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           By Aleksandras Rusinovas PSbd8-02
Contents:
   Definition of language
   Elements of language
   Children’s language development
   Language theories
   Language families
   Conclusions
   References
Language:
The communication of information
  through symbols arranged according
  to systematic rules.
Elements of language:
 Grammar:
  Phonology
  Syntax
  Semantics
Language development:
 Babbling (3monthes –
  1year)
 One-word stage
  (1year)
 Two-word (Telegraphic
  speech) stage
  (~2,5years)
 Overgeneralization
  (~3years)
 Basic rules of language
  (~5years)
Language theories:
 Learning theory
  approach to language
  development
 Universal grammar
  theory
 Linguistic-relativity
  hypothesis
Language families by number of
native speakers:
1.    Indo-European
2.    Sino-Tibetan (East Asia)
3.    Niger-Congo (Sub-Saharan Africa)
4.    Afro-Asiatic (North Africa, Southeast Asia)
5.    Austro-Asian (Oceania, Madagascar)
6.    Dravidian (South Asia)
7.    Altaic (Central Asia, Northern Asia, Siberia)
8.    Austro-Asiatic (Southeast Asia)
9.    Tai-Kadai (Southeast Asia)
10.   Japanese (Japan)
Conclusion:
 Language is the very essential part of
  people’s everyday life and therefore it
  takes an important place in
  psychology.
References:
 http://www.literacytrust.org.uk/talkto
  yourbaby/theories.html “Developing
  language for life” (2009-03-24)
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languag
  e “Language” (2009-03-24)
 Robert S. Feldman. “Understanding
  psychology”. 2008.

				
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