LOTF Argument Essay 2 choices by dandanhuanghuang


									                                    Lord of the Flies Argument Essay
                    25 points each for Outline and First Draft and 100 points for Final Draft
                                       150 points total to writing standard

An argument essay is a sound argument of a position backed up with facts, details, examples and
one additional element—appeal. Persuasion is the kind of writing that depends on the reader’s
reaction to what the writer says. One should remember that the goal of persuasive or argument
writing is to make the reader change from his viewpoint to the writer’s viewpoint. Therefore, the
writer must present his argument in a way that will not offend his reader.

Goal  Write an argument essay that addresses either of the following:

 “The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature. The
 moral is that the shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on
   any political system however apparently logical or respectable.” (Golding on Lord of the Flies)

Choice 1: Leadership/Authority/Character
What is the relationship between authority and character? Must a leader possess strong moral character
(Ralph) or can a leader be effective without moral character (Jack)? Take a position and defend your
argument with evidence from both primary and secondary sources using direct quotations.

Choice 2: Flawed Human Nature
William Golding believes that every human is born with the propensity to do evil as opposed to Jean-
Jacques Rousseau an influential thinker in the movement called naturalism, which contends human beings
are naturally good and innocent, and it is our environment that shapes us be it good or evil. Do you agree
with Golding or Rousseau? Defend your position with evidence from both primary and secondary
sources using direct quotations.
                                                                                What’s the best way to
                                                                                get readers on your
Guidelines:                                                                     side??
Introduction, Body Paragraphs, and a Conclusion
Length: 1 ½ - 2 pages long                                                      When trying to persuade others
Primary source quotations (from the novel) – 3 minimum                          of your opinions on various
Secondary source quotations – 2 minimum (1 from a literary                      issues (in writing or speech),
criticism [book] and 1 from Cobb Virtual Library)                               appeal to your listeners in 3
Follow all manuscript, MLA style, and formal essay rules                        ways:
                                                                                1. Logical – appeal to readers’
Address counterpoints (see below)                                               practical reasoning (it makes
Thesis statement & topic sentences highlighted                                  sense logically)
Submit through Turnitin.com & attach report & rubric                            2. Emotional – appeal to
                                                                                   readers’ feelings or emotions (it
Counterpoints:                                                                     taps into emotional support)
                                                                                   3. Ethical – credibility of the
There is always someone who will disagree.                                         speaker (Demonstrates author's
Consider what points those who disagree with you might make.                       reliability, competence, and
Acknowledge these possible conflicts and refute them with                          respect for the audience's ideas
your ideas and textual proof in your body paragraphs.                              and values)

Example  “Although most of the boys abandon Ralph,
he remains concerned for the good of the whole group.”                This is the counter-argument.
       This is the part that                                          Someone might argue that since the
       refutes the counter-                                           boys leave Ralph, he therefore
       argument.                                                      cannot be a good leader.
     Use the Format Below for this Essay:
     Introductory Paragraph: Your introduction is an important road map for the rest of your paper. It
     conveys what your topic is, why it is important, how you plan to proceed with your discussion and finally
     a thesis that will assert your main argument.
      Hook sentence(s): attention- getting sentence
      Set the context: a couple of sentnces that set the stage for your essay and should include title, author,
        and genre and connects to your hook and leads to your thesis statement
      Have a Thesis Statement-compose a sentence stating the position you will support with logos (sound
        reasoning), pathos (balanced emotional appeal), and ethos (author credibility). (NO “I think”
        statements) Answer: Must a leader possess strong moral character (Ralph) or can a leader be effective
        without moral character (Jack)? OR Is every human born with the propensity to do evil or does our
        environment make us so?

     Body Paragraphs:
       What are your reasons? (WHY must a leader have moral characters? Or not?) or (What evidence is
        there that humans are born naturally malevolent? Or not?) These are your main ideas that you want
        to fully develop. Choose 2 or more and list them below. Then expand and come up with several
        supporting ideas for each main idea. These supporting ideas will likely draw attention to specific
        aspects of the novel and research which will be where your quotes come in to prove your point.

        Reason #1:

                Support 1:

                Support 2:
Write reasons
 in complete
  sentences.    Support 3:
These will be
   your topic

        Reason #2:

                Support 1:

                Support 2:

                Support 3:
  Reason #3:

       Support 1:

       Support 2:

       Support 3:

  Reason #4:

       Support 1:

       Support 2:

       Support 3:

  Make sure you have a Topic Sentence for each body paragraph – and be sure to use TRANSITIONS
   between ideas. A TRANSITION wraps up one idea and leads toward the next one. (DO NOT be
   formulaic with First, Second, Third, In Conclusion-boring!!)

Concluding Paragraph:
  What have you proven in your essay? Sum up your ideas by showing what you have proved in your
   writing, but DO NOT repeat your thesis.
  Add a new but related thought. Address counterarguments if you haven’t already. No quotes in the
   conclusion; these are your thoughts.
  Answer the “SO WHAT?” What are the implications now that you proved your position? Should
   only moral people be allowed roles of leadership? Should all parents be forced to take childrearing
   classes to ensure a proper environment for their innately evil (or good) children?
  Make a statement of appeal – what’s one last way you can convince readers to agree?
  Finisher: make you audience remember your essay (not in an infamous way!)

 Write your “so what” statement here:______________________________________________________
                                                                                                                            McFakey 4

                                                  Works Cited (example only)

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. London: Putnam, 1954.

Halle, Louis. “Tragedy and Heroism in the Lord of the Flies.” Bloom’s Notes. Ed. Harold Bloom

         Broomall, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 1996. 24-25.

Hamilton, John. “Leaders and Followers.” Magill Book Reviews (1995): N.p. EBSCOhost. Web. 1 March


Slayton, Paul. Teaching Rationale for William Golding's Lord of the Flies. Censored Books: Critical

         Viewpoints. Ed. Carl Harris. Boston: Houghton, 1993. 351-357.

              It has a header at the top, as it is considered the last page of your essay
              Double-space the entire Works Cited page and note that your last name and a page number
               should appear in the upper right corner, typed in the header
              Title is centered
              DO NOT NUMBER THE ENTRIES on your Works Cited page.
              Alphabetize entries on the Works Cited page using the author's last name (or article name if no
              Each entry starts on a new line
              All second lines and subsequent lines of entries are indented.
                    o Highlight your text
                    o On the Home menu click on the expand arrow to the left of “paragraph”
                    o In the indentation section special drop-down box, select “Hanging”
              Follow format from the MLA handout. This gives examples of both text and online sources.
              Online sources must come from Cobb Virtual.
              Most of Cobb Virtual articles provide MLA citation with each entry. Simply copy/paste to your
               WC page.

     NOTE: ALL online resources other than those accessed through Cobb Virtual MUST be pre-approved. If
     not, these sources will receive NO credit in your writing.

***You should type only the source(s) that you used in your essay – You
should have at least three sources: 1 primary source (novel) and 2
secondary sources (1 from a book & 1 from Cobb Virtual Library).

Standards Addressed: ELACC9-10W1a-e: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid
reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. ELACC9-10W4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization,
and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. ELACC9-10W5: Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising,
editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. ELACC9-
10W7: Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question. ELACC9-10W8: Gather relevant information from
multiple authoritative print and digital sources. ELACC9-10W9: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis,
reflection, and research. ELACC9-10L1: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing.
ELACC9-10L2a-d: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
ELACC9-10L3: a. Write and edit work so that it conforms to the guidelines in a style manual -MLA Handbook.

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