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					 Should Illegal Aliens
Currently Living in the
   United States be
  Granted Permanent
  Residency Status?


 Benson, Berry, Cooney, Stillwater
    A Brief History of U.S. Immigration
   In 1790, an act was adopted establishing a
    uniform requirement of 2 years of residency
    for naturalization to the U.S.
   In 1875, a direct federal regulation of
    immigration was established by a law that
    prohibited the entry of prostitutes and convicts.
   In 1891, the Bureau of Immigration was
    established under the Treasury Department to
    federally administer all immigration laws.
    A Brief History of U.S. Immigration
   The Immigration Act of 1924 focused on
    restricting immigration from Southern and
    Eastern Europeans. (2% Rule)
   The Nationals Origins Formula of 1929 made
    the quotas of the 1924 act permanent,
    excluding Asians.
   The Immigration and Naturalization Act of
    1952 (McCarran-Walter Act) combined the
    multiple laws which governed immigration
    and naturalization at that time into one
    comprehensive statute with four parts.
    A Brief History of U.S. Immigration
   The Immigration Act of 1965 (Hart-Cellar Act)
    changed the criteria for admitting immigrants from
    concentrating on their nationality to focusing on their
    skills and profession.
   The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
    granted amnesty to illegal aliens who had been in the
    U.S. before 1982 and made it a crime to hire an
    illegal alien.
   The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant
    Responsibility Act of 1996 adopted stronger penalties
    against illegal immigration and streamlined the
    deportation process.
      Legal Immigration to the U.S.
   Family Immigration Program admits spouses, parents, and
    minor children of U.S. citizens without numerical limits and
    limited categories adult sons and daughters of citizens, siblings
    of citizens, and the spouses and children of non-citizens.
   Employment based- collection of preferences ranging from
    “priority workers” to unskilled, and religious workers, and
    investors.
   Humanitarian- refugees, asylees, and those receiving
    “cancellation of removal”
   Visa lottery for people from countries other than the primary
    sources of current immigration.
     What Attracts Illegal Immigrants
               to the U.S.?
   Many are attracted by jobs. The typical
    Mexican worker earns 1/10th of what his
    American counterpart makes.
   Communities of recently arrived legal
    immigrants help create immigration networks
    used by illegal aliens and serve as incubators
    for illegal immigration, providing jobs,
    housing, and entrance to America for illegal-
    alien relatives and fellow countrymen.
Permanent Residency Status = Green Card

   Green Card recipients may travel freely to and from
    the U.S. and are considered permanent residents.
    They are legally entitled to work as well as health,
    education, taxation, retirement, social security, and
    other benefits and may also serve as sponsors for
    their relatives seeking immigration Visas (Green
    Cards).
   A Green Card holder may later apply for U.S.
    Citizenship and still maintain citizenship in his/her
    country of origin.
   Green Cards are valid for a lifetime.
       Current Immigration Figures
   34.24 million immigrants (legal and illegal) are now living in
    the U.S. This is the highest number of immigrants ever
    recorded in American history.
   There are 10 million illegal immigrants currently living in the
    U.S.
   In the past 4 years there has been a 4.3 million increase in the
    number of immigrants in America, 2 million comes from
    illegal immigration.
   The U.S. admits between 700,000 to 900,000 legal immigrants
    each year.
   Each year there is an increase of 500,000 illegal immigrants.
    Pro Arguments: National Security

   Granting current illegal immigrants permanent
    residency status will not harm national
    security.
   Terrorists already enter the U.S. illegally and
    they would not take this opportunity to become
    American citizens because of the background
    checks and screening that would be involved
    before being given permanent residency status.
       Pro Arguments: Criminality

   Having the strength and determination to
    create a better life for yourself and your family
    should not be considered a crime.
   Many illegal immigrants after coming to
    America become contributing members of our
    society.
          Pro Arguments: Economy
   Legalization equals taxation, granting illegal immigrants
    amnesty will remove the fear of deportation and encourage
    them to participate more fully in the economy.
   Illegal immigration fills the gaps in the low end of the labor
    market occupying jobs not desired by American workers.
   Low-wages for immigrants may enable threatened American
    businesses to survive competition from low-wage businesses
    abroad.
   Granting amnesty is more cost efficient than deportation.
       Pro Arguments: Integration

   The government is responsible for allowing
    illegal immigrants here in the first place due to
    their lack of funding and other oversights.
   Illegal immigrants have become integrated into
    the community and should be granted
    permanent residency status.
Con Arguments: National Security

   Allowing amnesty to illegal immigrants only
    encourages more illegal immigration making it
    easier for terrorists to enter the U.S.
      Con Arguments: Criminality

   It is necessary to make distinctions between
    those who obey the law and those who violate
    it.
   Granting amnesty to illegal immigrants is
    rewarding lawbreakers and undermines our
    ability to regulate immigration. It also
    legitimizes illegal immigration by
    incorporating it into our immigration policy.
         Con Arguments: Economy
   It is a myth that immigration to the U.S. is largely connected to
    the availability of employment.
   Illegal immigrants deplete social services, education, and
    emergency medical care paid for by American citizens.
   Based on Census Bureau data, a study found that when all
    costs are considered, illegal households created a net fiscal
    deficit at the federal level of more than 10 billion dollars in
    2002. This study also estimated that if amnesty for illegal
    aliens was granted the net fiscal deficit would grow to 29
    billion dollars.
             Consensus
We should not grant illegal immigrants
 permanent residency status because:
   it would only encourage more illegal immigration
   the majority of illegal immigrants are
    uneducated/unskilled and if granted amnesty they
    would create a major drain on the economy
   we should not break the promise made to the
    American people in 1986 that granting permanent
    residency to illegal immigrants would only occur
    once
                        Sources
   http://uscis.gov/graphics/      http://www.whitehouse.g
    index.htm                        ov/news/releases/2002/1
   http://www.cis.org/index.        0/print/20021016-18.html
    cgi                             http://www.immigrationli
   http://www.us-green-             nks.com/news/newshints
    card-lottery.org                 08.htm
   http://uscis.gov/graphics/      Immigration by Mary E.
    shared/aboutus/statistics/       Williams
    2003Yearbook.pdf                The Immigration Debate
                                     Remaking America by
                                     John Isbister
                           Asylum
   A form of protection that allows individuals who are in the
    U.S. to remain here, provided that they meet the definition of a
    refugee and are not barred from either applying for or being
    granted asylum. Eventually asylees are able to adjust their
    status to lawful permanent resident.
   A refugee is a person outside of his or her country of
    nationality who is unable or unwilling to return because of
    persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account
    of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social
    group, or political opinion.
        Authorization of Refugee Status 2003

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posted:8/1/2012
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