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Carl Ludwig Willdenow
Carl Ludwig Willdenow (22 August 1765 - 10 July 1812) was a German botanist,
pharmacist, and plant taxonomist. He is considered one of the founders of
phytogeography, the study of the geographic distribution of plants. Willdenow was also a
mentor of Alexander von Humboldt one of the earliest and best known phytogeographers.
Willdenow was born in Berlin and studied medicine and botany at the University of
Halle. He was a director of the Botanical garden of Berlin from 1801 until his death.
There he studied many South American plants, brought back by the explorer Alexander
von Humboldt. He was interested in the adaptation of plants to climate, showing that the
same climate had plants having common characteristics. His herbarium, containing more
than 20,000 species, is still preserved in Berlin.
He is most famous for his synthesis of European plant geography, and his mountains
In 1801, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
The standard botanical author abbreviation Willd. is applied to plants he described.
Florae Berolinensis prodromus (1787)
Grundriß der Kräuterkunde (1792)
Berlinische Baumzucht (1811)
Linnaei species plantarum (1798-1826, 6 volumes) Botanicus
Anleitung zum Selbststudium der Botanik (1804)
Enumeratio plantarum horti regii botanici Berolinensis (1809)
Hortus Berolinensis (1816)
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
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