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BS 98 02-22 - B 97 10-01          United States Power Squadrons®
                     Classes of Boats
              Class A
                Less than 16 ft. (4.9 m)
              Class 1
                16 ft. to less than 26 ft. (7.9 m)
              Class 2
                26 ft. to less than 40 ft. (12.2 m)
              Class 3
                40 ft. to no more than 65 ft. (19.8 m)

B 97 10-02                                            United States Power Squadrons®
                      Measuring Boat Length




BS 98 02-04 - B 97 10-03                  United States Power Squadrons®
                           Life Preserver
                           Requirements
 A life preserver on board for each person
           is wearable
           has a legible USCG approved number
           fits the person
           is easily accessible
           is in good condition
 Boats over 16 ft. must have a throwable device


BS 98 02-01 - B 97 10-04                    United States Power Squadrons®
                  Classes of Life Preservers
 Inherently Buoyant
               • Buoyant material built in
               • Traditional, low maintenance, rugged
               • For swimmers and non swimmers
 Inflatable
               • ZERO buoyancy unless inflated
               • Inflated manually or automatically
               • Require regular maintenance
               • Not to be used for
                        – Non or weak swimmers; children under 16 or under 80 lbs
                        – Water Impact Sports; under clothing
 Hybrid Inflatable (Combination)
               • Inherently buoyant floatation, inflatable bladder for extra lift
BS 98 02-03-1 - B 97 10-06                                       United States Power Squadrons®
     Fire Extinguisher Requirements
            All Boats with
                           •   Inboard engines
                           •   Permanently installed fuel tanks
                           •   Closed compartment/ living space
                           •   Fuel Tanks in enclosed compartments


                                  Extinguishers Required
                  Length                    Minimum        Type and
                  of Boat                   Number           Size
          Less than 26 ft                      1             B-1
          26 ft to Less than 40 ft               2           B-1
          40 ft to 65 ft                         3           B-1

BS 98 02-14 - B 97 10-11                                        United States Power Squadrons®
                           FLAME ARRESTORS

                                      All Gasoline engines
                                    except outboard motors
                                     must be equipped with
                                       acceptable flame
                                           arrestors




BS 98 02-16 - B 97 10-12                       United States Power Squadrons®
                            Acceptable
                       Visual Distress Signals
           3 Hand-held red flares - (day & night)
                                 OR
           1 Hand-held red flare - (day & night), and
           2 Parachute flares - (day & night)
                              OR
           1 Hand-held orange smoke signal - (day), and
           2 Floating orange smoke signals - (day), and
           1 Electric distress signal - (night)

BS 98 02-20 - B 97 10-15                        United States Power Squadrons®
   Typical Sound Producing Devices

                      Whistle


                Air or
            Electric Horn
                                       Bell



                                Hand-Held Gas-Powered Horn



BS 98 02-17 - B 97 10-16                      United States Power Squadrons®
                                Typical Hull
                           Identification Number

                             Hull Identification Number
          ABC                   12345              K7                     97
 Manufacturer                    Serial        Date of                 Model
     or                         Number      Certification or           Year
  Importer                                   Manufacture




BS 98 02-23 - B 97 10-19                                   United States Power Squadrons®
                                Typical
                           Ventilation System




BS 98 02-25 - B 97 10-23                        United States Power Squadrons®
      Typical Reasons for an Order of
            Termination of Use
                            Inadequate
                              Life preservers
                              Fire extinguishers
                              Navigation lights
                            Overloaded boat
                            Fuel leakage
                            Unsafe vessel

BS 98 02-26 - B 97 10-24                            United States Power Squadrons®
                            Water Pollution
                            Oil Discharge
                           DISCHARGE OF OIL PROHIBITED

                THE FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT
               PROHIBITS THE DISCHARGE OF OIL OR OILY WASTE
                INTO OR UPON THE NAVIGABLE WATERS OF THE
                   UNITED STATES OR THE WATERS OF THE
             CONTIGUOUS ZONE IF SUCH DISCHARGE CAUSES A
             FILM OR SHEEN UPON, OR A DISCOLORATION OF THE
             SURFACE OF THE WATER, OR CAUSES A SLUDGE OR
              EMULSION BENEATH THE SURFACE OF THE WATER.

        VIOLATORS ARE SUBJECT TO SUBSTANTIAL CIVIL
    AND OR CRIMINAL PENALTIES INCLUDING IMPRISONMENT



BS 98 02-28 - B 97 10-25                                 United States Power Squadrons®
                           Garbage Dumping
                           Restriction Placard




BS 98 02-29 - B 97 10-26                         United States Power Squadrons®
                               Accident
                               Reporting
        Notify             File Written         File Written
     Authorities              Report           Report within
    Immediately         Within 48 Hours           10 Days
Fatal accidents when   If a person dies or       Accidents
  a person dies or   disappears or if there      involving
     disappears.     are injuries requiring    damage more
                      more than first-aid.     than $500 or
                                              complete loss of
                                                  a vessel.



  Also Know State And Local Requirements

    BS 98 02-27 - B 97 10-27                    United States Power Squadrons®
      THE 60 x D = S x T FORMULA

             D = Distance ( in nautical miles)

             S = Speed (in knots)

             T = Time (in minutes)




B 97 11-01                               United States Power Squadrons®
                Calculating Distance
 How far will your boat go if you run at 10
  knots for 30 minutes?

             • Formula     60 x D = S x T

                         60 x D = 10 x 30
                         60 x D = 300
                             D=5



B 97 11-02                                  United States Power Squadrons®
LABELING A COURSE LINE FOR
        DISTANCE



             C 067
                               D 11.2
                          Course 067 True

             Distance to next objective 11.2 nautical miles




B 97 11-04                                           United States Power Squadrons®
                   Calculating Speed


 What was your boat speed if it took you
  40 minutes to run 8 nautical miles?

             • Formula 60 x D = S x T

                      60 x 8 = S x 40
                       480 = S x 40
                          S = 12


B 97 11-05                              United States Power Squadrons®
             LABELING A COURSE LINE
                   FOR SPEED


      C 067
      S 13.4                  D 11.2
                 Course 067 True; Speed 13.4 Knots

              Distance to next objective 11.2 nautical miles




B 97 11-06                                            United States Power Squadrons®
                 Calculating Time

     How long will take you to go 5 nautical
      miles at 10 knots?

             • Formula 60 X D = S x T

                      60 x 5 = 10 x T
                       300 = 10 x T
                          T = 30


B 97 11-07                              United States Power Squadrons®
                             24 - Hour Clock
                                                 0000
                                                 2400
                           1100                                   0100

                1000                                                         0200
                                                1200
                                         2300           1300

                                  2200                    1400

             0900            2100                              1500             0300

                                  2000                     1600
              0800                              1800                         0400


                    0700                                              0500
                                                0600


B 97 11-08                                                                          United States Power Squadrons®
   Alternative Method of Using the
        60 x D = S x T Formula


                   60 x D


               S        T




B 97 11-09                   United States Power Squadrons®
                           The General Rule
                           of Responsibility
 You must comply with The Rules
 You must take every precaution required by
      the “ordinary practice of good seamanship”
      to avoid immediate danger, including
      collision.
 “Precaution” may include departing from
      the rules.
BS 98 03-14 - B 97 12-01                       United States Power Squadrons®
                               Definition of Terms
                                Sailing Vessel
                                   Under sail only
                                Power-Driven Vessel
                                   Propelled by machinery
                                Give-Way Vessel
                                   Must stay out of another vessel’s way
                                Stand-On Vessel
                                   Not required to get out of the way,
                                    but must always avoid collision
                                Underway
                                   Not at anchor, made fast to shore,
                                    or aground
BS 98 03-15-1 - B 97 12-02-1                                   United States Power Squadrons®
                          Definition of Terms
         Restricted Visibility
                  Any condition in which visibility is restricted
         Vessel Not Under Command
                  Unable to maneuver as required by The Rules due to
                   special circumstances, and therefore unable to keep
                   out of the way of another vessel
         Vessel Restricted in Ability to Maneuver
                  Unable to maneuver due to the nature of her work
                   and unable to keep out of the way of another vessel


BS 98 03-15-2 - B 97 12-02-2                              United States Power Squadrons®
                   Steering and Sailing Rules

            Apply in Three General Situations
                    Vessels in any condition of visibility
                    Vessels in sight of one another
                    Vessels in restricted visibility




BS 98 03-18-1 - B 97 12-03                              United States Power Squadrons®
            Steering and Sailing Rules
           In Any Condition of Visibility
            Lookout
                    You must maintain a lookout at all times
                    You must be alert for other boats
                    Your lookout must be qualified and have
                     no other duties
            Safe Speed
                    You must always proceed at safe speed


BS 98 03-18-4 - B 97 12-04-1                             United States Power Squadrons®
           Steering and Sailing Rules
          In Any Condition of Visibility
            Proceeding in Narrow Channels
                    Keep as near to the outer edge of a channel that
                     lies to your starboard side as is safe and practical
                    Do not impede vessels that can safely navigate
                         only within a narrow channel

            Rounding a Bend
                    Navigate with alertness and caution
                    Sound warning signals

BS 98 03-18-5 - B 97 12-04-2                               United States Power Squadrons®
            Steering and Sailing Rules
           In Any Condition of Visibility
          Vessel Priority
                  (Except where required otherwise)
                          • Vessels not under command
                          • Vessels restricted in maneuverability
                          • Vessels engaged in fishing
                          • Power-driven vessels

BS 98 03-18-3 - B 97 12-04-3                             United States Power Squadrons®
        Steering and Sailing Rules
      Vessels in Sight of One Another

        Vessel Overtaking
                The overtaking vessel must give-way
                The vessel being overtaken must stand-on
                The overtaking vessel, with proper signal,
                     may pass on either side



BS 98 03-19-1 - B 97 12-05-1                     United States Power Squadrons®
        Steering and Sailing Rules
      Vessels in Sight of One Another

      Powerboats Meeting Head-On
               Neither vessel has priority of movement
               Both must take action to avoid collision
               Vessels, with proper signal, may pass on
                   either side



BS 98 03-19-2 - B 97 12-05-2                     United States Power Squadrons®
        Steering and Sailing Rules
      Vessels in Sight of One Another

      Powerboats Crossing
               A power-driven vessel seeing another vessel
                   crossing off its starboard side is the give-way
                   vessel
               The crossing vessel is the stand-on vessel, but
                   must always take action to avoid collision



BS 98 03-19-3 - B 97 12-05-3                            United States Power Squadrons®
                  Steering and Sailing Rules
      Vessels In Sight Of One Another

                                             Stand-On
                                               Vessel

                                        Wind on starboard side
                           Give-Way
                            Vessel
                                       Wind on port side


            Sailing vessels approaching one another each with
                          wind on a different side
BS 98 03-19-4 - B 97 12-05-4                         United States Power Squadrons®
                  Steering and Sailing Rules
      Vessels In Sight Of One Another



     Give-Way Vessel

                                            Stand-On Vessel

               Sailing vessels approaching one another both
                        with wind on the same side

BS 98 03-19-5 - B 97 12-05-5                        United States Power Squadrons®
           Steering and Sailing Rules
          Vessels in Restricted Visibility
                          Proceed at a safe speed

                          Display running lights

                          Sound proper sound signals

                          Post lookouts and listen for
                           other vessels

BS 98 03-17-1 - B 97 12-06                           United States Power Squadrons®
 Maneuvering and Warning Signals
     Short Blast - 1 Sec         Prolonged Blast - 4-6 Sec
      Meeting, Overtaking, Crossing
               I intend to pass you on my port side
                           – 1 short
               I intend to pass you on my starboard
                           – 2 short
      Operating Astern Propulsion
                           – 3 short
      Approaching a Blind Channel Bend or Departing a
       Dock or Mooring
                           – 1 prolonged

      DANGER SIGNAL
                           – 5 or more short

BS 98 03-16 - B 97 12-07                               United States Power Squadrons®
      Signals for Vessels at Anchor in
            Restricted Visibility
              Length of Vessel               Signal
         Vessels under, 39.4 feet   Any efficient signal device
         (12 m)                     sounded every 2 minutes
         Vessels 39.4 feet and      Ring a bell rapidly
         less than 328.1 feet       for 5 seconds
         (100 m)                    every minute
                                    May supplement
                                    bell ringing with 3 whistle
         All Vessels                blasts in succession
                                       one short
                                       one prolonged
                                       one short



BS 98 03-17-2 - B 97 12-08                          United States Power Squadrons®
  Signals for Vessels Underway in
         Restricted Visibility
                 Type of Vessel        Signal
       Powerboats making          1 prolonged blast
        way                         every 2 minutes
       Powerboats underway        2 prolonged blasts
        but stopped                 every 2 minutes
       Sailing Vessels            1 prolonged blast
       Vessels restricted           followed by 2
         in ability to              short blasts
         maneuver                   every 2 minutes
       Vessels not under
         command

BS 98 03-17-3 - B 97 12-09                  United States Power Squadrons®
                    Vessel Navigation Lights

 Three Purposes of Navigation Lights
         Alert other boats of your presence
         Tell other boats your boat type, size, speed,
             course
         Help you apply the Navigation Rules




BS 98 02-05 - B 97 12-10                       United States Power Squadrons®
     Know the Lights on Large Vessels
                           Especially tugs and tows!
                    IT COULD SAVE YOUR LIFE!


      Don’t recognize the light you see?
                                 STAY AWAY!
                           KEEP YOUR DISTANCE!

BS 98 03-20 - B 97 12-18                          United States Power Squadrons®
                                      Day Shapes

 Dayshapes
Always black                                                            Apply to
  and have                                                              both sail
  specified                                                            and power
 sizes and                                                               boats
   shapes



                               Dayshape (Cone pointed down)
                            Sailboat under power with sails raised
 BS 98 02-12 - B 97 12-19                                        United States Power Squadrons®

				
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