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									                                                                                     Instructor: Mrs. Rossi

                                BRYANT & STRATTON COLLEGE
                                 CRIMINAL COURTS, CRJU 110
                                        Final Project
The following course outcomes will be addressed in this project:
   1. Discuss the evolution of dispute resolution in the United States.
   3. Describe the purposes, functions, qualifications, and ethics of the judiciary in the United States, at
         the federal, district court, and Supreme Court levels.
   4. Explain the adversary system and the roles, functions, and legal limitations of the prosecution.
   5. Analyze the defense including the rights of the accused, attorney-client privilege, confidentiality,
         functions performed by the defense counsel, public defenders and legal aid.
   6. Explain the historical context, processes, roles, functions, and ethical issues related to juries in
         the United States.
   7. Outline the trial and pre-trial processes.
   8. Explain the function and process of sentencing and appeals.

This final project is worth 300 points.

Choose one of the topics listed. Conduct research on the relevant issues using outside
sources. You must provide written responses to each question and you will present your
project to the class. You may not use your written responses to present your project to
the class. You may use an outline. Be sure to read the rubric to understand how this
project will be graded.

This is an individual project; you may not work with anyone else on this project.


    1. The Fourth Amendment and the Exclusionary Rule

    A woman called the police to her home after daughter was severely beaten earlier in the day
    by the daughter’s boyfriend. The daughter agreed to use her key to let the officers into the
    apartment where the man was sleeping. The officers did not seek to obtain either an arrest
    warrant or a search warrant. After the daughter unlocked the apartment door, the officers
    entered and found a white substance, which later proved to be cocaine, sitting on the table.
    They arrested the sleeping man and charged him with narcotics offenses. The defendant
    sought to have the drugs excluded from evidence because the officers’ warrantless search
    was based on permission from the girlfriend who had moved out of the apartment several
    weeks earlier and therefore had no authority to give the officers permission to enter and

            a.   Fully explain the Exclusionary Rule and the relevant Fourth Amendment rights.
            b.   Explain the requirements for an arrest warrant and for a warrantless arrest.
            c.   Explain the requirements for search and seizure generally.
            d.   Explain the requirements for a warrantless search and seizure.
            e.   As a prosecutor, explain the exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule that you might
                 use to make arguments about why the evidence should not be excluded.
                                                                         Instructor: Mrs. Rossi

       f.   Imagine that you are the judge, decide whether the evidence obtained in the
            warrantless search should be excluded. Provide reasons for your decision.
            Consider and explain: the words of the Fourth Amendment, the purposes of the
            Amendment, and the potential effects on society from the rule you formulate for
            this case.

2. The Fifth and Sixth Amendments

After arresting a suspect for burglary, police officers learning that the suspect’s nickname
was “Butch.” A confidential informant had previously told them that someone named “Butch”
was responsible for an unsolved murder in another city. The police in this other city were
informed about this coincidence and they sent officers to question the suspect about the
murder. Meanwhile, the suspect’s sister secured the services of a lawyer to represent her
brother on the burglary charge. Neither she nor the lawyer knew about the suspicions
concerning the unsolved murder case. The lawyer telephoned the local police station and
said she would come to the station to be present if the police wished to question her client.
The lawyer was told that the police would not question him until the following morning and
she could come to the station at that time. Meanwhile, the police from the other city arrived
and initiated the first of a series of evening questioning sessions with the suspect. The
suspect was not informed that his sister had obtained the services of a lawyer to represent
him. The suspect was not told that the lawyer had called the police and asked to be present
during any questioning. During the first questioning session, the suspect was informed of his
Miranda rights, waived his right to be represented by counsel during questioning and
subsequently confessed to murder.

       a. Fully explain (not just list) the rights provided by the Fifth and Sixth Amendments.
       b. Fully explain the requirements under Miranda v. Arizona.
       c. Explain any exceptions to Miranda.
       d. Explain the step in the Criminal Justice process when a suspect has the right to
          representation by counsel.
       e. If you were the defense attorney, what arguments would make to have the
          confession excluded from evidence?
       f. If you were the judge, would you permit the confession to be used in evidence?
          Provide reasons for your decision.
                                                                     Instructor: Mrs. Rossi

                             BRYANT & STRATTON COLLEGE
                              CRIMINAL COURTS, CRJU 110
                                     Final Project

CRITERION                          Points Allowed         Points Awarded    Comments

Oral presentation:                 120   30 points each

Professional attire

Presentation content

Professional demeanor

Preparedness (taking

Written Responses:                 180   30 points each

Content (information processing)

Elaboration (a sense of quality)


Writing style

Grammar, spelling & punctuation

Citations (APA)

TOTAL                              300

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