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Rules of Road


									 Rules of Road

Pentagon Sailing Club

      1 March 2003
            Navigation Rules
•   The Give-way vessel
•   The Stand-on vessel
•   Responsibilities between vessels
•   Only New Reels Catch Fish So Purchase Some
Only New Reels Catch Fish So
    Purchase Some Often
   Not Under Command (NUC)
   Restricted in Ability to Maneuver (RAM)
   Constrained by Draft (CBD)
   Sea Plane

                  Red Lights
2 red +1 or 2 white   Aground
2 Red                 NUC
3 Red                 CBD
                  Lights (cont.)
                   Identification Lights
Red over white            Fishing at night
Green over white          Trawling at night
White over red            Pilot ahead
Red over red              Should’ve stayed in bed (NUC)
Red white red       Restriction ahead (RAM)
3 Reds in a row           No clearance below
Red over green            Sailing machine
3 Greens on yard          Goes bang real hard (minesweeper)
               Lights (cont.)
                     Towing Lights

Yellow over White        My towing hauser’s tight

Yellow over yellow       I’m a pushing or hip-towing
                           fellow (INLAND)

2 Whites in a row        A tug and a tow

3 Whites in a row        A tug and a long tow

1 White                  Sternlight will show when tug
                         touches tow (INTERNATIONAL)
                   Lights (cont.)

                         Flashing Lights

Law enforcement                Flashing blue (the law got U)

Submarine                       Flashing yellow (Morse “S”)

Hovercraft (in non-displacement mode) Flashing yellow (120 fpm)

Inland tug (pushing ahead or towing alongside) Flashing yellow

                                     (50-70 fpm, 1800 – 2250)
Black Ball Day Shapes

 1 black ball    Anchored

 2 black balls   NUC

 3 black balls   Aground
         Distress Signals
              Oh Say Can You See
sOs signal by radio in Morse Code
 Horn or sound apparatus sounded continuously

  Square flag above or below a square shape
  A gun or explosive fired at intervals of one minute
maYday spoken or sent by radio telephone

  Can of orange smoke
  Alarm signals radio telephone or telegraph
  November Charlie flags – international code signals
       Distress Signals (cont.)
                 Oh Say Can You See
  dYe marker

   Orange background with black ball and a square
   Up and down waving of arms

    Shells, rockets, parachute flare or hand flare (red)
    Epirb or signals transmitted by radio com systems
flamEs on the vessel

  In addition (INLAND only) a high intensity light at 50-70 fpm
             Sound Signals
If vessel < 12M, must have “whistle” (defined as any
sound signaling appliance capable of producing the
prescribed blasts)

If vessel > 12M, must have whistle and 7” bell

A “short blast” is one of ~1 second’s duration;
A “prolonged blast” is one of ~4 – 6 second’s duration
        Sound Signals (cont.)
Leaving, Crossing or Overtaking, and Danger:
one prolonged     =     leaving dock or nearing bend
one short         =     intend to leave you to port
two short         =     intend to leave you to starboard
three short       =     operating in reverse
five short        =     danger!
                Sounds (cont.)
              Restricted Visibility – Under way
                 not more than two minute interval

One long – power driven vessel under way, making way
Two long – power driven vessel under way, not making way
One long, 2 short – all encumbered vessels (like sailboat)
One long, three short – being towed (if manned)
           Sounds (cont.)
        Restricted Visibility – Not under way
            not more than one minute interval
12 to < 100 meters: rapid ringing of bell 5 seconds
> 100 meters: 5 sec forward, then 5 sec gong aft
May also sound: short-long-short
Add 3 bell strokes before & after 5 sec bell
vessels <12 meters shall make an efficient sound
signal when anchored or aground (< 2 minutes)

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