• Is somebody who kills someone
equally as guilty as the next person
who kills someone?
• Do all people convicted of the same
crime (murder) deserve the same
punishment? Why or why not?
Back to Treason
• 1. the offense of acting to overthrow
one's government or to harm or kill its
• 2. a violation of allegiance to one's
sovereign or to one's state.
• 3. the betrayal of a trust or confidence;
breach of faith; treachery.
More about treason
• 1. Treason, or sedition, mean disloyalty or
treachery to one's country or its government.
Treason is any attempt to overthrow the
government or impair the well-being of a state
to which one owes allegiance; the crime of
giving aid or comfort to the enemies of one's
government. Sedition is any act, writing,
speech, etc., directed unlawfully against state
authority, the government, or constitution, or
calculated to bring it into contempt or to incite
others to hostility, ill will or disaffection; it
does not amount to treason and therefore is not
a capital offense.
The U.S. Constitution
• Preamble: Statement of Purpose
• Article One: Legislative Power
• Article Two: Executive Power
• Article Three: Judicial Power
• Article Four: States’ power/limits
• Article Five: Amendments
• Article Six: Federal Power
• Article Seven: Ratification
• Which article do you think treason is in?
Treason in Article III
• Section 3. Treason against the United States,
shall consist only in levying war against them,
or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid
and comfort. No person shall be convicted of
treason unless on the testimony of two
witnesses to the same overt act, or on
confession in open court.
• The Congress shall have power to declare the
punishment of treason, but no attainder of
treason shall work corruption of blood, or
forfeiture except during the life of the person
Now for a local connection
• Let’s go back to San Diego in the
1920’s, 1930’s, and 1940’s.
• Born on September 10, 1920.
• Graduated from San Diego Senior High
School in 1937.
• Maple was eventually convicted of
treason---your job is to figure out why,
through reading the article about him,
and answer the questions (in pairs) that
will be handed out to you now.
A few items before you
read the article
• Philologist---1. the study of literary texts
and of written records, the
establishment of their authenticity and
their original form, and the
determination of their meaning.
2. (esp. in older use) linguistics, esp.
historical and comparative linguistics.
• In pairs, read through the article
answering and discussing your
answers to the questions.
• Don’t rush to answer, talk through
and discuss with your partner until
you are both comfortable with the
answer you are going with.