research Bowen technique
and hamstring injury
A study involving 116 asymptomatic male in hamstring ﬂexibility in the Bowen group,
and female volunteers examined the between pre and post-test, and between
effect of a single application of the Bowen pre-test and follow-up measurements.
technique on hamstring ﬂexibility. This suggests that a single treatment of
The subjects were allocated randomly Bowen can signiﬁcantly increase
to either a control group or an intervention hamstring ﬂexibility in asymptomatic
group. Baseline hamstring ﬂexibility subjects and maintain this increase for a
measurements were taken from each period of one week.
subject using an active knee extension The author states that no other treatment
test, electrogoniometer and an angle has been shown to maintain improvements
display unit. Subjects then received either in ﬂexibility for a complete week without
a Bowen treatment (intervention group) or further treatment and that the ﬁndings
rested in a supine position for 20 minutes of this study are relevant to both people
(control group). Flexibility measurements
were then taken immediately post-test and
taking part in sport and those professionals
who give advice and treatment in this ﬁeld.
Beneﬁts of ‘healing
one week later. touch’ to coronary
The mean changes in scores across
both groups demonstrated signiﬁcant gains
Marr M (2005). The effect of the Bowen technique on
hamstring ﬂexibility. Paper awaiting publication. bypass patients
Healing touch (HT) is an energy-based therapeutic
approach to healing that arose out of nursing in
Americans with cancer turn to the early 1980s (USA). The technique is said to
faith more than therapy aid relaxation and support the body’s natural
The use of complementary methods (CMs), including A total of 237 undergoing ﬁrst time elective
prayer and other spiritual practices, is widespread and coronary artery bypass surgery in an acute
increasing in the United States. care hospital in Minnesota (USA) were randomly
To determine the use of CMs in people who had assigned to one of three groups. The ﬁrst group
survived cancer (10 to 14 months after diagnosis), received no intervention, the second partial
4,139 survivors of one of 10 adult cancers were intervention (visitors), and the third HT.
surveyed by mail and telephone. The study consisted of six outcome measures:
Of the 19 CMs included in the survey, those most post-operative length of stay, incidence of
frequently used were prayer/spiritual practice (61 per post-operative atrial ﬁbrillation, use of anti-emetics,
cent), relaxation (44 per cent), faith/spiritual healing amount of pain relief medication administered,
(42 per cent) and nutritional supplements/vitamins functional status and anxiety levels.
(40 per cent). Further down the list were meditation No signiﬁcant differences were observed in
(15 per cent), massage (11 per cent) and terms of atrial ﬁbrillation, and the use of pain relief
acupuncture/acupressure (1.2 per cent). and anti-emetic medication, but a signiﬁcant
Those most likely to use CMs were younger white difference in anxiety scores and length of stay
females, with a higher income and better education. was noted in the HT group.
Ganlser T, et al. A population-based study of prevalence of MacIntyre B, et al. The efﬁcacy of healing touch in coronary
complementary methods use by cancer survivors: a report from the artery bypass surgery recovery: a randomised clinical trial.
American Cancer Society’s studies of cancer survivors. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine: July 2008;
Cancer: Aug 2008; e-published ahead of print. Source: PubMed. Vol. 14 (4), pp 24-32. Source: PubMed.
Blood samples are better for detecting grade I muscle lesions
PICTURES: ISTOCKPHOTO; FOTOLIA
A study published in the British Journal of Sports will show high levels of both fast and slow myosin).
Medicine shows that while grade II and III muscle The authors conclude that the evaluation of blood
lesions can be readily detected and conﬁrmed taken 48 hours after the lesion occurs will prove
with the use of ultrasonography and/or magnetic useful in detecting grade I lesions – the correct
resonance, grade I lesions can rarely be diagnosis of which will prevent progression of the
conﬁrmed using these imaging techniques. injury in those undergoing continual training sessions
However, grade I lesions can be detected and competition.
using blood samples taken 48 hours after the
Guerrero M, et al. Fast and slow myosins as markers of muscle
injury, as these will contain higher levels of fast
injury. British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM 2008:42:581-584)
myosin than slow myosin (grade II and III lesions
8 | International Therapist Issue 84 | Sept/Oct 2008