B2.1 ARCHERY REGULATIONS
(a) An instructor must hold the Leader Award or Coach Award of the Grand National
Archery Society (GNAS) as a minimum qualification.
(a) The ratio of pupils/students to instructors must not exceed 12:1.
(b) A maximum of two persons may shoot at a target at any one time.
(c) Normally an instructor will only allow a maximum of four novices to shoot at the same
(a) Trainer bows should be used where the marked draw weight of the bows does not
exceed 20lb. Strings should be free from knots and frays.
(b) Only metal alloy arrows may be used. Arrows which are at least 2-3" longer than
the natural draw length must be used when teaching beginners. When
pupils/students with some experience have established consistent draw length,
they may be permitted to use arrows of a more appropriate length.
(c) Only GNAS design approved stands (padded to reduce the risk of rebound and
ricochet) and properly constructed bosses may be used. Bosses must be securely
attached to the stand.
(d) Bracers should be worn during shooting, and Tabs are strongly recommended.
Along with a proper technique, both these items help protect arms and fingers.
(e) Established archers may be permitted to use their own composite bow in a 'club'
(f) Crossbows must not be used.
(a) The leader should check the equipment before each shooting session.
b) The range must be laid out according to the rules of the Grand National Archery
(c) No other activity will be permitted in the vicinity of the range or in the sports
hall or gymnasium when archery is taking place.
(d) Only target archery is permitted.
(e) Safety precautions and shooting rules as published by the GNAS shall be
enforced by the instructor at all times.
(f) No fire door should be locked to facilitate archery.
Shooting control and safety
(a) The instructor must use a formal method of shooting control by means of clear verbal
instructions or an audible signal. Often a whistle is the best method of control,
especially for outdoor ranges.
(b) The Instructor must control and give clear signals to start and cease shooting,
and then to collect arrows.
(c) There must be a clearly displayed list of safety rules for all participants. These
must be enforced at all times. Transgressors must be required to leave.
(d) Any spectators or non-participants must be behind the waiting line.
(e) When drawing arrows from the target, participants must take care that the rear
end of the arrow does not injure anyone behind them.
(f) Do not load or draw an arrow except when standing on the shooting line and
facing in the direction of the target and not until told to do so by the instructor.
(g) No shooting may commence until everybody is back behind the shooting line
with non-participants behind the waiting line.
Regulations for Indoor Range
(a) The shooting range must be at least 9 metres in length.
(b) The shooting line must be at least 3m from the end of the wall.
(c) The waiting line must be a minimum of 1.2m from the end of the wall and a
minimum 1.8m from the shooting line, 5 metres where space permits.
(d) Targets should be at least 3.5 metres apart with archers being at least 1.6 metres
apart when on the shooting line.
(e) In a sports hall or gymnasium with a mid-way entrance the range must provide at
least 7m clearance on the entrance side.
(f) All doors must be locked with a key on the inside to prevent unexpected access
whilst shooting is in progress (except fire doors).
(g) There must be restricted entrance to the sports hall or gymnasium when the
range is in use.
(h) The backstop netting should be free hanging, approved for archery use and hung
a minimum distance of I m from the end wall. Backstop netting must never be
used to protect people, it is for the protection of walls and arrows only.
(i) The target line can be immediately in front of the backstop netting.
Regulations for Outdoor Range
(a) The range must have a minimum side clearance of 30m with any site boundary,
building or field entrance
(b) There must be a minimum side and/or end clearance of 50m between the range
and any other activity area.
(c) The minimum overshoot distance behind the target line must be 50m. Where this is not
possible, suitable back stop netting must be erected.
(d) The minimum range length, including the overshoot distance, must be 100m.
(e) The distance between the shooting line and waiting line must be a minimum of 4.5m.
(f) Targets must be securely anchored to the ground
(g) The area must be clearly marked and roped off on grounds where there is access
by anyone other than the specific archery group.
(h) The area to be roped shall ensure that no one can pass within 12m behind the
shooting line, or where there is any risk of a person emerging without warning.
Lilleshall National Sports Centre
Tel: 01952 677888
Fax: 01952 606019
Updated February 2006
Updated August 2008
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