drama by dandanhuanghuang

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 13

									Elements of Drama
“All the World’s a stage..”
  -William Shakespeare
     Drama/Its Framework
• Characters are whom the audience cares
  about.
• The characters have a conflict, or problem
  that creates a struggle
• The struggle creates suspense.
• The story progresses to a climax, or a
  moment of emotional intensity.
• The main character undergoes a change-
  under the pressure of the action
               Conflict
• Two types:
• External: The character with an outside
  force, person, animal, etc.
• Internal: The character has conflicts
  within himself.
             Stagecraft
• Playwrights provide stage directions-
  information on movement and emotion
  to go along with what the actor
  says(dialogue).
• Stage directions can also include
  information on scenery, costumes,
  lighting and props.
• Stage directions appear in parentheses
  or brackets.
            Stagecraft
• SOLILOQUY-One actor on stage
  speaking—usually emotional or state of
  mind
• MONOLOGUE-One actor speaking—
  others on stage
• DIALOGUE-The speech between actors
• ASIDE—Actor speaks directly to the
  audience—those on stage do not hear.
Roots of Drama
       • Drama originated
         with the Greeks and
         their religious
         festivals.
       • Eventually drama
         structure was
         formalized with
         actors(who wore
         masks) and a
         chorus(did not sing)
Roots of Drama
       • Types of Greek plays:
       • Tragedy: heroic
         character had unhappy
         ending.
       • Satyr: Comic and lewd
       • Comedy: Ordinary
         characters with happy
         ending.
Tragic Hero
      • According to
        Aristotle:
      • Function of tragedy
        was to arouse pity
        and fear in audience
        which created a
        catharsis or
        emotional purging.
Tragic Hero
      • Tragedy had tragic
        hero:
      • Tragic hero had
        tragic flaw that led to
        his downfall.
      • Tragic flaw was
        fundamental
        character
        weakness-pride,
        ambition, etc.
     ELIZABETHAN DRAMA
•   No female actors
•   No sets
•   No lighting
•   Costumes were contemporary
•   Repertory system
•   The physical theater
•   Groundlings
 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
• Born April 23(ish) 1564 to John & Mary
• Grammar School in Stratford-upon-
  Avon
• Married Anne Hathaway(26) he was 18.
• Six months later: Susanna—Two years
  later: Judith & Hamnet(d. 1596)
• 1580’s left for London
 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
• 1592-Robert Greene’s letter and Henry VI
• Successful years
• Wrote three types of plays: comedies,
  histories, tragedies
• Part owner of The Globe(burned 1613)
• WS retired
• Died April 23(ish) 1616
• Buried in Poet’s Corner at Westminster
  Abbey
• First Folio 1623
          Julius Caesar
• HISTORICALLY:
  – 1st Triumverate: Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
  – Set against senate
  – Cleopatra
  – Ides of March 44/43 BC
  – 2nd Triumverate: Antony, Octavius,
    Lepidus

								
To top