VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 30 POSTED ON: 8/1/2012
The Iliad by Homer Written in 44 BC *See your around the room activity sheet for information about Homer Historical Fiction/Mythology • The Iliad is like a tall tale with some parts that are based on facts • For example, there really was a Trojan War • Characters in The Iliad may have lived during the Trojan War, but certain details about the characters were created by Homer. • The character Achilles, may have been developed from a combination of fierce warriors. • Troy was a real place in modern day Turkey • The lost city of Troy, it’s high walls and towers were recently discovered. • It’s believed that Troy was destroyed by an earthquake. • There was a Trojan War, but we are unsure why. • The Trojans possibly fought the Greeks because of a waterway near Troy. Excavating the Ruins of Troy Read Page 55 in the text 1. List two things about Homer 2. Describe Achilles 3. Describe Hector 4. Explain how the war began -------------- 5. Was the Trojan War real? List two details about this. Why read The Iliad? *This is on your around the room activity worksheet • To become familiar with the first piece of literature the western world has to offer • To discover an exciting war story What is an Epic? *This is on your around the room activity worksheet A long poem usually about a hero. The Iliad is an epic poem. Examples of epic poems: The Odyssey, Beowulf Movie examples: Star Wars, Lord of the Rings Epic Simile-copy this •A comparison using like or as that extend over________ _______. Map of Greece and Troy Map of Greece and Troy • The Iliad begins during the ______year of war. • In medias res--To begin in the _______of the_________. • Epithet-Descriptive word or phrase used in place of a_________. • Example “Swift-footed Achilles” Characters in The Iliad Do not copy this The Greeks Also known as: Achaeans Dannans Argives King Agamemnon Brothers Menelaus Achilles Who was Achilles? •Son of the Peleus (Dad) and the Thetis (Mom). Thetis attempted to make her son immortal. •Thetis held Achilles by the heel and dipped him in the river Styx, but the heel remained dry and was unprotected. •MOVIE--Patroclus was not his cousin in the written text Patroclus The Trojans King Priam Brothers Prince Hector Prince Paris Who was Hector? • Oldest of 50 sons belonging to King Priam • Younger brother named Paris Who was Paris? • Took Helen to Troy • Helen was married to Menelaus • His brother Hector was killed by Achilles and Paris was later killed during the Trojan War • His brother Deiphobus marries Helen, but Menelaus kills him and takes Helen back to Greece Helen of Troy (originally Helen of Sparta) MOVIE Epic Poem 1. Patroclus is 1. Patroclus is his lover or dear Achilles’ cousin companion 2. Menelaus is killed 2. Menelaus lives to see the end of by Hector the war 3. Achilles ties 3. He pierces the feet Hector’s feet 4. She ends up with Paris’ brother 4. Helen is with Paris Diephobus. He is killed by at the end Menelaus. Menelaus takes her back to Greece 5. No Gods in the 5. Gods on both sides during the fight movie between Hector and Achilles 6. Hector wears his 6. Wears the armor he stripped from own armor Patroclus who was wearing armor belonging to Achilles. Vocabulary and Literary Devices in The Iliad Use Page 56 in your textbook, page 30 workbook and a dictionary 1. Groveling 2. Gallant 3. Scourge 4. Fawning 5. Metaphors Definitions 1. Groveling: Crawling, humiliating oneself in front of authority. 2. Gallant: Noble, brave. 3. Scourge: Means of inflicting severe punishment. Refers to a whip. 4. Fawning: Cringing and pleading. 5. Metaphor: Something used to represent something else. Example: “Sea of troubles” Figurative Language **Author’s use this in order to achieve a special ______or ______in their stories Similes and metaphors are _________of figurative language. Imagery • Used to help readers _______ _______in their minds of what is being described • Examples of imagery from The Death of Hector –Raining spears –His dark hair swirling round that head –Tall Hector, helmet flashing Workbook Page 31 • Read The Death of Hector Workbook Pages 31-36 Questions 1. How long has the war been going on between the Greeks and the Trojans? 2. What pact does Hector want to make with Achilles? 3. Why are Hector and Achilles fighting? 4. How did Hector end up wearing Achilles’ armor? 5. What does groveling mean? 6. Give a detail about the armor Hector is wearing.
"Map of Greece and Troy SKELETAL"