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Map of Greece and Troy SKELETAL


									       The Iliad
        by Homer
         Written in 44 BC

*See your around the room activity
sheet for information about Homer
      Historical Fiction/Mythology
• The Iliad is like a tall tale with some parts
  that are based on facts
• For example, there really was a Trojan War
• Characters in The Iliad may have lived during
  the Trojan War, but certain details about the
  characters were created by Homer.
• The character Achilles, may have been
  developed from a combination of fierce
• Troy was a real place in modern day Turkey
• The lost city of Troy, it’s high walls and
  towers were recently discovered.
• It’s believed that Troy was destroyed by an
• There was a Trojan War, but we are unsure
• The Trojans possibly fought the Greeks
  because of a waterway near Troy.
Excavating the Ruins of Troy
  Read Page 55 in the text
1. List two things about Homer
2. Describe Achilles
3. Describe Hector
4. Explain how the war began
5. Was the Trojan War real? List two
    details about this.
            Why read The Iliad?
    *This is on your around the room activity

• To become familiar with the first piece
  of literature the western world has to
• To discover an exciting war story
           What is an Epic?
 *This is on your around the room activity worksheet

A long poem usually about a hero.
The Iliad is an epic poem.

Examples of epic poems: The Odyssey,
Movie examples: Star Wars, Lord of the Rings
 Epic Simile-copy this
•A comparison using like
 or as that extend
Map of Greece and Troy
Map of Greece and Troy
• The Iliad begins during the
  ______year of war.
• In medias res--To begin in the
  _______of the_________.
• Epithet-Descriptive word or phrase
  used in place of a_________.
• Example “Swift-footed Achilles”
Characters in
  The Iliad
   Do not copy this
The Greeks
 Also known as:
King Agamemnon        Brothers

                                    Who was

•Son of the Peleus (Dad) and the Thetis (Mom).
Thetis attempted to make her son immortal.
•Thetis held Achilles by the heel and dipped him
in the river Styx, but the heel remained dry and
was unprotected.
•MOVIE--Patroclus was not his cousin in the
written text
The Trojans
King Priam
Prince Hector
                Prince Paris
 Who was Hector?

• Oldest of 50 sons belonging to King Priam
• Younger brother named Paris
   Who was Paris?

• Took Helen to Troy
• Helen was married to Menelaus
• His brother Hector was killed by Achilles
  and Paris was later killed during the
  Trojan War
• His brother Deiphobus marries Helen,
  but Menelaus kills him and takes Helen
  back to Greece
     Helen of Troy
(originally Helen of Sparta)
                                      Epic Poem
1. Patroclus is        1.   Patroclus is his lover or dear
   Achilles’ cousin         companion
2. Menelaus is killed 2.    Menelaus lives to see the end of
   by Hector                the war
3. Achilles ties
                       3.   He pierces the feet
   Hector’s feet
                       4.   She ends up with Paris’ brother
4. Helen is with Paris      Diephobus. He is killed by
   at the end               Menelaus. Menelaus takes her
                            back to Greece
5. No Gods in the
                       5.   Gods on both sides during the fight
   movie                    between Hector and Achilles
6. Hector wears his 6.      Wears the armor he stripped from
   own armor                Patroclus who was wearing armor
                            belonging to Achilles.
  Vocabulary and Literary Devices in The Iliad
Use Page 56 in your textbook, page 30 workbook
                and a dictionary

            1. Groveling
              2. Gallant
             3. Scourge
             4. Fawning
            5. Metaphors
1. Groveling: Crawling, humiliating oneself in
   front of authority.
2. Gallant: Noble, brave.
3. Scourge: Means of inflicting severe
   punishment. Refers to a whip.
4. Fawning: Cringing and pleading.
5. Metaphor: Something used to represent
   something else. Example: “Sea of troubles”
        Figurative Language

**Author’s use this in order to achieve a
special ______or ______in their stories

Similes and metaphors are _________of
          figurative language.
• Used to help readers _______ _______in
  their minds of what is being described
• Examples of imagery from The Death of
   –Raining spears
   –His dark hair swirling round that head
   –Tall Hector, helmet flashing
          Workbook Page 31
• Read The Death of Hector
            Workbook Pages 31-36

1. How long has the war been going on between
   the Greeks and the Trojans?
2. What pact does Hector want to make with
3. Why are Hector and Achilles fighting?
4. How did Hector end up wearing Achilles’
5. What does groveling mean?
6. Give a detail about the armor Hector is

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