Maya A long time ago, around ____________, an ancient tribe of Central American Indians called the _______________ settled in the rainforests of the _______________________ of Central America. About two thousand years later, around 400 BCE, a new people suddenly _______________ These people were called the ___________________. No one knows where they came from, but they arrived with _____________________________. They were an _____________________ civilization. They soon took over the Yucatan Peninsula of Central America. The Maya were very _________________ people. Their system of mathematics was among the most sophisticated in the _______________________world. Like the ancient ______________________, the Mayas were ___________________ builders. _________________the ancient Romans, the ancient Mayas did _________ have ________________-. Their tools were made of ______________________________.Yet they built beautiful structures, huge cities, and excellent roads - roads that _____________________ the many hundreds of cities that made up the Maya world. Around ____________________, the Maya cities were ________________________. A few people continued to live in the cities, but mostly, the cities were empty. The people had, for the most part, _____________________________, gone somewhere else. Those who remained were _______________________________________ to repair the magnificent roads and buildings. The great Maya cities fell into ________________________. To this day, nobody knows where the _________________________________________ before they arrived in the ____________________________, and nobody knows why they ________________ or where they _________________ when most of the Maya people abandoned their cities and disappeared from the Yucatan Peninsula. That's why the Maya are sometimes referred to as "__________________________________________". During the 1500 years or so that the Maya Indians made their home in __________________________, they build hundreds of _________________________, each filled with ___________________________ and elaborate ____________________. There was at least one ball court in every city. Excellent roads ran for miles through the jungles and swamps, linking these centers of religion and learning. Today, archaeologists remain very ___________________________about these ancient people. Archaeologists face many dangers to hunt for the ruins of the ancient Maya cities hidden deep in the jungles of Central America. There are not many, but there are some Maya people ________________________________, descendants of the ancient Mayas who remained behind in the nearly deserted cities. Still today, their crafts are amongst the ______________________________________________________. Inca At first, the Incas were simply a small tribe that lived in the city of _____________________. They worshiped _____________________________. They believed in ____________________________. Around 1430 C.E, a neighboring tribe _____________________ the Incas. The Incas ___________________! That was the beginning of the ___________________________________________. Since the Incas ___________ developed a system of _________________, archaeologists must study _____________________ and the artifacts they left behind for clues about the ancient Inca civilization. The Incas loved stories. Special "____________________" created stories that were told over and over. They loved _________________. Their emperors always did _______________ things. Their battles were always _______________________. The Incas believed in ___________________. Some of their stories were about the wondrous feats of their gods. One Incan myth refers to an _______________________ with long white hair, who was really a ______________. This god lived in a coal sack (the ____________________). He created the ______________________people. The land the Incas ruled became known as "_______________________________". It was named that because the ______________________ was divided into _________________ for ruling purposes. _________________________was still the capital. The Incas believed that their _________________ was the direct ________________of the _________________________________________. Their ruler was a god. The Incas believed in many gods. They believed in the god of nature, the ___________________, of weather, of ________________________, and of planets. Every __________________________ was a god. All Incas had little _______________________ in their homes that were the homes of little ______________________________. Anything might house a god. Just to be safe, they prayed to _________________________________________________________________________. Every month, the Incas held a huge and public _______________________________ honoring one of their ___________________________. At the festival, there was dancing and feasting and sacrifice. Mostly, the Incas sacrificed _______________________. Sometimes, if something ________________________________ was going on, they sacrificed _____________________. The ______________________________ conquered the Incan civilization. Francisco Pizarro led the Spanish invaders. After a series of fierce battles, the Incas were ________________________ in 1531. The ancestors of the Incas still live in the modern day country of ______________________________ today. Aztec Around 1300 CE, a wandering tribe of ____________________ wandered into the _________________________________________________. These people were called the ______________________. When the Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico, other _______________ were already in residence. They had already taken the best __________. The Aztecs had to make due with the _________________ shores of Lake ____________________. But this did not bother the Aztecs. Not only were they _________________ people, but they had every faith that their ___________________ had sent them to the swampy shores of Lake Texcoco, so obviously they ______________________ to their environment. They built ______________________, so they could __________________________ birds that lived near the water. They created floating _____________________ for growing food. They created more land for agriculture by _______________________ in the marshes. After they settled in, they began to __________________ the neighboring tribes. They conquered first one tribe, and then another, and then another. Each conquered tribe had to ____________________________to the Aztecs in the form of food, clothing, jewels, and of course, captives to feed the hungry gods. That made the Aztecs very ____________________ and very _________________________. The Aztecs expanded and expanded until they had built an ________________________. One day, around 1500 CE, ___________________________arrived in the Valley of ______________________. They were ________________________ at what they saw. One soldier said, “There were _______________________ among us who had been in many parts of the ______________________________, in Constantinople and Rome and all over Italy, who said that they had never before seen a __________________________________ so large and so______________________________ with people.” The Spanish _____________________________ the Aztecs. The arrival of the Spanish brought guns, _____________________, huge fighting dogs, and ________________. Because the Aztecs were such fierce ________________________, they might have had a slim chance of ___________________________ against guns and horses and huge fighting dogs. But they had _________________________________________. They had never been exposed to childhood diseases like _____________________________. Many became ill once the Spanish arrived; many ______________________. The Spanish also received help from the other tribes in the area. These tribes saw a chance to get even, and perhaps even to rid themselves of the ____________________________________ Aztecs. These tribes did not expect to be _________________________ themselves, which they were. Nor did they know how __________________________________ the Spanish would rule their people. By the mid-1500’s, the _______________________ had collapsed, and the Spanish had taken over the __________________________________. Today, there are around _____________________ (____________________) descendants of the ancient __________________________ living and working in ____________________. Human sacrifice is ______________________ part of their festivals. But the beautiful art and clever games the Aztecs created are still enjoyed today.
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