DEBATE The formal way to argue Proposition / Resolve • The question that acts as the topic for debates – EXAMPLES: • Resolve: Lunch time should be extended an extra twenty minutes each day. • Resolve: Parents should be required to take a child safety and well-being class before taking a newborn home from the hospital • Resolve: All junk food and soda machines should be removed from public schools. Status Quo “The State in Which” • How it is NOW – NOW is good until proved otherwise – Sixteen is the driving age – this is how it is, how it always was, and how it will be until enough evidence is provided to change it. TWO SIDES! • Affirmative: Supports the debate topic. (They say YES to the issue) This side always BEGINS the debate • Negative: Opposes the debate topic (They say NO to the issue) • Activity: move to the side of the room that you agree with the most. Affirmative or Negative – Resolve: Junk food… • The affirmative side would say yes it should, the negative side would argue against it. Constructive Speech / Rebuttal • Both sides give reasons for their side being better during the constructive part (NO FACTS JUST THE INTRODUCTION TO THE REASONS) • Rebuttal – Attacks the ideas of the other side, answers questions raised by the other side Propositions / Topics • Fact • Belief / Values • Policy • Where have we seen this before??? Informal Team Debate • Rules – Pick 8 people to be in your group – FOUR will be affirmative and FOUR will be negative – Within your group decide what you will debate (pick a topic that you have already done for persuasion – think about the one that causes a lot of argument) – Decide in what order you will speak Format of Team Debate • 1st Opening Statement (2-3 minutes) - one team from the affirmative side will open the debate with an attention getting intro about the topic explaining what points will be made and what the topic is about – In this part you explain all the definitions to your audience – EX: Intro to Junk food argument: What is junk food? ALL junk food? What do you mean rid? The audience needs to know what you are claiming Format of Team Debate • 2nd Opening Statement (2-3 minutes) – the negative side gets a chance to explain their side of the argument. What definitions they need to clarify, what reasons they will cover, and what they want from the audience. Needs to also be attention getting and interesting • This is your introductions – no in-depth speaking about reasons – that comes later. Team Debate Format • 1st Affirmative Constructive (2-3 minutes): – This is the first point to your argument. ONE reason with EVIDENCE (facts) – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (for) • Reason One: Child Obesity – FACTS, FACTS, FACTS… • You always want to start and end with your strongest speaker and your strongest reasons. These are the things the audience will remember. Cross Examine (1-2 minutes) • The negative side gets a chance to ask the affirmative side questions about their 1st reason. • You may not attack or slander the other team. This is a time to ask meaningful questions to break apart the other team’s argument. • In our debate – the other team will know the questions before they are asked – you will work on that within your group Team Debate Format • 1st Negative Constructive (2-3 minutes) – This is the first point to your argument. ONE reason with EVIDENCE (facts) – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (against) • Reason One: Money for Schools – FACTS, FACTS, FACTS… Cross Examine (1-2 minutes) • Affirmative asks the negative side questions about their 1st constructive – You may NOT say anything besides questions when you are cross examining. You may not argue or give facts if you are the examiner. Only questions. Team Debate Format • 2nd Affirmative Constructive – Give your SECOND reason with details – Provide a nice transition from the last reason. – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (for) • Wasting Money – FACT, FACT, FACT… Cross Examine • Negative asks questions about Affirmative’s 2nd reason Team Debate Format • 2nd Negative Constructive – Give 2nd reason for topic with details – Provide a transition from last reason to this reason – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (against) • Convenient – FACT, FACT, FACT… Cross Examine • Aff. side asks neg. side questions about their 2nd reason FORMAT • You would have a THIRD round of constructive speeches – but for time purposes we are cutting this part out --- Team Debate Format • Rebuttal Speeches – After all the reasons are heard, the teams go back and talk about what the other team said. Each side constructs a final statement about what was just heard. – Supposed to be TWO – we will only have ONE. – This is the time to build up your side and say how it is superior and better than the other side by stating proof given during the speech – Remind the audience what you have told them. Group Grade and Individual Grade Individual Grade: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 – Maintained Eye Contact ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ – Vocal variety, loud, and clear ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ – Asked a valid and ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ interesting question ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ – Dynamism ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 5 points each = 20 pts total ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Group Grade: – Introduction • Attention Getting and Interesting _________________ /5 • Clear Topic (stated a thesis) _____________________ /5 • Previewed the rest of the debate __________________ – How well did the group present together? ____________________________________ /5 • Was anyone distracting or off task when not speaking?______________________________________ /5 – Did all members of the group speak? ____________________________________________ /5 – Were all members prepared? __________________________________________________ /5 – Arguments clear and supported with facts __________/5 • Oraganized ____________________________ /5 • Well-Prepared __________________________ /5 • Related to AUDIENCE ___________________ /5 5 points each = 50 points 70 points TOTAL 1 ___ 2 ___ 3 ___ 4 ___ 5 ___ 6 ___ 7 ___ 8 ___ • 1. Introduction Affirmative (2-3 minutes) • 2. Introduction Negative (2-3 minutes) • 3. First Affirmative Constructive (3-4 minutes) • 4. Cross Ex of the Aff by one of the Neg (2 minutes) • 5. First Negative Constructive (2-3 minutes) • 6. Cross Examination of the Neg by one of the Aff • 7. Second Affirmative Constructive (3-4 minutes) • 8. Cross Ex of the Aff by the other Neg (2 minutes) • 9. Second Negative Constructive (3-4 minutes) • 10. Cross Ex of the Neg by the other Aff (3 minutes) • 2 Minute Break • First Negative Rebuttal (3-4 minutes) • First Affirmative Rebuttal (3-4 minutes) • TOTAL 30 Minutes at the most!!
Pages to are hidden for
"DEBATE"Please download to view full document