CHAPUIS presentation by pengxiang


									Mid Term Assessment
EU-CHIC Project
Olimia (Slovenia) , 30-31/05/11

             European Commission
             DG « Research & Innovation »
             Directorate « Environment »
             Michel CHAPUIS   (
                  Cultural Heritage Research within
                  the Environment Programme

• Since 1986 EC/DG Research/Environment
  Directorate has been supporting research for the
  preservation of tangible Cultural Heritage to develop
  « state of the art » methodologies, tools and

• Cultural heritage contributes to attract millions of
  tourists in and to Europe, helps to create jobs and
  enhances the quality of life of European citizens
  while reinforcing a common shared identity.

• Need for a policy of sustainability at EU, National and
  Regional levels is more pressing than ever as Cultural
  Heritage is exposed to pollution, climate change and
  socio-economic pressures.
                   From FP5 to FP7
• FP5 (1998-2002) : « Energy, Environment and Sustainable
  Development » Programme / Key Action « City of
  Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage »

• FP6 (2002-2006) : « Scientific Support to Policies »
  Programme / focus on « Cultural Heritage and
  Conservation Strategies »

• FP7 (2007-2013) : « Environment (including climate
  change) » Programme / Activity« Environmental
  Technologies » / Sub-Activity « Protection, Conservation
  and Enhancement of Cultural Heritage, including Human
  Habitat »
                        Links with European policies and
                        directives (beyond EU-RTD policy)

 The Clean Air for Europe (CAFÉ) Programme: towards a Thematic
  Strategy for Air Quality, COM (2001) 245 final

 Directive 2002/91/EC on Energy Performance in Buildings
  (Directive amended several times)

 Adoption by EC in 2004 of the European Technologies Action Plan
  (ETAP) to promote eco-innovation & use of environmental techn.

 Directive 2006/121/EC on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation
  and Restrictions of Chemicals (REACH)

 Directive 2007/60/EC: Assessment & Management of Flood Risks

 Limiting Global Climate Change to 2 Degrees Celsius. The way
  ahead for 2020 and beyond, COM (2007) 2 final
 A European Economic Recovery Plan, COM (2008) 800 final

 European Strategy 2020 for smart, sustainable & inclusive
  growth followed by European 2020 « Flagship Initiative »
  Innovation Union, COM(2010)546 final (6/10/2010)+ Resource
  efficiency as other «Flagship Initiative »
  + Regional Policy for smart growth in Europe 2020 (new
  opportunities for innovation)
                    Cultural Heritage (CH) and
                    Environmental Technologies
Objectives : Development of technologies
 for the environmentally sound and sustainable management of the
  human environment including the built environment, urban areas
  and landscapes,
 for the protection, conservation and restoration of cultural
  heritage from environmental pollution.

Research goals
 environment impact assessment, models and tools for risk
 advanced and non-destructive techniques for damage diagnosis,
 new products and methodologies for restoration,
 mitigation and adaptation strategies for the sustainable
  management of both movable and immovable cultural assets.
             The starting point for CH
             Research in FP7

More than in the past, a multiple integrated

– Focus more on complex assemblies and not only
  on individual materials

– Integration of damage functions, assessment and
  monitoring for preservation

– Importance of context in research on the
  preservation of movable and immovable heritage
                    Environmental Technologies
                    Cultural Heritage
                    2007 Call
• ENV.2007. Damage assessment, diagnosis &
  monitoring for the preventive conservation & maintenance
  of the cultural heritage
   – “TEACH” Assessment and diagnosis of air pollution
   – “POPART” Preservation of plastic artefacts in museums
   – “SMOOHs” Smart monitoring of historic structures

• ENV.2007. Technologies, knowledge transfer and
  optimisation of results in cultural heritage
   – “NET-Heritage” European network on research programme
     applied to the preservation of tangible cultural heritage

• ENV.2007. Consolidation & dissemination of results
   – “CHRESP” (Ljubljiana Conference)
                         Environmental Technologies
                         Cultural Heritage
                         2008 Call
•   ENV.2008. Methodologies, technologies, models and tools
    for damage assessment, monitoring and adaptation to climate
    change impacts (excluding extreme events): “CLIMATE FOR
    CULTURE” Damage assessment, economic impact and mitigation
    strategies for sustainable preservation of cultural heritage in times of
    climate change

•    ENV.2008. EU cultural heritage identity card:
    “EU-CHIC” European cultural identity card
    “WRECKPROTECT” Strategies for the protection of shipwrecks in the
     Baltic Sea

•    ENV.2008. Framework conditions to enhance most
     promising prototypes :
    “MUSECORR” Protection of cultural heritage by real-time corrosion
    “ROCARE” Roman cements for architectural restoration to new high
                            Environmental Technologies
                            Cultural Heritage
                            2009 Call

•    ENV.2009. Technologies for protecting cultural heritage
     assets from risks and damages resulting from extreme events,
     especially in the case of earthquakes:
    “NIKER” Development of new integrated technologies and tools for
     systematic improvement of seismic behaviour of cultural heritage

    “PERPETUATE” Development of a displacement-based approach for the
     vulnerability evaluation and the design of devices for earthquake
     protection of cultural heritage

•    ENV.2009. Technologies for protecting cultural heritage
     assets from risks and damages resulting from extreme events,
     especially in the case of fires and storms:
    “FIRESENSE” Development of an early warning system for remote
     monitoring for the protection of cultural heritage areas from the risk of fire
     and extreme weather conditions
                         Environmental Technologies
                         Cultural Heritage
                         2010 Call

•   EeB.ENV.2010.3.2.4-1 « Compatible solutions for improving the
    energy efficiency of historic buildings in urban areas » Protection
    and rehabilitation of historic buildings in urban areas especially
    contributing to energy saving in the context of European Economic
    Recovery Plan to contribute to the fight against current economic
          • 3ENCULT: Efficient Energy for EU Cultural Heritage

•   ENV.2010.3.2.1-1 Non-destructive diagnosis technologies for the
    safe conservation of movable assets diagnosis technologies
    (potential applications for authentication, traceability) for
    sustainable and integrated management of movable cultural
         • MEMORI : Measurement, Effect assessment and Mitigation of
           pollutant Impact on movable cultural assets. – Innovative research
           for market transfer
         • SYDDARTHA :in negotiation (from reserve list): SYstem for
           Digitization and Diagnosis in ART Applications
             Environmental Technologies
             Cultural Heritage
             2011 Call
ENV-NMP.2011.3.2.1-1 « Development of advanced
compatible materials and techniques and their application
for the protection , conservation and restoration of cultural
heritage assets »
       Joint call « FP7-ENV-NMP-2011 »: 5 projects under
       negotiation (3 under EC-RTD-ENV & 2 under NMP
ENV.2011.3.2.2-1 “Coordination Action in support of
implementation by participation States of a Joint
Programming Initiative (JPI)” on “Cultural Heritage and
Global Change : a new challenge for Europe”
       one CSA –proposal JHEP- under negotiation
                 Challenges and trends for
                 European research

• Making better use of Europe’s public R&D funds
  through co-ordination and co-operation between EC
  funded research programmes and national research
  programmes: ERA-NET, Joint Programming (JP), as
  well as initiatives from the private sector European
  Technology Platforms (ETP) and PPPs.

• For JPIs and ETPs/PPPs
    developing a vision for a specific research area
    defining a strategic research agenda (SRA) and
     SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic
     time-based) objectives
    Preparing for implementation of SRA (option
     analysis and impact assessment, planning)
                  ERA-NET “NET-HERITAGE”

  NET-HERITAGE is a partnership of 15 ministries,
  funding agencies and national RTD authorities from
  14 European countries. It is the first significant
  initiative to coordinate national RTD programmes of
  European countries and support European RTD
  Programmes for research applied to the protection of
  tangible cultural heritage.

• “NET-Heritage Observatory”:
• Special policy event on 24/03/11 (Brussels, Committee of
                      JPI “Cultural Heritage and Global
                      Change: a new challenge for
This JPI is expected to overcome fragmentation and
overlapping of research of Member States in the field of
cultural heritage research, to maximise and exploit at best
their research efforts.
It should address major societal challenges enabling the
sector to tackle global problems such as climate change
and sustainability.
JPI = structured process (not an instrument), commitment from Member
States needed
Coordinator : Italian Ministry of Culture (MIBAC) with Network of European
Member States (14 , number increasing)
Common SRA for medium to long-term research needs in the area of
preservation and use of cultural heritage
Organisation of joint work and joint calls in coordination with the European
“Green light” for preparation given by EU Council to MS on 3/12/09;
European Commission Recommendation on 26/04/10; Welcome progress
made by EU Council to MS on 26/05/10 ; series of meetings organised by
Coordinator to settle the JPI (Governing Board, Executive Board..)all over
2010 and so far in 2011 (“CSA” in support under negotiation)
                                 European Construction
                            Technology Platform (ECTP)
                         including Focus Area on Cultural Heritage

•   ECTP gathers important private and public stakeholders in the field of
    construction at European level ; also about 30 National TPs
•   The Focus Area on Cultural Heritage (FACH) mostly for immovable
    Cultural heritage but “driver” for the movable C.H., includes 6
    “vertical” and 6 “horizontal” WGs.
     Vertical WGs: Diagnosis & assessment, materials, intervention techniques,
      environment & energy management, exploitation and maintenance, cities
      and territorial aspects;

     Horizontal WGs: Education & training, preservation of art works, technical
      standards, socio-economic aspects, disaster prevention, communication

•   The overall “umbrella” ECTP - FACH has set-up a “Strategic Research
    Agenda” also leading to Implementation Plan” setting priorities to be
    addressed during FP7 (active role of proposition of topics to EC)
                   E2B European Initiative
• The objective of E2B European Initiative is to deliver,
  implement and optimise building and district concepts that
  have the technical, economic and societal potential to
  drastically decrease the energy consumption and reduce
  CO2 emissions due to existing and new buildings at the
  overall scale of the European Union.

• The E2B European Initiative will speed up research on key
  technologies and develop a competitive industry in the
  fields of energy efficient construction processes, products
  and services, with the main purpose of reaching the goals
  set forth for 2020 and 2050 to address climate change
  issues and contribute to improve EU energy independence
  thereby transforming these challenges into a business
                            EC Policy Drivers for research

       Europe 2020 strategy:
       … a strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth”
       Innovation Union Flagship
       Resources Efficiency Europe Flagship


LP/Brussels, 24 March
                                                                                                   A compartmentalized ERA

                                                                                                                                 Ocean energy
    Investing more
      than the US

                                                                                                                                              Cultural Heritage 2010

                                                                                                            Concentrated solar thermal                                        Nuclear fusion
                                                                                   Pollution and environmental
                                                                                             protection                                            Diet and Health 2010
                                                                                                                                           Agri & Clim Change 2010

                                                      CO2 capture & storage 2010
                                                                                                                   Photovoltaic 2010                     Wind energy 2010

                         Biomass - Bioenergy
                                                                                          Agriculture Production
                                                                                                                                      Hydrogen and
    much as the US

                                                                                             and Technology
     Investing as

                                                                                                                                        fuel cells
                                                                                                                     Polar programs

                                                                              Grids electricity

                                                                                                      Geotherm al 2010

                                                                      Information and communication
                                                     Civil security
    Investing less
      than the US


                                                  Brain diseases         JPI Neuro-Deg Diseases 2009
   Low coordination/ High fragm entation         Dementia - Alzheimer                             Medium                                       Low fragm entation / High coordination

LP/Brussels, 24 March
                                                          post FP7

   Linking research and innovation,
   Focussing on delivering policy priorities,
   European added value
   Impacts and results
   Solidarity in delivering mutual benefits
  “GREEN PAPER” (Public Consultation closed on 20/5/11 at ); synthesis in June 11
                 Reflection on new strategic
• Avoid fragmentation and obtain concrete innovative

• Bridge knowledge gap and facilitate transfer and
  exploitation of research results

• Cross-cutting approach between research and EU
  policies on particular themes like climate change,
  sustainability, energy, etc.

• Enhance coherence and complementarity of EU
  policies for research and innovation for more
  efficiency at EU, National and Regional levels
               Indicative gaps, challenges and
               emerging issues for CH
  Protection of submerged cultural heritage including
  maritime, archaeological & coastal heritage (technologies
  and tools may be also applicable to lakes, marshes,
  rivers...) proposed for 2012

• Integration of CH in urban setting through refurbishment /
  renovation especially regarding energy efficiency at
  « district/quartier » level ( see EeB multiannual roadmap,
  proposed for 2012)

• Protection of cultural landscapes and archaeological sites
  with special focus on preventive archaeology

• Dissemination     of    knowledge,     training    activities,
  exploitation of results (more EC projects to participate in
  existing fairs in C.H.: eg Valladolid AR&PA Innovation,
  Ferrara, Leipzig…); also possible event in Cyprus ?
• Strengthening involvement of stakeholders & end-users
  including especially SMEs
                    Building an Innovation Union: from
                    « blue sky » to market
New strategic approach by “Turning ideas into jobs, green growth and
social progress”
Target: R&D investment towards 3% of GDP according to Europe 2020
strategy; tackling weaknesses due to under-investment, fragmentation
and lack of framework conditions by improving innovation capacities
     European Innovation Partnerships
     European Research Area framework
     Streamlined EU programmes ( simplification)
     New financial and legal instruments (EIB and Risk Sharing Finance
       Facility, EU patent)
     Reform of standardisation system
     Public procurement of innovation
     European Social Innovation pilot (use of ESF, virtual hub for social
     Stronger monitoring (Innovation Union Scoreboard)

    All stakeholders –EU Council, EP and related EU Institutions National,
    Regional , Industry including SMEs, and other stakeholders are currently
    consulted to support the Innovation Union at:
• More complementarity & coordination

    at European level, national, and regional level (JPI)
    with other EU research programmes and sub-activities
     and linked initiatives (ECTP/FACH, EeB PPP initiative
    and operational EU programmes: Education and Culture,
     Regional policy, External relations (Europe-Aid,
     Euromed etc..)
    With other European organisations-eg Council of
     Europe-.., NGOs (e.g. Europa Nostra)

• Foster the international dimension

    MPC countries, Latin America, China, Japan, India, US
    with worldwide organisations/agencies UNESCO,
     ICCROM, ICOM, ICOMOS and Associations
                    Useful Websites
                    FP7 & The Environment Theme

• Calls & Docs :
  EU environmental research:
  which includes EU C.H. research:

• NCP Network :

• Evaluators :

• Technology Platforms :

• Innovation Union website:
EC Publication « Preserving our heritage,
Improving our environment »: vol. 1 = policy
aspects ; vol. 2= FP5-FP6 projects during
period 2000-2009
Thank you for your attention

To top