Writing to Argue_ Persuade_ Advise

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					GCSE Paper 1 Section B
     Reading Non Fiction

 Texts to Argue, Persuade or
Writing to

 To learn how to write to argue,
 persuade and advise effectively
 to gain more marks in an
To persuade:
 To convince others to your point of view
To argue:
 To argue for or against something, offering
 the other point of view briefly, but making
 sure you promote your own first
To advise:
 To offer suggestions to your reader on how to
 do something, using imperatives (orders) and
    To Argue, Persuade or Advise
Read the following sentences then decide which
are design to argue, persuade or advise.

1. Testing on animals is
  unjustifiably cruel and should be

2. You could quit smoking by
   following the ‘Ten Point Plan’.

3. If you want to change our
   country for the better then vote
   for James Tucker on 2nd May.
• Starter:

 In small groups, you will be given an item to
 persuade the rest of us to buy. Using as many
 techniques as you can think of, write a
 paragraph to persuade us that your object is
 better than the rest... Choose someone to
 read the paragraph out...
The best work...
• Always understands the   format required

• Always understands the   audience

• Always understands what devices to use to
  make the writing varied and effective
      Writing formats in Section B:
Newspaper /         Letter                Report               Speech
magazine article
•Headline           •Address              •Subtitles           •Ladies and
•Strapline (comes   •Date                 •Q&A                 Gentlemen
under headline)     •‘Dear Sir/Madam’     •Bullet points       •Boys and Girls
•By line            •Introduce            •3rd person with     •Introduce
•Quotations and     yourself              2nd person (‘you’)   yourself
interviews          •First person         •Paragraphing        •Discuss issue
•Pictures and       •Salutations:                              •End with ‘Thank
captions (you       Yours faithfully,                          you for listening’
don’t need to       Yours sincerely (if                        •First person
include this)       you know the                               •Ask for questions
•Paragraphs         name of the                                at end
                    person)                                    •Paragraphs
TECHNIQUES in writing to persuade, argue
            and advise
Text Techniques                            Language Techniques
•   Opening introductory            •   Use of second person ‘you’ to talk directly to reader
    paragraph to ‘grab’ your        •   Use of first person plural ‘we’ to include the reader
    reader’s attention                  with you
                                    •   Rhetorical questions
•   Paragraphs throughout!
                                    •   Alliteration
•   Concluding paragraph to         •   Play on words(puns)
    sum up and engage the           •   Metaphors and similes
    reader                          •   Pattern of three
•   Lots of ‘content’ – details     •   Superlatives ‘best’, ‘biggest’
    (planning is vital)             •   Emotive language (make your reader feel an
•   See other point of view             emotion)
    (arguing) and offer solutions   •   Statistics (make them up if you can’t think of any!)
                                    •   Facts and opinions
•   Varied sentence lengths:
                                    •   Repeat key words
    simple, complex, compound
                                    •   Use of modal verbs: ‘could have’, ‘should have’
•   Different punctuation: semi     •   Ask the reader to think about an
    colons, exclamation marks,          experience/scenario
    ellipsis                        •   Use of connectives ‘However’, ‘Moreover’,
                                        ‘Furthermore’, ‘In conclusion’
        Extended Work
Now you know the format/audience and
techniques to use, try to answer this

‘Winning the Olympic bid will cost the UK too
much money.’

Argue for or against the point of view that the
UK should not host the olympic games in 2012.