Written in 44 BC
*See your around the room activity
sheet for information about Homer
• The Iliad is like a tall tale with some parts
that are based on facts
• For example, there really was a Trojan War
• Characters in The Iliad may have lived during
the Trojan War, but certain details about the
characters were created by Homer.
• The character Achilles, may have been
developed from a combination of fierce
• Troy was a real place in modern day Turkey
• The lost city of Troy, it’s high walls and
towers were recently discovered.
• It’s believed that Troy was destroyed by an
• There was a Trojan War, but we are unsure
• The Trojans possibly fought the Greeks
because of a waterway near Troy.
Excavating the Ruins of Troy
Read Page 55 in the text
1. List two things about Homer
2. Describe Achilles
3. Describe Hector
4. Explain how the war began
5. Was the Trojan War real? List two
details about this.
Why read The Iliad?
*This is on your around the room activity
• To become familiar with the first piece
of literature the western world has to
• To discover an exciting war story
What is an Epic?
*This is on your around the room activity worksheet
A long poem usually about a hero.
The Iliad is an epic poem.
Examples of epic poems: The Odyssey,
Movie examples: Star Wars, Lord of the Rings
Epic Simile-copy this
•A comparison using like
or as that extend
Map of Greece and Troy
Map of Greece and Troy
• The Iliad begins during the
______year of war.
• In medias res--To begin in the
• Epithet-Descriptive word or phrase
used in place of a_________.
• Example “Swift-footed Achilles”
Do not copy this
Also known as:
King Agamemnon Brothers
•Son of the Peleus (Dad) and the Thetis (Mom).
Thetis attempted to make her son immortal.
•Thetis held Achilles by the heel and dipped him
in the river Styx, but the heel remained dry and
•MOVIE--Patroclus was not his cousin in the
Who was Hector?
• Oldest of 50 sons belonging to King Priam
• Younger brother named Paris
Who was Paris?
• Took Helen to Troy
• Helen was married to Menelaus
• His brother Hector was killed by Achilles
and Paris was later killed during the
• His brother Deiphobus marries Helen,
but Menelaus kills him and takes Helen
back to Greece
Helen of Troy
(originally Helen of Sparta)
1. Patroclus is 1. Patroclus is his lover or dear
Achilles’ cousin companion
2. Menelaus is killed 2. Menelaus lives to see the end of
by Hector the war
3. Achilles ties
3. He pierces the feet
4. She ends up with Paris’ brother
4. Helen is with Paris Diephobus. He is killed by
at the end Menelaus. Menelaus takes her
back to Greece
5. No Gods in the
5. Gods on both sides during the fight
movie between Hector and Achilles
6. Hector wears his 6. Wears the armor he stripped from
own armor Patroclus who was wearing armor
belonging to Achilles.
Vocabulary and Literary Devices in The Iliad
Use Page 56 in your textbook, page 30 workbook
and a dictionary
1. Groveling: Crawling, humiliating oneself in
front of authority.
2. Gallant: Noble, brave.
3. Scourge: Means of inflicting severe
punishment. Refers to a whip.
4. Fawning: Cringing and pleading.
5. Metaphor: Something used to represent
something else. Example: “Sea of troubles”
**Author’s use this in order to achieve a
special ______or ______in their stories
Similes and metaphors are _________of
• Used to help readers _______ _______in
their minds of what is being described
• Examples of imagery from The Death of
–His dark hair swirling round that head
–Tall Hector, helmet flashing
Workbook Page 31
• Read The Death of Hector
Workbook Pages 31-36
1. How long has the war been going on between
the Greeks and the Trojans?
2. What pact does Hector want to make with
3. Why are Hector and Achilles fighting?
4. How did Hector end up wearing Achilles’
5. What does groveling mean?
6. Give a detail about the armor Hector is