Docstoc

OIL AND GAS PIPELINES INTO AND ACROSS TURKEY

Document Sample
OIL AND GAS PIPELINES INTO AND ACROSS TURKEY Powered By Docstoc
					TURKISH GAS NETWORK & PIPELINES
     RECENT DEVELOPMENTS


           Öztürk SELVITOP
          Head of Department



              4th GAS FORUM
           10-11 September 2009
           Ljubljana - SLOVENIA
             Strategies in the Energy Sector
                            “Major Aspects”

– Exploration and production activities

– Further diversification in primary energy supply, in terms of energy
  sources, imports, technologies and infrastructures

– Development of renewables and introduction of nuclear power

– Competition oriented market structures in electricity, natural gas and
  petroleum sectors

– Energy efficiency along the supply-demand chain

– Oil and gas pipelines (domestic and cross-border)
  & electricity interconnections

                                                                    2
                   Natural Gas Sector
         “Main Characteristics and Major Strategies”



– Rapid growth in demand :
     security of supply as the main concern
     the role for competitive markets


– High level of import dependency:
     further role for diversification, in imports and in infrastructure


– Interrelation with the power sector and seasonality in
  demand:
     importance of monitoring, evaluation and emergency measures
                                                                          3
    Electrical Energy Market & Security of Supply Strategy Paper
                             (18.5.2009)

                            “Main Priorities”
–   Security of Supply is the main concern
–   All market regulations and implementation shall take security of
    supply concern into account
–   Market design
–   Program for distribution and generation privatisation
–   Targets for renewables and fuel mix
By 2023;
      - Share of renewables in electricity generation     at least %30
      - Share of nuclear energy in electricity generation     at least %5
      - Decrease share of natural gas below % 30 in electricity
        generation
      - Utilize all hydro and lignite reserves                            4
                  Electricity and Natural Gas Sectors
                    “Significant growth in consumption”

                                 Cumulative Growth in Demand (%)
                                           (2000-2007)
                          Electricity Consumption    Natural Gas Consumption




             175
      140                  141


                     49               40   53                    12
                                                    29   20            9       12   8

        China        TURKEY            India        World         EU       OECD average

                                                                                          5

OECD Statistics
      Natural Gas Consumption (2008)

Consumption by Sources    Sectoral Consumption




           10 bcma           36,8 bcma
            (1996)             (2008)
                                         2008: % 4,25
                                         2009: % - 5,00




Share of gas in electricity generation
             The Republic of TURKEY       %48             7
Natural Gas Demand Forecasts
 “Need for new imports by 2012 ”




                                   8

                8
         Natural Gas Sale & Purchase Agreements
                 Volume bcma
                 [the Plateau   Date of Signature   Duration    Start of
                    Period]                         (Years)    Operation
                 (bcm / year)
Russian Fed.          6         14 February 1986      25         1987
(West)
Algeria (LNG)         4           14 April 1988       20         1994

Nigeria (LNG)        1.2        9 November 1995       22         1999


Iran                 10          8 August 1996        25         2001

Russian Fed.         16           15 December         25         2003
                                      1997
(Blue Stream)
Russian               8         18 February 1998      23         1998
Fed.(West)
Turkmenistan         16           21 May 1999         30         not in
                                                               operation
Azerbaijan           6.6         12 March 2001        15         2007
        Natural Gas Transmission Activities

The National Transmission System is composed of
 ­ High pressure pipelines in aggregate 11.000 km.
 ­ 7 Compressor Stations (totally 200 MW)
 ­ 4 new planned Compressor Stations
 ­ More than 200 Pressure Reducing and Metering             Stations directly
 connected to high pressure grid
LNG Terminal and Storage Facilities
 ­ 2 LNG Terminals with 5 storage tanks (2 and 3) each having 85.000 m3
 capacity
 ­ One underground storage facility with 1.6 bcm capacity
                                                                        10
Natural Gas Pipeline Network




                     USING GAS : 63
                     UNDER CONSTRUCTION : 4
                     TENDERING STAGE : 5
                     PLANNING STAGE : 9
GAS PIPELINES & PROJECTS




                           12
Natural Gas Geostrategy of TURKEY




                                    13
            Oil & Gas reserves around TURKEY
             “Their percentage in Global Reserves”
                                                 %6
         2nd                                                       %3
      LARGEST                                                       %2
                                               %27
        GAS
     MARKET OF
     THE WORLD


                                                        %1
                                                LARGEST             %2


  72 % of global
                                                   GAS
     reserves                                   SOURCES
                        Natural Transit          OF THE%12
                                                %9
                            Route
  OIL
                                          %2
                                                 WORLD
  %                                                          %15

NATURAL            %3   %1          %1
  GAS
   %                                      %23
                                                      %41
Natural Gas Pipeline Network

                                       Azerbaijan
                  Blue Stream           M
                                      BC
                                  6
                          M     6.                CM
                     BC                       B
                  16                       16

                                       Türkmenistan




                                                   Iraq




          Egypt
                                                   15
RUSSIA – TURKEY GAS PIPELINE (WEST PIPE)

                                        IN OPERATION SINCE 1987

                                        IN 1993, REACHED TO 6
                                        bcma WHICH IS
                                        CONTRACTED CAPACITY

                                        IN 1998, ADDITIONAL 8
                                        bcma GAS CONTRACTED
                                        AND CAPACITY INCREASED
                                        TO 14 bcma

      TECHNICAL FEATURES                IN 2008, APPROXIMATELY
      Total Length      845 Km          13.2 bcm (~ 13) IMPORTED
      Pipeline Diameter 46-42-34 Inch
      Cur. Capacity     14 bcma
RUSSIA – TURKEY GAS PIPELINE (BLUE STREAM)

                                          DESIGNED IN THE FORM
                                          OF DOUBLE LINE BETWEEN
                                          RUSSIA AND TURKEY

                                          STARTED TO OPERATION
                                          ON FEBRUARY 20TH, 2003

                                          IN 2008, APPROXIMATELY
                                          9.8 bcm (~ 10) IMPORTED


      TECHNICAL FEATURES
      Samsun – Ankara 501 km
      Russia & Black Sea 370 + 390 km
      Pipeline Diameter 56, 24, 48 Inch
      Cur. Capacity      16 bcma
EASTERN ANATOLIAN GAS PIPELINE

                                      CONTRACTED TO 10 bcma
                                      IN 1996

                                      STARTED OPERATION ON
                                      DECEMBER 10TH, 2001

                                      IN 2008, APPROXIMATELY
                                      4.1 bcm (~ 4) IMPORTED




     TECHNICAL FEATURES
     Total Length      1491 Km
     Pipeline Diameter 16 - 48 Inch
     Cur. Capacity     10 bcma
BAKU – TBILISI – ERZURUM GAS PIPELINE

                                  SALE AND PURCHASE
                                  AGREEMENT FOR 6,6 bcm
                                  OF GAS WAS SIGNED ON 12
                                  MARCH 2001

                                  IN OPERATION SINCE JULY
                                  2007

                                  IN 2008, 4.5 bcm IMPORTED

                                  IDLE CAPACITY IS
      TECHNICAL FEATURES          CONSIDERED TO BE USED
      Total Length      915 Km    FOR SHAH DENIZ PHASE-2
      Pipeline Diameter 42 Inch   PRODUCTION
      Max. Capacity     20 bcma
                                                              19
ARAB GAS PIPELINE PROJECT


                                   THE EGYPTIAN GAS IS CURRENTLY
                                   BEING SUPPLIED TO SYRIA

                                   A MOU SIGNED BETWEEN TURKEY
                                   AND SYRIA ON 20 AUGUST 2009
                                   CONCERNING INTERCONNECTION
                                   OF GAS NETWORKS

                                   THE NETWORK OF TURKEY AND
                                   SYRIA WILL BE LINKED WITH THE
                                   CONSTRUCTION OF REMAINING
          TECHNICAL FEATURES       230 KM.
          Total Length :1200 Km
          Pipeline Dia. :36 Inch
          Max.Capacity :10 bcma                                    20
IRAQ – TURKEY GAS PIPELINE PROJECT

                             HAVE GREAT POTENTIAL IN
                             ENHANCING BOTH TURKEY’S
                             AND EU’S ENERGY SECURITY

                             MoU SIGNED AMONG TPAO,
                             BOTAS AND SHELL ENERGY
                             EUROPE BVA ON 20
                             NOVEMBER 2008

                             MoU REFERS TO
                             COOPERATION IN
                             EXPLORATION, PRODUCTION,
                             TRANSPORTATION AND
                             MARKETING FIELDS
                                                      21
TURKEY – GREECE – ITALY GAS PIPELINE PROJECT


                                ON NOVEMBER 18, 2007
                                GAS SUPPLY STARTED
                                ON ITG

                                TRILATERAL IGA ON ITGI
                                ON JULY 26th, 2007

                                IGI IS TO OPERATE BY
                                2013
      TECHNICAL FEATURES
      ITG Length      296 Km
      Total Length    808 Km
      Pipeline Dia.   36 Inch
      Contracted Cap. 12 bcma                            22
NABUCCO GAS PIPELINE PROJECT

                                 GERMAN RWE HAS BEEN
                                 THE 6TH PROJECT
                                 PARTNER IN 2008

                                 IGA HAS BEEN SIGNED ON
                                 13 JULY 2009 AT THE
                                 NABUCCO SUMMIT IN
                                 ANKARA

                                 NEGOTIATIONS ARE
                                 UNDERWAY TO SIGN PSA
     TECHNICAL FEATURES
     Total Length   3300 Km      START OF OPERATION BY
     Pipeline Dia.  42-56 Inch   2014
     Max.Capacity   31 bcma
                                                          23
 GAS SUPPLY & TRANSIT POTENTIAL (2020)

  Transbalkan                           m
    14 BCM                           rea M                  Azerbaijan
                                  est BC                  Turkmenistan
                                lu -32
                               B 6
                                                           Kazakhistan
                                                           30-40 BCM
                                 1

                            DOMESTIC                               Iran
                             DEMAND              POTENTIAL      30-40 BCM
                POTENTIAL
                 TRANSIT                          SUPPLY

            64-104 BCM      66 BCM             126-166 BCM

 LNG
12 BCM

                                             Egypt-Iraq
                                             14-18 BCM
                                                                            24
Thank You…




             25

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:13
posted:7/31/2012
language:
pages:25