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									                       Teaching Strategies/Activities

                                  Career Exploration
                                   Sample Lesson Plan


                              *CAREER EXPLORATION

Standards/Measurement Criteria addressed in this lesson:

2.0     EXPLORE A VARIETY OF OCCUPATIONAL AREAS
        2.1 Demonstrate the use of technology and other resources to research
        and obtain career information
        2.2 Research occupations within Career Pathways and Career Clusters
        2.4 Identify the skills, educational requirements and program of study
        related to different occupations

3.0     DEMONSTRATE AN UNDERSTANDING OF ACADEMIC
        ACHIEVEMENT AND PERFORMANCE REQUIRED FOR MEETING
        CAREER GOALS
        3.1 Investigate all postsecondary options; such as two and four year
        college, military, technical schools, apprenticeships, and on-the-job
        training
        3.2 Assess the effects of educational achievement and appropriate course
        selection for career opportunities, life long learning and success in the
        workplace
        3.3 Analyze the education and training required to achieve career goals

4.0     DEMONSTRATE CAREER PLANNING SKILLS
        4.1 Demonstrate skills to locate, understand and use career information
        4.2 Research school and community resources to explore educational and
        occupational choices
        4.3 Develop a 4-6 year career and educational plan

6.0     DEVELOP COMMUNICATION SKILLS FOR PUBLIC AND WORKPLACE
        ENVIRONMENTS
        6.5 Communicate using demonstration and presentation skills
        6.6 Communicate using written communication skills

12.0    DEMONSTRATE AN UNDERSTANDING OF DIVERSITY
        12.1 Explain equal career opportunities for all individuals regardless of
        race, ethnicity, gender, age and/or disability conditions
        12.3 Identify stereotypes, biases and discriminatory behaviors that may
        impact entering nontraditional occupations

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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
Objectives:

Students will:

       Develop researching skills and investigate business careers.
       Distinguish the differences between careers and jobs.
       Develop interviewing techniques.
       Develop potential career paths for themselves.
       Gain appreciation for establishing a career path at an early age.
       Make interesting and effective oral presentations.
       Read and write about an individual's career.
       Demonstrate competency in researching and writing.
       Investigate and research the educational requirements necessary for a
        career in the working world.
       Develop effective written communication skills.
       Write reports on their chosen career paths.
       Develop effective oral communication skills.

Classroom Structure:

Due to the unique nature of home study and independent study, the classroom
structure can be handled in a variety of ways, including the following:

       One-on-one: teacher/student
       Independent assignment
       Cooperative team grouping

Equipment & Material Needed:

Teacher:
    Career handbooks
    Career and educational preparation reference books
    Occupational outlook handbooks
    The most recent labor reports from the U. S. Department of Labor's
     Bureau of Labor Statistics
    Overhead transparencies or Computer

Handouts:

#1 - "Career Exploration Assignments"
#2 - "Interview Format"
#3 - "Career Pathways"

Student:
    Notebook
    Paper & Pen

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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
       Personal journal
       Computer




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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
      Handout #1 - "Career Exploration Assignments"

 Select a career path by reading through the Occupational Outlook Handbook and
 determining what career path you might be interested in for future employment. Select
 that career path as the basis of both parts of this assignment.

 1. Write a Report
 Go to the library and look through reference books, magazines, textbooks,
 autobiographies, and when possible, the Internet. Find out about career opportunities
 and projected employment trends in the career area you have selected. Read about a
 person who has been successful in the field you have chosen. Using the research
 gathered in Step #2, prepare a paper which includes but is not limited to the following
 points:

 a. A description of the duties, responsibilities, and skills necessary for your career path.
 b. The career opportunities and projected employment trends for that career path.
 c. Identify the person whom you have chosen to write about. Provide his or her
    profession, title, company, and other important and interesting details.
 d. Discuss the career path that person has taken.
 e. Explain how this person achieved success in his/her chosen field.
 f. Explain the educational and vocational requirements for success in that person's
    chosen field.
 g. Explain how you feel about pursuing a career in this field now that you are familiar
    with someone else who has been happy and successful in it.
 h. Chart the educational and vocational requirements necessary for a career in this
    field.
 i. Describe your feelings about the career requirements.

 Submit your completed paper to the teacher.

 Note: The paper must be from two to five pages long, double spaced, and generated on
 a computer.

 2. Conduct An Interview
 Using the printed Interview Format (Handout #2), prepare for and conduct an interview
 of a local business person. Select a business in your community. Call the owner and
 ask for an appointment or interview. Be very polite and courteous. Remember to
 explain that you are working on a class project and that you are interested in learning
 about the owner's business and about careers available in that kind of business.*

  a. Ask the owner or manager for a very specific appointment. Set both the date and
 time of the appointment. Make sure that you keep the appointment.


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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
  b. During your interview, be grateful, polite, courteous, and considerate of the person's
 feelings and willingness to spend time with you.

  c. Complete Handout #2 in its entirety and answer any other questions which may
 come up during the interview discussion.

 d. When you finish the interview, submit the completed form to the teacher.

 Note - the interview process may be conducted via e-mail, however, hardcopies of all
 correspondence must included with your completed handout.

 3. Give an Oral Report
 Using the information acquired in your interview, shape the information into a report
 which you will present orally to the class and/or your teacher. Be sure to include your
 feelings about the type of business and the responsibilities and duties of the person you
 interviewed. Tell the class and/or teacher why or why not you would still like to pursue
 a similar career.

 4. Keep a Journal
 As you work on this assignment, record in your journal your thoughts, feelings, and
 ideas about what you are learning. After you have finished your written report, your
 interview assignment, and your oral report, summarize what you have learned, and turn
 in your journal to your teacher.
 .




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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
                                             ..

                   Handout #2 - "Interview Format"
            RESEARCHING HOW OTHERS DECIDE THEIR CAREER

 Select a business person you know well to interview. Your assignment is to research
 that person and find out how he or she decided to choose his/her line of work.

 Research tells us that most people respond better to an interviewer who is prepared with
 specific questions, rather than general ones (general questions are often harder to
 answer). A question like, “Try to remember your reasons for going into your present
 line of work," could possibly get more complete responses than, "Why are you working
 at this job?" Several possible questions are listed here. You may use these questions or
 develop some of your own (with the teacher's approval), or you may use a combination
 of both. This is your objective: You are trying to find out how a person gets started in a
 career and how much satisfaction there is in the specific position currently held by the
 person you interview. What you learn from conducting your interview will help YOU
 to make some sound career decisions for yourself.

            QUESTIONS FOR INTERVIEWING A WORKING PERSON

 1. Please tell me your reasons for going into your present line of work.

 2. What is the exact title of your job?

 3. What is it about your work that you find interesting, pleasant or exciting?

 4. How long have you been on this job?

 5. Do you consider this job your "Life's Career?" Please explain.

 6. a. Please don't reveal the amount, but is the pay good?  Yes/ No
    b. Is the starting pay for this work considered good? Yes /No
       How good and why? Please explain:
    c. Is the maximum pay good? Yes/No
    d. Do you receive extra money for overtime work? Yes /No
    e. Are you ever paid for your overtime by time off compensation rather than
    money? Yes /No
    f. Does your job have a union? Yes /No If so, is it a strong union?

 7. a. What happens if you miss work?
    b. Do you have paid sick days?
    c. Can you remember how many paid sick days are allowed per year?



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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
 8. a. How secure is the job?

   b. Are "layoffs" common? Yes/ No
   c. Are there some ways that your company or union would help you if you were to be
      laid off? Yes / No

 9. Do you have a medical/dental/health plan?     Yes / No

 10. a. Is there a profit-sharing program here? Yes/ No
    b. How about Christmas or other bonuses? Yes / No
    c. Is there a pension plan or other performance inducements?

 11. Is there an adequate retirement plan?   Yes / No

 12. a. Are there paid holidays? Yes / No If so, which days?
     b. How many paid vacation days do you receive a year?
     c. If you cannot take some of your vacation days, can you carry any of them over to
      the next year?

 13. Do you receive any additional "fringe benefits" that you feel should be mentioned?

 14. All jobs have some dull or boring aspects; what in this job do you find too
      repetitious or boring?

 15. If you could create an ideal day on this job, starting with the time you begin until
    completion, what would it be like?

 16. Are there any risks in your job? Could you tell me about them?

 17. a. Is there a minimum age necessary to get this job? Yes / No
     b. Are males or females given preference? Yes / No

 18. What and how much education or special training is needed for this job?

 19. a. Are you self-employed? Yes / No
     b. What is the nature of your business?
     c. What goods or services are reproduced by your company/employer?

 20. Salesmen say, "It comes with the territory," referring to a job's drawbacks. It is
     well known that all jobs have some drawbacks. Please tell me some of the more
     serious drawbacks of your job.

 21. a. Are the people you work with and meet during the day interesting, pleasant and
        exciting? Yes /No
     b. Why or why not?

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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
 22. Had you NOT decided on your present career path, what career(s) might you have
    chosen?

 23. a. Did you ever discuss other career possibilities with someone who is already in
     that field (or did you ever investigate it in any other serious way)? Yes / No
     b. What did you do?

 24. a. Would you say that your present career choice came about as a result of long,
    systematic, and careful planning? Yes / No
     b. Why or why not?

 25. a. No matter how you came to be in your present occupation, would you say that
     the METHOD OF SELECTION was good enough?              Yes / No
     b. Would you want your own child/relative/friend to go about it in the same
     way? Yes / No
     c. If not, what would you have done differently?
     d. What would you recommend that others do to explore your career?
     .




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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
                                             .

                   Handout #3 - "Career Pathways"
Definition

A career pathway is a coherent course of study that prepares an individual with the
academic, SCANS, and career specific skills needed for entry into a broad cluster of
related occupations and for admission into postsecondary education. The primary
purpose of a career pathway is to enable all students to acquire high level academic
skills, SCANS skills, and career specific skills essential for entry to work and advanced
education or training.

A career pathway integrates academic and vocational learning and thus provides a
contextual learning environment that supports all students to achieve high academic
standards. By linking learning to career goals, students are provided with an
application context for study which raises motivation and makes academic concepts
more easily understood and valued.

A career pathway provides strong postsecondary articulations and support a greater
number of high school graduates to enter and succeed at postsecondary
education. Career pathways strengthen educational reform by reinforcing high
standards for all students, competency based assessment, applied learning pedagogy,
the integration of academic and vocational learning, and school-to-work transition.

A career pathway can also provide a context for stronger business/education
partnerships and provide schools with more focused opportunities to involve
businesses in enhancing student learning with work-based experiences, such as job
shadowing, internships, externships and sponsored events. In some instances, student
career skill certificates that are recognized and valued by employers and enhance a
student's employment credentials



The Career Pathways

The following are links to the Occupational Outlook Handbook web site under the
Department of Labor. The links provided are not inclusive for the listed occupation.
Additional information may be accessed through a search of this website.


                                                    Agri-Business
                                                    Agricultural Mechanics
AGRICULTURE                                         Animal Science
                                                    Forestry & Natural Resources
                                                    Ornamental Horticulture


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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
                                     Plant & Soil Science

                                     Visual Arts
                                     Performing Arts
ARTS, MEDIA & ENTERTAINMENT
                                     Written Arts

                                     Accounting & Finance
                                     Business Management
                                     Computer Information Systems
BUSINESS
                                     Entrepreneurship
                                     Marketing

                                     Chemical Engineering
                                     Electrical Engineering
ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY               Civil Engineering
                                     Mechanical Engineering

                                     Biotechnology Services
                                     Dental Services
                                     Diagnostic Services
                                     Health Care Information Services
                                     Medical Office Services
HEALTH CAREERS
                                     Nursing Services
                                     Preventive & Community Services
                                     Support Services
                                     Therapeutic Services

                                     Consumer Services
                                     Family & Human Services
                                     Food Service & Hospitality
                                     Fashion Design, Manufacturing &
                                      Merchandising
HOME ECONOMICS CAREERS &
                                     Food Sciences, Dietetics &
TECHNOLOGY
                                      Nutrition
                                     Hospitality, Tourism & Recreation
                                     Interior Design
                                     Child Development & Education

                                     Energy & Transportation
                                     Manufacturing
INDUSTRIAL & TECHNOLOGY              Electronic Technology
                                     Graphic Communications
                                     Construction

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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration
                                                              Drafting Technology

                                                              Public Services & Safety
                                                              Human & Social Services
    PUBLIC & HUMAN SERVICES
                                                              Education

.
by Lucille Wright / Christine Anderson..
http://www.horizonshelpr.org/english/careers/lesson.html




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Lesson Plan: Career Exploration

								
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