How to write an argument
An argument is a deliberate attempt to move beyond just making an assertion. When offering an argument,
you are offering a series of related statements which represent an attempt to support that assertion — to give
others good reasons to believe that what you are asserting is true rather than false. An argument is not the
same thing as a quarrel. The goal of an argument is not to attack your opponent, or to impress your audience.
The goal of an argument is to offer good reasons in support of your conclusion, reasons that all parties to your
dispute can accept.
Nor is an argument just the denial of what the other person says. Even if what your opponent says is wrong
and you know it to be wrong, to resolve your dispute you have to produce arguments. And you haven't yet
produced an argument against your opponent until you offer some reasons that show him to be wrong.
When you're arguing, you will usually take certain theses for granted (these are the premises of your
argument) and attempt to show that if one accepts those premises, then one ought also to accept the
Analyze the task The purpose of the introduction is to make your
What are the two sides of the issue? Is it debatable? readers read on: in other words, your introduction
Yes, it is debatable. Some may argue for it and should attract the readers' attention and want them
some may argue against the idea. to read your essay
What is my position? to set the scene for the issue
Do I agree or disagree? to state your thesis clearly
Develop your arguments
Why am I for/against it? How to develop an introduction:
What is the context of the issue? Ask yourself the questions:
So what? What is the context?
Who cares? Who cares?
Writing the introduction Why should people care about this topic?
The purpose of the argumentative essay is to Why should people care about this issue?
persuade your readers: you usually write for
people who disagree with you. Writing the conclusion
Therefore, your arguments should be strong You can try one or several of the strategies below:
enough to persuade them. summarize the key points you have discussed
reflect back to your introduction: especially if you
asked questions in the introduction it is a good idea
to conclude by providing answers
provide a solution if you have started out to find a
call for action: suggest what action should be taken