高二英语(选修六)unit 3 reading .ppt by yurtgc548

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									Unit 3 A healthy life
         He who has health
         has hope, and he
         who has hope has
         everything .
revision
 Why do you think some
adolescents start smoking?
Suppose some of them realized the
harm of smoking and wanted to stop it.
What advice would you give to them?

My advice is that let them get
interested in some positive hobbies
like sports, playing music, reading,
playing chess and so on.
Reading:
 After your discussion, let’s go
 through the passage on page 18 to
 see what the author’s opinions are
 and what are the similarities and
 differences between yours and his.
Reading
Then answer the following questions . Fast reading
 1.Who wrote the letter and to whom ?
 A grandfather wrote to his grandson .
 2.What is the purpose of the letter?
 To explain how a smoker becomes addicted to
 cigarettes and why and how he should give up.
 3. How are the two reading passages related ?
 James’ grandfather attached/added the internet
 page to his letter .
 4. What kind of site might the second text come
 from?
 It could possibly be a government site that has
 been set up to advise people on living a healthy
 lifestyle.
     How are these pictures
    connected with the text?
1

             2

                          3
Careful reading
True or false choice:
1.James is addicted to smoking and couldn’t give it
  up.                            T
2.James’ grandad is also addicted to cigarettes.
                      F
3.Smoking doesn’t affect the health of non-smokers.
4.Grandad quitted smoking at last.
                         F
5.If you can break the habit, you can stop smoking.
                                                 T


                                 F
1. The first sentence of the letter shows
James’ grandad           .
A.lives a healthy life
B.is addicted to sitting in the garden
C.has nothing to do at home
D.is tired when returning from a long bike
trip
2. In what way did the old man try to
persuade his grandson to give up smoking?
A.Using scientific theory.
B.His failure in love.
C.His sports activity.
D.His own experience.
3.According to the letter, James’
   grandad         .
A. didn’t give up smoking
B. used to be a member of the school football
   team
C. is lonely
D. wrote down the advice from his experience
4.       forced James’ grandad to give up
   smoking.
A. That he ran too slow
B. That he was taken off the school football
   team
C. His girlfriend     D. His parents
 Summarize the
main idea of each
Para in the letter
Para1: the writer tells about the _______
                                   life
he is leading and the importance of
 healthy life
_____________ .
Para2: the writer is talking about James’
               smoking
problem of __________ .
                           three
Para3: it introduces the _______ different
ways of becoming addicted.
                        harmful effects
Para4: it is about the _______________
of smoking.
Para5: it is about the writer’s _______ for
                                 hope
his grandson.
comprehending
1. What kind of person do you think
James’ grandfather is?
 He is fit and healthy and leads an
 active life. He takes an interest in his
 grandson’s well-being. He is
 knowledgeable. He reads the internet.
 He appears to love his grandson.
 2.Fill in the chart with information
 from the reading passage.
                       Information from the reading passage
Different ways
                        1.physically addicted to nicotine
people can become
addicted to             2.addicted through habits
cigarettes              3.mentally addicted
Harmful physical       1.do terrible damage to heart and
effects for smokers      lungs.        2.have difficulty in
                         becoming pregnant.
                       3.can not run fast
Effects that a
person’s smoking
                       1.Other people dislike the smell
can have on other      2.The cigarette smoke may do harm
people                   to other people near the smoker.

Effects that smoking
can have on sporting     be unable to enjoy sport
performance
      Read the second part of the text and the
      following question:
What suggestions does it give for smokers to quit
smoking?
                          How can I stop
                            smoking?


                           Prepare yourself.
                           Be determined.
                           Break the habit.
                           Relax.
                           Get help if you need.
                           Keep trying.
Summarize the
article: How can
I stop smoking
                           stressful
Choose a day that is not _________to
quit smoking. Make a list of all the
 benefits
_________ you will get from stopping
smoking. Throw away all your cigarettes
          __________
at the end of the day before you plan to
 quit     Reread
______ . ________ the list of benefits you
                   feel like
wrote when you _________ smoking.
Develop some other habits like walking,
drinking some water, cleaning the house
and so on to_________________ .
              keep yourself busy
             nervous     stressed
If you feel ________ or _________ , try to
do some relaxation exercises like deep
breathing. You can stop smoking with a
           join a group
friend or_____________. If you feel really
bad, ask a doctor or _________for help.
                      chemist
The most important thing is to keep
                                ____
trying Don’t feel __________ if you
_____.             ashamed
weaken because some people have to
try many times before they finally quit
smoking. Never give up and you will
succeed.
              difficult sentences

You can become physically addicted to
nicotine, which is one of the hundreds of
chemicals in cigarettes.

 你变得身体上依赖尼古丁--- 烟里所含上百种化学
 物质中的一种.

 which 引导的非限制性定语从句修饰nicotine
            difficult sentences
This means that after a while your body
becomes accustomed to having nicotine
in it and when the drug leaves your body,
you feel sick, bad-tempered, or even in
pain.
这就意味着一段时间后,你的身体变得习惯于吸食
尼古丁,并且这种毒素一旦离开你的身体,你就会感
觉不适,易怒.甚至疼痛.
mean that 后面引导了两个由and连接的并列的宾
语从句,在后一个宾语从句中又有一个时间状语从句.
             difficult sentences

I didn’t know it could do terrible damage to
your heart and lungs or that it was more
difficult for smoking couples to become
pregnant.
我不知道吸烟会对心脏和肺造成如此大的危害,还
有吸烟的夫妇很难怀孕.

谓语动词didn’t know后跟了两个由or连接的宾语
从句.
             difficult sentences

When I was taken off the school football
team because I was too slow, I knew it
was time to quit smoking.
当我因速度太慢而被赶出学校足球队时,我知道我
戒烟的时候到了.
由when引导的时间状语从句中含有一个because
引导的原因状语从句, 主句I knew 后有一个宾语从
句.
               difficult sentences

For a person to become infected, blood or
sexual fluids that carry the virus have to get
inside the body through broken skin, or
injection.

对于受感染的人来说,携带病毒的血液或体液一定通
过破损的皮肤或注射而进入身体的内部.

句子中有一个that引导的定语从句来修饰blood or
sexual fluids.
After-reading
 A: Someone who gets addicted to smoking.
 B: One of A’s family members or friends or
    classmates, etc.
   B tries to gives A some helpful advice and
 persuade him/her to give up smoking.
                                 How to give advice
 How to ask for advice
                                 You’d better…
 What should I do?
                                 I think you ought to..
 Could you tell me what to do?
                                 Perhaps you should…
 Can you give me some advise?
                                 I suggest that you…
Useful words & Expressions:
physical, mental, shadowboxing, overeating, drinking,
alcohol, cigarette smoking, stress, addicted, quit,
adolescents
Reading Skills:
Skimming & Scanning
About the topic “A Healthy Life”:
The description of a healthy person
Healthy and unhealthy activities
The harmful effects of smoking
Suggestions given to smokers to quit smoking
   Homework:
1. Read the passage many times and
   understand it better.
2. Underline the difficult words, phrases
   and sentences which you can’t
   understand.

								
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