2nd Nine Weeks Study Guide

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2nd Nine Weeks Study Guide Powered By Docstoc
					                            3rd Nine Weeks Study Guide
Chapter 17:
1. What connective tissue holds two bones together?
2. What tissue forms the heart?
3. What part of a bone produces red blood cells?
4. What type of tissue makes organs such as the stomach, intestines and blood vessels, this tissue
is involuntary?
5. What tissue forms the inside of bone, it is light weight and strong?
6. What connective tissue holds muscle to bone?
7. What do we call the place where two bones come together?
8. What tissue surrounds the outside of bone and is very tough and strong?
9. What muscle tissue is connected to bone and is responsible for movement?
10. What type of joint describes your shoulder?
         A. Ball and socket      B. Hinge       C. Gliding
11. What type of joint describes our knee and elbow?
         A. Ball and socket      B. Hinge       C. Gliding
12. What type of joint describes our wrist and ankle?
         A. Ball and socket      B. Hinge       C. Gliding
13. What is made when similar cells work together to do a job?
         A. Cells                B. Tissue      C. Organs       D. Organisms
14. What is made when different tissues work together to do a job?
         A. Cells        B. Tissue       C. Organs      D. Organisms
15. What is the smallest living unit?
         A. Atoms        B. Cells               C. Elements D. Organs
Chapter 18:
     1. Which system brings oxygen into the bloodstream and removes carbon dioxide?
     2. Which system filters waste material from the blood?
     3. Which system breaks food materials down into molecules the body can absorb?
     4. Which system allows us to speak by using our vocal chords?
     5. What process begins with sugar and oxygen and ends with water and CO2?
     6. What word describes a balance of water and chemicals in our body?
     7. The sight at which carbon dioxide is exchanged for oxygen.
     8. The structures that mechanically digest food upon entering the digestion system.
     9. The structure that keeps food from entering the trachea.
     10. Contains your vocal chords.
     11. Stores liquid waste before it leaves the body.
     12. Tubes that connect the kidneys with the bladder.
     13. Directs the air we breathe to the right and left lung.
     14. Filters red blood cells from the blood, produces bile, stores important nutrients.
     15. Contains acid that chemically digests food.
     16. Filters air with the use of mucus and hairs.
     17. Absorbs nutrients from the food we eat.
     18. Absorbs water
     19. Filters blood by the use of nephrons.
     20. Produces enzymes that help in digestion, also neutralize acid and produce insulin.
       Chapter 19:
   1. ____What type vessels bring blood back to the heart?
   2. ____What cells help fight infection?
   3. ____These cells pick up oxygen in the lungs and carry to all other cells.
   4. ____This is the pressure exerted on the arteries by the blood.
   5. ____These vessels connect the veins and arteries and are very small.
   6. ____This organ pumps blood to the lungs and all parts of the body.
   7. ____This liquid carries products from the digestive and respiratory systems to all parts of
       the body.
   8. ____This liquid makes up 60% of the blood and contains water, protein and dissolved
   9. ____These smal1 cell fragments help the blood form clots.
   10. ____This system includes the heart, blood and blood vessels.

Use the following word bank to fill in the blanks:

      A. Immune System B. Pathogens                   C. Cilia       D. Antibodies
      E. Lymphatic System F. Histamine                G. Antigen     H. Immunity
      I. Vaccine              J. Antibiotics
11.____The ___________ transports pathogen fighting materials to infected areas.
12.____ _______ are disease causing materials
13.____Chemicals released during a non-specific response, causes swelling and redness.
14.____Small hair-like structures that catch dirt and dust particles
15.____A small amount of pathogen that causes a specific response in our body
16.____A medication used to fight bacterial infections.
17.____The __________________ is a body system that fights off infections
18.____These are chemical markers on pathogens that are recognized by T-cells.
19.____ ________ attach themselves to antigens and mark the pathogen for destruction.
20.____This is our resistance to a disease or sickness.

Skeletal system: Skull, Femur, Spinal column, Ribs, Sternum, Clavicle, Ilium
Respiratory system: Nose, Trachea, Lungs, Diaphragm, Bronchial tubes, Alveoli
Digestive system: Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Large and small intestines, Liver, Pancreas
Urinary system: Kidney, Ureters, Bladder, Urethra
Circulatory system (Heart): Right and left atrium, Right and left ventricle, Aorta, Pulmonary
artery, Pulmonary vein
Integumentary system (Skin): Epidermis, Dermis, Fat layer, Sweat gland, Oil gland, Hair,
Hair muscle
Nervous system: Pinna, Eardrum, Hammer, Anvil, Stirrup, Semi-circular canal, Cochlea,
Eustachian tube, Auditory nerve, Ear canal, Cornea, Iris, Pupil, Retina, Lens, Optic nerve,

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