Inst_InDepth_Tables_Endurance_2012-01-18_ver_0-08

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					                                    Endurance Array
The Endurance Array is a multi-scaled array utilizing fixed and mobile assets to observe cross-shelf and
along-shelf variability in the coastal upwelling region of the Oregon and Washington coasts. The array
also provides an extended spatial footprint that encompasses a prototypical eastern boundary current
regime and overlaps the Regional Scale Nodes (RSN) cabled network. This integrated infrastructure
bridges processes from the coastal zone, through their transition into the ocean basin interior (RSN), and
outward to the pelagic North Pacific (Station Papa).

The backbone of the Endurance Array includes two cross-shelf moored array lines, the Oregon Line (also
called the Newport Line) and the Washington Line (also known as the Grays Harbor Line). Each these
lines contain three fixed sites spanning the slope (500-600 m), shelf (80 m) and inner-shelf (25 m). These
mooring lines will provide synoptic, multi-scale observations of the eastern boundary current regime.

The three sites across the shelf and slope are associated with unique physical, geological, and biological
processes. The Oregon and Washington Lines are both affected by wind-driven upwelling and
downwelling, but shelf stratification and upper-ocean properties are influenced differently at each
location by the Columbia River outflow. Observations at both locations will allow for a greater
understanding of coastal ocean ecosystem responses to climate variability. To bridge the distances
between the fixed sites and allow for adaptive sampling, OOI will employ gliders. An array of ~6 gliders
will travel along five east-west transect lines from approximately the 20-m isobaths to 126 W (and out to
128 W along the Oregon and Washington lines), as well as a north-south transect along 126 W.

A transformative design element of the 600 m and 80 m sites on the Oregon Line will be the cabled
infrastructure that connects the Endurance Array with the RSN cabled infrastructure. This partnership will
extend the reach and capability of the RSN infrastructure into the coastal environment and allow the OOI
to support synoptic experiments across a range of scales. The cabled infrastructure will support an
extensive suite of core sensors deployed on profilers and at benthic boundary layer nodes. Equally
important, the cabled infrastructure will enable benthic and water column experiments requiring high
power, high bandwidth sensors. Surface moorings at the 500 m and 80 m sites will provide continuous
meteorological and surface boundary layer measurements.

Together, the gliders, surface buoys, profilers, and benthic nodes will provide near real time data from the
air-sea interface, through the water column and to the sea-sediment interface. This full water column
coverage at several sites with bottom cabled infrastructure provides experimental capabilities that are
unique within the OOI.
                               Endurance Array




Locations:
       Oregon (Newport) Line              Washington (Grays Harbor) Line
       44° 39’N, 125°W to coast           47° 0’N, 125°W to coast

Infrastructure:
   • Two Mooring Lines
   • Three Fixed Platform Sites on each line. Approximate depths – 25 m, 80 m, 600 m
       o Supports surface moorings, water column profilers & benthic boundary layer sensors
   • Gliders




                                             2
                   Endurance Array Mobile Assets - Gliders
An array of ~6 gliders will travel along five east-west transect lines from approximately the
20-m isobaths to 126 W (and out to 128 W along the Oregon and Washington lines), as well
                           as a north-south transect along 126 W.

   Gliders will fly through the water column along saw-tooth paths, penetrating the sea
  surface and diving down to depth. A roughly even combination of deep (able to dive to
1000 m) and shallow (able to dive to 200 m) gliders will be deployed, sufficient to survey the
                                  Endurance Array area.

           Instrument Name/Description                       Data Products
          Photosynthetically Available
                                          PAR
          Radiation (PAR)
                                          Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
          3-wavelength fluorometer        nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                          nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
                                          Velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter, Orientation
          Velocity profiler (20m range)
                                          (pitch, roll, heading)
          Dissolved oxygen                Oxygen concentration
                                          Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),
          CTD
                                          Salinity, Density

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of transects and
distributions of gliders are not yet finalized.




                                                 3
                           Oregon (Newport) Line

Location: 44° 39’N, 125°W to coast
Water Depth: approximately 25-600 m
Platform Types: Three fixed platform sites at approximately 25, 80 and 600 m water depth (the
80- and 600-m sites include infrastructure elements with cable connections to the Regional Scale
Nodes (RSN), while the 25-m site is uncabled) supporting surface moorings, water column
profilers, and benthic boundary layer sensors.

Description of Infrastructure:
   • 25 m  Electro-Mechanical (EM) Surface Mooring
          o Battery power and satellite communications
          o Uncabled benthic multi-function node (MFN) with sensors, electrical
              communications to the surface, and supplemental battery power provided by the
              surface buoy
   • 25 m  Bottom-Mounted Surface Piercing Profiler
          o Stand-alone
   • 80 m  EM Surface Mooring
          o Wind and photovoltaic power generation, satellite communications, and
              meteorological and sea surface sensors
   • 80 m  Bottom-Mounted Surface Piercing Profilers
          o Cabled to Regional Scale Node (RSN) seafloor infrastructure
   • 80 m  Cabled Benthic Experiment Packages (BEP)
          o Fiber optic communications and power provided by connection to the RSN
              seafloor infrastructure
   • 150 m  Primary Node
          o Capable of supporting future expansion
   • 600 m  EM Surface Mooring
          o Wind and photovoltaic power generation, satellite communications, and
              meteorological sensor
   • 600 m  Two Offshore Profilers
          o One shallow profiler with a sub-sea platform
          o One deep profiler cabled to RSN seafloor infrastructure
   • 600 m  Cabled BEP
          o Fiber optic communications and power provided by connection to the RSN
              seafloor infrastructure




                                               4
                         Oregon (Newport) Line




Disclaimer: Graphics are conceptual designs and are not yet finalized. All data are subject
to revision without notice.




                                            5
                               Oregon Inshore Surface Mooring
                                     Depth of Water Column: 25 m

 Instrument Name/Description                           Data Products                       Relative Depth* (m)
                                                                                           1 below sea surface; 5
Single point current meter          Mean water velocity over a defined volume
                                                                                             below sea surface
                                    Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
3-wavelength fluorometer            nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370            5 below sea surface
                                    nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
                                                                                           5 below sea surface; 2
Dissolved oxygen                    Oxygen concentration
                                                                                             above the bottom
                                                                                           5 below sea surface; 2
Seawater pH                         pH
                                                                                               above bottom
                                                                                           5 below sea surface; 2
Seawater CO2 partial pressure       Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater
                                                                                               above bottom
                                    Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),           5 below sea surface; 2
CTD with a pump
                                    Salinity, Density                                          above bottom
                                    Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical       5 below sea surface; 2
Spectrophotometer
                                    backscatter                                              above the bottom
Optical nitrate                     Nitrate concentration                                   5 below sea surface
Downwelling spectral irradiance     Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation    5 below sea surface
                                                                                             Mounted 2 above
Bio-acoustic sonar - coastal        Multi-frequency acoustic backscatter                   bottom and measures
                                                                                                up to surface
3-D single point current meter      Water velocity at a single point                          2 above bottom
Pressure on the seafloor            Pressure, Temperature                                     2 above bottom

Ethernet Camera with strobes for    Still image (of water column biology, vents, diffuse
                                                                                              2 above bottom
digital still imagery               flow, seeps, macrofauna)


                                    Water velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter. This     Mounted 2 above
Velocity profiler (short range**)   instrument will also measure surface wave spectra      bottom and measures
                                    (i.e. WAVSS).                                              up to surface


*Multiple depths indicate individual instruments.
**Short range denotes velocity profiler instruments with a range up to 300 meters as appropriate
to the depth of deployment.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                        6
                  Oregon Inshore Surface-Piercing Profiler Mooring
                                   Depth of Water Column: 25 m

 Instrument Name/Description                          Data Products                      Relative Depth* (m)
                                                                                           Sea surface to 2
Dissolved oxygen                  Oxygen concentration
                                                                                            above bottom
                                                                                           Sea surface to 2
Seawater CO2 partial pressure     Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater
                                                                                            above bottom
                                  Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical         Sea surface to 2
Spectrophotometer
                                  backscatter                                               above bottom
                                                                                           Sea surface to 2
3-D single point current meter    Water velocity at a single point
                                                                                            above bottom
                                                                                           Sea surface to 2
Optical nitrate                   Nitrate concentration
                                                                                            above bottom
                                                                                           Sea surface to 2
Downwelling spectral irradiance   Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation
                                                                                            above bottom
                                  Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
                                                                                           Sea surface to 2
3-wavelength fluorometer          nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                                                                            above bottom
                                  nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
                                  Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),             Sea surface to 2
CTD
                                  Salinity, Density                                         above bottom
Photosynthetically Available                                                               Sea surface to 2
                                  PAR
Radiation (PAR)                                                                             above bottom

*This mooring contains a Profiler that moves vertically through the water column over the
specified depth interval. Instruments are attached to the profiler.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                      7
                               Oregon Shelf Surface Mooring
                                     Depth of Water Column: 80 m

 Instrument Name/Description                           Data Products                         Relative Depth* (m)
                                  Air temperature, Relative humidity, Barometric
                                  pressure, Mean wind velocity, Precipitation,
Bulk meteorological instrument
                                  Downwelling shortwave irradiance, Downwelling              ~3 above sea surface
package
                                  longwave irradiance, Sea surface temperature, Sea
                                  surface conductivity, Specific humidity
                                  Wind velocity in 3 dimensions, Air temperature,
Direct covariance flux instrument
                                  Moisture, Platform direction and tilt (3 axes), Direct     ~3 above sea surface
package
                                  covariance fluxes of heat, moisture, and momentum
Air-sea interface CO2 partial     Optical absorption of IR by CO2, Partial pressure of
                                                                                                 Sea Surface
pressure                          CO2 in air, Flux of CO2 across air water interface
                                  Platform motion, Significant wave height, Mean
                                  period, Mean direction, Spectral width (directional
                                  spreading), Period of spectral peak, Direction of
Surface Wave Spectra                                                                             Sea Surface
                                  spectral peak, Average wave period, Spectral energy
                                  density (non-directional) and Directional spectra for
                                  multiple frequency bands
                                                                                             1 below sea surface;
Single point current meter          Mean water velocity over a defined volume
                                                                                             5 below sea surface
Dissolved oxygen                    Oxygen concentration                                     5 below sea surface
Seawater pH                         pH                                                       5 below sea surface
                                    Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth), Salinity,
CTD with a pump                                                                              5 below sea surface
                                    Density
                                                                                                Mounted at 5,
Velocity profiler (short range**)   Water velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter
                                                                                                down-looking
                                    Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical
Spectrophotometer                                                                            5 below sea surface
                                    backscatter
Optical nitrate                     Nitrate concentration                                    5 below sea surface
Downwelling spectral irradiance     Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation     5 below sea surface
                                    Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
3-wavelength fluorometer            nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370             5 below sea surface
                                    nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)


*Multiple depths indicate individual instruments.
**Short range denotes velocity profiler instruments with a range up to 300 meters as appropriate
to the depth of deployment.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                        8
                  Oregon Shelf Surface-Piercing Profiler Mooring
                                   Depth of Water Column: 80 m

 Instrument Name/Description                         Data Products                       Relative Depth* (m)
                                  Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),           Sea surface to 2 above
CTD
                                  Salinity, Density                                             bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Dissolved oxygen                  Oxygen concentration
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
3-D single point current meter    Water velocity at a single point,
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Seawater CO2 partial pressure     Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater
                                                                                                bottom
                                  Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical       Sea surface to 2 above
Spectrophotometer
                                  backscatter                                                   bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Optical nitrate                   Nitrate concentration
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Downwelling spectral irradiance   Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation
                                                                                                bottom
                                  Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
3-wavelength fluorometer          nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                                                                                bottom
                                  nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
Photosynthetically Available                                                             Sea surface to 2 above
                                  PAR
Radiation (PAR)                                                                                 bottom


*This mooring is a Profiler that moves vertically through the water column over the specified
depth interval. The instruments are attached to the profiler.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                       9
                      Oregon Shelf Benthic Experiment Package
                           Depth of Water Column: 80 m
   The LP JBox provides RSN cable power and communications to attached instruments

 Instrument Name/Description                          Data Products                         Relative Depth (m)

Benthic Package
                                                                                              Bottom mount
Velocity profiler (short range*)   Water velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter
                                                                                           measures up to surface
                                   Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),
CTD with a pump                                                                               2 above bottom
                                   Salinity, Density
Dissolved oxygen                   Oxygen concentration                                       2 above bottom
                                   Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical
Spectrophotometer                                                                             2 above bottom
                                   backscatter
Seawater CO2 partial pressure      Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater                        2 above bottom
Seawater pH                        pH                                                         2 above bottom
Pressure on the seafloor           Pressure, Temperature                                      2 above bottom
3-D single point current meter     Water velocity at a single point                           2 above bottom

LP JBox
                                                                                             Mounted 2 above
Bio-acoustic sonar                 Multi-frequency acoustic backscatter                    bottom measures up to
                                                                                                  surface
Broadband (passive) acoustic
                                   Conductance, Susceptance, Frequency, Acoustic
receiver (hydrophone) for marine                                                              2 above bottom
                                   pressure waves, Target strength of scatterers
mammal, fish, wind, and rain
Ethernet Camera with strobes for   Still images (of water column biology, vents, diffuse
                                                                                              2 above bottom
digital still imagery              flow, seeps, macrofauna)


*Short range denotes velocity profiler instruments with a range up to 300 meters as appropriate
to the depth of deployment.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                       10
                                Oregon Offshore Surface Mooring
                                    Depth of Water Column: 577 m

 Instrument Name/Description                           Data Products                         Relative Depth* (m)
                                    Air temperature, Relative humidity, Barometric
                                    pressure, Mean wind velocity, Precipitation,
Bulk meteorological instrument
                                    Downwelling shortwave irradiance, Downwelling             ~3 above sea surface
package
                                    longwave irradiance, Sea surface temperature, Sea
                                    surface conductivity, Specific humidity
                                    Wind velocity in 3 dimensions, Air temperature,
Direct covariance flux instrument
                                    Moisture, Platform direction and tilt (3 axes), Direct    ~3 above sea surface
package
                                    covariance fluxes of heat, moisture, and momentum
Air-sea interface CO2 partial       Optical absorption of IR by CO2, Partial pressure of
                                                                                                  Sea Surface
pressure                            CO2 in air, Flux of CO2 across air water interface
                                    Platform motion, Significant wave height, Mean
                                    period, Mean direction, Spectral width (directional
                                    spreading), Period of spectral peak, Direction of
Surface Wave Spectra                                                                              Sea Surface
                                    spectral peak, Average wave period, Spectral energy
                                    density (non-directional) and Directional spectra for
                                    multiple frequency bands
                                                                                              1 below sea surface;
Single point current meter          Mean water velocity over a defined volume
                                                                                              5 below sea surface
Dissolved oxygen                    Oxygen concentration                                      5 below sea surface
Seawater pH                         pH                                                        5 below sea surface
                                    Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),
CTD with a pump                                                                               5 below sea surface
                                    Salinity, Density
                                                                                             Mounted at 5 measures
Velocity profiler (short range**)   Water velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter
                                                                                                 down to 300
                                    Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical
Spectrophotometer                                                                             5 below sea surface
                                    backscatter
Optical nitrate                     Nitrate concentration                                     5 below sea surface
Downwelling spectral irradiance     Downwelling spectral irradiance                           5 below sea surface
                                    Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
3-wavelength fluorometer            nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370              5 below sea surface
                                    nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)


*Multiple depths indicate individual instruments.
**Short range denotes velocity profiler instruments with a range up to 300 meters as appropriate
to the depth of deployment.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                        11
                       Oregon Offshore Deep Profiler Mooring
                               Depth of Water Column: 577 m
             Wire-Following Profiler instruments travel from near bottom to 175 m

 Instrument Name/Description                        Data Products                    Relative Depth* (m)
                                 Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),        Near bottom to 175
CTD
                                 Salinity, Density                                     below surface
                                                                                     Near bottom to 175
Dissolved oxygen                 Oxygen concentration
                                                                                       below surface
                                                                                     Near bottom to 175
3-D single point current meter   Water velocity at a single point
                                                                                       below surface
                                 Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
                                                                                     Near bottom to 175
3-wavelength fluorometer         nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                                                                       below surface
                                 nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)

*This mooring is a Profiler that moves vertically through the water column over the specified
depth interval. The instruments are attached to the profiler.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                     12
                     Oregon Offshore Shallow Profiler Mooring
                                  Depth of Water Column: 577 m
                  Surface-Piercing Profiler instruments travel from 20 m to 200 m


 Instrument Name/Description                         Data Products                       Relative Depth* (m)

Surface-Piercing Profiler
                                  Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),                 20 to 200
CTD
                                  Salinity, Density                                        below sea surface
                                                                                               20 to 200
Dissolved oxygen                  Oxygen concentration
                                                                                           below sea surface
                                  Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical             20 to 200
Spectrophotometer
                                  backscatter                                              below sea surface
                                                                                               20 to 200
3-D single point current meter    Water velocity at a single point
                                                                                           below sea surface
                                                                                               20 to 200
Optical nitrate                   Nitrate concentration
                                                                                           below sea surface
                                                                                               20 to 200
Downwelling spectral irradiance   Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation
                                                                                           below sea surface
                                  Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
                                                                                               20 to 200
3-wavelength fluorometer          nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                                                                           below sea surface
                                  nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
                                                                                               20 to 200
Seawater CO2 partial pressure     Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater
                                                                                           below sea surface
Photosynthetically Available                                                                   20 to 200
                                  PAR
Radiation (PAR)                                                                            below sea surface
200 m Platform
Seawater CO2 partial pressure     Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater                    200 below sea surface
                                                                                           Mounted at 200
Bio-acoustic sonar                Multi-frequency acoustic backscatter
                                                                                         measures up to surface
Seawater pH                       pH                                                     200 below sea surface


*This mooring contains a Profiler that moves vertically through the water column over the
specified depth interval. The instruments are attached to the profiler.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                      13
                 Oregon Offshore Benthic Experiment Package
                          Depth of Water Column: 577 m
  The LP JBox provides RSN cable power and communications to attached instruments

  Instrument Name/Description                           Data Products                           Relative Depth* (m)

Benthic Package
                                                                                               Bottom mount measures
Velocity profiler (600 m range)    Water velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter
                                                                                                    up to surface
                                   Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth), Salinity,
CTD with a pump                                                                                   2 above bottom
                                   Density
Dissolved oxygen                   Oxygen concentration                                           2 above bottom
                                   Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical
Spectrophotometer                                                                                 2 above bottom
                                   backscatter
Seawater CO2 partial pressure      Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater                            2 above bottom
Pressure on the seafloor           Pressure, Temperature                                          2 above bottom
                                   Turbulent point water velocity, Orientation (pitch, roll,
3-D single point current meter                                                                    2 above bottom
                                   heading)
LP JBox
Broadband (passive) acoustic
                                   Conductance, Susceptance, Frequency, Acoustic
receiver (hydrophone) for marine                                                                  2 above bottom
                                   pressure waves, Target strength of scatterers
mammal, fish, wind, and rain
Ethernet Camera with strobes for
                                   Still image                                                    2 above bottom
digital still imagery


Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                       14
                  Washington (Grays Harbor) Line

Location: 47° 0’N, 125°W to coast
Water Depth: approximately 25-500 m
Platform Types: Three fixed stand-alone platform sites at 25, 80 and 500 m water depth
supporting surface moorings, water column profilers and benthic boundary layer sensors.

Description of Infrastructure:
   • 25 m  Electro-Mechanical (EM) Surface Mooring
          o Battery power and satellite communications
          o Benthic multi-function node (MFN) with sensors, electrical communications to
              the surface and supplemental battery power provided by the surface buoy
   • 25 m  Bottom-Mounted Surface Piercing Profiler
          o Stand-alone
   • 80 m  EM Surface Mooring
          o Wind and photovoltaic power generation, satellite communications, and
              meteorological sensors
          o Benthic MFN with fiber optic communications to the surface and power provided
              through the surface mooring
   • 80 m  Bottom-Mounted Surface Piercing Profiler
          o Stand-alone
   • 500 m  EM Surface Mooring
          o Wind and photovoltaic power generation, satellite communications, and
              meteorological sensor
          o Benthic MFN with fiber optic communications to the surface and power provided
              through the surface mooring
   • 500 m  Wire Following Profiler Mooring
          o Stand-alone




                                              15
                 Washington (Grays Harbor) Line




Disclaimer: Graphics are conceptual designs and are not yet finalized. All data are subject
to revision without notice.




                                            16
                           Washington Inshore Surface Mooring
                                     Depth of Water Column: 25 m

Instrument Name/Description         Data Products                                           Relative Depth* (m)
                                                                                             1 below sea surface;
Single point current meter          Mean water velocity over a defined volume
                                                                                             5 below sea surface
                                    Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
3-wavelength fluorometer            nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370             5 below sea surface
                                    nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
                                                                                             5 below sea surface;
Dissolved oxygen                    Oxygen concentration
                                                                                               2 above bottom
                                                                                             5 below sea surface;
Seawater pH                         pH
                                                                                               2 above bottom
                                                                                             5 below sea surface;
Seawater CO2 partial pressure       Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater
                                                                                               2 above bottom
                                    Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),             5 below sea surface;
CTD with a pump
                                    Salinity, Density                                          2 above bottom
                                    Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical         5 below sea surface;
Spectrophotometer
                                    backscatter                                                2 above bottom
Optical nitrate                     Nitrate concentration                                    5 below sea surface
Downwelling spectral irradiance     Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation     5 below sea surface
3-D single point current meter      Water velocity at a single point                           2 above bottom
Pressure on the seafloor            Pressure, Temperature                                      2 above bottom

Ethernet Camera with strobes for    Still images (of water column biology, vents, diffuse
                                                                                               2 above bottom
digital still imagery               flow, seeps, macrofauna)


                                                                                              Mounted 2 above
Bio-acoustic sonar - coastal        Multi-frequency acoustic backscatter                    bottom measures up to
                                                                                                   surface

                                    Water velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter. This
                                                                                               Bottom mount
Velocity profiler (short range**)   instrument will also measure surface wave spectra
                                                                                            measures up to surface
                                    (i.e. WAVSS).


*Multiple depths indicate individual instruments.
**Short range denotes velocity profiler instruments with a range up to 300 meters as appropriate
to the depth of deployment.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                        17
           Washington Inshore Surface-Piercing Profiler Mooring
                                   Depth of Water Column: 25 m

 Instrument Name/Description                         Data Products                       Relative Depth* (m)
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Dissolved oxygen                  Oxygen concentration
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Seawater CO2 partial pressure     Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater
                                                                                                bottom
                                  Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical       Sea surface to 2 above
Spectrophotometer
                                  backscatter                                                   bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
3-D single point current meter    Water velocity at a single point
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Optical nitrate                   Nitrate concentration
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Downwelling spectral irradiance   Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation
                                                                                                bottom
                                  Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
3-wavelength fluorometer          nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                                                                                bottom
                                  nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
                                  Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),           Sea surface to 2 above
CTD
                                  Salinity, Density                                             bottom
Photosynthetically Available                                                             Sea surface to 2 above
                                  PAR
Radiation (PAR)                                                                                 bottom

*This mooring is a Profiler that moves vertically through the water column over the specified
depth interval. The instruments are attached to the profiler.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                      18
                               Washington Shelf Surface Mooring
                                      Depth of Water Column: 80 m
 Instrument Name/Description                             Data Products                        Relative Depth* (m)
                                     Air temperature, Relative humidity, Barometric
                                     pressure, Mean wind velocity, Precipitation,
Bulk meteorological instrument
                                     Downwelling shortwave irradiance, Downwelling            ~3 above sea surface
package
                                     longwave irradiance, Sea surface temperature, Sea
                                     surface conductivity, Specific humidity
                                     Wind velocity in 3 dimensions, Air temperature,
Direct covariance flux instrument
                                     Moisture, Platform direction and tilt (3 axes), Direct   ~3 above sea surface
package
                                     covariance fluxes of heat, moisture, and momentum
Air-sea interface CO2 partial        Optical absorption of IR by CO2, Partial pressure of
                                                                                                   Sea Surface
pressure                             CO2 in air, Flux of CO2 across air water interface
                                     Platform motion, Significant wave height, Mean
                                     period and direction, Spectral width (directional
                                     spreading), Period of spectral peak, Direction of
Surface Wave Spectra                                                                               Sea Surface
                                     spectral peak, Average wave period, Spectral energy
                                     density (non-directional) and Directional spectra for
                                     multiple frequency bands
                                                                                               1 below sea surface;
Single point current meter           Mean water velocity over a defined volume
                                                                                               5 below sea surface
                                                                                               5 below sea surface;
Dissolved oxygen                     Oxygen concentration
                                                                                                 2 above bottom
                                                                                               5 below sea surface;
Seawater pH                          pH
                                                                                                 2 above bottom
                                     Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),              5 below sea surface;
CTD with a pump
                                     Salinity, Density                                           2 above bottom
                                                                                                  Mounted at 5,
                                                                                                  down-looking;
Velocity profiler (short ranges**)   Water velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter
                                                                                                  Bottom mount
                                                                                              measures up to surface
                                     Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical          5 below sea surface;
Spectrophotometer
                                     backscatter                                                 2 above bottom
Optical nitrate                      Nitrate concentration                                     5 below sea surface
Downwelling spectral irradiance      Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation      5 below sea surface
                                     Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
3-wavelength fluorometer             nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370              5 below sea surface
                                     nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
Seawater CO2 partial pressure        Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater                         2 above bottom
Pressure on the seafloor             Pressure, Temperature                                       2 above bottom
Ethernet Camera with strobes for     Still images (of water column biology, vents, diffuse
                                                                                                 2 above bottom
digital still imagery                flow, seeps, macrofauna)
                                                                                                Mounted 2 above
Bio-acoustic sonar - coastal         Multi-frequency acoustic backscatter                     bottom measures up to
                                                                                                     surface
3-D single point current meter       Water velocity at a single point                            2 above bottom
*Multiple depths indicate individual instruments.
**Short range denotes velocity profiler instruments with a range up to 300 meters as appropriate to the
depth of deployment.
Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites are not
yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.

                                                         19
              Washington Shelf Surface-Piercing Profiler Mooring
                                   Depth of Water Column: 80 m

 Instrument Name/Description                         Data Products                       Relative Depth* (m)
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Dissolved oxygen                  Oxygen concentration
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
3-D single point current meter    Water velocity at a single point
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Seawater CO2 partial pressure     Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater
                                                                                                bottom
                                  Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical       Sea surface to 2 above
Spectrophotometer
                                  backscatter                                                   bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Optical nitrate                   Nitrate concentration
                                                                                                bottom
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
Downwelling spectral irradiance   Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation
                                                                                                bottom
                                  Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
                                                                                         Sea surface to 2 above
3-wavelength fluorometer          nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                                                                                bottom
                                  nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
                                  Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),           Sea surface to 2 above
CTD
                                  Salinity, Density                                             bottom
Photosynthetically Available                                                             Sea surface to 2 above
                                  PAR
Radiation (PAR)                                                                                 bottom

*This mooring is a Profiler that moves vertically through the water column over the specified
depth interval. The instruments are attached to the profiler.

Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                      20
                           Washington Offshore Surface Mooring
                                      Depth of Water Column: 500 m
                                                                                                Relative Depth*
Instrument Name/Description                              Data Products
                                                                                                      (m)
                                    Air temperature, Relative humidity, Barometric
                                    pressure, Mean wind velocity, Precipitation,
Bulk meteorological instrument
                                    Downwelling shortwave irradiance, Downwelling              ~3 above sea surface
package
                                    longwave irradiance, Sea surface temperature, Sea
                                    surface conductivity, Specific humidity
                                    Wind velocity in 3 dimensions, Air temperature,
Direct covariance flux
                                    Moisture, Platform direction and tilt (3 axes), Direct     ~3 above sea surface
instrument package
                                    covariance fluxes of heat, moisture, and momentum
Air-sea interface CO2 partial       Optical absorption of IR by CO2, Partial pressure of CO2
                                                                                                   Sea Surface
pressure                            in air, Flux of CO2 across air water interface
                                    Platform motion, Significant wave height, Mean period,
                                    Mean direction, Spectral width (directional spreading),
                                    Period of spectral peak, Direction of spectral peak,
Surface wave spectra                                                                               Sea Surface
                                    Average wave period, Spectral energy density (non-
                                    directional) and Directional spectra for multiple
                                    frequency bands
                                                                                               1 below sea surface;
Single point current meter          Mean water velocity over a defined volume
                                                                                               5 below sea surface
                                                                                               5 below sea surface;
Dissolved oxygen                    Oxygen concentration
                                                                                                 2 above bottom
Seawater pH                         pH                                                         5 below sea surface
                                    Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth), Salinity,     5 below sea surface;
CTD with a pump
                                    Density                                                      2 above bottom
                                                                                                  Mounted at 5
                                                                                                measures down to
Velocity profiler (short range**,
                                    Velocity profiles, Acoustic backscatter                    300; Bottom mount
600 m range)
                                                                                                  measures up to
                                                                                                     surface
                                    Optical attenuation, Optical absorption, Optical           5 below sea surface;
Spectrophotometer
                                    backscatter                                                  2 above bottom
Optical nitrate                     Nitrate concentration                                      5 below sea surface
Downwelling spectral irradiance     Downwelling spectral irradiance, Diffuse attenuation       5 below sea surface
                                    Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470 nm),
3-wavelength fluorometer            CDOM fluorescence (460 nm excited by 370 nm),              5 below sea surface
                                    Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)
Seawater CO2 partial pressure       Partial pressure of CO2 in seawater                          2 above bottom
Pressure on the seafloor            Pressure, Temperature                                        2 above bottom
Ethernet Camera with strobes for    Still images (of water column biology, vents, diffuse
                                                                                                 2 above bottom
digital still imagery               flow, seeps, macrofauna)
3-D single point current meter      Water velocity at a single point                             2 above bottom

*Multiple depths indicate individual instruments.
**Short range denotes velocity profiler instruments with a range up to 300 meters as appropriate
to the depth of deployment.
Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.

                                                         21
                        Washington Offshore Profiler Mooring
                                 Depth of Water Column: 500 m

 Instrument Name/Description                        Data Products                    Relative Depth* (m)
                                                                                      Near bottom to 15
3-D single point current meter   Water velocity at a single point
                                                                                       below surface
                                                                                      Near bottom to 15
Dissolved oxygen                 Oxygen concentration
                                                                                       below surface
                                 Conductivity, Temperature, Pressure (Depth),         Near bottom to 15
CTD
                                 Salinity, Density                                     below surface
                                 Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (695 nm excited by 470
                                                                                      Near bottom to 15
3-wavelength fluorometer         nm), CDOM fluorescence(460 nm excited by 370
                                                                                       below surface
                                 nm), Optical backscatter (red wavelengths)

Photosynthetically Available                                                          Near bottom to 15
                                 PAR
Radiation (PAR)                                                                        below surface


*This mooring is a Profiler that moves vertically through the water column over the specified
depth interval. The instruments are attached to the profiler.
Disclaimer: All data are subject to revision without notice; exact locations of mooring sites
are not yet finalized; exact depths of sensors will be determined at the time of deployment.




                                                     22

				
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