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elements-of-a-tragic-hero

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					Based on Aristotle’s Poetics
 The character is of (or has
  achieved) noble stature and
  greatness.
 The character should occupy a
  high status position but should
  also embody nobility and virtue as
  part of his or her character.
 Though the tragic hero is great,
 he or she is not perfect.
Otherwise, we would be unable
 to identify or empathize with
 the tragic hero.
 The hero's downfall is partially her or
  his own fault.
 The tragedy is usually triggered by
  some error of judgment or some
  character flaw known as hamartia or
  "tragic flaw"
 Often the character's hamartia
  involves hubris (arrogant pride or
  over-confidence).
The hero's misfortunate
is not wholly deserved.
The punishment
exceeds the crime.
There is a point of
 discovery -- some
 increase in awareness or
 self-knowledge on the
 part of the tragic hero.
   Tragedy should not leave its audience in a state
    of total depression.
   Aristotle argues that one function of tragedy is
    to arouse the "unhealthy" emotions of pity and
    fear and through a catharsis cleanse us of those
    emotions.
   Greek drama was not considered
    entertainment; it had a communal function--to
    contribute to the good health of the
    community.
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posted:7/31/2012
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