Community Cohesion Strategy by jennyyingdi


									  Included                                            Involved

Tameside Culture and Community
Tameside Community Cohesion
        2010 – 2020
StrategyCohesion Partnership

Produced by the Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership
in November 2009

                                                     Ta m e s i d e   S t r a t e g i c   P a r t n e r s h i p
                                                     Many Partners, One Direction
Section   Description                                       Page
Ref.                                                       number
          Foreword by the Chair of the Culture and           3
          Community Cohesion Partnership

1         Introduction and Purpose of the Strategy           4

2         What is community cohesion?                        6

3         How does this strategy link to the Community       7

4         What does ‘Community’ mean to you?                 8

5         Included, Inspired, Involved                       11

6         Understanding the national and local contexts      18

7         How cohesive are we?                               20

8         How will we measure success?                       21

9         A job for everyone!                                22

10        What do we do already?                             23

11.1      The work of the Culture and Community Cohesion
          Partnership                                        24

11.2      The Strengthening Communities Working Group        24

11.3      Tameside Hate Incident Panel                       24

11.4      What have we achieved already?                     25

12        The role of Culture                                27

13        From strategy to action – where do we go from      28

          Appendixes                                         29

                        Foreword by the Chair of the Culture and
                        Community Cohesion Partnership,
                        Cllr Margaret Sidebottom

                        Tameside is really proud of its strong communities
                        – and we want to make them even stronger.
                        This strategy sets out a vision for creating and
                        sustaining cohesive communities in Tameside
                        and outlines a plan for improving opportunities for
                        people to come together.

We recognise that to build strong communities we need to celebrate the things
we have in common. We need to share a vision for moving forward and build our
lives around a shared set of values - values that are based on respect, equality,
sharing and celebrating.

A lot has changed since we produced our first community cohesion strategy
in 2005. We’re more aware than ever that cohesion is about everyone and the
Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership are passionate about making sure
no-one is left out. The up-date of this strategy also reflects our changing local
needs and is based on a real sense of what community means to local people.

A lot of consultation has taken place to create this strategy and I’m grateful to
everyone who’s taken part. I look forward to working with all of you in the New
Year as we begin our work to turn this strategy into reality.

Cllr Margaret Sidebottom,
Chair Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership
December 2009

1. Introduction and purpose of
   the strategy
Community Cohesion is not something new. Over the past few years, the phrase
‘community cohesion’ has become something of a buzz word for both central
and local Government. But what does it mean for Tameside? How can local
organisations and local people pull together to make communities stronger and
how we will know if it’s working?

The purpose of this document is simple; to look at what can be done to make communities
stronger and cohesion a way of life for local people living and working in Tameside. As such,
much of the work done to create this strategy has focused on exploring some very simple key
ideas, for example; what does the word community mean to you?

During the consultation process for this strategy we focused less on what divides communities
and asked instead questions aimed at unpicking the things people want most from their local
area - what makes people proud of belonging to Tameside and what makes them proud of
their community? The result is a really meaningful document which is underpinned by a strong
shared vision for community cohesion in Tameside.

Community cohesion cannot be achieved or even aspired to, if groups of people are missed
out. Whilst historically community cohesion was about integrating white British communities
with Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) communities, it has become something much more than
that. Community cohesion is not only about BME communities but also young and older
people, women, disabled people and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people - it’s about

A community in which nearly everyone is similar is not automatically cohesive. Cohesion
is not about trying to make everyone the same – it’s about understanding that people and
communities are different but still equal.

When it comes to community cohesion, one size does not fit all. Our approach to community
cohesion in Tameside must be specific to the people, communities and networks which make
up our local area. Supportive, positive, cohesive communities are the result of a complex web
of activity which focuses on people both as individuals and as groups. We all have a part to

Community Cohesion cuts across all areas of work and has the potential to impact widely on a
number of other work streams. Building strong communities is not something that the Culture
and Community Cohesion Partnership can achieve in isolation. The work must be supported
by a number of other statutory, private sector, voluntary and community groups if it is to be
successful and achieve meaningful and lasting outcomes.

List of acronyms:

TSP           Tameside Strategic Partnership
CCCP          Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership
THIP          Tameside Hate Incident Panel
PVE           Preventing Violent Extremism
ESOL          English as a Second Language
BME           Black and Minority Ethnic communities
T3SC          Tameside Third Sector Coalition (Tameside’s council for voluntary services)
LGBT          Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities

The introduction to this strategy is deliberately short. The most important information (i.e. that
which came from our local communities) is presented first. The context/policy/scene-setting
information is presented in the second half to help ease of reading.

2. What is community cohesion?
Put simply, ‘community cohesion’ is about the way in which local people get on
with one another. Although the idea of community cohesion is not something that
most people think about on a regular basis, the practical elements of community
cohesion are an integral part of our daily lives. The essence of community
cohesion is to build positive and harmonious relationships between people from
different backgrounds of ethnicity, faith, age, social class, gender, disability or
sexual orientation.

3. How does this strategy link to
   the Sustainable Community
Tameside’s Sustainable Community Strategy is the over-arching document which
outlines our shared vision for building strong local communities. The overarching
aim of the Community Strategy is to reduce inequality across all areas of the
Borough and all parts of the community. Community cohesion is threaded
throughout the document as a foundation stone upon which strong communities
can be built.

The document outlines six key priorities for the Borough (see below). Whilst community
cohesion links mostly to the ‘Supportive Communities’ strand, there are obvious links in other
areas. For example, cohesion can reduce fear of crime (safe environment), can improve health
(a healthy population), and can improve how satisfied people are with their local environment
(an attractive borough).

As part of the consultation for this strategy, we developed nine key values to underpin our work
around cohesion. These values are fully explained in pages 11 to 17 The below diagram shows
how the nine values link directly to the Sustainable Community Strategy;

Supportive Tameside	�       People treat each other with respect and consideration
                            Everyone is considered equal but not the same
                            People are encouraged to play an active role in their communities
                            and participate in the democratic process
                            There is a strong community spirit which means differences are
                            positively valued

Learning Tameside	�         Communities are thriving – they have lots to celebrate and are
                            optimistic about the future

Safe Tameside	�             Community Networks are strengthened e.g. friends, family,
                            neighbours really support each other

Healthy Tameside	�          Everyone has the same life opportunities i.e. social justice is

Prosperous Tameside	�       Tameside is a welcoming place for people to live and work

Attractive Tameside 	       Everyone belongs to their area

4. What does Community mean
   to you?
As part of the consultation for this Strategy, the CCCP spent a lot of time talking
to local people about what the word ‘community’ means to them. When we talk
about building strong and cohesive communities, what do we mean by ‘community’
and what is people’s understanding of ‘cohesion’? Community means different
things to different people and it’s essential that this strategy is underpinned by a
shared understanding of what community means to local people.

There are many distinctive communities in Tameside. Geographically, Tameside is home to
nine towns and a number of smaller local communities which are area-bound e.g. Ashton,
Hattersley, Hyde, Mossley or the semi-rural Mottram-in-Longdendale. These communities all
have their own unique identity and perspective. As part of the consultation we asked people to
rate the extent to which they felt they belonged to Tameside and then to their town. The table
on the next page shows that 63% of people felt they belonged to Tameside whilst just 58% felt
they belonged to their town.

                                                              Similarly, there are a number of
                                                              ‘communities of interest’ that
                                                              are not area-bound – they exist
                                                              irrespective of geographical
                                                              location. These include faith
                                                              groups, BME groups, groups for
                                                              people with disabilities, groups
                                                              for older people, groups for
                                                              younger people, LGBT groups,
                                                              and groups to welcome new
                                                              communities (including asylum
                                                              seekers and refugees).

Society is made up of different communities which in turn are made up of different groups of
people. These same people will be part of various different communities at the same time:

Generally, people’s definitions can be grouped into two categories;

                                           Communities of place - where ‘community’
                                           is defined by a geographical area with physical
                Tameside                   boundaries for example a village or parish or a
               Community                   housing estate. These communities may have
                                           similar concerns about issues that affect their local
       Work            Local Community     area.
     Community         (neighbourhood)
                                           Communities of interest - where ‘community’ is
                                           defined by a shared interest, experience or cause.
                                           Examples include young people, disabled people,
       Community         Faith             sports clubs and voluntary groups. Additionally
       of Interest     Community           there are people who are concerned about specific
                                           issues for example the environment or crime. Each
                                           of these communities of interest may require a
                                           different way to engage or be engaged.

Feedback from focus groups, workshops, surveys and
                              ‘My community is my world’

               ‘People from different backgrounds working as one’

               ‘A group where all members work for the good of all’

‘My community to me is the place where I got married, the place where I had 

               my daughter and the place where I worked. 

                       In other words, it is my life’

                        ‘Community is about sharing our lives’

 ‘People from different races, cultures and backgrounds living together as a 


   ‘It means all working together and united. Not the football team united!’

                 ‘Everyone working together to create a better life’

Words that came up again and again...
                                 Neighbours               Involved               Caring
                       Sharing                                        Friends
      Togethern                               Belonging

5. Included, Inspired, Involved
After consulting widely, and gathering and analysing the relevant feedback, a
vision for Community Cohesion in Tameside has been agreed. The vision focuses
on positive outcomes for everyone who lives and works in Tameside;

                       Included                            Involved

                       was strong with over 80% of those consulted agreeing that the vision
Support for the visionTameside Culture and Community 
was something they could aspire to. This vision is under-pinned by nine core values which also
                              Cohesion Partnership
serve as objectives. The Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership believe community
cohesion is both a process and an outcome, and the nine values reflect this:

        Included                        Inspired                        Involved
     Everyone belongs to         Everyone has the same life     Community networks are
          their area                     opportunities          strengthened e.g. friends/
                                     i.e. social justice is      family/neighbours really
                                         championed                 support each other
   Tameside is a welcoming             Everyone is                 People are encouraged
             place                   considered equal           to play an active role in their
  for people to live and work        but not the same           communities and participate
                                                                 in the democratic process
                                                                e.g. using their right to vote
     People treat each            Communities are thriving –    There is a strong Community
   other with respect and         they have lots to celebrate    spirit which means people
       consideration             and are optimistic about the    matter and differences are
                                            future                     positively valued

The CCCP have since consulted widely on the vision and the values and have facilitated
discussions around suggested areas of action and future development. The consultation plan
is shown in the Technical Document, section 4.

During the consultation, we asked people to choose their top three values – if people in
Tameside could live by only three of these, which three would they be? The top three answers
are highlighted above in bold. These three areas have been given the highest priority in terms
of developing strategic priorities and actions.

The values can be aspired to by anyone – they operate independently of race, age, sexuality,
class or religion. By reinforcing these common values and by providing opportunities for people
to come together, we can over-come misconceptions, break down myths, reinforce the things
we have in common and build stronger communities.

A number of strategic priorities and actions have been developed as part of the consultation
process to ensure that these values can be realised. Examples are given in the following
sections and a full list of actions is attached in appendix 1.

                                              In communities and feel a sense of
                ‘Local People take pride in theirvolved
                       Inspiredand belonging’
                community spirit

                Community cohesion is strongest when everyone has the opportunity, the
                resources and the motivation to participate in society as fully as they wish
                to and on an equal basis with others. We want everyone in Tameside to be
                included. Whether that’s at school, in their workplace, in a voluntary group, in
                their local area...or in the life of their local community.

Value 1:	� Everyone belongs to their area
A sense of belonging to one’s neighbourhood is a key indicator of a cohesive
society. Tameside recognises that having a strong sense of place remains a
priority to residents and drives how satisfied people are with their local area as a
place to live.

Examples of strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Use statistics and evidence to plan and deliver work where it is needed most
•	� Link to Town Action Plans and make partners aware that the physical environment/
    appearance of an area can have an impact on communities and community cohesion
•	� Support local events in neighbourhoods e.g. Street parties or get to know your neighbours
    days. Link to the BBC’s ‘Great British Street Party’ or to the ‘Streets Alive’ Festival
•	� Continue to deliver work to strengthen communities and prevent violent extremism in
    Tameside through the work of the Strengthening Communities Working Group and the
    Strengthening Communities Action Plan. Create an in-depth understanding of how
    community cohesion can be undermined by violent extremism and look at what makes
    local communities vulnerable

Value 2:	� Tameside is a welcoming place for people to
           live and work
We want to ensure that new communities are made to feel welcome in Tameside
and that migrants are given all the support they need to contribute fully to our
society. We want migrants to integrate into our local communities by making a
positive contribution to their local area. Similarly we want to do everything we can
to promote inclusion e.g. by offering ESOL classes to new communities so that
language is not a barrier to participation.

Examples of strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Ensure that we understand who our new communities are and create a list of key contacts
    for new local groups

Included                                                                            Included
•	� Learn from the past – speak to migrant communities who moved to
    Tameside 30 years ago to understand the issues they faced and look at
    ways of avoiding the same problems with communities arriving now
•	� Produce Welcome packs for new communities arriving in Tameside – ‘All
    you need to know about your new home’

Value 3: 	 People treat each other with respect
           and consideration
Tameside wants to take action to promote strong communities with shared values
where community members treat one another with respect and consideration.
The aim in doing so is to ensure that the economic and cultural benefits of diversity
are experienced by everyone, recognising that this means promoting similar life
opportunities for all. This particular value is an essential indicator of a cohesive

Strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Explore the role of schools in creating racial harmony and support schools to deliver on their
    duty to promote community cohesion
•	� Address wider LGBT issues through anti-bullying strategies (e.g. in the workplace/in schools)
•	� Produce fact sheets around the Government’s foreign policy when necessary to dispel
•	� Create opportunities for older people to be role models for children/young people who may
    not have that aspect in their own lives such as ‘Adopt a Grandparent’ Schemes
•	� Work with young people through schools to develop an awareness of how to engage with
    people with disabilities.
Additional actions are included in appendix 1 at the end of this strategy.

                    ‘Everyone achieves their full potential’

                    We want everyone in Tameside to have the best possible life opportunities.
                    We want people to be inspired to make positive changes to transform their
                    own lives and the lives of local people.

                    Value 4:	� Everyone has the same life
                               opportunities i.e. social justice is
At the heart of this strategy lies a very strong belief in fairness and equality.
Individuals or communities experiencing discrimination and prejudice are less
likely to connect to, or feel part of a wider society. Social justice is about creating
equality of opportunity. It’s about human rights and the way in which our lives
are governed by a notion of fairness and a refusal to accept anything which isn’t
demonstrably equal. Community cohesion must be built on a foundation of
equality and social justice.

Strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Actively monitor hate crime and address issues through Tameside Hate Incident Panel
•	� Work with partners and use shared resources to focus on closing the gap in social, economic,
    educational and health inequalities
•	� Provide good quality and innovative services to people with disabilities so they can participate
    in and contribute to their local communities

Value 5: Everyone is considered equal but not the same
We want our local neighbourhoods to be thriving places in which a fear of
difference is replaced by a shared set of values and a shared sense of purpose
and belonging.

Strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Develop training programmes run by local people to raise awareness and understanding of
    diversity issues
•	� Put together a fact sheet on how to make community events accessible and inclusive e.g.
    promote use of accessible venues/make people aware of when religious festivals are so
    they don’t organise meetings/activities at the wrong times
•	� Hold an intergenerational conference once a year that brings together young people and
    older people. Look at what these two groups have in common and how they can support
    each other

Inspired                                                Included
•	� Work with partners to develop our approach to using simple language in
    public facing documents

Value 6:	� Communities are thriving – they have lots
           to celebrate and are optimistic about the
It is widely accepted that when people take an active role in their community,
they feel much more positive about their local area and others living in it. We
want people in Tameside to be optimistic about their local area and this can be
achieved by celebrating the positives and getting as many people involved as

Strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Improve access to English language classes so members of new communities (and first
    generation BME communities) are able to integrate in their local area
•	� Bring together a community cohesion ‘Think Tank’ once a year to talk about current issues
    and think about what can be done to build cohesion across the Borough and in local areas.
    This could be done as an annual consultation conference organised by the Culture and
    Community Cohesion Partnership with support from partners
•	� Hold ‘Good Practice’ events for community groups so they have the opportunity to talk to
    other groups about what works well for them and what doesn’t work so well
•	� Celebrate our rich heritage and promote access to Museums, galleries and libraries to
    members of all communities.
Additional actions are included in appendix 1 at the end of this strategy.

                            ‘Everyone has a sense of purpose; local people are
    Involved                actively involved in their communities’

                            There are a number of ways in which people can get involved in
                            their local community e.g. by volunteering, by becoming a local
                            councillor, by joining a community group. All are vital in creating
                            safe, prosperous and sustainable communities that can be enjoyed
                            by all. We want to encourage more and more people to ‘get
                            involved’ in having their say, in local initiatives, in local networks
                            and in local groups.

Value 7: 	 Community networks are strengthened e.g. friends/
           family/neighbours really support each other
We want to encourage people to enjoy their communities and take pride in their
local area. We want to support people to strengthen the informal networks that
exist at a very local level and ensure that everyone gets the support they need

Strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Improve opportunities for parents from both new and established communities to integrate
    e.g. by establishing support networks in their local area to bring people together
•	� Consultation to explore what community values people think we have lost – explore common
    perceptions and analyse feedback to determine whether the gaps are real or perceived
    (explore links to myth-busting)
•	� Make community events and activities accessible to people who don’t have children and
    don’t fit in to one of our target cohesion groups (e.g. older people/BME communities). Consult
    with this group to find out how they would like to be involved in their local communities and
    what sort of events and activities would be appealing for them

Value 8: 	 People are encouraged to play an active role in their
           communities and participate in the democratic
           process e.g. using their right to vote
Tameside aims to build communities where individuals are empowered to make
a difference; both to their own lives and to the area in which they live. In doing
this, we hope to promote greater local participation in a range of civic activities.
Allowing people to influence decisions can help communities to be more cohesive
and inclusive.

Strategic priorities and actions:

People are encouraged to play an active role in their communities:

•	� Create an Awards system for groups/organisations that engage
    local people
•	� Promote volunteering to hard to reach communities
•	� Promote and improve the role of libraries as community hubs

Local people participate in the democratic process e.g. using their
right to vote:

•	� Look at ways to make District Assemblies more engaging and representative
•	� Commission research in disaffected communities to understand why people choose not to
    vote in local/general elections
•	� Develop a youth forum for Tameside

Value 9: 	 Community spirit means people
           matter and differences are positively
Tameside is extremely diverse and we want to celebrate this. We want to create
a society where our differences are what make us strong – not simply accepting
difference but really valuing it.

Strategic priorities and actions:

•	� Support networks that bring different faith groups together – e.g. Faiths United
•	� Celebrate local role models from the LGBT community
•	� Developing commissioning through the CCCP to specifically support inter-community work
    and activity
•	� Create a funding stream that links culture with community cohesion to improve capacity in
    local community groups to deliver work that brings people together in a creative environment.
Additional actions are included in appendix 1 at the end of this strategy.

6. Understanding the National and
   Local Contexts
         ‘Cohesion is something that must be built at the local level; Central
        Government’s role is to set the national framework within which local
                               authorities can deliver’
                                                                 Response to the Commission on Integration and Cohesion, 2007

As of 2006, every local authority in the UK has had a statutory responsibility to explore local
issues surrounding community cohesion and put together a tangible local delivery plan for
monitoring progress and dealing with any gaps in provision. As a result of this, local authorities
have been used as brokers to promote community cohesion through their various different
agencies – such as schools and local police forces.

Local authorities are asked to lead a ‘whole council approach’ to community cohesion; ensuring
that all of the council’s principal services are engaged with the agenda and are delivering
cohesion through their everyday activities. The onus is placed on local authorities to take an
active role in listening to their local communities – they need to know how they’re changing,
whether local communities are getting on well together, whether they’re satisfied with their local
area as a place to live, whether they’re satisfied with the service they receive from their local
public services and whether they feel there is equality of service. Knowing what enhances
cohesion, and helps it thrive, is vital.

The Government’s response to the Commission of Integration and Cohesion’s final report ‘Our
Shared Future’, sets out the following definition of community cohesion;

Community Cohesion is what must happen in all communities to enable different groups of
people to get on well together. A key contributor to community cohesion is integration - which
is what must happen to enable new residents and existing residents to adjust to one another.

It also sets out a vision of an integrated and cohesive community, based on three foundations;

-   People from different backgrounds have similar life opportunities
-   People know their rights and responsibilities
-   People trust one another and trust local institutions to act fairly

And three key ways of living together;

-   A shared future vision and sense of belonging
-   A focus on what new and existing communities have in common,
-   alongside a recognition of the value of diversity
-   Strong and positive relationships between people from different
    backgrounds          Source: The Government’s Response to the Commission on Integration and Cohesion (CLG, Feb 2008)

The new definition places greater emphasis on the importance of community empowerment
and recognises the increased importance of integration; ‘having things in common is essential
to build trust and positive relationships between new and existing residents’. It also emphasises
the importance of valuing difference and diversity within the context of a ‘common vision and
sense of belonging’.

                                                                               Neither agree
     Strong                                                                    nor disagree
               ly Disa
                       gree                                                         6%

         As part of the consultation for this strategy, we asked local people whether they understood
         what was meant by community cohesion. As can be seen in the graph below, 76% of people
         either agreed or strongly agreed that they did have a good understanding whilst just 18%

             Disagree                     Agree                                                        Strongly Agr
               4%                           51%                                                            25%
                               Strongly Agree
                                   25%          Strong Neither agree
                                                       ly Disa
Strong                  Strongly Agree                   nor gree
                                                      14% disagree
       ly Disa              25%
               gree                             Neither agree6%
                                                nor disagree
 Disagr                                              6%

                                                                   Strongly Agree
                                                                                                         Neither ag
                            Strong                                                                       nor disagr
                                     ly Disa
                                             gree                   Disagree                                 Agree
                                          Agree                       4%                                      51%
       4%                                  51%
sagree                            Agree
4%                                 51%

         Interestingly, the groups that had the least understanding were generally the ones that most
         lived by the principles of what makes a strong and cohesive community.
                                 D    isagree                                Agree
         Our Shared Future identifies key areas where local authorities can help improve community
         cohesion. These are:         4%                                  51%

         •   Creating a shared sense of future
         •   Placing emphasis on a new model of rights and responsibilities
         •   Creating an ethics of hospitality – a new emphasis on mutual respect and civility
         •   A commitment to equality that sits alongside the need to deliver visible social justice

         More recently, Government policy has focused on building capacity within other agendas to
         increase cohesion. The Department for Communities and Local Government continues to
         work closely with other Government Departments to ensure that cohesion is being considered
         by national policy makers and reflected in their approach to local delivery. Good progress has
         already been made in mainstreaming cohesion into government policies at a national level in
         many areas; including citizenship, schools and housing.

7. How cohesive are we in
Community Cohesion must be built on solid foundations which respond specifically
to the needs of a particular area. Our approach in Tameside must be relevant to
the thousands of people who live and work in the area.

Who are we?

•	� Population: There are approximately 215,000 residents in 98,600 households. Population
    growth is steady and predicted to increase by 13% by 2031, and particular growth is
    expected in the number of older people.

•	� Age: The largest single age group in Tameside is 40-44 year-olds, and amongst the under
    60s the 0-9 age group has the fewest people.

•	� Ethnicity: BME communities make up 7.7% of the population of Tameside. The largest non-
    white ethnic group in Tameside is of Asian origin, predominantly Indian (1.5%), Pakistani
    (1.7%) and Bangladeshi (1.5%).

•	� Tameside has a strong manufacturing tradition, particularly in the areas of textiles and
    engineering, food industries and manufacturing of high technology chemical, electronic
    and computer products. The Borough’s service sector has also experienced continued
    growth throughout the 1980s and 1990s and service industries now make up the largest
    employment sector in Tameside, though employment in the service sector stands below the
    national average.

In terms of building strong communities, we have an excellent starting point:

                                                  27.5% of residents have
                                                    given unpaid help to a      66.2% feel that they have
    85% of residents are                         group, club or organisation    been treated with respect
   satisfied with their local                    at least once a month over     and consideration by their
    area as a place to live                        the past twelve months         local public services

                            70% of residents are                  38% of residents agree
                          satisfied with the way the              that they can influence
                            Council is running the              decisions which affect their
                                   Borough                               local area

(Data taken from the Place Survey, the Citizens Panel
and the Residents Opinion Survey)

The vast majority of people in Tameside are happy with their local area as a place to live and
believe that different groups of people get on well together in their area. But we also know
that a lot more could be done to reach out to the people that don’t feel that same sense of

8. How will we measure the
   success of this strategy?
In 2008, Communities and Local Government committed to cohesion being
covered by a single public service agreement (PSA21); ‘To Build cohesive,
empowered and active communities’. To complement this, a whole range of national
indicators have been developed to enable local areas to monitor community cohesion.
All community cohesion national indicators sit within the ‘Safer Stronger communities’
annex (a full list of the measures used in Tameside is referenced in the supporting
technical document, section 1).

Data is captured annually in the national Place Survey and the local Citizens’ Panel. Progress
is reported formally in the production of an annual report to Tameside Strategic Partnership.
There are other more robust factors that can also help measure community cohesion aside
from these perception indicators e.g. the level of anti-social behaviour in an area, the number
of reported hate crimes, and the extent to which people experience economic and social
inequality. At a local level, a strong sense of place, shared civic values and the ability for
local communities to be involved in the decisions that shape their local areas, are key factors
in building community cohesion. As such, a range of other local indicators are also used to
measure the impact of our work (see Technical Document, Section 1).

We must also consider the long-term impact of our work - when are the results of an intervention
most tangible? Whilst there may be short-term results (including an improvements in the way
people feel they get on well together) it often isn’t until a community’s cohesiveness is tested
that its strength becomes apparent.

9. A job for everyone!
This Strategy cannot exist in isolation. Community Cohesion in Tameside is not
just about what we do, it’s about how we do it and how we create a sense of
community ownership so local people share our vision and really influence our
work. Traditionally, people have looked to their local public services to provide
services and address issues that could cause a breakdown in community
cohesion. It is only right that we should provide this kind of leadership.

To this end, it is essential that there is a ‘golden thread’ throughout our various strategy, policy
and action plan documents, linking this strategy and its aspirations for community cohesion with
every other department, work group, service area and partner agency. In order for cohesion to
thrive, it must be mainstreamed and embedded at every level.

Public services, the private sector, and voluntary/community groups have a crucial role to play
here. Community cohesion must be present in everything they do. The benefits – in terms
of cohesion helping improve mental and physical health for example or in cohesion improving
perceptions of crime – are very clear. Less tangible perhaps in some areas more than others,
but no less important.

In order to build strong communities people must feel that they have a say in how local services
are delivered, in what our future priorities should be and in what local people want most from
their local authority and the organisations that serve them.

Tameside is passionate about allowing local people to influence key decisions. We involve local
people in a number of key statutory partnerships (such as the Culture and Community Cohesion
Partnership) and hold conferences and ‘have your say’ events all year round. A major part of
this strategy is to look at developing our approach to consultation and engagement and more
effectively listening to people and genuinely allowing them to change our direction.

10. What do we do already?
Tameside Strategic Partnership has recently developed an Engagement Strategy
titled ‘Empowering Tameside’ which paints a complete picture of all the engagement
and consultation work our local public services undertake each year.

Tameside hosts a number of one-off consultation events, annual conferences, regular focus
groups and qualitative surveys all aimed at allowing local people to influence key decision and
have a say on what’s important to them. Examples include:

District Assemblies                                 Tameside Voice
The Citizens Panel                                  Residents Opinion Survey
Tameside LINk                                       Listen Here
The Big Chat                                        Faiths United
Really Important Questions                          The BME Network
Sport and Physical Activity Alliance                Heritage Consultation Groups
Arts and Events Consultation                        Ask the Panel
(such as partnership groups to                      Youth Online Survey
plan the Diwali and Eid Festivals)

A full list of engagement activity can be found in the partnership activity audit section of the new
TSP Engagement Strategy. The Strategy can be can be viewed online at:

11.1 The work of the Culture and 

     Community Cohesion
Tameside Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership is made up of a number
of local key statutory, voluntary and community organisations. The Partnership
meets every quarter to look at ways in which groups can work together more
effectively to build and sustain cohesive communities and promote the value of
culture. Work continues in between quarterly meetings through the work of two
sub-groups: the Strengthening Communities Working Group and Tameside Hate
Incident Panel (a full reporting structure is shown in the diagram on page 24).

The CCCP links to all other TSP thematic partnerships and values the contribution other groups
make to improving integration and community cohesion. As an example, Tameside Economic
and Learning Partnership (TELP) is responsible for the development and implementation of
ESOL (English language courses for speakers of other languages) which help to reduce the
language issues which are a key barrier to integration and cohesion.

11.2 The Strengthening Communities Working Group
This group brings together key partners who have a role to play in the Preventing Violent
Extremism agenda. ‘Prevent’ is a new area of work for Local Authorities and the focus of
the work in Tameside is to ‘build communities resilient to violent extremism’. Membership of
the group includes; TMBC, T3SC, Faiths United (our Inter-faith Network), Greater Manchester
Police (GMP), Services for Children and Young People, Tameside Equality and Diversity Centre,
Youth Services, and the Youth Offending Team. The Group has its own action plan which
deals specifically with Prevent. The work of the group is reported jointly to the Culture and
Community Cohesion Partnership and the Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership.

11.3 Tameside Hate Incident Panel

Tameside Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership is made up of a number of local key
statutory, voluntary and community organisations. The Partnership meets every quarter to
look at ways in which groups can work together more effectively to build and sustain cohesive
communities and promote the value of culture. Work continues in between quarterly meetings
through the work of two sub-groups: the Strengthening Communities Working Group and
Tameside Hate Incident Panel (a full reporting structure is shown in the diagram on page 26).

          11.4 What have we achieved?
                         Culture to build                     Diwali
          Recent highlights include; to build
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                                                                                                                                                                  Tameside Council &
                                                                                                                                                               The Muslim Community

                                                                                                                                            Celebrate Eid
                                                                                                                                          Saturday 5 December 2009
                                                                                                                                      12 noon - 4.00pm at Hyde Town Hall
                                                                                                                                  Traditional Islamic Hymns (Nasheeds)
                                                                                                                               Variety of performances, traditional food
                                                                                                                                                Free creative workshops
                                                                                                                                                      Stalls and displays

                                                                                                                                                                             Free Admission.
                                                                                                                                                                        Everyone is welcome!
                                                                                                                                           For further details contact the Arts, Events & Tourism Team on
                                                                                                                                                 0161 342 4144 or visit
                                                                                                                                             This event is supported by the Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership

                                       st m a s L
                                   Chri           ight
                                                      s Sw
                                                                                                                             itch On
                                 Monday 16th November
                                 Audenshaw Memorial Gardens
                                 Organised by Denton & Audenshaw District Assembly            Hyde
                                 Starts 6pm                                                   Friday 20th November
                                 Droylsden                                                    Front of Hyde Town Hall
                                                                                              6pm - 7pm, Pre-Show Entertainment 5pm - 6pm
                                 Tuesday 17th November
                                 Droylsden Shopping Centre                                    Stalybridge
                                 Organised by Droylsden District Assembly                     Saturday 21st November
                                 Starts 4.30pm, Switch On at 6pm                              Front of Stalybridge Civic Hall
                                 Ashton                                                       5pm - 6pm, Pre-Show Entertainment 4pm - 5pm
                                 Thursday 19th November                                       Dukinfield
                                 Front of Ashton Town Hall                                    Saturday 28th November
                                 6pm - 7pm, Pre-Show Entertainment 5pm - 6pm                  Front of Dukinfield Town Hall
                                                                                              Organised by Dukinfield District Assembly
                                                                                              Starts 6pm
                                                                                              Father Christmas arrives at 6.30pm
                                                                 Presented by Tameside MBC and supported by Tameside Radio
                                                           Hotline: 0161 342 4144, Email:


                                                                                                                       Tameside Third Sector
                                                                                                                         Coalition (T3SC)

                                                           Tameside Strategic                                                  Faiths United
           Strengthening                                      Partnership                                                Greater Manchester
        Communities/Community                                                                                               Police (GMP)
                                                                                                                            Proud Tameside,
       Services for Children                                                                                                 LGBT Network
        and Young People                                    Tameside Culture
                                                             and Community                                           Groundwork Tameside
        Tameside Equality                                                                     Partners Include
       and Diversity Centre                                                                                        Regeneration, Environment
                                                               Partnership                                              and Economy
         GMP                     Partners Include
                                                                                                                             Cultural and
       Faiths United

                                                                                                                          Customer Services
                                                Tameside                       Tameside Hate
                                              Strengthening                    Incident Panel                               Tameside Local
                                               Communities                                                                   History Forum
       Youth Offending
                                                                                                                                                 Reporting Structure

            Team                              Working Group                                                                   Tameside Arts
        Youth Services
                                                                    Partners Include                             Tameside Sports and Physical
                                                                                                                   Activity Alliance (SPAA)

                                                                                                                         Services for Children
            Strengthening communities/        Tameside Equality       Services for Children       Tameside
                                                                                                                          and Young People
               Community Cohesion            and Diversity Centre      and Young People           Patrollers
                                                                                                                  Strengthening Communities/
                          Consolidation of Learning Team (COLT) Victim and Witness Support
                                                                                                                     Community Cohesion

                                 Housing        Adult Services      Probation GMP                                     Tameside Equality and
                                 Providers                                                                              Diversity Centre
12. The role of Culture
The best, fairest societies are the ones in which people share experiences,
whatever their ethnic, religious or cultural backgrounds. In Tameside we recognise
that culture can have a profound impact on our local communities and can really
drive a sense of community spirit and togetherness.

Community cohesion is a by-product of targeted cultural activity and it is therefore placed at
the heart of our Cultural Strategy. Tameside has long acknowledged the role culture has to play
in driving other agendas; cultural activity can contribute substantially to the local economy, to
improving people’s health and wellbeing, to reducing crime (and fear of crime) and to enriching
the lives of local people and local communities.

The CCCP recently commissioned a piece of work to explore the relationship between culture
and community cohesion. The research project mapped cultural activity across Tameside
and made recommendations for ensuring targeted cultural activity yielded cohesion outcomes.
Focus groups were held with members of the community to explore what success looks like;
is success making new friends? Getting to know your neighbours? Learning more about
different cultures? The results proved that success is in fact a mixture of all of these things and
organised community events such as Diwali, Eid and the Faiths United Fun Day/faith walk were
celebrated as examples of good practise (see Technical Document, section 5 for the full report).

In 2008, the then Community Cohesion Partnership was expanded to become the Culture and
Community Cohesion Partnership. This change was in recognition of the fact that culture has
the power to change people’s lives and to build and sustain cohesive communities. Together,
both sets of partners work towards a common goal; to encourage local people to integrate well
and to provide opportunities for people to come together.

13. From Strategy to Action -
    where do we go from here?
The Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership are committed to transforming
this strategy into something real and meaningful for the people of Tameside. In
consultation with members of the local community, the CCCP will now embark on
a process of creating an action plan to ensure that the vision, values and strategic
priorities are realised.

Many actions have already been suggested and these will form the starting point for our
discussions. This action plan will be created in partnership with stakeholder organisations,
voluntary and community groups. It will be reviewed on an annual basis with the Culture and
Community Cohesion Partnership and through them the TSP, monitoring progress against an
agreed list of indicators and success measures.

Appendix 1
Full list of Strategic Priorities and Actions:

Value 1: 	 Everyone belongs to their area
•	� Develop and provide positive activities for young people
•	� Consult with local people to find out what ‘British’ looks like in Tameside
•	� Create a ‘checklist’ for funding decisions based on how a project/activity will impact on
    the local community
•	� Map needs locally so cultural projects are demand-led
•	� Work with Tameside Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership to reduce fear of crime.
    ‘Stranger danger’ is something that can undermine community cohesion
•	� Develop work with Neighbourhood Action Teams to promote community cohesion and
    ensure this is a cross-cutting theme for targeted work
•	� Promote VIP (Volunteers in Park) Days to local communities so they feel a sense of pride
    and ownership in their local area
•	� Promote the role of Community Beat Managers (CBMs) in local areas to raise the positive
    profile of the police

Value 2: 	 Tameside is a welcoming place for people to live and
•	� Produce ‘key-facts’ publications when necessary to promote positive understanding of
    new communities
•	� Ensure that new communities know how to access local services
•	� Survey new communities to understand the issues they face and look at ways of
    promoting integration
•	� Explore strands of the Life Long Learning Programme to link to Member States (perhaps
    ahere we are experiencing increased numbers in Tameside) to bring communities
    together locally and increase understanding (vocational training/school exchanges/youth
    programme exchanges)
•	� Explore twinning seminars/annual events (encourage active town twinning groups in
    Mossley, Denton & Stalybridge to develop this)

Value 3: 	 People treat each other with respect and
•	� Support LGBT communities through existing networks e.g. Proud Tameside and Out
•	� Deliver myth-busting campaigns when necessary
•	� Use extended schools to host inter-generational activities
•	� Create/promote volunteering opportunities that bring younger and older people together
•	� Examine the extent to which schools are engaged with the Comenius programme and the
    E-twinning scheme

Appendix 1
Value 4: 	 Everyone has the same life opportunities i.e. social
           justice is championed
•	�   Ensure subsidised provision where possible to ensure equal access
•	�   Undertake a facilities audit to see which organisations are promoting equal access
•	�   Encourage local businesses to adopt policies that promote equality
•	�   Ensure that Tameside MBC leads by example in embedding and promoting the new 2008
      employment law (which sets out new rules for dealing with sex discrimination)
•	�   Explore the long-term impact of bullying, is there a link to under-achievement?
•	�   Map what is already being done to create equal access for people living and working in
•	�   Undertake a needs analysis with the local community to see what the barriers are to
      creating equal access (both real and perceived)
•	�   Develop more to empower young people through the Youth in Action Programme

Value 5: 	Everyone is considered equal but not the same
•	� Positive storytelling on the positive impact of faith
•	� Identify similar values between faiths to create a common bond
•	� Develop education and understanding of LGBT communities in schools
•	� Enhance provision in schools to address issues of diversity, citizenship, integration and
•	� Support schools to address bullying, racism, homophobia, religious harassment and hate
•	� Explore Grundtvig programme for adult learners/trainers
•	� Explore best practice in managing diversity/ensuring access to services in other Member
    States through the Transversal Education programme

Value 6: 	 Communities are thriving – they have lots to celebrate
           and are optimistic about the future
•	� Bring communities together (and groups from different areas) to celebrate different
•	� Provide more positive opportunities for integration for people from different backgrounds
    e.g. through the Youth service/through cultural activity
•	� Support ‘Friends of...’ groups so they are able to access support and are aware of how
    they can impact on community cohesion
•	� Share and celebrate good news in a quarterly Culture and Community Cohesion
•	� Improve communication between community groups e.g. so Proud Tameside know what
    Faiths United are working on – through community newsletter/events
•	� Explore Europe for Citizens to identify good practice in bringing communities together
Appendix 1
Value 7: 	 Community networks are strengthened e.g. friends/
           family/neighbours really support each other
•	� TMBC and its partners must listen to and actively support communities and community
•	� ‘Adopt a grandparent’ schemes for young people who do not have grandparents of their
    own. Link to ‘respect and be respected’ theme to teach young people family values
•	� Support faith groups to understand and promote community cohesion
•	� Build knowledge locally of different faith groups and promote positive understanding

Value 8: 	 People are encouraged to play an active role in their
           communities and participate in the democratic
           process e.g. using their right to vote
•	� Use ‘Time Banking’ to promote inter-generational cohesion
•	� Use participatory budgeting as a way to allow people to have a say and raise ‘budget
•	� Think about how we can consult with community groups more effectively – take feedback,
    use it, and then feed back!
•	� Encourage and support opportunities to increase volunteering

Value 9: 	 Community spirit means people matter and
           differences are positively valued
•	� Celebrate the positive contribution members of our LGBT communities make to Tameside
    e.g. through celebratory events
•	� Make community events accessible to all
•	� Map spaces where people can meet so community groups can meet more frequently
    (also map spaces that are accessible to all communities e.g. community spaces where all
    faith groups would be comfortable meeting)
•	� Promote the work of the Culture and Community Cohesion Partnership and the Included,
    Inspired, Involved vision so it isn’t lost in the bigger picture of things as time moves on
•	� Celebrate culture and diversity stories in Council publications such as Tameside One

        Strengthening Communities
        Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council
        Wellington Road
        OL6 6DL
        Tel: 0161 342 4144
        Fax: 0161 342 2300

                                                     Included              Involved

                                                    Tameside Culture and Community
                                                         Cohesion Partnership


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