WWF Coral Triangle Programme Newsletter

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					                                                                                     Coral Triangle

                                                                         WWF’s Coral Triangle Programme
                                                                         Newsletter, February 2009

                                                                                  In the news…
WWF in the Coral Triangle Region

WWF’s vision for the Coral Triangle is to protect                                 Clinton, UN praise RI role in
its unique wildlife, conserve its natural                                         global climate talks
resources, and create sustainable economic
                                                                                  US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
opportunities for the people and communities of
the region. Our work addresses protected                                          eulogized Indonesia’s success in
areas, tuna, live reef fish, turtles, bycatch and                                 hosting the Bali climate change
climate change.                                                                   talks, initiating a coral triangle
                                                                                  concept to tackle global warming.
WWF Coral Triangle Programme Highlights
                                                                                  "Middle Class" Coral Reef Fish
International Sea Turtle Symposium, Brisbane, 14-19 February                      Feel the Economic Squeeze
                        The Symposium gathered turtle experts from Pacific        The USAID pledged over $40 million
                        Islands, South East Asia, Papua New Guinea and            in foreign assistance to the CTI,
                        Australia. WWF’s Coral Triangle Turtle Strategy           aiming to secure coral reefs and
                        announced the convening of a council of traditional       human livelihoods in this marine
                        leaders to help reverse the decline of globally           global biodiversity hotspot. Read
                        threatened sea turtles. The Coral Triangle is home to
                        6 of the 7 known species of sea turtles - green,          Coral Triangle’s richness of
                        hawksbill, loggerhead, flatback, olive ridley, and        species, importance and beauty
                        leatherback turtles. Protection of critical turtle        unmatched
                        nesting beaches and foraging grounds is                   For the people living in the Coral
                        compromised by the remoteness of their locations,         Triangle, the sea is more than just a
                        and requires engaging local community leaders in a        source of food--it’s a way of life
                        Turtle Guardian Council to help protect the sites.        fostered across generations by a
                                                                                  close dependence on the marine
Turtles are threatened with extinction through consumption of their meat and      environment. Read
eggs, and the illegal trade in shells. In addition to threats faced on land,
thousands of turtles are killed every year as unwanted bycatch in fishing.        Spectacular beauty found
Turtle conservation in the Coral Triangle has so far been tackled by each         "Under the Sea 3D," a portrait of
country under their own national laws, which has been insufficient in dealing     marine life in the Coral Triangle of
with transboundary conservation. Hence, a transboundary turtle conservation       the southwest Pacific Ocean, is as
initiative has been established between Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and           dazzling as they come, a visual
the Solomon Islands, with a shared interest in Western Pacific leatherback        pageant of strange undersea
turtle conservation. The countries have agreed to protect the migratory path of   creatures hunting, scavenging and
the leatherbacks and to establish a network of marine protected areas.            floating across the screen. Read
Despite the range of threats turtles face, many populations in the Coral
Triangle can recover with adequate intervention.                                  Check Google News for more.

ADB-ABU Coral Triangle Video Initiative                                            The month ahead…
Ten journalists from around the Asia-                                              CTI 3rd Senior Officials Meeting
Pacific region were each tasked to produce                                         9-11 March. Port Moresby, PNG.
two video documentaries featuring the
Coral Triangle and its associated issues                                           ADB-ABU 2nd CTI
during a four day Coral Triangle Initiative                                        Media Workshop
Media Workshop organized by the Asian                                              16-20 March. Malaysia
Development Bank (ADB) and the Asia-
Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU). This                                             Earth Hour
workshop expects to generate a total of 20                                         28 March, 8:30pm local time
human interest stories by May 2009, in                                             Worldwide
time for the World Ocean Conference in Manado, Indonesia. They will be
aired across various TV stations in the region as a lead-up to this event. This    DEEP & EXTREME Indonesia
activity aims to increase awareness of the Coral Triangle Initiative and key       27-29 March. Jakarta
issues among journalists and the public through the power of audio-visual
                                                                                   Staff Profile
Experts from WWF, Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy, and
the ADB served as resource persons during this workshop, held at the ADB
Headquarters in Manila, Philippines from 21 to 24 January. WWF’s Coral
Triangle Programme Enabling Team Member Lory Tan gave an overview of
WWF’s Coral Triangle work, while Communications Manager Paolo
Mangahas presented possible Coral Triangle story ideas from a regional
perspective and shared site-specific projects alongside WWF-Philippines
Media Officer, Gregg Yan.

South Pacific
                                                                                   Justin Woolford leads
Youths Gather Data as part of Ecosystem Based Management, Macuatu                  communications for WWF’s Coral
                                 In January, youths of Macuata began surveys       Triangle Programme, sharing with
                                 in the districts of Macuata, Dreketi, Mali, and   the team an ambition to make the
                                 Sasa to collect economic data, fishing            Coral Triangle a global icon. Justin
                                 practices and environmental views through         has been campaigning with WWF
                                 interviews of household members. This is          for ten years on various issues
                                 part of WWF’s Ecosystem Based                     including toxics, tourism and
                                 Management project working with local             fisheries. In his words, “putting the
                                 communities to protect the Great Sea Reef,        Coral Triangle on the map and in
                                 or Cakau Levu, with the use of Locally            people's hearts is our challenge.
                                 Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs). The                 Helping people discover, explore
surveys will help WWF and the communities understand how natural                   and value this area is the single
resources are used and to make decisions that will not impact villagers reliant    most important thing we can do right
on the sea for sustenance and income. The project looks to engage local            now to ensure the Triangle is
communities in the protection of their environment and natural resources. This     around for millennia to come.” Justin
kind of community approach to LMMAs is unique to South Pacific and                 has a BA in History, a BSc in
contributes to the wider Ecosystem Based Management of natural resources           Psychology and an MSc in
within the Coral Triangle.                                                         Environmental Science and Policy.
                                                                                   Outside work, he enjoys diving,
“Having the youth collect first hand information with regards to the well-being    skiing and climbing, as well as
of their communities, gives them a perspective on the level of dependence on       playing guitar.
their natural resources. The hope is that they would take the initiative to work
with sustainable natural resource use principles,” says Akisi Bolabola, a          Ocean in Google Earth
leader in the WWF project.                                                         Explore the
                                                                                   ocean, and
The current surveys are a follow-up to a socio-economic survey done in 2006.       learn about
Some of the findings from the first report indicated that the average income       climate
ranged from US$125 to $181 per month. The main economic activities for the         change and
four districts included farming (35%) fishing (33%), and paid employment           endangered
(13%), which indicated that the communities rely heavily on the natural            species with Google Earth 5.0.
resources, therefore it is importance to protect them.                             Watch out for future CT features.

Policy                                                                              Staff Arrival
Coral Triangle Support Partnership (CTSP) Meeting, Bali, 2-6 February
In an unprecedented effort to address the complex challenges of the Coral
Triangle, some 43 participants from the CTSP NGO Consortium -
Conservation International (CI), The Nature Conservancy (TNC), WWF and
others (Wildlife Conservation Society, RARE, and NOAA) - met to determine
collaborative activities and an integrated implementation framework that will
involve national and local governments of the six Coral Triangle countries.

The USAID-funded CTSP project is a complex five year endeavour to bring
about a transformational change in the livelihoods of the 363 million people
living in the Coral Triangle through improved management of marine coastal          Andrea Waqa-Montu recently
resources by supporting the regional governments’ Coral Triangle Initiative         joined as Communications
(CTI). Mirroring the priorities of the CTI, the CTSP project improves livelihoods   Manager at WWF’s South Pacific
and ensures sustainable food supplies by identifying and conserving priority        Programme Office (SPPO).
seascapes; promoting ecosystem-based fisheries management; strengthening            Andrea previously worked at the
marine protected area management and enforcement; addressing climate                University of the South Pacific
change vulnerability and adaptation; and protecting threatened and                  (USP) started off as a Public
endangered species.                                                                 Relations Assistant, Event
                                                                                    Coordinator, Acting Publications
CTSP Team Leader, Maurice Knight said, “Our country-based teams from                Manager and lastly Media, Public
each of the three NGOs came together with creative ideas, shared these in an        Relations and Events Manager
open and collegial forum, and left with a clear agreement and understanding         before joining WWF. She studied
of the shared way forward to contribute to transformational and catalytic           History/Politics and Journalism at
changes in national and regional management of the Coral Triangle’s coastal         the USP from 1999-2001 and is
and marine resources. Context appropriate responses and adaptive                    hoping to complete her Post
management are the hallmarks of the CTSP consortium. We are putting Coral           Graduate Diploma in Governance.
Triangle countries’ needs and priorities at the centre of our collective            Andreas beliefs are narrowed
approach in a way that rolls up to regional level outcomes. Working as a            down to the 3 R’s—Recognising
consortium for the first time, WWF, TNC and CI teams are committed to               differences, Respecting choices
moving well away from the usual way of doing business to make sure we               and situations and Realising we
achieve regional, national and sub-national objectives.”                            need to work together to achieve
                                                                                    our individual and global targets.
WWF is no stranger to fostering collaborative and strong partnerships for           New to the conservation and
addressing transboundary conservation issues. WWF-US Coral Triangle                 environmental sector, Andrea is
Programme Managing Director, Kate Newman said, “Not only were we able to            enthusiastic and hopes to share
achieve workshop objectives, we were able to rise above our differences and         and learn as much as she can.
commit to making this project a true collaboration where everyone gives the         Her hobbies include collating art,
very best to a common cause and vision for the Coral Triangle.”                     mosaic and fishing.

Animal of the Month                                                                 A Sea of Change film

                          The Nautilus is is the common name of any marine
                          creatures of the cephalopod family Nautilidae, the
                          sole family of the suborder Nautilina. Having
                          survived relatively unchanged for millions of years,
                          nautiluses represent the only living members of the
                          subclass Nautiloidea, and are often considered to be      This documentary on ocean
                          "living fossils."                                         acidification combines hard
                                                                                    scientific information with the
                                                                                    personal story of a family of
                          In the wild, nautiluses usually inhabit depths of about   fishers. With Sven Huseby, travel
300 m, rising to around 100 m at night for feeding, mating and egg-laying. The      from Norway to North-western
shell of the nautilus cannot withstand depths greater than approximately 800        America, learning about the
m. Nautiluses are predators and feed mainly on shrimp, small fish and               scientific, economic, and cultural
crustaceans, which are captured by the tentacles. Due to the limited energy         implications of ocean
expended in swimming, they need only eat once a month. More                         acidification, the flip side of
                                                                                    global warming. See trailer.
CEO Column                                                                        Coral Triangle
                                                                                  Website & Community
Bula Vinaka! In Fiji, a sure sign that your Locally                               WWF Coral Triangle website is live
Managed Marine Area (LMMA) or local community                                     at www.panda.org/coraltriangle
managed Marine Protected Area (MPA) is growing                                    WWF staff can get the latest news
more and bigger fish is when you see lights late at                               on Connect at:
night out at sea from the direction of your MPA. This is                                         Connect /
probably the experience of communities managing the                                              Communities /
use of their inshore fishing areas in the region. In                                             Coral Triangle
tandem with this is the rising number of fishing area
committee members and fish wardens facing court                                                     Send Coral Triangle
cases for hitting caught unlicensed fishermen with                                                  postcards to friends
sticks, or worse, for confiscating boats, fishing gears                                             here.
and catches from unlicensed fishermen.

Addressing the threat of illegal fishing in the inshore areas of Fiji and other   Climate Witness in the
Pacific Island countries is an issue for the South Pacific Inshore Programme      Coral Triangle - Malaysia
Team. Tackling this jointly with Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA)
partners through policy and legislation is slow due in part to the
uncoordinated way that the relevant agencies work - Fisheries, Police and
the Attorney General’s office. Tackling illegal fishing through community
efforts is frustrating community managers as illegal fishers are better
resourced than they are. Despite the challenges, FLMMA partners come up
with innovative ways to beat the illegal fishers, and learn from other LMMA
colleagues in Indonesia and the Philippines. Site-based fund raising to
monitor compliance to management rules by site managers, and fund raising
of the FLMMA Trust /Revolving Fund with the FLMMA network partners is
being supported. This FLMMA Trust/Revolving Fund will be used to                   Mohammad Jerome Robles is
challenge the Fiji government, and later the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)           37 years old and married with
Leaders to set up national and regional protected area funding system.             two young boys. As a tour guide
Community managers can soon finance their activities and enforcement from          and operations manager,
their own site accounts.                                                           Jerome has been working and
                                                                                   living in Miri, Sarawak, for the
Knowledge of tuna fishery lies with a handful of Pacific Islanders; the fishing    last seven years. Spending most
industry; the fisheries management which includes national government              of his time outdoors—around
officials of Fisheries, Foreign Affairs, Maritime Authorities, the Inland          towns, villages, islands and
Revenue; and the regional fisheries authorities – Secretariat for the Pacific      forests—he witnesses changes
Community (SPC), Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), Western and Central                 in the local weather pattern.
Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). The bulk of Pacific Islanders are in         There does not seem to be a
the dark. Making tuna fishery an issue with every Pacific Islander needs to        distinct monsoon season
happen first, in order to mobilize changes nationally that will result in the      anymore, and Jerome wonders
desired equitable sharing of benefits from regionally and internationally.         whether the more intense rains
                                                                                   could be a result of global
Western Pacific Leatherback turtles are not frequent voyagers to Fiji waters.      warming. Read more
But in the past four years, there are increasing reports of these large
amazing creatures. A nesting was even reported at the beach of one of Fiji’s
prime tourist island resorts. The Birdshead Peninsula of Papua (Indonesia)        WWF Coral Triangle
and the northern part of Papua New Guinea are the last remaining nesting          Contacts
populations of the Leatherback turtle. Scientists advise that we cannot afford
to lose any more of this species. Satellite tagged Leatherbacks from              Lida Pet-Soede
Indonesia do occasionally swim off the family migratory path into Fiji waters.    Coral Triangle Programme Leader
Our Species Programme Team systematically gathers information on these            LPet@wallacea.wwf.or.id
sightings to ensure Leatherbacks are protected while in Fiji waters.
                                                                                  Justin Woolford
The South Pacific Programme delivers a number of outcomes, and supports           Communications
in particular WWF’s Coral Triangle Programme. Protecting turtles, harvesting      JWoolford@wwfint.org
tuna sustainably, leveraging impacts through fully financed MPA networks,
and taking action to adapt to climate change are our conservation focus.          WWF's Coral Triangle Programme is
                   Kesaia Tabunakawai, Programme Representative,                  made possible in part by the
                                    South Pacific Programme Office                Turing Foundation


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