HISTORY WARM UP

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					                                         HISTORY WARM-UP

Semester: 1              Week: 1


Objective I: Identify and evaluate America’s exploration, development, and divergence.
             Note: Emphasis on the United States.




A: 1st /3rd Block

          Which four important developments in Europe led to the Age of Exploration?

     nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

          What was the Columbian Exchange? How did it destabilize Native American societies?




ANSWER KEY:

          A:   Crusades, Renaissance, Reformation, and the growth of nation-states.

                         *Crusades—caused a demand for Far Eastern products that
                          were discovered during the Crusades whose purpose was to
                          free the Holy Land from the Muslims. This weakened the nobles
                          and strengthened the monarchs which led to the rise of
                          nation-states.
                         * Renaissance—a movement that caused a desire for greater
                          world knowledge, scientific experimentation, and technical
                          advances that made navigation easier.
                         *Reformation--the division of Christianity between Catholicism
                          and Protestantism. This split deepened the rivalries between
                          European nations and sent newly formed religions to seek freedom
                          in the Americas.
                         *nation-states—increased competition for colonies and trade
                          among the nations


          B:     1. The transfer-beginning with Columbus’s first voyage- of plants, animals, and
                  diseases between the Western and the Eastern Hemisphere. 2. The introduction
                  and spread of European diseases reduced Native American populations, and the
                  desire of Europeans for riches from gold, sliver, and furs led to the exploitation of
                  native populations.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UP

Semester: 1              Week: 2


Objective: Identify and evaluate America’s exploration, development, and divergence.
           Note: Emphasis on the United States.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. Who were the conquistadors and what was their main purpose?

         2.   What was the first permanent European settlement made in North America, and by what
              nation?


    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1. What was the first settlement in Virginia? When was it founded and by whom?

         2. What was the first representative assembly in colonial America?




ANSWER KEY:

         A.     1. They were the early Spanish explorers of America such as Ponce de Leon
                Balboa, and DeSoto. Their main interest was the discovery of gold in the New
                World.

                2. Saint Augustine, Florida. Spain.


         B.     1. Jamestown, 1607 by the London Company (England).

                2. Jamestown     1619.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UP


Semester: 1              Week: 3


Objective: Identify and evaluate America’s exploration, development, and divergence.
           Note: Emphasis on the United States.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. How did the lack of free trade lead to conflict between the colonies and England?

         2. How did the French and Indian War create conflict between the colonies and England?

         3. How did the passage of taxes, such as the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act, and the
            Townshend Duties lead to greater conflict?

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1. What was the Boston Massacre?

         2. What was the purpose of the Boston Tea Party and what was its result?

         3. What was the “shot heard round the world”?


ANSWER KEY:

         A.     1. Mercantilism, the idea that colonies existed only for the benefit of the mother
                country, allowed England to limit the colonies trade with other countries.

                2. England expected the colonies to help pay the war debt by passing taxes
                and restricting their movement into new Western territories.

                3. These taxes were passed without the consent of the colonists because they
                had no representation in Parliament. This led to the cry “No taxation without
                representation”.


         B.     1. Confrontation between the colonists and British soldiers which resulted in the
                first recorded bloodshed.

                2. An incident in 1773 in resistance to the Tea Act where tea was thrown into the
                Harbor by colonists dressed as Indians. It resulted in Parliament passing the
                Intolerable Acts in order to punish Boston.

                 3. The first battles of the revolution, Lexington, and Concord.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UP

Semester : 1             Week: 4


Objective: Recognize and comprehend the impact of the influences of intellectual and religious thought
           on the political systems of the United States.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         How did the Magna Carta and the political concepts of Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu
         impact the political systems of the United States?

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1. What was the Great Awakening movement?

         2. How did the English Bill of Rights affect the United States Constitution?




ANSWER KEY:

         A:     1. The Magna Carta established the principle of limited government and the idea
                 That the ruler could not tax without the consent of Parliament.
                 *John Locke—idea that government was ordained to protect life, liberty, and
                  property.
                 *Rousseau—“Social Contract” originated the idea that government derives
                  its right to exist from the people.
                 *Montesquieu—the idea of separation of powers in government.


         B:     1. The Great Awakening was a religious revival movement in the 1730’s and
                 1740’s led by Johathan Edwards and George Whitefield, who preached an
                 emotional type of religion emphasizing sin and unworthiness. This led to the
                 development of many denominations which led to the inclusion of the First
                 Amendment of the Constitution- Freedom of Religion.

                 2. Many of the same rights were incorporated into the U S Bill of Rights.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UP

Semester: 1              Week: 5


Objective: Recognize and comprehend the impact of the influences of intellectual and religious thought
           on the political systems of the United States.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. What were the First and Second Contintental Congresses?

         2. The first political parties to develop in the United States were the Federalists and the
            Democratic Republicans. What were the major differences between these parties and
            who were the leaders of these parties?

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? When and why?

         2. The Articles of Confederation were the first Constitution for the newly created United
            States. State the major strengths and weaknesses of the Articles.

ANSWER KEY:

         A.     1. The First Convention met in 1774 in response to the Intolerance Acts passed by
                England. It authorized Massachusetts to resist England’s punitive measures and
                urged the colonies to form a militia. The Second met in 1775 and adopted the
                Declaration of Independence. Neither had any real power to compel the individual
                colonies, but could only suggest measures and ask for money.

                 2. Federalist: Founded by Alexander Hamilton, it favored a strong central govern-
                 ment by the wealthy and the well-educated, the development of industry and
                 the British government, and a loose construction of the Constitution.

                 3. Democratic Republican: Founded by Thomas Jefferson, it favored states rights,
                 a weak central government, an agrarian society, and government favorable to
                 common people, the French government, and a strict construction of the
                 Constitution.

         B.     1. The Declaration of Independence was written to explain the reasons for the
                colonies severing ties with Great Britain and to state the principles upon which the
                new government would be founded. The Declaration of Independence was adopted
                on July 4, 1776.

                 2. Weaknesses: No President or court system to enforce laws, no power to tax or
                 regulate currency or trade. Each state regardless of population had one vote.
                 Strengths: Established the procedures for adding more states to the Union and
                 laid the basis for future cooperation among the states.
                                        HISTORY WARM-UP


Semester: 1             Week: 6


Objective: Recognize and comprehend the impact of the influences of intellectual and religious thought
           on the political systems of the United States.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. When and where was the Constitutional Convention held? Who presided over it?

         2. What were the major crises at the Constitutional Convention? Identify the compromises
            that resolved them.

    nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

         1. Who were the Anti-Federalists? What were the Federalist Papers?

         2. What did George Washington warn the nation against in his Farewell Address?




ANSWER KEY:

         A.     1. Philadelphia, from May to September, 1787. George Washington presided.

                2. a) The conflict between the large and small states over representation in
                Congress. Solution: the Connecticut or Great Compromise which created a two-
                house Congress. The lower house based on population and the upper house
                based upon the states having equal representation- two votes each.
                b) The conflict between the North and the South over counting the slaves for
                Representation and taxation. Solution: The 3/5 Compromise, which counted each
                Slave as 3/5 of a person. C) The conflict between the North and the South over
                who would have the power to regulate commerce, the states or Congress.
                Solution: the Commerce Compromise, which gave Congress the power to regulate
                interstate and foreign commerce, but stipulated that Congress could not tax
                exports nor interfere with the slave trade for period of twenty years.


         C.     1. The Anti-Federalists were opponents of the constitution, on the grounds that it
                gave too much power to the central government. The Federalist Papers were a
                series of Essays in support of the Constitution. They were written by Hamilton,
                Jay, and Madison.

                2.Political parties (factions) and foreign entanglements.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UP


Semester: 1              Week: 7


Objective: Identify and comprehend the provisions of essential documents of the United States
           government.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. What is the purpose of the Preamble of the Constitution?

         2. Explain the concept of “separation of powers”.

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1. Explain what is meant by a Federal system of government?

         2. What is the significance of the Elastic Clause, often called the “necessary and proper”
            clause?




ANSWER KEY:

         A:     1.   It states the broad purpose that the Constitution intended to serve.

                 2. This is the basic principle of the American system of government which say
                 that the executive, legislative, and judicial powers must be divided among three
                 independent and co-equal branches of government.


         B:      1. A separation of powers between the states and the national government.

                 2. It is the constitutional basis for the many and far reaching implied powers of
                 the federal government.
                                           HISTORY WARM-UP


Semester: 1              Week: 8


Objective: Identify and comprehend the provisions of essential documents of the United States
government.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. What are the Bill of Rights?

         2. Explain the relationship between the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Nineteenth
            Amendments.

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         Compare and contrast the Black Codes and the Jim Crow Laws.




ANSWER KEY:

         A.     1. They are the first ten amendments which guarantee individual liberties.

               2. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments, known as the Civil War
               Amendments, ended slavery, defined citizenship for blacks, gave black men the
               right to vote and the Nineteenth Amendment gave women the right to vote.



         B.    The Black Codes restricted the rights of newly freed slaves such as prohibiting them
               right to serve on juries, traveling, and holding certain jobs. The Jim Crowe laws
               which were passed from the 1870’s to the 1950’s legalized racial segregation.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UP


Semester: 1               Week: 9


Objective: Identify and evaluate the impact of the American Revolution.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. What is the most famous quote of Patrick Henry?

         2. What was the political importance of George Washington’s selection to head the Continental
            Army?

         3. Explain Samuel Adams’ role in the formation of the Sons of Liberty and the significance of his
            role.

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1. What was the date and purpose of famous ride of Paul Revere?

         2. What is the significance of the following Revolutionary War battles: Saratoga, Valley Forge,
            and Yorktown?


ANSWER KEY:

         A.       1. “Give me liberty or give me death”. Patrick Henry was also an anti-Federalist
                   that opposed a strong American central government.

                  2. Washington possessed the character and leadership ability to lead the army,
                  and his leadership influenced his nomination for President.

                  3. He was one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty a group originally formed to
                  protest the Stamp Act and which later also organized the Boston Tea Party.

         B.       1. The ride of Paul Revere took place on the night of April 18, 1775 to warn the
                  village of Concord, Mass. that the British troops were coming to seize weapons.

                  2. A. The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point for the American troops. This
                  victory gave Americans proof that they could defeat British troops even though
                  outnumbered.
                      B. Valley Forge was not really a battle. It was the 1777-78 winter encampment
                  for George Washington’s army, a battle against the elements and disease.
                     C. The Battle of Yorktown was the American victory that finally ended the
                  American Revolution in victory.
              .
                                        HISTORY WARM-UP

Semester: 1              Week: 10


Objective: Identify and evaluate the Era of Expansion.




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1.   When was the Northwest Ordinance passed, and what were its provisions?

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1.   What was the Louisiana Purchase? When did it occur?

         2.   Who represented the United States in its negotiation? Who represented France?




ANSWER KEY:


         A.      1. Passed in 1787 by the Continental Congress, created 3 to 5 states from the
                 Northwest Territory. The provisions were the abolishment of slavery in the area
                 guaranteed civil liberties, and set aside areas to be used for education.


         B.      1. The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for
                 $15,000,000 roughly doubling the size of the nation. It was purchased in 1803.

                 2, Robert Livingston, then minister to France, and James Monroe, sent by
                 Jefferson to help make a favorable deal. France was represented by Napoleon’s
                 minister, Talleyrand.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS


Semester: 1              Week: 11


Objective: Identify and evaluate the Era of Expansion




    st   rd
A: 1 /3 Block

         1. Give three reasons why it was imperative that President Jefferson arrange for the
         Louisiana Purchase?

         2.   Why was Napoleon willing to sell it?

    nd   th
B: 2 /4 Block

         1.   Who were the following: a. John Stevens b. Robert Fulton           c. Peter Cooper
                d. Lewis and Clark

         2.   When was the Erie Canal opened, where was it, who paid for it, and how much did it cost?




ANSWER KEY:


         A.     1. 1) French control of the Mississippi River threatened freedom of trade
                   2) the western area of the U.S. was already suspicious of the eastern
                   “original thirteen” states
                   3) if England were to win the Napleonic war and gain possession of the
                   Louisiana Territory, the U.S. would be surrounded by British Canada,
                   British Louisiana, and British naval power.

                 2. Napoleon’s troops had been rendered useless in Haiti by Toussaint L’Ouverture
                 He was now anxious to sell the territory before the British took it; and he needed
                 all the cash he could get.

         B.       1. a. developed the steam engine b. operated the first successful steamboat
                  c. built the first U.S. locomotive train, the Tom Thumb  d. explored the area
                  extending from Missouri to the Pacific Ocean.

                  2. The Erie Canal was opened by the New York Governor in 1825, it ran through
                  northern New York from Albany to Buffalo, it was paid for by the state of
                  New York and cost $8 million.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS


     Semester: 1                   Week: 12


     Objective: Identify and evaluate the Era of Expansion.




          st    rd
     A. 1 /3 Block

                    1. When was the “Era of Good Feeling” and what was its meaning?

                    2. When did Alabama become a state? What population was needed for statehood?

               nd    th
     B.   2 /4 Block

                    1. When was the Missouri Compromise?

                    2. What were the provisions of the Missouri Compromise?

                    3. Identify the Monroe Doctrine.




ANSWER KEY:

     A.         1. The “Era of Good Feeling” was a period from the end of the War of 1812 to the
                mid 1820’s. It was a period of little political conflict during the presidency of
                James Monroe.

                2. Alabama became a state December 14,1819. 60,000 people were needed for
                statehood.

     B.         1. 1820

                    2. The provisions were – The Louisiana Territory was divided at a specific north
                    latitude, slavery was permitted south of the line. Missouri was admitted as a slave
                    state and Maine was admitted as a free state.

                    3. President Monroe’s message in 1823 the the U.S. would not tolerate further
                    Colonial expansions in the western hemisphere, including all of the Americas.
                    The U.S. also promised not to interfere with existing colonies in the western
                    Hemisphere nor in Europe’s internal affairs.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 1              Week: 13


Objective: Identify and evaluate the Era of Expansion




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. Why was the expansion of slavery necessary to the South as more states were formed after
           the War of 1812?

          2. Name the three main land routes for settlers moving west after 1812. Where did they
          originate?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. When and where was the Battle of the Alamo?

          2. What treaty ended the Mexican War, and what were the terms?

          3. What is “Manifest Destiny”.




ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. To ensure an equality of votes in the Senate. By 1850 there were more free
                 States than slave states.

                 2. a) Santa Fe Trail originated in Independence, Missouri; b) Oregon Trail
                 originated in Independence, Missouri; and c) California Trail branched off the
                 Oregon Trail near Great Salt Lake.

          B.     1. 1836 occurred in the Texas area. An attempt to keep Texas from becoming
                 independent from Mexico. The Alamo was captured and all Americans killed.

                 2. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico ceded the southwest territory to the
                 U. S. and recognized the Rio Grande as the Texas boundary. U. S. paid $15
                 million and paid claims of U. S. citizens against Mexico.

                 3. The doctrine that it was inevitable that the U.S. would eventually control the
                 area all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS


Semester: 1               Week: 14


Objective: Identify and evaluate the impact of American social and political reform and the
emergency of a distinct American culture.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. Identify the advantages the North had over the South at the beginning of the Civil War.

          2. Name women who led the women’s rights movements and tell what they did.

          3.   What was the Seneca Falls Convention?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. Name leaders of the Abolitionist movement.

          2. Who was Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad?



ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. The North had a greater population, an existing government with a tresury and
                  means to raise taxes. The North also had an industrial system which could be
                  modified to produce weapons. The South had to form a government and financial
                  system. Its industry was not developed and railroads were inadequate.

                  2. a) Elizabeth Cady Stanton – women’s right to vote in the 1800’s
                  b) Lucretia Mott –woment’s right to vote, along with Stanton wrote Declaration of
                  Sentiments which made a case for equal rights for women
                  c) Susan B. Anthony –women’s right to vote – along with Stanton founded the
                  National Woman Suffrage Association which eventually led to the 19th
                  Amendment.

                  3. a women’s right convention held in Seneca Falls, New York.

          B.      1. a) William Lloyd Garrison – editor of antislavery paper The Liberator.
                  b) Harriet Beecher Stowe – antislavery writer –Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
                  c) Fredrick Douglas – black antislavery advocate

                  2. Harriet Tubman was a black conductor of the Underground Railroad. The
                  Underground Railroad was a system to help slaves escape from the South and
                  make their way into Canada to freedom. Stations were set up along the way
                  where the slaves might hide, eat, and be directed to the next stop.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 1                Week: 15


Objective: Identify and evaluate the impact of American social and political reform and the
emergence of a distinct American culture.




      st   rd
A.   1 /3 Block

           1. What were the causes of the War of 1812?

           2. Name three major battles. What occurred at the Battle of New Orleans? When did it
              happen?

     nd    th
B. 2 /4 Block

           1.   What was the Treaty of Ghent?

           2.   What were the results of the War of 1812?




ANSWER KEY:

           A.      1. England’s continued violations of American’s neutral rights on the seas, and
                   Indian troubles in the trans-Appalachian region.

                   2. a) Horsehoe Bend, Ft. McHenry, and New Orleans. b) An American force led
                   by Andrew Jackson defeated a British force. British losses were 2,000; American
                   losses were 17. January 8, 1815.

           B.      1. Ended the War of 1812, both parties returned all land taken during the war,
                   signed December 24, 1814.

                   2. Americans felt a great surge of national pride. U. S. government gained viability
                   as a nation among the rest of the world. Other things involved were westward
                   expansion, industrial development, and the development of American literature.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week: 1


Objective: Identify and evaluate the impact of American social and political reform and the emergence
of a distinct American culture.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What is meant by the term “protective tariff”?

          2. What were the reasons for the First Protective Tariff of 1816?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1.   What was Chief Justice John Marshall’s belief about states and federal government?

          2.   What was Madison v Marbury?

          3.   What was Gibbons v. Ogden?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. A tax on an import which is designed to make the foreign product more
                  expensive than a similar product manufactured in the native country.

                  2. Hostility toward England created ill will toward their products. British
                  merchants were ready to flood the market with cheap goods in an effort to
                  destroy America's infant industries. Westward expansion and national
                  pride led to a desire to protect American industry.

          B.      1. There should be a strong central government with states having a
                  secondary authority.

                  2. conflict between Chief Justice Marshall and the administration of Madison
                  set the principle of judicial review – the ability of the Supreme Court to
                  Declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.

                  3. court case that stated Congress had authority over interstate commerce
                  ensuring the federal government had the power to regulate just about everything
                  that crossed state lines.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2              Week: 2


Objective: Identify and evaluate the impact of American social and politcal reform and the emergence of
a distinct American culture.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What is “Jacksonian Democracy”?

          2. What is the “spoils system”? Who first used it?

          3. Describe the Nullification Crisis.

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. Name major works of literature or type of literature of Daniel Webster, Ralph Waldo
             Emerson, David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Edgar Allen Poe, Nathaniel Hathorne,
             Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, and Emily Dickinson.




ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. Jackson was considered to be a man of the people. Because of that his
                 election gave new spirit to the nation, bringing reform movements in political,
                 social and economic areas.

                 2. the idea of the new administration throwing out all former appointees and
                 putting in their own friends.

                 3. a threat by South Carolina that it would not permit import duties to be
                 collected within its borders. Congress passed “Clay’s Compromise Tariff
                 that forced South Carolina to obey the law.

          B.     Webster – dictionary          Emerson – nature stories, and transcendentalism
                 Thoreau – student of Emerson, wrote Walden           Whitman – Leaves of Grass
                 Poetry                 Poe – The Raven, Fall of the House of Usher
                 Hawthorne – The Scarlet Letter, The House of Seven Gables
                 Irving – The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Rip Van Wrinkle
                 Cooper – The Leatherstocking Tales, including The Last of the Mochians
                 Dickinson – American poet
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week: 3


Objective: Identify and evaluate events, causes, and effects of the Civil War Era.

     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. How did the Compromise of 1850 help lead to the Civil War?

          2.   What was the Fugitive Slave Act ?

          3. Name the provisions of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and state the results.

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. Why was the Republican Party formed and who was the first Republican president?

          2. What was the Dred Scott decision? Explain.

          3. Who was John Brown?

ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. It nullified the terms of the Missouri Compromise which had prohibited slavery
                  north of the 36* 30* thereby upsetting the North.

                  2. It was a law passed in the Northern states that made the recovery of fugitive
                  slaves extremely difficult.

                  3. The main provision was the territories were organized on the principle of
                  popular sovereignty. Results were a struggle between pro- and anti-slavery
                  groups. There was so much opposition that the territory became known as
                  “bleeding Kansas”.

          B.      1. To prevent the expansion of slavery. Abraham Lincoln in 1860.

                   2. Dred Scott, a slave, sued for his freedom on the ground that his master had
                  taken him to live in a free territory. The court ruled that Dred Scott was not a
                  citizen and therefore could not sue. It further stipulated that slaves were property
                  and since the Constitution protected property, slavery could not be prohibited
                  anywhere.

                  3. A man who attempted to lead an uprising against slavery. He wanted to seize
                  a federal arsenal, distribute arms to slaves and start a slave uprising. It was not
                  successful, most of his men were killed and he was captured.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2              Week: 4



Objective: Identify and evaluate events, causes, and effects of the Civil War Era.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What issues were debated in the 1860 Presidential race?

          2. Which issue caused the Democratic Party to split?

          3. What was the main economic difference between the North and the South? Were there other
             issues each opposed? What were they?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. Which state was the first to secede from the Union? Name the three basic causes.

          2. What strong belief caused Alabama to secede from the Union?

          3. Where was Jefferson Davis inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. slavery, the expansion of slavery, and popular sovereignty

                 2. expansion of slavery in the territories

                 3. the North was industrial and the South was agriculture. Other issues were high
                 tariffs, internal improvements, and the expansion of slavery in the new territories.

          B.    1. South Carolina. 1) the Northern attitude toward slavery; 2) economic
                 differences; and 3) fear of Northern domination of Congress

                 2. states’ rights

                 3. Montgomery, Alabama
                                           HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2                        Week: 5


Objective: Identify and evaluate events, causes, and effects of the Civil War Era.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What part of Alabama did not want to secede from the Union? What state were they
          going to form?

          2. What is meant by the “free state of Winston”?

          3. Why did thousands of Alabama citizens seek refuge in the mountains of north Alabama
          during the Civil War.

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. Describe the black military units of the Civil War.

          2. What was the purpose of the Homestead Act, and the Morrill-Land Grant Act?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. Some of the northern counties. They were going to join with some counties of
                  east Tennessee and create the state of Nickajack.

                  2. Twenty-five hundred people attended a meeting in Winston County questioning
                  the right of Alabama to secede from the Union. One Confederate sympathizer
                  making fun yelled “Hurray for the ‘free state of Winston’”.

                  3. because they had no devotion to the Confederate cause. Some refused to fight,
                  while others joined the Union armies.

          B.      1. Near the end of the Civil War the Confederacy used slaves as soldiers. In the
                  North, in the beginning free blacks were not permitted to serve. In the end,
                  210,000 free blacks served in the Union Army and Navy. One entire black
                  regiment consisted only of fugitive slaves. Black soldiers were segregated and
                  commanded by white officers.

                  2. a) to encourage settlement of the West by providing 160 acres of land free.
                  b) granted land to states for the establishment of agricultural and mechanical
                  colleges.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week 6


Objective: Identify and evaluate events, causes, and effects of the Civil War Era.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What was the Emancipation Proclamation?

          2. List three battles won by the Confederacy.

          3. List three battles won by the Union.

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1.   Who delivered the Gettysburg Address?

          3.   When was it delivered?

          4. Why is it important?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. An order issued by President Lincoln stating that all slaves in Confederate
                  areas not taken by Union forces were free. It did not apply to slavery in the states
                  not part of the Confederacy that had slaves.

                  2. First Battle of Bull Run, Second Battle of Bull Run,
                  Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville.

                  3. Battle of Antietam, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Chickamaga.

          B.      1. President Abraham Lincoln

                  2. November 19, 1863

                  3. Given at the dedication of a cemetery in Gettysburg. It helped make people
                  realize that the United States was one nation not two.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week: 7


Objective: Identify and evaluate events, causes, and effects of the Civil War Era.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1.   Which general led the Union forces through Georgia? What was it called?

          2.   Which general led the siege of Vicksburg?

          3.   Which Civil War battle had the heaviest casualties for both the Confederacy and the Union?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1.   Why was the Battle of Gettysburg important?

          2.   Who was the surrendering general and the victorious general? Where and when did the
               surrender take place?

          3.   What were the terms for the Southerners?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. Union General Sherman. “Sherman’s March”

                  2. Union General Grant.

                  3. the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.

          B.      1. It marked the turning point in the course of the war.

                  2. Surrendering general was Confederate General Lee. Victorious general was
                  Union General Grant. The surrender took place at Appomattox Courthouse,
                  Virginia, on April 9, 1865.

                  3. Return to their homes with promise of no more fighting. All Confederate
                  equipment was surrendered, but soldiers were allowed to keep their horses.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2              Week: 8


Objective: Identify and evaluate events, causes, and effects of the Civil War Era.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What was the difference between Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction and the Congressional
          Plan?

          2.   Who were the Carpetbaggers and Scalawags?

          3. Why was the Ku Klux Klan established? When?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. For what is President Grant’s administration known?

          2. What happened in South Carolina and Louisiana, two states that remained under federal
          troops, that ended Reconstruction?

          3. What was this agreement called?



ANSWER KEY;

          A.     1. The Congressional Plan was harder on the South than Lincoln’s. Lincoln
                 wanted 10% of the electorate to take an oath to support the Constitution in order
                 to be readmitted to the Union, the Congressional Plan called for 50%.

                 2. Carpetbaggers were Northerners who went South to become political leaders,
                 while Scalawags were Southerners who supported the Radical Republicans and
                 carpetbaggers.

                 3.It was organized to frighten carpetbaggers, scalawags, and politically active
                 black Southerners and to keep them out of politics. It started immediately after
                 Appomattox.

          B.     1. Scandals

                 2. President Hayes ordered the federal troops out of the two states.

                 3. the Compromise of 1877.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2             Week: 9


Objective: Identify and evaluate events, causes, and effects of the Civil War Era.




    st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

         1. Why did economic problems make it extremely difficult to rebuild the South?

         2. What new industries developed in the South following the Civil War?

         3. What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

         1. What were the Jim Crow Laws?

         2. What was sharecropping?




ANSWER KEY:

         A.     1. few financial resources, and lack of labor supply.

                2. textile mills, tobacco-product manufacturing, and ironworks plants.

                3. an organization established by Congress to provide food, clothing, schools,
                   hospitals, and assistance in getting jobs and fair wages for former slaves and
                   needy whites. It was also designed to settle Blacks on abandoned or
                   confiscated lands.

         B.     1. Laws passed to separate white and black people in public and private
                facilities.

                2. landowners divided their land and gave each worker, freed slave or poor
                white a few acres, along with seed and tools.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2              Week: 10


Objective: Identify and evaluate the events that led to the settlement of the West.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. Where were most Indians located just before the Civil War and what was their food supply?

          2.   How did the U.S. government attempt to provide for the Indians?

          3.   What inventions and developments made the settling of the Great Plains possible?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. What was the platform of the Populist Party?

          2. In the early 1900’s what was the primary source of income for most Alabamians?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. to the west of the Mississippi River; buffalo.

                 2. passing the Dawes Act that provided for grants of land to Indians who gave up
                 tribal allegiance.

                 3. the invention of barbed wire, the use of windmills, and new types of farming
                 methods such as deep plowing to keeping the soil loose after rain. New farm
                 machinery also helped such as the reaper, steel plow, twine binder, combines,
                 planting machines, and mowers.

          B.     1. to protest and correct the condition of Western and Southern farmers and
                 silverminers who were suffering from overproduction and low prices. By the time
                 of the next Presidential election the issue was currency, and unlimited coinage of
                 silver.

                 2. farming.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2              Week: 11


Objective: Evaluate the concepts, developments, and consequences of industrialization and
urbanization.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. Name new inventions that gave new industries sources of power.

          2. What invention laid the groundwork for a worldwide communications network?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. What is convict leasing? Why was it started?

          2. Why was John D. Rockefeller considered a “robber baron”?
                                                                              th
          3. Explain the philosophy of Social Darwinism? How did it affect 19 century economic policy?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. Oil, electricity, incandescent light bulb, telephone, and development of steel.

                 2.   telephone

          B.     1. Private citizens could lease prisoners from the state of Alabama for about
                 $18.00 a month to work in coal mines or other industries. It was started to add
                 money to the state treasury.

                 2. “Robber baron” was the name given to industrialists because of their ruthless
                 tactics, such as paying employees low wages , driving competitors out of business
                 by selling products at a lower price than it cost to produce and then controlling the
                 market and driving prices up. This was a tactic used by Rockefeller.

                 3. A philosophy developed by Charles Darwin of survival of the fittest, the
                 strongest surviving. This principle was expounded in the business world that
                 free competition in the economy would ensure survival of the fittest, and that
                 business was governed by natural law and no one had the right to interfere
                 especially the government.
                                        HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2              Week: 12


Objective: Evaluate the concepts, developments, and consequences of industrialization and urbanization




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. Give two examples of muckrakers and their works.

          2. What organization did W.E.B. DuBois found and why?

          3. For what were Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver known?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. What was the ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson?

          2. What was the main focus of Alabama’s 1901 Constitution?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. Muckrakers were reporters who wrote about the corrupt side of business, The
                 Jungle by Upton Sinclair, and History of the Standard Oil Company by Ida Tarbell.

                 2. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP),
                 organized at a conference at Niagara Falls in 1905. Its purpose was to gain full
                 equality among the races.

                 3. Both were African-Americans who enjoyed prestige in their respective fields.
                 Both men held positions at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, and led in the field of
                 civil rights.

          B.     1. that “separate but equal” was all that the law required.

                 2. voting requirements.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2                  Week: 13


Objective: Evaluate the concepts, developments, and consequences of industrialization and
urbanization.



     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block
                                              th   th     th          th
          1. What was the purpose of the 16 , 17 , 18 and 19 Amendments?

          2.   Why was the leadership of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson important to the
               Progressive Era.

          3.   What was result of the election of 1912?


Objective: Evaluate the causes of World War I.

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. How did U.S. policies lead to imperialism?

          2. How did the Roosevelt Corollary increase America’s role in imperialism?

ANSWER KEY:
                        th                                       th
          A.      1. 16 – income tax                           17 – direct election of Senators by people
                       th                                        th
                     18 - Prohibition                          19 - granted vote to women

                  2. because of the reforms made during their administrations, such as
                  the conservation movement, struggle against the trusts, the Federal Reserve
                  System, meat inspection and Pure Food and Drugs Acts.

                  3. There were 3 candidates , Wilson, a Democrat; Taft, a Republican; and T.
                  Roosevelt, a Progressive. The Republican vote was spilt allowing Wilson to win
                  the election.


          B.      1. Since the United States was producing more goods than it needed new foreign
                  markets were needed. These markets were found in the Hawaiian Islands, Cuba
                  and the Philippines following the Spanish American War.

                  2. It made it possible for the United States, if necessary, to exercise its power as
                  an international police power in order to protect U.S. economic interests.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week: 14


Objective: Evaluate the causes of World War I.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What was the main reason the United States entered the war in Europe?

          2. How did the United States go about mobilizing its forces?

          3. What were the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1.   What were the effects of World War I on American society?

          2.   What was the emphasis of American writers following World War I? Name some of the
               most prominent writers.

          3.   Name some of the technological innovations in the United States following World War I.


ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. The continuous submarine warfare on the part of Germany. Germany did not
                  respect America’s neutrality. It was also discovered that Germany was attempting
                  to involve Japan and Mexico in the war.

                  2. Congress passed the Selective Service Act which required men between 21
                  and 30 to register for the draft.

                  3. established 9 new nations, shifted boundaries of nations, stripped Germany of
                  its military, territories, and forced it to pay reparations. Wilson’s “Fourteen
                  Points” and the establishment of the League of Nations was part of the treaty.

          B.      1. There was an attempt to return to normalcy and isolationism. People began to
                  experiment with new ideas, women raised their skirts and cut their hair. The
                  standard of living was high, but eventually overproduction and frivolous spending
                  led to the Great Depression.

                  2. issues of the day and of society. Many were critical of of society as a whole.
                  Theodore Dreiser, An American Tragedy; F. Scott Fitzgerald, This Side of
                  Paradise; William Faulkner, The Sound and the Fury; Sinclair Lewis ,Main Street;
                  and Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell to Arms.

                  3. planes, automobiles, roads, vacuums, frozen foods, packaged foods,
                  refrigerators, radio, televisions, and movies.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week: 15


Objective: Analyze the effects of World War I.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What was the down side of the 1920’s as compared with the “Roaring Twenties”?

          2. How did racial and ethnic conflicts of the 1920’s and 1930’s affect American society?



Objective: Analyze the advent and impact of the Great Depression and the New Deal on American life.

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. What were the causes of the Great Depression? What event signaled the beginning of the
             Great Depression?

          2. How were the farmers affected?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. There was growing poverty as the income gap widened. Striking workers often
                  used violence to achieve their goals. Immigrants worked for low wages often
                  taking jobs from Americans. The issue of prohibition divided urban and rural
                  America. Racism was evident, especially in the South.

                  2. The Red Scare, the Sacco and Vanzetti affair, and organizations like the Ku Klux
                  Klan reflected fear of immigrants and radical movements. Police went on strike,
                  there was corruption in government , and a growing income gap.


          B.      1. Overspeculation in the stock market, including many new stock-buyers who had
                  bought on margin. Credit expanding too rapidly, and consumers using too much
                  installment buying. Wages not keeping up with profits, uneven distribution of
                  wealth and Europe unable to pay war debts. The Stock Market crash.

                  2. there was a surplus of farm products that caused low prices and decreased the
                  power of farmers. Many were on the verge of losing their farms.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2              Week: 16


Objective: Analyze the advent and impact of the Great Depression and the New Deal on American life.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. How did the Great Depression differ from earlier panics and depressions?

          2. What was the New Deal? When did it start?

          3. How did the New Deal affect farmers?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. What were the New Deal provisions for the following:
             labor      -      banking         -         farmers       -       average Joe




ANSWER KEY:

          A.     1. It was the first time that every segment of government was involved. Previously
                 the position had been “wait it out”, so Hoover’s position that the country was “ok”
                 was based on historical economic example, not an attempt to delude the public.

                 2. a promise to give the American people a New Deal that was to focus on relief
                 for the needy, economic recovery, and financial reform. It started when Franklin
                 Roosevelt took office.

                 3. the government increased control over production, and by the end of the
                 1930’s farmers' income had improved.

          B.     1. Labor – National Labor Relations Act, Fair Labor Standards Act and the Railway
                 Labor Act did such things as investigate unfair practices, providing minimum wage
                 and maximum work week, forbidding child labor, and giving employees the right to
                 form a union.
                 Banking – Emergency Banking Act, Economy Act, and the Glass-Steagall Act did
                 The following: gave the President emergency powers over banking, reduced
                 government salaries and pensions, and setting up the Federal Deposit Insurance
                 Corporation to insure bank deposits.
                 Farmers – provided subsidy payments to farmers, established quotas for cotton
                 production, provided benefit payments for soil conservation, and provided
                 refinancing farm mortgages.
                 Average Joe – Works Progress Administration provided work in highway
                 Construction, flood control, reforestation and housing.
                                          HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week: 17


Objective: Analyze American’s involvement in World War II.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3 Block

          1. What event triggered America’s involvement in World War II? When did it take place?

          2. What was America’s reaction to its involvement in the war?

          3. Who were the major leaders of World War II?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. What were the turning points of the war in Europe and in the Pacific?

          2. What was Operation Overlord? Who directed it?

          3. What was the Holocaust?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.      1. The Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941.

                  2. men volunteered for service, women went to work to provide needed supplies
                  for the men, people bought war bonds, took part in rationing, and said nothing
                  when Japanese Americans were interned in camps.

                  3. Franklin Roosevelt – United States; Joseph Stalin – Russia; Winston Churchill -
                  Great Britain; Adolph Hitler – Germany; and Benito Mussolini – Italy.

          B.      1. The Battle of Stalingrad the Germans were pushed back by the Russians; The
                  Battle of Midway ended Japanese naval superiority; the Battle of the Bulge was
                  Germany’s last great counter – offensive.

                  2. known as “D-Day” or the “invasion of Normandy”, it was the greatest naval
                  military assult of all time. It was lead by General Dwight D. Eisenhower.

                  3. The murder, or destruction of over 6 million Jews by Hitler.
                                         HISTORY WARM-UPS

Semester: 2               Week: 18


Objective: Analyze America’s involvement in World War II.




     st   rd
A. 1 /3        Block

          1. When did the war end in Europe?

          2. What brought World War II to a final climax?

          3. When did the war end in the Pacific?

     nd   th
B. 2 /4 Block

          1. How was America’s involvement in World War II different from its involvement in
          World War I?




ANSWER KEY:

          A.       1. V-E Day, when Germany unconditionally surrendered , May 8, 1945.

                   2. the atomic bombing of Hisoshima on August 6, 1945, and another bombing of
                   Nagasaki on August 8, 1945.

                   3. V-J Day, when Japan unconditionally surrendered, and the formal surrender
                   took place on September 2,1945.


          B.       1. The United States was directly hit by the enemy, therefore, being drawn into the
                   war, once America entered she directed the course of the war, the United Nations
                   was formed which took the place of the League of Nations and was successful,
                   and the United States officially brought the war to an end with its technology.

				
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