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Language By Aleksandras Rusinovas PSbd8-02 Contents: Definition of language Elements of language Children’s language development Language theories Language families Conclusions References Language: The communication of information through symbols arranged according to systematic rules. Elements of language: Grammar: Phonology Syntax Semantics Language development: Babbling (3monthes – 1year) One-word stage (1year) Two-word (Telegraphic speech) stage (~2,5years) Overgeneralization (~3years) Basic rules of language (~5years) Language theories: Learning theory approach to language development Universal grammar theory Linguistic-relativity hypothesis Language families by number of native speakers: 1. Indo-European 2. Sino-Tibetan (East Asia) 3. Niger-Congo (Sub-Saharan Africa) 4. Afro-Asiatic (North Africa, Southeast Asia) 5. Austro-Asian (Oceania, Madagascar) 6. Dravidian (South Asia) 7. Altaic (Central Asia, Northern Asia, Siberia) 8. Austro-Asiatic (Southeast Asia) 9. Tai-Kadai (Southeast Asia) 10. Japanese (Japan) Conclusion: Language is the very essential part of people’s everyday life and therefore it takes an important place in psychology. References: http://www.literacytrust.org.uk/talkto yourbaby/theories.html “Developing language for life” (2009-03-24) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languag e “Language” (2009-03-24) Robert S. Feldman. “Understanding psychology”. 2008.
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