religion, civil rights;
Williams     George Washington law, politics               1849 1891 m


Williams     Billy Dee            arts, acting             1937     m

                                  religion, abolition,
Williams     Peter, Jr.           writing,                 1780 1840 m


Williams     Peter Sr.            religion                 1749 1823 m


Williams     Vanessa              arts, acting, music      1963     f

             John Lee "Sonny
Williamson   Boy"                 music, arts              1914 1948 m


Wilson       Cassandra            music, arts              1955     f


Wilson       Flip                 arts                     1934 1998 m


Wilson       August               writing                  1945     m


Winfield     Paul                 arts, designing          1941 2004 m

                                  arts, acting,
Winfrey      Oprah                producing                1954     f


Wonder       Stevie               music, arts              1950     m


Woods        Granville            inventing                1856 1910 m
Woodward   Alfe         arts, acting             1953     f


Young      Lester       music, arts              1909 1959 m


Young      Whitney M.   civil rights, politics   1921 1971 m
                            Facts
Rhythm-and-blues singer & actress who was on the brink of
superstardom when she died in a plane crash. Her self-titled
album reached No. 2 on the Billboard album chart.

Aaron is baseball's career leader in homers (755), runs batted in
b. New in baseball hall of fame
(2,297),York City as Ferdinand Lewis (Lew) Alcindor. At 7 ft 2 in.;
NBA #1 draft pick in 1969; NBA's most-valuable-player honor 6
times & set NBA all-time records in games played (1,560; since
broken), points madeKing, Jr., organize the Montgomery busHe
helped Martin Luther (38,387), & field goals made (15,837);
boycott (1955); president of the Southern Christian Leadership
Conference (SCLC). An advocate of nonviolence as a means to
social change,


jazz saxophonist
Modern dancer and choreographer known for his theatrical,
energetic dances; His dances include Blue Swan (1958), Night
Creature (1975) and Precipice (1983).


Tidal Basin bridge in Washington, D.C.; first Republican territorial
governor of the U.S. Virgin Islandslight heavyweight champion; 3-
born Cassius Clay; 1960 Olympic
time world heavyweight champ; defeated Sonny Liston (1964),
George Foreman (1974) & Leon Spinks (1978) for title; fought
Joe Frazier in 3 memorable bouts (1971-75), winning twice;

Founder of African Methodist Episcopal Church, born a slave in
Philadelphiathe demanding dance teacher Lydia Grant in the film
Famous as
Fame (1980), a role she reprised for the successful NBC TV
series, which she also choreographed. Allen became one of
contemporary television's leading proponents of African American

Marian Anderson became the first African-American soloist to
sing with the Metropolitan Opera poet; she recited one of her
Maya Angelou is a prize-winning in New York City.
poems at President Clinton's first Inauguration. Type of writing:
poetry; sang and acted in many musicals including "Porgy and
Bess" permission from his master to enlist under Gen. Marquis
received
de Lafayette, a French officer who joined George Washington's
army during the American Revolution. LaFayette wrote a glowing
recommendation for Armistead, which resulted in his freedom

held feather-, light- and welterweight titles simultaneously in
1938; pro record 152-21-8 with 100 KOs.

Louis Armstrong was a famous jazz trumpet player and a band
leader
born free of a white woman; messenger for Virginia governor
Norborne Berkeley and as a carpenter; married slave of a
bricklayer and freed her
He won the 1965 intercollegiate singles championship while at
the Univ. of California at Los Angeles. Denied a visa by South
Africa on racial grounds in 1970, Ashe won the 1968 U.S. Open,
the 1970 Australian Open, and the 1975 Wimbledon title.
winner of 4 Olympic gold medals—100m in 1984, and 4x100m in
1984, '88 and '92; also won silver medal in 100m in '88; member
of 5 U.S. Olympic teams (1976-92); Inducted into Track and Field
and Women's Sports Halls of Fame in 1997.

Crispus Attucks was an American hero and martyr of the Boston
Massacre prior to the American Revolutionary War
Jamaican-born Canadian sprinter who set world record in the
100m (9.84) in gold medal-winning performance in 1966
Olympics

founded large religious movement during Great Depression, civil-
rights activist, formed economic cooperatives

Josephine Baker was a popular singer whose fame began during
the Harlem Renaissance.
James Baldwin was a novelist, essayist, and playwright; books:
GO TELL IT ON THE MOUNTAIN (1953), NOBODY KNOWS
MY NAME (1962), TELL ME HOW LONG THE TRAIN'S BEEN
GONE (1968) , THE FIRE NEXT TIME (1963),

led NL in home runs and RBI twice each; 2-time MVP (1958-59)
with Chicago Cubs; 512 career home runs
an astronomer, mathematician, inventor, surveyor, and the first
African-American to receive a presidential appointment. he
devised an irrigation system of ditches and little dams to control
the water from the springs ;poetry heplays; Hethe first wooden s
wrote many books Novels, 1753, & created founded Harlem's
Black Arts Repertory Theatre in 1965; In 2002 Baraka was
named New Jersey's third poet laureate. However, one of his
poems suggested Israel had foreknowledge of the 2001 terrorist
Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association (NBA)
in 1984.; one of the game's premier rebounders and scorers. He
also played for the 1996 U.S. gold-medal Olympic team.)
Jazz Musician; Grammy Award-winning jazz pianist, composer
and bandleader known for his powerful, rhythmic sound and his
dominant-right-hand piano What's Love Got to Do with It (1993),
She played Tina Turner in style
for which she won a Golden Globe for Best Actress and was
nominated for an Oscar. In 2002 she portrayed Rosa Parks in the
television movie The Rosa Parks Story; receive a patent for a
first African American woman doctor to also starred in John
medical invention. Patricia Bath's patent (no. 4,744,360), a
method for removing cataract lenses, transformed eye surgery,
using a laser device making the procedure more accurate.
MOP of Final 4 in 1958; led Minneapolis-LA Lakers to 8 NBA
Finals; 10-time All-NBA 1st team (1959-65,67-69); LA Clippers'
vice president of basketball operations
won 1968 Olympic gold medal in long jump with world record (29-
ft, 21/2in.) that shattered old mark by nearly 2 feet

patented 2 plows, a rotary engine & a coupler for attaching train
cars to each other


mural artist, graffiti artist
one of the best known Mountain Men; he discovered a pass
through the Sierra Nevada into California that was named for
him. son of Caribbean-born immigrants, he became one of the
The
most popular singers of the postwar era and also starred in such
films as Carmen Jones (1954), Island in the Sun (1957), and
Odds Against Tomorrow (1959).


Daughterof the Negro Leagues; widely singer and actress
member of Harry Belafonte. She is a considered the fastest
player ever to play baseball; also coached for the Kansas City
Monarchs, teaching such players as Jackie Robinson; member of
the National hitter andHall of Fame troublemaker; in strike-
tremendous Baseball stupendous
shortened 1995 season, became first player in major league
history to hit 50 homers and 50 doubles in a season; five-time All-
Star; three-time AL RBI leader

born Andre Young; rap singer & producer; pioneered “gangsta”
rap

Oscar-winning & Signal Chair - chair in a hotel dining room to
invented "Gongactress; first African American to represent the
call theStates in the a teacher, 2nd Black in 1986.to getwon a Best
United waiter; also Miss World pageant women She a patent
Actress Oscar and a reputation as a talented, versatile actress.
rock song writer, “Maybellene” (1955), “Roll Over, Beethoven”
(1956) and “Johnny B. Goode” (1958). He appeared in the films
Rock, Rock, Rock (1956) and Go, Johnny, Go (1959).




worked to help educate African-Americans and worked with four
Presidents to further expand educational opportunities.


Eubie Blake wrote the first Black Broadway musical in 1921.


Buford was the first African-American to go into space.

First black woman in the United States to be appointed a
judgeship.
he participated in sit-ins at segregated Atlanta restaurants. He
was a founder (1960) of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee,; Elected (1965) to the Georgia assembly, Bond was
denied his seat because of his statements opposing the war in
father, Bobby Bonds, was a San Francisco Giants outfielder
(1968–74), and the great Willie Mays was his godfather. Bonds
ranks third on the career home-runs list
best remembered as the author of the novel God Sends Sunday
(1931), the basis of the play St. Louis Woman (1946); & of Black
Thunder (1936), a tragic account of the slave insurrection led by
Gabriel Prosser in Richmond, Va., in 1800.

medaled in 3 consecutive Olympic long jumps— gold (1960),
silver (1964), bronze (1968).

first African American to graduate (1874) from Yale College;
career teaching college chemistry and physics


1st Black mayor of Losoffice and later atofficer
employed at a printing Angeles; police the Annapolis Naval
Academy, where he helped set up scientific experiments; In the
1840s he developed a steam engine for a war ship. Unable to
patent his work, he sold it and with the proceeds purchased his
Teen singing sensation-turned television star; star of UPN's
Moesha (1996–2001), ;appearances in Arachnophobia (1990), I
As Know the Department of Physics
Stillchair ofWhat You Did Last Summerat Howard University,
Herman Branson helped the scientific community gain new
insight into organic molecules and biological systems; An
innovative researcher, actor; played tough cop Frank Pembleton
Emmy Award-winning Branson formed cross-disciplinary
on the critically acclaimed series Homicide: Life on the Street
(1993–98); Played in: Kojak, The Tuskegee Airmen, Homicide:
The Movie, Gideon's Crossing


1st black woman elected to US Senator
won three gold medals at the 1984 Olympics (200 meters, 400
meters and 4x100 relay); first athlete to ever win the 200 and 400
in the same Olympics
former all-time stolen base leader (938); led NL in steals 8 times;
led St. Louis to 2 World Series titles (1964,67); had 3,023 career
hits.
Brook's poems deal with the experience of being a black female
in America. She attracted critical attention with her first volume, A
Street in Bronzeville (1945). Won 1950 Pulitzer Prize for poetry
for Annie Allen (1949), becoming the first black woman t
Known for role as Hawk, on the TV show Spenser: For Hire
(1985–88) &as Capt. Benjamin Sisko on the hit sci-fi TV series
Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993–1999)

All-America at Syracuse (1956) and NFL Rookie of Year (1957);
led NFL in rushing 8 times;
soul singer; best known for his gospel-tinged, rhythm and blues
songs that influenced the direction of funk, soul and disco; black
power anthem “Say It Loud—I'm Black and I'm Proud” (1968).




first African-American who served a full term in the U.S. Senate.
played in six AFL All-Star games and two Pro Bowls at def.
tackle; defensive star of the Chiefs team that won Super Bowl IV;
later coached for the New Orleans Saints and Cleveland Browns;
member of Pro Football Hall of Fame. In the mid-1960s, active in
A pioneer of the Black Arts Movement.
Black Panther Party; as cultural director of Black House, a
theater group. He won a 1971 Obie Award for The Fabulous
Miss Marie & In New England Winter, & the New York Drama

Ralph Bunche worked at the United Nations and was the first
African-American to win the Nobel Peace Prize.


Baritone soloist, composer, and educator.
set former world record of 9.85 in 100 meters, July 6, 1994;
previously held record (9.90) in 1991; member of 4 world record-
breaking 4x100m relay teams.
West German-born actor; Geordi LaForge in the TV series Star
Trek: The Next Generation (1987–94), had roles in many Star
Trek movies; role in Roots; host of the PBS children's show
Reading Rainbow

won consecutive Olympic gold medals in the 110m hurdles
(1956,60).
jazz singer and band leader, b. Rochester, N.Y. Known for his
inventive creativity, New York City's Cotton Club and was one of
the highest earning bands of the 1930s and 40s
3-time NL MVP (1951,53,55); led Brooklyn to 5 pennants and 1st
World Series title (1955); career cut short when 1958 car
accident left him paralyzed.

won silver medal in 1952 Olympic decathlon and gold medal in
'56

won Heisman Trophy in 1977; led NFL in rushing 3 times; 3-time
All-Pro; 2-time MVP (1978-79) at Houston.

led AL in batting 7 times (1969,72-75,77-78) with Minnesota;
MVP in 1977; had 3,053 for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
social activist; organizer career hits.
Committee (SNCC) in Alabama; separatist politics isolated him
from most of the civil-rights movement, and he emigrated to
in TV series, as the 1969
Conakry, Guinea, in working-mother title character on Julia
(1968–71) and as a glamorous, scheming businesswoman on
Dynasty (1984–87). She appeared in the much acclaimed TV
movie Having Our Say: The Delaney Sisters' First 100 Years
American politician from Indiana, legislator also ran own business


jazz singer


jazz saxophonist & composer
WR with Philadelphia (1987-89), Minnesota (1990-2001) and
Miami (2002); twice caught 122 passes in a season (1994, '95),
the first time establishing an NFL record for catches in a season
George Washington Carver was a scientist famous for
agricultural research and for discovering the many uses for
peanuts seasons in the National Basketball Association, “Wilt
During 14
the Stilt” (over 7 ft 1 in./216 cm) led the league in scoring seven
consecutive seasons (1959–65), was the leader in field goal
percentage 9 times, the top rebounder 11 times, and the most va
instructor of biochemistry at Meharry Medical College; research
associate at Stanford University; biochemist for the division of
Research Center for Space Exploration before joining the
Award-winning singer, pianist and composer known for as
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)his a
popular, soul-inflected pop and country music and his lavish
stage productions. His recordings include “I Got a Woman”
(1955), “What I'dwere first published in the AtlanticMind” (1960).
His short stories Say” (1959) and “Georgia on My Monthly&
syndicated newspapers. At first, his publishers withheld the fact
that he was black. A sensitive chronicler of life in the
Reconstruction South, Critics consider his finest novel to be The

Shirley Chisholm was the first African-American woman to
become a member of the United States Congress.
won 100-meter gold medals at both 1992 Olympics (9.96) and '93
World Championships (9.87); set indoor world record in 200-
 a rice (20.25) his native 1995 Leone when he was captured by
metersfarmer inon Feb. 19,Sierra in Lievin, France.
Portuguese slavers & brought by ship to Havana, Cuba; sold to
Spanish planters, were then boarded on the Spanish ship the
Armistead, which was headed for a Caribbean plantation. Cinqué

psychology, African American to hold a permanent professorship
at the City College of New York type of writing: non-fiction
African-American social activist, member of the Black Panthers.
1969 began a periodhumanitarian; He Algeria,an airplanepoints,
Baseball player and of exile in Cuba, died in and other crash
during which he broke with the Panthers Non-fiction, poetry
while attempting to take food and medicine to earthquake victims
in Nicaragua in Dec., 1972.

pioneered the funk style of rock in the 1970s with his band
Parliament-Funkadelic. Nicknamed “Dr. Funkenstein,” Clinton is
known for his outrageous costumes and marathon live shows;
released more than 30 albums
became the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal with
her win in the high jump in 1948 (London); member of the
National Track & Field Hall of Fame.

Musician; jazz pianist, first black man to have his own radio show
second black woman show.
and later his own T.V to graduate from medical school (1867).
She joined Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, the first white woman
physician, in New York and taught hygiene and childcare to
families in poor neighborhoods.

released Unforgettable, an album of duets she sang with earlier
First black by her pilot; in 1991.
recordings womanfather barber shop, ran a chili parlor, and
discovered airplanes. first black woman to receive a pilot's
license and the first woman to get an international pilot's license.
Bessie returned to the United States where she lectured and gav


Jazz Musician, played tenor saxophone


rap music artist
A lawyer and former assistant to Rep. John Dingell, Conyers was
first elected to Congress in 1964. He was the first black to chair
the House Judiciary Committee. He has been the ranking
Democrat on the committee since the Republicans took control of



won two Grammy Award titles at USC (1983-84); won gold
rap artistNCAA basketballfor Best Rap Solo Performance
medal with U.S. team in 1988; 2-time WNBA MVP and 4-time
league champion with Houston Comets; coach of WNBA's
Phoenix Mercury 2001-02. Returnedtelevision and film actor and
Emmy and Grammy Award-winning as player to Houston in 2003
comedian; in a television series, I Spy (1965–68). He also starred
in The Cosby Show (1984–92), He is well-known for his public
service,
held numerous patents relating to heat transfer, ventilation, and
air conditioning, in addition to designing the heating system for
Radio City Music Hall in New York City, he authored texts and
guides on heating and cooling with water. College professor
Supporting actor in movies such as The Aristocats (as the voice
of Scat Cat; 1970), Lady Sings the Blues (1972), One Flew Over
the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), The Shining (1980),

1759–1817, U.S. merchant, seaman, and philanthropist:
advocated U.S. black emigration to Africa.
Poet; writer of the Harlem Renaissance—a flowering of black
artistic and literary talent in the 1920s—Cullen wrote poetry
inspired by American black life.


jazz trumpeter
star running back at Syracuse University; first black player to win
the Heisman Trophy in 1961; drafted by the Washington
Redskins and traded to Cleveland but died the following year of
leukemia beforewriter, he latergame. the screenplay for and
stage actor and playing a pro wrote
directed the film Cotton Comes to Harlem (1970); starred on TV,
in the miniseries Queen (1993) and The Stand (1994); married to
Ruby Dee since professor; she went into hiding after a gun legally
political activist, 1948
registered to her was used in an attempted courtroom escape in
which a judge & 3 others were killed. Apprehended 2 months
later, she was tried on charges of conspiracy, murder, and ki
Popular singer and stage and film actor, He was a member of
Frank Sinatra's “Rat Pack.” ; His films include Johnny Cool
(1963) and Robin and the Seven Hoods (1964). he distinguished
American air force general; During World War II
himself as a combat pilot, leading the Tuskegee Airmen. In 1954,
Davis became the first African-American general in the U.S. air
force; from 1965 to 1970 he served as lieutenant general. In


composer and conductor

explorer, Haitian-French pioneer and trader; he founded the
settlement that would later become Chicago.
Emmy Award-winning stage, film and television actress;
performances include A Raisin in the Sun (1959), Purlie
Victorious (1961) and Boesman and Lena (1970).
attorney who became the International Olympic Committee's first
female vice president in 1997; first woman to represent U.S. on
IOC (elected in 1986); member of USOC Executive Committee;
member of blacks; medal U.S. women's eight-oared shell at first
son of free bronze medicine at Harvard; responsible for the
National Emigration Convention in 1854 and headed an
expedition to the Niger valley. In the Civil War he was an army
composer and pianist; He the Freedmen's Bureau; Wrote non-
physician. Later he was in wrote many choral and piano pieces,
the latter including Magnolia Suite (1911) and Cinnamon Grove
Suite (1927), some of which draw upon his African-American
heritage. Dettgold medal in 100 meters in 1992 and '96;of
won Olympic also arranged and published a collection world
champion in 100 meters (1993) and 100-meter hurdles
(1993,95,99); overcame thyroid disorder (Graves' disease) that
sidelined her in 1989-90 and nearly resulted in having both feet
led NFL in rushing 4 times (1983-84,86,88); ran for single-season
record 2,105 yards in 1984; NFC Rookie of Year in 1983; All-Pro
5 times;
rock-and-roll singer, guitarist, and songwriter, known for his
pounding signature beat (bom ba-bom bom, bom bom; later an
essential component of rock music) and for his guitar effects, jive
talk, and strutting onstage style

only manDemocratic politics in New York City, first African in
Active in to win Olympic gold medals in both sprints (100m
1948) andto be elected mayor of New York City; he served for
American hurdles (110m in 1952).
one term (1990–93).
led AL in batting 7 times (1969,72-75,77-78) with Minnesota;
MVP in 1977; had 3,053 career hits. all-star centerfielder from
1949-55; managed the Chicago White Sox in 1978, becoming the
rap artist; Half Baked (1998) and Training Day (2001). He was
cast as black major in the big screen inducted into the Hall of
second Huggy Bear league manager; Starsky and Hutch (2004).




played piano; become one of rock-and-roll's earliest and best
stars. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 1986

won Heisman Trophy leading Pitt to national title in 1976; led
Dallas to Super Bowl title as NFC Rookie of Year (1977); NFC
blues of Year (1981
Playerpianist and songwriter. Later he became a church choir
director in Chicago and was a co-founder of the National
Convention of Gospel Choirs and Choruses. Widely known as the
“father of the gospel song,”
knocked out undefeated Mike Tyson in 10th round on Feb. 10,
1990 to win heavyweight title in Tokyo; 81/ 2 months later, lost
only title defense to Evander Holyfield by KO in 3rd round.


Douglas was a prominent Harlem Renaissance artist.

Douglass was an abolitionist, author, and orator. U.S. minister
and consul general to Haiti (1889-91) wrote non-fiction
surgeon and a professor at Howard Univ. (1935–36; 1942–50),
he developed a means of preserving blood plasma for
transfusion. During World War II he headed (1940–41) the
program that sent blood to Great Britain and was (1941–42) the

W.E.B. DuBois was a Civil Rights activist and NAACP Founding
Member. Wrote Non-fiction
poetry, His style encompasses two distinct voices -- the standard
English of the classical poet and the evocative dialect of the turn-
of-the-century black community in America.

dancer, choreographer, and anthropologist, In 1965, she
accepted a position as adviser to the cultural ministry of Senegal.
Grammy Award-winning songwriter, producer, and singer;
1975, became the first black golfer to Carey and Whitney
collaborated with Eric Clapton, Mariahplay in the Masters
Houston.
Tournament; played in South Africa's first integrated tournament
in 1972.

founded Elder Systems Incorporated, a research & development
company. developed Occustat, a monitoring and energy
conservation system. Designed to reduce energy usage in
buildings, Occustat works by using a light beam aimed across

US Surgeon General, studied many aspects of medicine,
controversial in her day
Duke Ellington was a famous jazz musician


Ralph Ellisonshooter, author; noted for his novel Invisible Manfor
An excellent was an rebounder, and ball-handler, he played
the American Basketball Association's Virginia Squires (1971–73)
and New York Nets (1973–76) and for the National Basketball
Association's Philadelphia 76ers (1976–87).; 30,026 career


Muslim slave from Morocco; explored the southwest

dominant quarter-miler in world from 1966-72; world record in
400m set at 1968 Olympics stood 20 years
 a Civil Rights Leader, killed by an assassin in 1963; denied
entrance to University of Mississippi Law School in 1954; active in
NAACP; promoted voting rights for blacks
married civil rights leader Medgar Evers; worked for the NAACP ;
first black woman to serve on the Los Angeles Board of Public
3-time first woman to Georgetown to 3 NCAA
Works;All-America; ledchair the NAACP in 1995Finals and 1984
title; Final 4 MOP in '84; 1986 NBA Rookie of Year with New
York; All-NBA (1990); on U.S. Olympic gold medal-winning teams
in 1984 and '92; named one of the NBA's 50 Greatest Players;

became Black Muslim in 1955; in favor of African-American self-
founded the Congress whites
improvement; critical ofof Racial Equality (CORE), a civil rights
organization that was the first in the United States to use
nonviolent tactics to protest racial discrimination. In 1961, under
the leadership of Farmer, the group organized "Freedom Rides"

stage name of Lincoln Theodore Perry (1902–1985), a black
comedian famous for playing the buffoon
returned from one season with Hanshin Tigers in Japan to hit 51
home runs for Detroit Tigers in 1990; led MLB in RBI 3 straight
years (1990-92); AL MVP runner-up in 1990 and '91


preacher, sculptor, banjo player, acted on Johnny Carson (1995)
actor whose work has ranged from Shakespeare's Othello
to the urban mini-classic Boyz N The Hood (1991). Fishburne's
turn as Ike Turner in What's Love Got to Do With It (1993)
earned him a Best Actor jazz singer, called “the first lady ofrole in
Grammy Award-winning Oscar nomination; & had a major song,”
. Considered by many to be the greatest jazz vocalist of all time;
Her recordings include “A-Tisket A-Tasket” (1938), Songbooks
(1956), and Sings the Rodgers and Hart Songbook (1956).
played 15 years (1956-69,71) mainly with St. Louis; hit over .300
6 times with 7 Gold Gloves; refused trade to Phillies in 1969; lost
challenge to baseball's reserve clause in Supreme Court in 1972.
bachelor's degree in geology and a masters degree in marine
geology from Columbia University. Forde became a researcher in
marine geology at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA); studies underwaterheavyweight champ
Olympic heavyweight champ (1968); world landslides and
(1973-74 and 94-95); lost title to Muhammad Ali (KO-8th) in '74;
recaptured it on Nov. 5, 1994 at age 45 with a 10-round KO of
WBA/IBF champ Michaelmark in the TV smash Sanford and to
comedian who made his Moorer, becoming the oldest man Son
(1972–77); 1970 film Cotton Comes to Harlem. TV - The Redd
Foxx Comedy Hour (1977–78) & the Redd Foxx Show (1986). He
history of the American South Encyclopedia of Black Humor
later co-edited The Redd Foxxand on the African-American
contribution to the development of the United States. He was
awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995 wrote non-
fiction
1964 Olympic heavyweight champion; world heavyweight champ
(1970-73); fought Muhammad Ali 3 times and won once; pro
record 32-4-1 with 27 KOs

won the NBA championship two times (1970 and 73); four-time
all-NBA and a member of the Hall of Famehis roles in Street
received Academy Award nominations for
Smart (1987), The Shawshank Redemption (1994), and, most
famously, Driving Miss Daisy (1989), for which he won the
Golden Globe for Best Actor. films include Armistead (1977),The
Co-founded the Afro-American Arts Theatre in Philadelphia.
Perfect Party (1969) was the first of Fuller's plays to receive
critical acclaim. A Soldier's Play, about a murder on a Louisiana
military base, won the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. It was a


college coach, 4th best record

head coach at Florida A&M for 25 years; led Rattlers to 6 national
Born college he escaped in 1824 and was educated at the
black a slave, titles;
Oneida Institute; Garnet served as a Presbyterian pastor in Troy,
N.Y., in New York City, and in Washington, D.C. In 1881 he was
appointed minister to Liberia, but he died two months at the his
Born a slave, he escaped in 1824 and was educated after
Oneida Institute, Whitesboro, N.Y, radical abolitionist who
advocated that slaves kill their masters; later appointed as
ambassador to Liberia, Africa


Marcus Garvey was an activist.
managed Toronto to consecutive World Series titles (1992-93);
first black manager to win Series; shared The Sporting News
1993 Man oftheoryaward with Blue Jays which calls for the
promote his Year of education reform, GM Pat Gillick
expansion of Black studies programs at universities nationwide;
discovered and restored thousands of works by African American
writers; MacArthur Genius Award in 1981; wrote non-fiction
Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter and instrumentalist;
His recordings include “Ain't No Mountain High Enough” (1967), “I
Heard It Through the Grapevine” (1968),
known as the “Iceman” because of his cool style; elected to the
Hall of Fame first African American to play in the U.S. grass court
She was the in 1996
championships at Forest Hills, N.Y. (1950), and at Wimbledon,
England (1951). she won the French women's singles
the “Babe Ruth of the and the U.S. and British Paige's battery
championship in 1956 Negro Leagues”; Satchelchampionships in
mate with Pittsburgh Crawfords. The Negro Leagues did not keep
accurate records but Gibson hit 84 home runs in one season and
his Baseball Hallgames 5 times; won 2 he hit “almost 800” home
won 20 or more of Fame plaque says NL Cy Youngs (1968,70);
MVP in 1968; led St. Louis to 2 World Series titles (1964,67); his
ERA of 1.12 in 1968 is the lowest for a starter since 1914; 251-
174 record
John Birks Gillespie , American jazz musician and composer,
played trumpet; leader of the bop (or bebop) movement in
modern jazz.
Yolanda Cornelia "Nikki" Giovanni; In her first two collections,
Black Feeling, Black Talk (1968) and Black Judgment (1969),
Giovanni reflects on the African-American identity. Recently, she
has publishedcivil rights groups as a of Nikki Giovanni Escape
Involved with The Collected Poetry teen; film debut in
from Alcatraz (1979) and followed up with parts in three more
major movies: Places in the Heart (1984), The Color Purple
born Caryn Witness Her films include The his four Lethal
(1984), and Johnson;(1985). Best known for Color Purple (1985),
Ghost (1990), Sister Act (1992) and Girl, Interrupted (2000). As
one of the producers of Broadway's Thoroughly Modern Millie,
she garnered a Tony Award in 2001–2002.
business woman and inventor. Goode invented the folding
cabinet bed, a space-saver that folded up against the wall into a
cabinet.
Best Supporting Actor Oscar, Jerry Maguire (1996). Starred in
Boyz 'N The Hood (1991),; played a supporting role opposite
Jack Nicholson in As Good As It Gets (1997) and starred in Men
of Honor (2000).
Taught to read by family members, worked as a coal miner;
taught English in the Philippines; promoted Black education and
Negro History Week


record company executive

won an Emmy for his appearance in the TV mini-series Roots
(1977) and an Oscar for An Officer and a Gentleman (1982)

5-time All-Pro (1972-74,77,79); led Pittsburgh to 4 Super Bowl
titles in 1970s; nicknamed “Mean Joe
starred Jackie Brown (1997), which also starred Samuel L.
Jackson, Michael Keaton, and Robert De Niro; had minor roles
before that

1st pick of 1987 draft by Seattle; 10-time Gold Glove winner; 11-
time All-Star; 1997 AL MVP; father played baseball too
only college player to win two Heisman Trophies (1974-75);
rushed for 5,177 yards in career at Ohio St. and played in four
straight Rose Bowls; drafted by Cincinnati Bengals and played 8
years in NFL.
crusader for black advancement; Spingarn medal by the National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People for his
services on behalf of the African American. Wrote non-fiction

8-time NL batting champion (1984,87-89,94-97) with San Diego,
15-time All-Star;


world middleweight champion 1980-87



slave for William prize winning author, noted for his novel,
Alex Haley was aHall; freed in 1770; African Lodge of the Roots.
Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons of Boston in
1775. promotes brotherly love and social, political, and economic
improvement; fought at the Battle of meatpacking industry.; —his
work in chemistry revolutionized the Bunker Hill; established a
research led to improved curing salts, which led to improved
meat preservation; discovered a method for sterilizing spices;
Hall's methods are today used parents at age 6; shemedical the
working with her sharecropper to sterilize medicine, helped
Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the Student
Nonviolent Coordinating Committee to organize a voter
Theatre production Ruleville, Miss Hamer and other starred
registration drive in of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night; activists
opposite Oprah Winfrey in Beloved (1998) & had roles in Quentin
Tarantino's Jackie Brown (1997), Clint Eastwood's True Crime
(1999),& the Truth American to publish literature, Hammon a
1st known African About Charlie (2002). TV guest appearances
lifelong slave. His first published poem was written on Christmas
Day, 1760. An Evening Thought. Salvation by Christ with
Penitential Cries: In 1786 Hammon gave a speech, An Address


musician, band leader, vibra-harpist

jazz musician, composer; composed for some movies; He won
an Oscar for his score of 'Round Midnight (1986).



In 1959 she became and band leader, cornet a play
Musician; songwriter 1st black woman to haveplayer produced
on Broadway when A Raisin in the Sun opened to wide critical
acclaim. The play dealt in problems of a black family in modern
America. Though he has never had a hit album, Ben Harper's
guitarist;
unique combination of elements of blues revivalism, Jimi Hendrix-
influenced rock, and '90s jam bands like Blues Traveler, Hootie &
the Blowfish, and Phish, has won him the attention of critics a

Harris was the first African-American woman to serve as a United
States Ambassador in another country.
ran for over 1,000 yards in a season 8 times; rushed for 12,120
yards in 13 years; led Pittsburgh to 4 Super Bowl titles.

US jurist; U.S. jurist: first black judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of
Appeals.
law professor; elected mayor of Gary, Ind., in 1967, and he
remained in office for the next 20 years. A Democrat, he was one
of the first blacks to serve as mayor of a major U.S. city
Known as “the Big E”; Overall number one pick of the 1968 NBA
draft; three-time All-NBA first team (1975,77,79); 1978 Finals
MVP; 12-time NBA all-star (1969-80);


opera singer, tenor


composer

world titles as welterweight, junior middleweight, middleweight
andplayoff MVP (1989) and AL regular season MVP (1990); set
AL light heavyweight;
single-season base stealing record of 130 in 1982; has led AL in
steals a record 12 times; broke Lou Brock's all-time record of 938
on May 1, 1991; all-time leader inknownsteals, walks and home
Rock musician and guitarist best runs, for his masterful
maneuvering of the electric rock guitar. A gifted singer and
songwriter, Hendrix was not just a rock musician. His roots were
in the blues, R&B, an African-American explorer, discovered the
Matthew Henson, and soul,
North Pole with Robert Peary. US President William Howard Taft
appointed Henson a clerk in the U.S. Customs House in New
York City in 1913
federal judge; President Kennedy made Higginbotham the first
black to serve on the Federal Trade Commission; Yale's first
black trustee. He also served as a district court judge in the U.S.
Virgin Islands. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in

 worked for Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC);
brought sexual harassment to public light; wrote non-fiction

1975 Tony Award as director, scenic designer, costume designer
of The Wiz; performing with numerous bands—especially those
Singer; after
of Benny Goodman, Teddy Wilson, Count Basie, and Artie
Shaw—she embarked in 1940 on a career of solo appearances
in nightclubs and theaters.


heavyweight champion (WBC or IBF) from 1978-85

KO'd Buster Douglas in 3rd round to become world heavyweight.
champion in 1990; defeated Mike Tyson in 1996 to win WBA belt;
American blues singer and guitarist; sang lawyer and Baptist
In 1972 President Nixon named Hooks, a with gospel groups
minister, to the Federal Communications Commission, making
him its first black member. From 1977 to 1993 he was the
singer (jazz & pop), the National Association for the
executive director ofactress, dancer, actress in Stormy Weather
(1943); An outspoken foe of discrimination, Horne was
blacklisted in the 1950s for condemning racism, as well as for her
association with Paul Robeson, a performer with Communist ties.

Award-winning pop singer and actress known for her remarkable
vocal range and powerful, gospel-inspired ballads.age 19 and
Houston earned his A.B. from Amherst College at
then began teaching English at Howard University. He joined the
Army during World War I, serving in a segregated unit of the
American Expeditionary Force; Houston himself argued a number


Union general in the Civil 1924 Olympics, of Howard the first black
won the long jump at the War; a founder becoming University
athlete to win an Olympic gold medal in an individual event; set
the long jump world record in 1925 (25-103/4) and tied the 100-
yard dash record (9.6) in 1926.
Langston Hughes was a famous writer of poetry, books Novels,
plays, and Music, songs; he is known as the "Poet Laureate of
Harlem".


Author; wrote 4 novels; part of Harlem Renaissance
Rap singer and co-founder, with Easy-E and Dr. Dre, of the group
N.W.A. (Niggaz with Attitude) who has gone on to a successful
career as a solo performer, actor, writer, and director.
Rap artist and actor. Less well known, however, is that the
former Los Angeles gang member and U.S. Army Ranger has
African two intervention programs in in physics; new form of
formed American to earn a doctoratethat city for at-risk children,
research changed quantum theory. In discovering how to
determine molecular structure through high-resolution infrared
spectroscopy, particularly, measuring the distance between

American civil-rights leader, b. St. Croix, Virgin Islands. A
member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Award-winning pop singer and dancer known for his controversial
behavior on- and offstage, his phenomenal commercial success
and his big-budget, flashy videos. in churches and at revival
American gospel singer. She sang
meetings, attracting attention for her vigorous, joyful gospel style.
As her reputation grew she made numerous recordings, and she
gained national recognition with her Carnegie Hall debut in 1950
actor, producer; played the bad guy in many movies; also in Star
wars episodes, Uncle Tom's Cabin, Jurassic Park, played on
Cosby show; produced movies
Jesse Jackson is a Civil Rights and political leader; he once ran
for President of the United States.


African American to serve as mayor of a major southern city;
Award-winning pop-funk singer whose soft, sexy singing often
takes a back-seat to her athletic, energetic dancing and artistic
videos.
won Heisman Trophy in 1985 and MVP of baseball All-Star Game
in 1989; starter for both baseball's KC Royals and NFL's LA
Raiders in 1988 and '89; severely injured left hip Jan. 13, 1991, in
NFL playoffs; waived by Royals but signed by Chicago White Sox
led AL in home runs 4 times; MVP in 1973; played on 5 World
Series winners with Oakland, NY Yankees; in baseball hall of
fame the segregated US Army Air Corp while attending
joined
Tuskegee Institute. a second lieutenant during World War II.
received the Distinguished Service Medal for his service in the
Korean War . In 1957 he graduated from the Air Command & on
first African-American woman to enter space when she served
the crew of the Space Shuttle Endeavor in September 1992' age
of 16, she attended Stanford University on a scholarship,
graduating with a B.S. degree in chemical engineering ; After
Jennings is credited with being the first African American to hold
a U.S. patent. The patent, which was issued in 1821, was for a
dry-cleaning process.



Emerging from the of Harlem Renaissance movement
artist who was part battle royals (dehumanizing fights between
blacks for the amusement of white patrons) of his youth, defeated
Tommy Burns in 1908 to become the world's first African-
American heavyweight champion; After an interracial marriage &
one of the great stars of the Negro Leagues; a terrific fielding
third baseman who regularly batted over .300; when baseball
integrated Johnson's playing days were over but he coached and
scouted for the Philadelphia Athletics, Boston Braves and

won silver medal in 1956 Olympic decathlon and gold medal in
1960

Robert Johnson may well have been the most influential blues
musician of all time.
Shattered world record in 200m (19.32) and set Olympic record in
400m (43.49) to become first man to win the gold in both races in
the same Olympic Games at Atlanta in 1996; won the 400 in
Sydney in 2000 to become admittedman to Florida bar, American
1st African American to be the only to the win the event in two
consul (1906–12). In 1930 he became a professor at Fisk Univ.,
& in 1934 a visiting professor at New York Univ. He helped found
& was secretary (1916–30)Lakers National Association for the
he joined the Los Angeles of the and with them won five
National Basketball Association championships (1980, 1982,
1985, 1987–88), mvp 3 times; played on the 1992 U.S. Olympic
“Dream Team, became inner-city businessman-very successful
mechanic, he invented a self-starting gas engine and a series of
devices for movie projectors. More importantly, he invented the
first automatic refrigeration system for long-haul trucks (1935).
Jones was awarded more than 40 patents in the field of refri


pop-soul composer, producer
American actor, b. Tate co., Miss. Jones achieved Broadway
stardom with his powerful portrayal of the fighter Jack Johnson in
The Great White Hope

African-American musician, composer, bandleader, and music
executive

5-time All-Pro (1965-69) with LA Rams; unofficially 3rd all-time in
NFL sacks with 1731/2 in 14 years.
won 3 golds (100, 200, 4x100) at Sydney Games in 2000;
Women's Athlete of the Year by Track & Field News in 1997,98
and 2000;
robbed of gold medal at 1988 Olympics due to a scoring error;
still voted Outstanding Boxer of the Games; won several titles in
the 1990s


Scott Joplin was a famous musician, pianist


Politician; 1st Black congresswomen1985 Rookie of the Year &
joined Chicago Bulls (NBA) in 1984, from the South
became outstanding guard of the late 1980s & the 1990s; In 1993
he retired from basketball, & began a second career as a
baseball player.; returned Olympics (100m, in 1995, & in 1996–98
won 3 gold medals at '88 to the NBA early 200m, 4x100m relay);
Sullivan Award winner (1988); sister-in-law of Jackie Joyner-
Kersee; died of suffocation during an epileptic seizure in 1998.
2-time world champion in both long jump; won heptathlon gold
medals at 1988 and '92 Olympics and LJ gold at '88 Games; also
won Olympic silver (1984) in heptathlon and bronze (1992,96) in
LJ; Sullivan Award winner (1986); that is used in the treatment of
developed physostigmine, a drug only woman to receive The
glaucoma. While working for the Glidden Company, Julian
worked with the soya bean, developing a protein that helped to
develop AeroFoam a fire extinguisher used by the Navy; His most
born in segregated south, studied zoology; research at the
Marine Biology Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mass. Non-fiction;
graduating magna cum laude from Dartmouth College in 1907
Kincaid first became known for her lush tales of Caribbean
life—in her first short-story collection, At the Bottom of the River
(1983), and in Annie John (1985),

reigning king of the blues and recording artist for more than four
decades
Wife of the slain DR. Martin Luther King and a civil rights activist.
first major black promoter who has controlled heavyweight title off
and on since 1978; first big promotion was Muhammad Ali's fight
against George Foreman in 1974;
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a leader in the Civil Rights
Movement; he won the Nobel Peace Prize for working in peaceful
ways to get equal rights for Black Americans.

Kitt is best known for the holiday hit "Santa Baby." She started
her entertainment career in the early 1950s as a dancer.
Actor and director; In 1984 he landed a role in the daytime drama
One Life to Live. His movie credits include Coming to America
(1988).
He helped runaway slaves to escape to the North along the Ohio
part of the Underground Railroad. In 1855 Langston became the
country's first black elected official when he was elected town
Larsen the Brownhelm Township; (1928) Howard University's
clerk of wrote 2 novels, Quicksand dean of& Passing (1929). She
won the Harmon Foundation's Bronze Medal for Literature in
1929, & in 1930 became the first black woman to win a
Guggenheim Fellowship.


Hip Hop musician and actress
mechanical drawing while working for a Boston patent attorney.
He later invented an electric lamp and a carbon filament for light
bulbs (patented 1881, 1882). Latimer was the only African-
American member of Thomas Edison's engineering laboratory.
Painted African American themes. Also known for the
monumental mosaic mural (designed 1997, installed 2001) for
the New York subway system. Artist with Harlem Renaissance
movement
Film and television actor, comedian, director and producer.
Appearing in comedy clubs and on cable TV, Lawrence was first
noticed by Spike Lee and given a small role in Do the Right Thing
(1989).


Played guitar for dances; He sang blues, work songs and jazz.


Film Maker/Director
won Negro League championship nine years in a row with the
Homestead Grays; hit .391 in 1948 to lead the league; in baseball
hall of fame

light welterweight Olympic champ (1976); won world welterweight
title 1979 and four more titles

won 9 Olympic gold medals; 4 in 1984 (100m, 200m, 4x100m,
LJ), 2 in '88 (100m, LJ), 2 in '92 (4x100m, LJ) and 1 in '96 (LJ);
college star at Amherst College and then Harvard; first black
player to be selected as an All-American (1892-93); also the first
black admitted to the American Bar Association (1911); was U.S.
Assistant Attorney General



Lewis Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, wrote non-fiction
Nobel was a sculptor, specializing in abolitionists and Civil War
heroes. Forever Free (1867), a marble sculpture now at the
Howard University Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, is her most
famous work.


Rap musician;
heavyweight champion (1962-64), who knocked out Floyd
Patterson twice in the first round, then lost title to Muhammad Ali
(then Cassius Clay) in 19


Actor and Comedian
Author and critic -the authority on his race's contributions to the
humanities, philosopher; awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to study
in Oxford, England writing type: non-fiction

was born into slavery, but he was later freed by his white father,
David Logan.; enlisted in the Texas army on Oct. 7, 1835
world heavyweight champion from June 22, 1937 to Mar. 1, 1949;
his reign of 11 years, 8 months longest in division history;
successfully defended title 25 times; retired in 1949


Comedian, TV actor
militant black leader; In Feb., 1965, he was shot and killed in a
public auditorium in New York City. His assassins were vaguely
identified as Black Muslims

signed with Utah of ABA at age 19; led NBA in rebounding 6
times; 4-time All-NBA 1st team; 3-time NBA MVP
11-time All-NBA 1st team (1989-99) with Utah; member of the
1992 and Ô96 Olympic gold medal teams; 2-time NBA MVP
(1997,99); all-time NBA leader in free throws made (9,619); now
with Lakers


Trumpeter, band leader and composer.U.S. Supreme Court;
.S. lawyer and Associate Justice of the Won Grammies.
argued more than 30 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court,
successfully challenging racial segregation His presentation of
the argument against the “separate but equal” doctrine achieved


Singer
nicknamed the “Say Hey Kid”; led NL in home runs and stolen
bases 4 times each; 2-time MVP (1954,65) with NY-SF Giants;
Hall of Famer who played in 24 All-Star Games, earning MVP
honors twice (1963,68); 12-time Gold Glove winner; 660 home

NBA Rookie of the Year (1973); NBA MVP (1975); All-NBA First
Team (1975); 2 championships with Lakers

professorhome runs 3 times and with twice; MVP in 1969 with the
led NL in of chemistry; research RBI acetyl peroxide —led to SF;
synthesis ofhome runs; “McCovey Cove,” the bayprostate cancer
521 career a hormone used in the treatment of outside the right
field fence at San Francisco's Pacific Bell Park is named for him.

high-quality industrial inventions (especially his steam engine
lubricator) were the basis for the expression "the real McCoy,"
meaning the real, authentic, or high-quality thin; developed the
“lubricating cup” for steam engines, which kept locomotives co
Singer and Actress. Supporting Actress Oscar for her role as
Mammy in Gone With the Wind, becoming the first African
American to win an Academy Award
poet and novelist, born in Jamaica; major figure of the Harlem
Renaissance; McKay was involved in radical political activities;
type of writing: poetry, novels


chairman of Congress of Racial Equality 1963–66

Stage and film actress best remembered for her part in film
historyin politics while athe Wind (1939).
active with Gone With student, Baltimore's city council from
1979 until 1986, when he was elected to the U.S. House of
Representatives. become president and CEO of the prestigious
civil rights organization, the National Association for the

3-time College Player of Year (1984-86); led USC to NCAA title
and U.S. to Olympic gold medal in 1984;


American Jazz Musician.
American dancer; the first black principal dancer of a major
company in American. He was famous for performing in
MidSummer Night's Dream.

Jazz pianist, composer and arranger. Know for creating the first
MVP of 1978 with Bowl with Washington; MVP of CFL with
B-Bop record RoseDizzy Gillespie.
Edmonton in 1983; led Eskimos to 5 consecutive Grey Cup titles
(1978-82) and was playoff MVP twice (1980,82); entered NFL in
1984 and played for four different teams; picked for 9 Pro Bowls


world light-heavyweight champion (1952-60);
first left-hander to win heavyweight title when he scored majority
decision over Evander Holyfield on Apr. 22, 1994
to patent a traffic signal. He also developed the gas mask (and
many other inventions). asked to produce gas masks for the US
Army.

led NL in walks 4 times; regular-season MVP both years he led
Cincinnati to World Series titles (1975-76);

Author; winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature for her novel,
"Paradise" Pulitzer prize for "Beloved"


Musician, first great composer and piano player of Jazz.

won 400m hurdles at 1976 and '84 Olympics, bronze medal in
'88; also winner of 122 consecutive races from 1977-87.

all-time leading AAFC rusher; rushed for over 4,700 yards and 31
TDs for Cleveland Browns (1946-53).
principal and president of Tuskegee Institute until 1935; Harmon
award (1930) and Spingarn medal (1932).

youth coordinator for the Southern Christian Leadership
Conference.; director of NAACP; youth coordinator for the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
settled in Detroit and became an automobile assembly-line
worker; born Elijah Poole; established what would become Black
Muslims; influenced Malcolm X

Film actor and comedian. Best know for his roles in 48 Hours
and Beverly Hills Cops.
NBA All-Rookie team (1971); elected to Basketball Hall of Fame
in 1992; though only 5'9'' and 165 pounds, he is regarded as one
of the best guards ever
AL Rookie of Year in 1977; became 20th player in history, but
only 2nd switch hitter (after Pete Rose) to get 3,000 hits; one of
only 3 men (Aaron and Mays) with 500 home runs and 3,000 hits.

Singer and Songwriter. Performs with other singers such as Pink
and Christine Aguilera

Singer; his duet song with Linda Ronstadt, "Don't Know Much,
won an Emmy.


Famous for her role in Mission Impossible 2
founded the Black Panther Party for Self Defense; illiterate upon
High school graduation, taught self to read; went to law school;
Black Panthers a militant party engaged in several high-profile,
violent confrontations with police. In 1967, Newton was co


American Soprano opera singer
lawyer, she specialized in First Amendment cases; Since 1991
Norton has been the District of Columbia's elected, nonvoting
delegate to the U.S. Congress.

Rap singer and murdered in 1997. In 1995, was rapper of the
year.
Nigerian-American basketball player, b. Lagos. Introduced to
basketball at age 15, became the center for the Nigerian national
team.; Drafted by the Houston Rockets; led the Rockets to the
NBA championship & was the league's mvp for 1993–94

Joined the Orlando Magic of the (NBA) in 1992, 1993 NBA rookie
of the year. Huge (7 ft in in., 300 lb)
broke 4 world records 1 one afternoon at Big Ten
Championships (May 25, 1935); a year later, he upstaged Hitler
by winning 4 golds (100m, 200m, 4x100m relay and long jump) at
1936 Olympics in Berlin

Jesse Owens won four gold medals in track and field at the 1936
Olympic Games in Berlin.
6-time NFL All-Pro and 1971 Player of Year with Minnesota
Vikings; later a lawyer who was elected to Minnesota Supreme
Court in55 career no-hitters over 20 seasons in Negro Leagues,
pitched 1992.
entered major leagues with Cleveland in 1948 at age 42; had 28-
31 record in 5 years; returned to AL at age 59 to start 1 game for
Kansas City in 1965


Grammy award winner jazz alto saxophonist.
Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger
in Montgomery, Alabama. This helped to start the Civil Rights
Movement.the first African-American photographer to work at Life
Parks was
magazine and Vogue magazine; photographer, writer, film
director, composer, and musician.; wrote a ballet about Martin
Luther King

Olympic middleweight champ in 1952;with 16,726 yards (1984-
formerly NFL's all time leading rusher world heavyweight
champion (1956-59,60-62); 1st to regainring with Bears in Super
2002,; led NFC in rushing 5 times ; won heavyweight crown
Bowl XX; known as superb runner, receiver and blocker;
nicknamed “Sweetness”.

began playing golf at the age of 23; earned over $2 million in
career earnings; selected to the U.S. Ryder Cup teams in 1983
and 1985.
A pharmacist who wrote newspaper ad copy, Petry came to
notice when her book The Street, about life in Harlem, gained
critical and popular success in 1946, selling 1.5 million copies.
US politician, 1st Black American to be governor of a U.S. state;
served as the Republican governor of Louisiana for exactly one
month

Actress, video director and clothes designer. Acted in the Cosby
Show and the movie Nutty Professor. Married to Will Smith.

3-time all-NBA first team (1994-96). Voted one of NBA's 50
Greatest Players.

American primitive painter. Most widely acclaimed American
"primitive" painter.

Actor and director. The first African American actor to receive
leading man status in Hollywood films.
1st black All-America RB (1916 at Brown); 1st black to play in
Rose Bowl; 7-year NFL pro (1920-26); 1st black NFL coach, at
Milwaukee and Hammond, Ind.

Revolutionary War hero, managed to buy his freedom in 1769 for
27 pounds; hero of Bunker Hill battle

He was elected to the city council of New York in 1941, and was
elected for the first time to the U.S. Congress in 1945. ; minister

won long jump silver medals in 1988 and '92 Olympics; repeated
as world champ in 1993.

Colin Powell was the first African American to serve as Chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Currently the Secretary of State~

American soprano opera singer. Famous for her role in Madam
Butterfly.


Country Western Singer

Influential musician whose music combines elements of rock,
popeducated slave, Prosser worked as a blacksmith. Inspired by
An and funk
the successful Haitian slave revolt, Prosser planned an
insurrection to capture Richmond and massacre whites, except
Methodists, Quakers, Frenchmen, and the poor, whom he
Award-winning film actor and comedian known for his rude, crude
and hilarious characterizations of the dark side of the African-
American experience.
led Minnesota Twins to World Series titles in 1987 and '91; retired
in 1996 due to an eye ailment with a batting title (1989), 2,304
hits and a .318 career average in 12 seasons; elected to Hall of
Fame in 2001 in 1962 & 1964 for photographic work
received awards
concentrating on the physiology of the inner eye; served as
director of the Illinois Eye Bank & Research Lab of the University
of Illinois Medical School the U.S. House of Representatives ; son
the first black to serve in & as director of the Fluorescein
of a barber who bought the family's freedom; While in office he
dedicated himself to the passage of civil-rights legislation,
pressing the interests not only of blacks but of other minori
Blues Foundation's Hall of Fame in 1983 and the Rock & Roll
Hall of Fame in 1990, she was honored on a U.S. postage stamp
in 1994. “Mother of the Blues,”
Often called the “Mother of the Blues,” Rainey is credited with the
rise in popularity of blues music at the beginning of the 20th
century.

had many jobs; founded a magazine - the Black Worker -
arrested for political views; union activities age 16; teacher at the
child of former slaves, became teacher at
Mountain Road School in Virginia; Jeanes Supervisor Industrial
Teacher. In this position she oversaw 23 schools in Henrico
County; trained rural Black teachers
US Congressman, worked to improve affirmative action and to
combat international drug trafficking, adamantly opposing
narcotics legalization.

Singer and Songwriter. Legendary soul singer whose death at
age 26 ended a career just as it was about to blossom.

led NY Knicks to NBA titles in 1970 & '73, regular season MVP
1970. Voted one of NBA's 50 Greatest Players.


Singer and Actress.
Actress/singer Gloria Reuben credits the influence of her mother,
an accomplished singer, and older brother, a Broadway actor, for
her career path.
minister and congressman; Civil War assisted in recruiting two
regiments of African American troops in Maryland; served in
Vicksburg, Miss., as chaplain of a Negro regiment and organized
African American churches in that State
won silver medal in 400 meters and gold as member of U.S.
4x400-meter relay team at both 1993 and '95 World
Championships. remembered for her role as the strong-willed
Rolle will be best
mother on the '70s sitcom Good Times. She fought to overcome
negative black stereotypes throughout her career, but ironically
often played a maid.joined the an Emmy playing a maidbecoming
Stanford where she She won political science faculty, in
the school's youngest, and first female and first black, provost;
National Security Advisor - Secretary of State and National
Security Advisor; has traveled to the Middle East and Asia to h
won 3 Super Bowls with San Francisco (1989,90,95); regular
season MVP in 1987 and Super Bowl MVP in 1989; NFL all-time
regular season and Super Bowl leader in touchdowns, receptions
and receiving yards
African-American inventor and engineer who invented a device
that revolutionized sugar processing. Rillieux's multiple effect
vacuum sugar evaporator (patented in 1864) made processing
sugar more efficient, Royals and much safer career total of 9,887
joined the Cincinnati faster, of the NBA; His
assists marks him as a superb playmaker.


American actor and bass singer; he won wide acclaim with his
creation of the title role in Eugene O'Neill's Emperor Jones (1925;
film, 1933).


sang world wide, college(baseball, basketball, football and track);
4-sport athlete at UCLA athlete
hit .387 with Kansas City Monarchs of Negro Leagues in 1945;
signed by Brooklyn Dodgers' Branch Rickey on Oct. 23, 1945.
Jackie Robinson was the first African-American to play on a
head coach at Div. I-AA Grambling from 1941-97; winningest
coach in college history (408-165-15); led Tigers to 8 national
black college titles.
won MVP in NL (1961) and AL (1966); Triple Crown winner and
World Series MVP in 1966 with Baltimore; 5th on all-time home
run list with 586; 1st black manager in major leagues with
Cleveland in 1975; also managed in SF, Baltimore and Montreal;
arguably the greatest pound-for-pound prizefighter of all-time;
world welterweight champion (1946-51); 5-time middleweight
champ; retired at age 45 after 25 years inpick ring;
1987 College Player of Year at Navy; 1st the by San Antonio in
1987 NBA draft; served in military (1987-89); NBA Rookie of Year
(1990) & MVP (1995); 2-time All-NBA 1st team (1991,92); '92
and '96 U.S. Olympic teams; won 2 NBA titles (1999, 2003).
Award-winning singer and song-writer with more than 4,000
songs to his credit. He also served as president of Motown
Records.
Actress; The daughter of Sesame Street's original Gordon;. She
is married to once Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Rodney
Peete.
His 1996 HBO special, Bring the Pain, won him a wide audience
and two Emmy awards. The Chris Rock Show (1997–2000)
earned an Emmy nomination for outstanding writing.

superb rebounder and defender; also known for dyeing his hair
various colors; led NBA in rebounding 7 years
3-year NFL pro; also scholar, lawyer, singer, actor and political
activist; long-tainted by Communist sympathies, he was finally
inducted into College Football Hall of Fame in 1995.
Rollins gained critical acclaim for his role as a young black man
in search of justice in the film Ragtime (1981), a performance that
earned him an Oscar nomination.
A singer that helped define the Motown sound, Diana Ross joined
several residents from a Detroit housing project to create the
Supremes.
 Rowan faced hunger on a daily basis.; master's degree in
journalism in 1948.; worked briefly for the Baltimore Afro-
American; Rowan's third book, Go South to Sorrow (1957). ; asst.
Secretary of State under Kennedy, U.S. Ambassador to Finland;
The lead singer and guitarist for Hootie and the Blowfish; he met
fellow band members while attending the University of South
Carolina.
Wilma Rudolph was the first African-American woman the
Olympics. won 3 gold medals (100m, 200m and 4x100m relay)
at 1960 Olympics; suffered from polio and wore leg braces until
Named 9.
she wasAll-American while on the Univ. of San Francisco team,
played on the gold-medal-winning U.S. team at the 1956
Olympics. Played for Boston Celtics & Seattle Supersonics; His
autobiography, Second Wind, appeared in 1979.
One 1st black American college graduates. In 1827 he helped
establish 1st black newspaper in the U.S., Freedom's Journal, in
New York civil rights activists of the 1950s & '60s, yet he
influential
maintained a low profile; only nonviolent forms of protest.;
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a nonviolent direct-action
organization to improve raceafter it left & endis today the West
born on a slave ship shortly relations what racial discrimination
African nation of Guinea.; Self educated, Sancho composed
music, appeared on the stage, and wrote numerous letters,
published in 1782, after his death. Writing Type: song, non-fiction

Sculptor - she founded the Savage School of Arts and Crafts in
Harlem and opened New York's first Self Defense; in the Air
founded the Black Panther Party for black art gallery in 1939
Force; The Panthers called on all blacks to arm themselves for
the liberation struggle; Seale was one of the "Chicago Eight"
Gangsta rapper Shakur, conspiracy to in 1996 disrupt the
charged and convicted ofwho was killed violently in a drive-by
shooting in Las Vegas, offended many with his songs that
celebrated violence and misogyny, but he also attracted a wide
audience, sellingBarnard College in 1970; Her best known work,
Graduated from millions of records
"for colored girls who have considered suicide, when the rainbow
is enuf", was produced on Broadway & won an Obie Award in
1977. Several other plays & novels followed, including the 2004
pastor of Birmingham, Alabama's First Baptist Church,
Shuttlesworth organized the Alabama Christian Movement for
Human Rights in 1956; Shuttlesworth worked closely with Martin
Luther King, Jr., establishing the Southern Christian Leadership
Sinbad appeared on The Redd Foxx Show (1986) and A Different
World (1987–91) before working as creator, actor, and executive
producer of The Sinbad Show (1993–94) on Fox TV.

Smith got his start in show business as half of the Grammy
Award rap duo DJ Jazzy Jeff and Fresh Prince.
Actor & Producer. He won a Cable ACE award for HBO's
Vietnam War Story (1989) and NAACP Image Awards in 1991
and 1997
professor of comparative literature at Columbia; officer of the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
from 1913 until his death, he established (1913) the Spingarn
medal, awarded annuallybus outstanding achievement by to
minister, he organized a for boycott; Steele also worked an
integrate Tallahassee's schools, restaurants, theaters, and other
public facilities. he helped Martin Luther King organize the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference; hoped to accomplish:


American Composer.

American Painter. His work is naturalistic, and the religious
subjectshad been born stronglybecame wealthy through business
parents especially are slaves; rendered
- provided daughter with the best education available to women
at that time; A charter member of the NAACP, she was a popular
lecturer on equalnumber of women and blacks wrote-non fiction
He worked on a rights for magazines, & wrote several novels,
the most famous of which are The Blacker the Berry (1929) &
Infants of the Spring (1932). His work often satirized the Harlem
Renaissance and black life..
American writer, born in Washington, D.C., as Nathan Eugene
Toomer. A major figure of the Harlem Renaissance, he is known
for one work, Cane (1923), a collection of stories, poems, and
sketches about black life in rural Georgia and the urban North.
originally a slave brought to New York City in 1787; was freed
when owner died; worked as hairdresser, provided homes for
needy a regular at L.A.'s comedy clubs, which earned him a
He was
spot on Russell Simmons' Def Comedy All-Star Jam (HBO,
1992). His performance on Def Comedy Jam landed him a role
as Johnny Booze in House Party 3.

Award-winning rhythm and blues singer known for her powerful
vocals and her athletic dancing.Off-Broadway and in movies. Her
A former model turned actress
film credits include The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (1968), Sounder
(1972, for which she was nominated for an Oscar and fried
green tomatoes.
Singer and actress, lead in Hallelujah, Baby!, which had originally
been written for Lena Horne, and earned the 1968 Tony Award
for Best Actress In A Broadway Musical Comedy; Two years later
she had her own musical varietyand butler. series on CBS-TV,
Son of Ulysses S. Grant's maid television For 60 years, he
made a visual record of Harlem life unsurpassed in scope and
detail. In 1967 the Metropolitan Museum of Art discovered his
40,000 prints and negatives and displayed many of them 14 its
In his trademark romantic, soulful style, he has recorded in
albums and has topped the R&B charts. Vandross won a
Grammy in 1991 for the song “Power of Love.” He suffered a life-
captured in stroke & sold as a and received five his freedom
threatening Nigeriain April 2003 slave; purchased 2003 Grammy
and went to London where he worked briefly in a government
office helping resettle blacks in Africa; autobiography (non-
fiction), The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano,

Vaughan worked as a soloist, becoming one of jazz's finest
vocalists.
African-American leader. After many years as a slave he won
(1800) $1,500 in a lottery and purchased his freedom.; had
wealth & influence in South Carolina; accused of starting a slave
insurrection & was hanged


American blues singer straightening hair of African-Americans;
invented a process for
The agents and the products were recognized in black
communities throughout the U.S. and Caribbean for promoting
the philosophy that cleanliness and loveliness could advance the


Jazz pianist and songwriter


Grammy Award Singer
Known for her gritty vocal style, the beloved but controversial
singer was at home with R&B, blues, jazz, and middle-of-the-road
pop.
Academy Award winning film and television actor whose films
include Cry Freedom (1987), Glory (1989) (for which he won a
best-supporting actor Oscar), and Malcolm X (1992).
African-American blues singer and guitarist. His electric blues
influenced such American musicians as Elvis, Dylan and the
Rolling Stones.


Actress and singer


concert pianist, born in Germany
Actor, comedian, writer and producer. Started out at Saturday
Night Live then graduated to a film career. He now has a sitcom,
"My Wife and Wayans directed, In Livingthe show.
Keenan Ivory Kids" and also helps write Color (1990–92), often
compared favorably to Saturday Night Live at its best. On the big
screen, he directed the popular horror movie spoofs, Scary Movie
(2000) and Scary Movie 2 (2001).
Turned a professional football career into a successful acting
career, he is probably best known as Rocky's noble opponent
and then friend in the first four Rocky films. Free Speech &
She helped found the newspaper Memphis
published articles denouncing lynchings in the South. It was no
longer safe living in Memphis, so she moved to Chicago in
1892.; promoted civil rightsPrinceton University. HeWells
MA and PhD degrees from and women's suffrage. taught
religion and directed the Afro-American Studies Department at
Princeton prior to joining the Harvard faculty in 1994 and returned
to the Princeton Department of Religion in 2002
Whitaker attended USC on a classical music scholarship before
making his film debut in Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982).He
won best actor for Color of Money and Byrd.
civil-rights leader; active in NAACP; served on several
government commissions; autobiography (non-fiction), A Man
Called White
2nd black American to win a Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford
University, where he earned a master's degree in literature in
1963;. wrote several; novels, he began teaching at the University
social reformer and civil-rights the school's Afro-American
of Pennsylvania, helping foundleader; secretary of the local
chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People (NAACP). In 1963 he helped organize the historic
civil-rights the North in the Civil War; became the first black to
fought for march on Washington, D.C.
graduate from the Newton Theological Seminary in Cambridge,
Mass. A Baptist minister in Boston and Cincinnati, he later
became a lawyer and was the first African American elected to


acted in Batman, Return of the Jedi & The In 1826 he became
organized a black congregation in Harlem; Empire Strikes Back
the first Black Episcopalian priest; establish a black-owned
abolitionist newspaper, Freedom's Journal. He also managed the
American Anti-Slavery Society for two years. Type of writing:

a slave who became a sexton in the Methodist Church; Williams
helped establish the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
first African-American to be crowned Miss America (1983) known
for her work as a film, television, and stage actress and a singer.
Her movies include Eraser (1996), Soul Food (1997),


Blues singer, harmonica playerof Winton Marsalis' Blood on the
In 1997, Wilson toured as part
Fields, a concert piece on American slavery. She released Blue
Moon Rendezvous in 1998, and Traveling Miles, a tribute to Miles
Davis, in 1999. Her latest release, irreverent, flippant humor; host
Comedian, nicknamed Flip for his Glamoured in late 2003, fea
of television's The Flip Wilson Show from 1970 to 74. His most
memorable character on the variety show was the sassy
Geraldine playwright to quip “The devil made center on and “What
American who liked & poet. Wilson's plays me do it” the
struggles & identity of African Americans& the deleterious effect
of white American institutions such as religion & law on black
American life. playwright and poet, wrote The Piano Lesson


best known for his work on the stage
Emmy Award-winning television talk-show host, actress and
producer, appeared in the film The Color Purple (1985),
appeared in the film The Color Purple (1985), April 2000 she
launched Award-winning singer, composer, producer, arranger,
Grammy O magazine
and instrumentalist known for his unlimited ability to produce a
kind of spiritually informed, upbeat rhythm and blues that crossed
over to millionshe was awarded more than 60 patents. One of his
self-educated, of fans.
most important inventions was a telegraph that allowed moving
trains to communicate with other trains and train stations, thus
improving railway efficiency and safety; received his first paten
Emmy Award-winning television and film actress who played Dr.
Roxanne Tucker on St. Elsewhere (1985–87) before moving to
film. Her films include Cross Creek (1983), Passion Fish (1992),
How to Make an American Quilt (1995),



director of the musician, played tenor (1961–1971)
American jazz National Urban League saxophone focused on
gaining equality for blacks in business & politics a& improving
opportunities for the urban poor.; advised presidents Kennedy,
Johnson,& Nixon on race; in the army during World War II;

								
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