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Compare Windows 2000, XP, and .NET

              Team D:

            John Leonard

             Brian North

           Jeffrey Reynolds

             Todd Saylor

           Windows 2000

              POS 426

            William Dean

            July 31, 2012
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                       Table Of Contents

Introduction __________________________________________________ 3

Windows 2000 Features ________________________________________ 5

Windows XP Features __________________________________________ 7

Compare Windows 2000 to XP __________________________________ 11

Compare Windows 2000 to .NET ________________________________ 14

Conclusion __________________________________________________ 15

References __________________________________________________ 17
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                                    Introduction

        As this paper develops the comparisons of Windows 2000 to Windows XP

and Microsoft .NET it is imperative to note what each if these systems are and

what they were designed to do.

Windows 2000 was released by Microsoft with five different versions. They are;

       Windows 2000 Home

       Windows 2000 Professional Home

       Windows 2000 Server

       Windows 2000 Advanced Server Home

       Windows 2000 Datacenter Server Home
   The most common business application of Windows 2000 is of course the

Windows 2000 Server. This is the version addressed in this paper. This operating

system is touted as, “The multipurpose network operating system” by Microsoft.

Additionally they say that it is intended for use by businesses of all sizes.

Windows XP is an operating system built to capitalize on the need for increased

use of media today. Windows XP also has different versions. They are;

       Windows XP Professional

       Windows XP Home Edition

       Windows XP Media Center Edition

       Windows XP Tablet PC Edition

       Windows XP 64 Bit Edition

Microsoft .NET is a set of software technologies designed to integrate different

applications. These applications can be written in different code languages,

hosted on different operating systems or platforms, or by different devices used
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to access them and for totally different purposes. Whether it is to connect

information, people, systems, or devices, .NET is the tool to use. Therefore

enabling software integration through the use of XML Web services.



                                                                                  Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
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                             Windows 2000 Features

       Windows 2000 comes in several versions. Windows 2000 Professional is

the desktop version of the operating system. There are three server versions of

Windows 2000 used for various types of networks. Windows 2000 Server is the

most basic network edition, it introduced active directory to the Windows family of

operating systems. Windows 2000 Advanced Server has expanded capabilities

over the Server edition by providing support for clusters, and more processors

per server than the Server edition. The final Version of Windows 2000 is

Windows Datacenter Server, which is designed to be used in multiprocessor

clusters performing high end math functions and data processing. Windows 2000

is compatible with thousands of business applications which have been produced

for use with the Windows operating system.

       The biggest selling point of Windows 2000 too many companies is the

addition of domains and active directory. Previously this functionality was added

to a network by running a third party network operating system such as Novell.

Windows 2000 offers a single company solution to establishing a network. For

the companies who insist of keeping Novell, Windows 2000 offers built in support

for using Novell with Windows 2000. Along with the introduction of active

Directory Windows 2000 adds greater support for secure printer and File sharing

along with added support for web hosting, and the development of Web enabled

applications.

       Like Windows NT Windows 2000 also uses the NTFS file system as its

native file system. Windows other line of operating systems, 95, 98, and ME, use
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FAT32 as a native file system. NTFS offers advanced file system features like

compression, quotas, and encryption. Windows 2000 also has built in support for

disk arrays with the use of disk management. Windows 2000 also supports some

advanced disk management options with dynamic disks, including fault tolerant

raid arrays.
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                              Windows XP Features

   As stated previously, Windows XP comes in different versions. The XP

Professional is geared toward business users. The XP Home edition is for

standard users that utilize a computer at home. There are many new features

with the release of Windows XP but by far the biggest feature that Microsoft is

pushing is the pure reliability of the operating system. It is advertised as being

extremely reliable, just as the Windows 2000 operating system is. This is

because the code is based from their powerhouse operating system. The stated

results then are;

      Fewer crashes and freezes

      Remote Assistance

      Fast User Switching

      New User Interface

      Setup Utility

      Backward compatible (Radding, 2003, Thurrott, 2001)

       Windows XP features Windows Media Player 8, which brings together

    common digital media activities including CD and DVD playback, jukebox

  management and recording, audio CD creation, Internet radio playback, and

 media transfer to portable devices. Windows XP makes it easier to use digital

  devices and provides many options to manipulate images such as publishing

    pictures to the Web, e-mailing photos, displaying pictures in an automatic

                slideshow, and allowing you to zoom in on images.
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                                 .NET Features

       One if the biggest questions everyone is asking is what is .Net? .Net is a

product developed by Microsoft and is used as a software platform versus an

operating system. The main purpose of .Net is to provide developers with a

platform for writing programs that can easily and securely operate

interchangeably.

       Microsoft® .NET is a set of Microsoft software technologies for connecting

information, people, systems, and devices. It enables a high level of software

integration through the use of Web services—small, discrete, building-block

applications that connect to each other as well as to other, larger applications

over the Internet. Web services are not well understood – yet. To make sure they

are clearly defined here is an excerpt from Microsoft’s own informational material.




       Two of the biggest software products that are utilizing the .Net technology

are Visual Studio.Net and Windows.Net Server. All of the components that are
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being used by the .Net platform are called the .Net Framework. The Framework

is broken down into 2 main parts the CLR (Common Language Runtime) and a

set of class libraries that are hierarchical built. There is one other component of

.Net called ASP.NET used primarily for developing web applications using Active

Server Pages technology (DrPizza, 2003).

       Microsoft .Net was introduced in 2000 and has three key features for

developers and organizations. They are agile architecture, developer

productivity, and operational excellence. Agile architecture is the process of

being able to change in a fast paced environment while reusing existing

processes. It also allows full support of XML Web services and code reusability.

Reusing code is a huge benefit for a company since they will be able to save

development efforts and quickly build a system. Also within the agile architecture

is the process of using ADO.NET, which is used for gaining access to data on

files or databases either locally or remotely on several different types of devices.

       Developer productivity is self-explanatory in the fact that time is money

and when you can decrease a developer’s time than you have the potential to

save the company money and provide a quality product. With .NET they provide

a developer with a single tool called Visual Studio .NET that allows them to

handle all the development needs under one umbrella. The new integrated

Windows CE .NET emulator has also been added to the Visual Studio .NET

software allows the developer to see the target device on their local desktop.

One final item is the use of a remote debugger. This will allow the developer to
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debug an application remotely from any location using the Visual Studio .NET

integrated debugger.

       Operational excellence is the final key feature and one of the most

important to the user because it deals with the final product being a truly reliable

application. Online and Offline support enables a user to function freely when

connections have been lost by allowing the application to operate. Automatic

deployment is also another feature of operational excellence that allows files to

be downloaded to a device if any updates have been found. This is truly a great

feature especially for saving time and money with excessive downloads

(Features of the, 2003).
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                         Compare Windows 2000 to XP

   Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows XP offer many advantages to

businesses of all sizes. They provide greater stability, manageability,

performance, and a lower total cost of ownership (TCO) than other Windows

platforms, such as Windows 95/98/Me and Windows NT.

   Like all operating system migrations it really boils down to a timing issue.

Because of the time involved in research, testing, and deployment the dollars

invested are usually significant for most organizations. Of course the home user

has a much different set of objectives to deal with. According to Michael Silver’s

article listed in the references section, it is suggested that companies skip over

Windows 2000 and deploy Windows XP.

   According to Microsoft, the system architecture improvements for higher

server uptime, fault tolerant and redundant systems for increased availability, and

online configuration and maintenance capabilities make Windows 2000 Server a

very high standard indeed. Windows XP is built on the same 32 bit code base (or

kernel) and therefore gives all of those benefits plus the additional deliverables

that were built just for Windows XP.

   Windows 2000 comes with the built-in Web services of Internet Information

Services 5.0 (IIS), and support for the Internet development language XML.

Windows XP does this as well as a few other improvements in the Internet area.

XP provides an Internet Connection Firewall and the ability to use Internet

Connection Sharing. Therefore, Windows XP Professional can provide network
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address translation, addressing, and name resolution services for all computers

on a small business network to share a single connection to the Internet.

   By using Kerberos support, Windows XP Professional offers single logon for

end users for resources and supported applications hosted on both Windows

2000.

   With Windows XP comes the option to encrypt the Offline Files database—

also known as the Client-side Cache (CSC). This is a big improvement over

Windows 2000 where the cached files could not be encrypted. Windows XP

offers you the option of encrypting the Offline Files database to safeguard all

locally-cached documents from theft while at the same time providing additional

security to your locally cached data.

   VPN access to system resources is a must have in any operating system

within companies today as more users are mobile and must have access to their

mail and data as they travel. Windows XP and Windows 2000 both utilize this

functionality.

   In summary, both systems are used by very large scale companies as their

operating system of choice. While Windows 2000 is a very good OS with much

improved deployment and management features, the “later to market” Windows

XP has the benefits of features that have been developed since Windows 2000

came out. The media rich features of Windows XP make multi-media much

easier for the common worker or home user to develop with. Now users can deal

with CDs in the CD-R or CD-RW formats, using simple drag-and-drop

functionality and wizard-facilitated processes. As Microsoft continues the
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migration with the next generation of Operating Systems this will continue to

improve.
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                        Compare Windows 2000 to .NET

       Microsoft .NET is supported by the Windows XP, 2000, and Server 2003

operating systems. Making a comparison between .NET and Windows 2000 is

like comparing the entertainment system in a car compared to the engine. The

engine would be considered Windows 2000 because it is the heart of the

computer making it able to operate and control resources. The entertainment

system in a car would be related to .NET because it provides the tools for the

users in the car to listen to music, watch a movie, or both. .NET is the tool that is

running on the Windows 2000 operating system that will provide the user the

capabilities of creating applications for the end user. .NET allows many different

languages such as Visual Basic, C++, C#, and even Cobol to be able to

communicate with the Windows 2000 operating system. .NET is a very powerful

technology but to receive the full benefits you need to run it on Windows XP or

2000 (Denver Microsoft, 2003).
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                                    Conclusion

        In concluding, the best choice of operating system for a computer user to

choose is going to be the operating system that would benefit him/her the most.

We have seen the benefits of each of these operating systems, and know what

they are capable of handling. Windows 2000 is created to help with the network

side of computing with its abilities to handle file sharing, web applications, and

Windows 2000 server connectivity. Using Windows 2000 is great for businesses

because of how it can help to maintain the connection in a network environment.

        We learned that Windows XP is a great operating system for any person

to use; however, it has great capabilities for the multimedia user. Since XP has a

wide variety of multimedia applications ready for the computer user that is

interested in movies, games, and more, it is great for that end user who enjoys

interacting with the computer. XP also offers a business version of XP so that

XP users can enjoy the great home experience in the office. The XP

Professional version allows for more of a business setting, but still has the

graphics and reliability of the XP home edition. The best quality of XP is its

reliability.

        We also noted that .NET is an operating system that is more of a platform

than an actual operating system, and that it is generally being used to provide

developers with a platform for writing programs that can easily and securely

operate interchangeably. .NET is also great for Internet applications, since it

helps to connect information, people, systems, and devices. It enables a high

level of software integration through the use of Web services -small, discrete,
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building-block applications that connect to each other as well as to other, larger

applications over the Internet. The many different languages also give .NET a

great impact, and being able to use .NET on XP, is also a plus because of XP’s

reliability factor.

        All in all, it really depends on what the end user is looking for in an

operating system. Be it networking, entertainment, business/home use, or better

Internet functionality, Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows .NET, all have

what it takes to give the end user the best operating system for his/her unique

tasks. Selecting the right operating for the job will come down what the tasks are

that need to be processed. The biggest step will be to research these operating

systems and decide for yourself, which one is best for you.
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                                 References

     Denver Microsoft Visual Studio .NET User Group Retrieved on July 17,

2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.denvervisualstudio.net/About.htm

     DrPizza, Microsoft.Net Retrieved on July 15, 2003 from the World Wide

Web: http://www.arstechnica.com/paedia/n/net/net-1.html

     Features of the Microsoft .NET Compact Framework and Visual Studio

.NET Retrieved on July 2, 2003 from the World Wide Web:

http://www.convergencepromotions.com/microsoft/2003vol4/Page15.pdf

     Radding, A. Windows XP capabilities dovetail with small, medium business

needs Retrieved on June 23, 2003 from the World Wide Web:

http://www.windowsadvantage.com/interactive_office/06-18-01_xp.asp

     Thurrott, P. (February, 2001) Windows XP Home Edition vs. Professional

Edition: What's the difference? Retrieved on June 23, 2003 from the World Wide

Web: http://www.winsupersite.com/showcase/windowsxp_home_pro.asp

     Silver, M (October 15,2001) A Pane in the Glass: The Migration Path to

Windows XP

     Windows XP Technical Overview Retrieved on July 17, 2003 from the

World Wide Web:

http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/techinfo/planning/techoverview/fileandp

rint.asp

     Windows 2000/XP OS Migration Best Practice Guide ? Retrieved on July

19, 2003 from the World Wide Web:

http://www.powerquest.com/deploycenter/docs/osdeploy-best.pdf

				
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