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The formal way to argue
        Proposition / Resolve
• The question that acts as the topic for

     • Resolve: Lunch time should be extended an extra
       twenty minutes each day.
     • Resolve: Parents should be required to take a child
       safety and well-being class before taking a
       newborn home from the hospital
     • Resolve: All junk food and soda machines should
       be removed from public schools.
              Status Quo
          “The State in Which”
• How it is NOW
  – NOW is good until proved otherwise
  – Sixteen is the driving age – this is how it is,
    how it always was, and how it will be until
    enough evidence is provided to change it.
                TWO SIDES!
• Affirmative: Supports the debate topic.
  (They say YES to the issue)          This side always BEGINS the debate

• Negative: Opposes the debate topic
  (They say NO to the issue)

• Activity: move to the side of the room that you
  agree with the most. Affirmative or Negative
   – Resolve: Junk food…
     • The affirmative side would say yes it should, the
       negative side would argue against it.
Constructive Speech / Rebuttal
• Both sides give reasons for their side
  being better during the constructive part

• Rebuttal
  – Attacks the ideas of the other side, answers
    questions raised by the other side
           Propositions / Topics
• Fact

• Belief / Values

• Policy

• Where have we seen this before???
      Informal Team Debate
• Rules
  – Pick 8 people to be in your group
  – FOUR will be affirmative and FOUR will be
  – Within your group decide what you will debate
    (pick a topic that you have already done for
    persuasion – think about the one that causes
    a lot of argument)
  – Decide in what order you will speak
      Format of Team Debate
• 1st Opening Statement (2-3 minutes) - one team
  from the affirmative side will open the
  debate with an attention getting intro about
  the topic explaining what points will be
  made and what the topic is about
  – In this part you explain all the definitions to
    your audience
  – EX: Intro to Junk food argument: What is junk
    food? ALL junk food? What do you mean rid?
    The audience needs to know what you are
      Format of Team Debate
• 2nd Opening Statement (2-3 minutes) – the negative
  side gets a chance to explain their side of the
  argument. What definitions they need to clarify,
  what reasons they will cover, and what they
  want from the audience. Needs to also be
  attention getting and interesting
• This is your introductions – no in-depth speaking
  about reasons – that comes later.
         Team Debate Format
• 1st Affirmative Constructive (2-3 minutes):
   – This is the first point to your argument. ONE
     reason with EVIDENCE (facts)
   – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (for)
      • Reason One: Child Obesity
         – FACTS, FACTS, FACTS…

      • You always want to start and end with your
        strongest speaker and your strongest reasons.
        These are the things the audience will remember.
       Cross Examine (1-2 minutes)
• The negative side gets a chance to ask
  the affirmative side questions about their
  1st reason.
• You may not attack or slander the other
  team. This is a time to ask meaningful
  questions to break apart the other team’s
• In our debate – the other team will know
  the questions before they are asked – you
  will work on that within your group
        Team Debate Format
• 1st Negative Constructive (2-3 minutes)
  – This is the first point to your argument. ONE
    reason with EVIDENCE (facts)
  – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (against)
     • Reason One: Money for Schools
        – FACTS, FACTS, FACTS…
       Cross Examine (1-2 minutes)
• Affirmative asks the negative side
  questions about their 1st constructive
  – You may NOT say anything besides
    questions when you are cross examining.
    You may not argue or give facts if you are the
    examiner. Only questions.
       Team Debate Format
• 2nd Affirmative Constructive
  – Give your SECOND reason with details
  – Provide a nice transition from the last reason.

  – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (for)
     • Wasting Money
        – FACT, FACT, FACT…
           Cross Examine
• Negative asks questions about
  Affirmative’s 2nd reason
        Team Debate Format
• 2nd Negative Constructive
  – Give 2nd reason for topic with details
  – Provide a transition from last reason to this

  – EX: Removing Cafeteria Junk Food (against)
     • Convenient
        – FACT, FACT, FACT…
           Cross Examine
• Aff. side asks neg. side questions about
  their 2nd reason
• You would have a THIRD round of
  constructive speeches – but for time
  purposes we are cutting this part out ---
       Team Debate Format
• Rebuttal Speeches
  – After all the reasons are heard, the teams go
    back and talk about what the other team said.
    Each side constructs a final statement about
    what was just heard.
  – Supposed to be TWO – we will only have
  – This is the time to build up your side and say
    how it is superior and better than the other
    side by stating proof given during the speech
  – Remind the audience what you have told
                                  Group Grade and Individual Grade

Individual Grade:                               1        2         3        4           5           6     7     8
     –   Maintained Eye Contact                 ___     ___      ___       ___          ___         ___   ___   ___
     –   Vocal variety, loud, and clear         ___     ___      ___       ___          ___         ___   ___   ___
     –   Asked a valid and                      ___     ___      ___       ___          ___         ___   ___   ___
        interesting question                    ___     ___      ___       ___          ___         ___   ___   ___
     – Dynamism                                 ___     ___      ___       ___          ___         ___   ___   ___
     5 points each = 20 pts total               ___     ___      ___       ___          ___         ___   ___   ___

Group Grade:
     –   Introduction
           •   Attention Getting and Interesting _________________ /5
           •   Clear Topic (stated a thesis) _____________________ /5
           •   Previewed the rest of the debate __________________
     –   How well did the group present together? ____________________________________ /5
           •   Was anyone distracting or off task when not speaking?______________________________________ /5
     –   Did all members of the group speak? ____________________________________________ /5
     –   Were all members prepared? __________________________________________________ /5
     –   Arguments clear and supported with facts __________/5
           •   Oraganized ____________________________ /5
           •   Well-Prepared __________________________ /5
           •   Related to AUDIENCE ___________________ /5

           5 points each = 50 points

           70 points TOTAL      1 ___   2 ___   3 ___   4 ___   5 ___   6 ___   7 ___       8 ___
•   1. Introduction Affirmative (2-3 minutes)

•   2. Introduction Negative (2-3 minutes)

•   3. First Affirmative Constructive (3-4 minutes)

•   4. Cross Ex of the Aff by one of the Neg (2 minutes)

•   5. First Negative Constructive (2-3 minutes)

•   6. Cross Examination of the Neg by one of the Aff

•   7. Second Affirmative Constructive (3-4 minutes)

•   8. Cross Ex of the Aff by the other Neg (2 minutes)

•   9. Second Negative Constructive (3-4 minutes)

•   10. Cross Ex of the Neg by the other Aff (3 minutes)

•   2 Minute Break

•   First Negative Rebuttal (3-4 minutes)
•   First Affirmative Rebuttal (3-4 minutes)

•   TOTAL 30 Minutes at the most!!

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