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Archery Study Guide - DOC

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									                                      Archery Study Guide


HISTORY:

Archery is one of the oldest sports that are still being practiced today. The modern sport of target
archery most likely originated in England during the 14th century. During this time there were a
few different styles of shooting, including clout and roving marks, some of which evolved into
what we see today in the sport of archery. Archery was a part of the second Olympic Games, held
in 1900. Due to rule interpretation issues, archery was dropped from the Olympic Games in 1920
and was not reinstated until 1972. From its early history to modern times, archery has always
been a competitive sport. Surely, many years from now archery will continue to be a popular
sport reaching across age gaps and national borders, uniting archers from all over the world.

Nature of the sport:

      Target Archery – hit the target with a prescribed number of arrows shot from a
              specified distance. This is called a round
    Flight Shooting – release a designated number of arrows from a shooting line in
              an attempt to send the arrows as far as possible.
    Field Shooting- hunting with bow, roving and shooting at established targets while
              walking over a designated course.
Archery safety:

Bows and arrows are deadly weapons. If misused, the consequences may be fatal. It is
therefore essential that safety regulations be observed at all times!

   Safety Rules:

1. Check the bow and string for damage before shooting. Do not shoot with a bow that is
   over or under strung.
2. Do not use an arrow that has been cracked or splintered; inform the teacher
   immediately. Only use arrows that are of the correct length.
3. Aim and shoot only at the target directly in front of you. Never aim at anyone or
   anything else, even in fun.
4. Do not draw the bow, unless you are in shooting position and not until the following
   commands have been given. “Archer address your target and shoot”.
5. If the “stop shooting” signal has been given, stop all action immediately. (long whistle)
6. Do not retrieve the arrows until after all of the bows are placed in the quivers and the
   command to “retrieve” has been given by the teacher.
7. Only students properly dressed for class can shoot (it is unsafe to shoot while wearing
   jewelry, ipods or clothing that has buttons or is very loose fitting).
   PARTS OF THE ARROW:

 Index feather: The different colored feather which is set at a right angle from the nock.
  The index feather is set away from the bow when nocking the arrow.
 Hen feather: The two feathers on the arrow which are not at right angles to the nock.
  They are usually the same color.
 Nock: The groove at the end of the arrow into which the string is fitted.
 Pile: The pointed metal tip of the arrow.
 Shaft: The main body of the arrow.
    PARTS OF THE BOW:

 Arrow rest/shelf: A small projection on the top of the bow handle where the arrow
  shaft rests.
 Nock: The grooves at the bow ends into which the string is placed for bracing.
 Serving: A layer of thread wrapped around the bowstring at the nocking point to protect
  it from wear.
 Back: The side of the bow away from the string.
 Face: The string side of the bow.


    ARCHERY TERMS:

   End: Six arrows shot in succession.
   Nocking: The act of properly placing an arrow on a string in preparation for shooting.
   Perfect hand: In one round of shooting, having all your arrows hit the bull’s eye.
   Quiver: A receptacle for holding arrows.
   Shooting line: A line the shooters straddle when addressing the target.
   Arm guard: A protective device placed on the arm to prevent injuries from the bow
    string.

    SCORING:

    The following scoring is used when using a standard archery target:

   Gold:               9 points
   Red:                7 points
   Blue:               5 points
   Black:              3 points
   White:              1 Point




    If the arrow lands on two different colored circles, your score value is for the color that is
    worth more points

								
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