Rodney Mileski by HC120730201147

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									   Anthropology

Rodney Mileski
Eighth Grade Social Studies
What is Anthropology?
   The study of humankind everywhere,
    throughout time, seeks to produce reliable
    knowledge about people and their
    behavior, both about the things that make
    them different and the things they all share
    in common.
What makes us different?
What makes us the same?
Subfields of Anthropology
Franz Boas
         German-American
          anthropologist Franz
          Boas, a professor at
          Columbia University
          in New York City for
          37 years, helped
          pioneer modern
          anthropology. He
          advocated the
          theories that there is
          no pure race and that
          no race is superior to
          any other.
• The University of Rochester was the first college or university to
carry credit for a general anthropology course (1879).
• Prior to this the Western Hemisphere was restricted to its
geographical horizon.
• With the advancements in transportation and technology, the
world was reachable to explore and study.
• This introduced the anthropologist to the study of ethnography.
• Ethnography is the systematic description of a particular culture
based on firsthand observations.
• The technique of learning a people’s culture through direct
participation in their everyday life over an extended period of time.
• These types of anthropologists are ethnologists.
          Physical Anthropologist
     Also referred to as biological anthropology,
      focuses on humans as biological
      organisms, and one of its main interests is
      human evolution.
Biological evolution is the
natural process by which
new and more complex
organisms develop over
time. (Human Evolution and
Darwinism)
      Non-Academic careers in physical
      anthropology (Website)
       Cultural Anthropology
   The branch of anthropology that focuses on
    human behavior.
   Anthropologists welcome the contributions from
    other disciplines (psychology, economics,
    sociology, and biology) to reach the common
    goal of understanding humanity.
      Forensic Anthropology
                                   Forensic anthropologists
                                    specialize in the analysis of
                                    human corpses or remains for
                                    legal investigations. In this
                                    photo, a forensics team working
                                    for the International Criminal
                                    Tribunal for the Former
                                    Yugoslavia examine human
                                    remains on a hillside near
                                    Srebrenica in northeastern
                                    Bosnia. Forensic analysis helps
                                    investigators determine how
                                    large numbers of civilians died i
                                    the Yugoslav Wars of Succession
                                    (1991-1995), information
                                    needed to convict those
                                    responsible for the killings.


Forensic Archaeology Web-site
                  Archaeology
   The branch of cultural anthropology that studies
    material remains in order to describe and explain
    human behavior.
   While history tells us something of the horrors of
    slavery in North America, the full horror is
    revealed only by archaeological investigation of
    the African burial ground in New York. Even
    young children were worked so far beyond their
    ability to endure that their spines actually
    fractured.

     The Ohio Historical Society (Serpent Mound)
Located on the west bank of the Nile River on the outskirts of Cairo, the
pyramids at Giza, Egypt, rank as some of the best-known monuments
in the world. The ancient Egyptians constructed the pyramids to serve
as royal tombs. Built without the use of cranes, pulleys, or lifting tackle,
the massive structures stand as testaments to the engineering skills of
their makers.

    .
        Archaeology fieldwork website
      Linguistic Anthropology
   The branch of cultural anthropology that
    studies human languages.
   Linguists may deal with the description of
    a language or with the history of languages
    (the way language develops and changes
    with passage of time).
American anthropologist Margaret Mead spent many years studying how culture
influences individual personality. Mead lived among the Samoan people during
1925 and 1926 to observe their way of life and the types of personalities common
in their cultural group. Her 1928 book, Coming of Age in Samoa, provoked a great
debate among sociocultural anthropologists regarding the proper method and
interpretation of field research. Mead’s approach to studying groups of people,
which focused on the individual people and groups with whom she lived, earned
her much criticism from anthropologists who believed that research must rely more
directly on statistical research and the incorporation of cross-cultural and testable
hypotheses.
               Ethnohistory
   The study of cultures of the recent past
    through oral histories, accounts left by
    explorers, missionaries, and traders, and
    through analysis of such records as land
    titles, birth and death records, and other
    archival materials.
They recognize that they have obligations to three sets of people

         1. Those whom they study.
         2. Those who fund the research.
         3. Those in the profession who expect us to publish our findings so
            that they may be used to further our knowledge.


!!! The first responsibility clearly is to his or her informants and their people.
!!! Informants are members of a society in which the ethnographer works
who help interpret what she or he sees taking place.
                              Activity #1
All students are required to do this activity from the website linked at the bottom
     of this slide.
First click on the topic archaeology for the glossary words.
     I want you to write down and define ten (10) words we did not cover in class.
Second, I want you to click on cultural anthropology.
     I want you to choose ten (10) words to define that we did not cover in class.
Last, I want you to click on physical anthropology.
     I want you to choose ten (10) words to define that we have not covered in
     class.

I want all of the definitions (25) hand-written and turned in by the
   required date.


              Anthropology glossary website
                        Activity #2
   The students will be required to work from the website
    linked on the slide titled Physical Anthropologist. The title is
    Non-Academic careers in Physical Anthropology.

   The students are required to hand-write five professions the
    website suggests are careers in non-academic physical
    anthropology. The students will be required to explain in
    detail what that profession entails and if he or she can see
    themselves pursuing that type of career (Explain why or why
    not).
                        Activity #3
        Bibarch website
1. Click on to the website above.
2. Click on to the link for Concepts and Theory.
3. Click on Scientific Archaeology.
4. Click on the chart next to scientific method.
   The students are required to hand-write the formula (chart) for
   the Scientific Method (The Process of Conducting Scientific
   Inquiry) as it is given on this website. I stress that it must be
   exactly like the one on the website and study it before you hand
   it in on the required due date.
               Activity #4
   The students will be watching the video
    series Faces of Culture.
   The students will be required to follow a
    worksheet as the video is playing.
   They will hand in the worksheet and write
    a short essay about what was most
    interesting about the video.
                     Activity #5




The students will be responsible for the material we covered
in our readings and the material that was covered on the
previous activities. The test will be a combination of multiple
choice, matching, and short essays.

								
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