"DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS"
Engineering Council Of India DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS 1. BACKGROUND & SCOPE Education is designe d to provide a combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes. Training focuses on the development of narrow competencies or skills that are required to perform a given task in a given context. Competency is a complex function of knowledge, skills and attitude. It defines a person’s capability to accomplish a given task satisfactorily. Development implies enhancing competency by up grading relevant knowledge and skills in the use of advanced analytical and design tools; and in the enforcement of quality standards in all professional activity together with a commitment for providing an efficient service to the client/customer. In the fast changing technological environment, professional engineers would require continuous updating of their knowledge and skills to remain relevant and competent in tackling emerging engineering problems. The Engineering Council of India (ECI) has constituted an advisory Committee to develop the structure and framework for the ‘Board of Development of Professional Engineers (BDPE)” and make recommendations. The composition of the Committee is reflected in Appendix A, and its terms of reference are as under: Structure for the Board for Development of Professional and Consulting Engineers (BDPC), requirements for staffing, facilities and funds requirements and other administration aspects. Rules, regulations and framework for the working of the BDPE Policy, criteria and standards for the recognition of Training and Development Programme for professional and consulting engineers. System for receiving applications by the BDPE from various agencies/institutions seeking recognition/approval of Development and Training programmes. To ensure that the criteria and standards recommendations are in conformity with WTO/GATs/Washington Accord/Engineers Mobility Forum provisions (as may be recommended by the committee on WTO/GATS). Any other issue which may need to be deliberated upon in connection with the formation of BDPE. The committee held four meetings to discuss the requirements of continuing education and training of the professional engineer (Minutes of these meeting are attached as Appendices B to D, for ready reference). The committee studied the continuing education and professional development system in vogue in a number of countries. The questionnaires sent and gist of the replied received are tabulated, country wise in appendix E (will follow in due course). The methodology followed for this purpose by the Engineering Institute of Canada and the Institute of Professional Engineers of Japan is reproduced in Appendices F. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 1 of 26 Engineering Council Of India This report outlines the Professional Engineers Development Policy, ECI standards for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) that includes P.E’s Continuous Development Monitoring & Evaluation Mechanism and the Organisation for the Board for Development of Professional Engineers (BDPE). The development of the consulting engineers organizations is covered in a separate report. 2. DEFINITIONS Member Association means a technical engineering association that is a member of the Engineering Council of India (ECI). Academic Institutes means the institutions recognized by the All India Council of Technical Education or any other appropriate body and such other institutions whose award of academic qualifications may be approved by ECI. Continuing Professional Development & Training Institutes means the training institutions / establishments, approved by ECI, which may offer to provide professional training to Engineers. Responsible Charge means the experiences in which the engineer undertakes work involving responsibility for: execution of activities relating to planning, designing, management, supervision, and coordination of comparatively small-scale engineering activities, coordination of activities with other departments in comparatively large-scale engineering activities, Participation in execution of activities of multi-discipline complex projects. 3. ORGANISATION OF THE BOARD FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS (BDPE) BDPE role is to lay down development policy, establish standard for continuous professional development and monitor such developments to maintain and improve the competency level of PE’s. In this context BDPE shall: Lay down policies for the development of Professional Engineers to enhance their competency and capability, and to ensure their implementation through National Committees established by the Member Associations. These National Committees shall function as a point of contact on all matters relating to specialised professional development of the Registered Professional Engineers. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 2 of 26 Engineering Council Of India The Academic Institutes, and recognized Continuous Development & Training Institutes, can offer refresher training as well as education and training for improving engineering knowledge and skills through continuous development programmes, at reasonable rates for services rendered. 4. PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER’S DEVELOPMENT POLICY The ECI policy on the development of the engineering professionals shall aim at facilitating enhancement of their technical knowledge and continuous development of their skills in performing and managing engineering activities with emphasis on: General subjects like Project Management techniques and practices, Safety Management, Industrial and Economics Trends, Contract Management, Environment, Ethics, Relevant Laws etc. Technical capability enhancement including exposure to the latest developments in the field of specialization, national and international technological trends, Relevant engineering standards, etc. It shall specify xxx development quality standards, provide information about xxx available learning opportunities, register institutes / establishments delivering education and training, set up the methodology for maintaining and monitoring the database for the continuing development level of all registered professional engineers. In this context BDPE shall facilitate the enhancement of technical knowledge and continuous development of skills for improved performance and management of engineering activities by: Formulating that the criteria for successful completion of continuing professional development programmes for the renewal of registration will be at least 250 credit hours within his/her five years registration validity period at the rate of around 50 credit hours per year. The methodology for the assessment of the credit hours is given in Para 4.5. The Professional Engineer shall be required to record his CPD activities, year-wise, in CPD designed format and send it to his /her Professional Society with a copy to ECI. The information sent should be supported by relevant evidence. Providing information about the available learning opportunities through monthly meetings (organized through or in association with Member Associations) on advances in technologies, annual seminars on achievements and problems, monthly publication of an engineer bulletin to highlight its activities and to encourage members to write on technical topics of interest, facilitating research and other related activities. Evolving the development quality standards and the monitoring methodology. It is covered in Para 4. Registering institutes / establishments delivering education and training and monitoring their performance based on specified performance standards. In these accredited learning Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 3 of 26 Engineering Council Of India institutes / establishments, ECI should provide certificates with ECI logo, for distribution to participants at the completion of activities. Maintaining of the database to establish the continuing development level of the registered professional engineers It is expected that all PE’s will be responsible for maintaining their state-of-the-art level of competency in the engineering activity in which they are engaged. Further PE’s shall be encouraged to record and report their involvement both to the professional society to which they belong and to the BDPE. The BDPE shall maintain a confidential database of learning and development activities of registered APE’s, PE’s; who register for this service. Individuals shall be provided with a transcript of formal record of their professional development upon receipt of written request accompanied by a specified fee for service. These records shall be maintained upto 2 years after the registration validity period of PE’s and for a period of nine years for the APE’s. The ECI does not conduct technical courses. However, site visits to associate member organizations may be made on a periodic basis in order to review compliance with the agreed delivery standards. 5. ECI STANDARD FOR CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (CPD) 5.1 Scope of CPD Standard Continuing Professional Development Standard covers the nature of the programme constituting Continuing Professional Development activities, the organizations accredited for conducting CPDs’, the guidelines for the conduct of the formal training program and the mechanism for the evaluation of the Continuing Professional Development . 5.2 Nature of the programme constituting Continuing Professional Development activities. These include but are not limited to the following: Educational upgrade In-company training and presentations Technical papers writing and books publication Seminars with focus on education / knowledge Workshops with focus on professional training Technical articles, books, research reports, papers etc Attendance at meetings of technical or professional chapters etc. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 4 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Task forces, committees, review teams for codes and standards Thesis Research proposals Design submissions Computer-based training Mentoring Conferences, congresses, symposia etc. Giving lectures and conferences The Standard for Accreditation of CPD Program shall cover the above topics but it shall not be limited to these 5.3 The organizations accredited for conducting CPDs’ The Program must be conducted by an organization approved by and associated with ECI for the delivery of continuing education programs. These CPD providers are required to have an identified unit, group or individuals with clearly defined responsibilities for the development and administration of the program. These providers may provide the ECI with the necessary information for the registry of the program together with the necessary consent from participants for having their participation results recorded in the registry. 5.4 Guidelines for the conduct of the formal education and training programme 1. The Programme must be designed to meet learners’ needs. It includes determine training requirements, defining desired learning outcomes, identify course instructors, designing course content and instructional methods, scheduling the resources needed for the projected outcome and preparing feedback questionnaire and a post- assessment action plan. 2. Each program must specify its objectives and how it will benefit the learner.. The outcome objective should emerge from the needs assessment and provide the learning framework, which focuses on specific goals. 3. Each program should be planned by professionally competent instructors. They should be responsible for needs assessment, instructors’ selection, program contents, instructional methods, course delivery, testing, and evaluation. Further the curriculum vitae of the instructors should accompany each program. 4. Each program must have a mechanism to demonstrate that it has attained the planned learning outcomes. Where individual proficiency is a goal, the participant must be tested for the skill or knowledge acquired in the program. Oral or written examinations may in some cases be the best method to adequately evaluate learning outcomes Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 5 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 5. The program providers must have a systematic evaluation procedure to know if and where improvements are needed. 6. The Program providers are responsible for arranging an appropriate learning environment and support services. The EIC is responsible for the review of continuing education proposals and activities for the assurance of compliance to the standards established by EIC. 5.5 Mechanism for the evaluation of the Continuing Professional Development of PEs. The Continuing Professional Development programmes includes ‘Technical Educational Knowledge Update through added qualifications, and Professional Expertise and Management Skills Upgrade through added training and experience. Each of these categories can be further broken down into significant parts and each part can then be assigned weightage and achievement value. The quality and quantity of ECI continuing development programme shall be assured by the development assessment method indicated below. It is the aggregate of credit hours earned in 5-years that will determine as to whether a PE has secured atleast 250 credit hours within his/her five years registration validity period or not, for re-registeration. The hours of an applicable CPD are counted by multiplying the actual hours of CPD by the Weight Factor, which indicates the extent of effect of each CPD activity. The following table shows the details: Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 6 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Classification Type Applicable CPD CPD Weight Applicable Remarks Program Factor Hours (Multiplier) (*1) Formal (1) Award of 2 60 All achievements Education Doctorate shall be supported Upgrade in with records and Engineering / Award of Post 2 50 certificates. Management Graduate Degree duly recognized Limit for total of all = by ECI Award of Post 2 40 120 hrs for 5 year Graduate Diploma (Full Time) 1 40 Post Graduate Correspondence / Part Time course (including those gained though the internet) Authoring books on field of specializations published by a reputed: 1. National Level 2 40 Publisher 2. International 2 50 Level Publisher Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 7 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Lectures in Actual programme (2) hours of conducted by Participation in 2 attendance associate members lecture and supported with …………………. ……………. ECI certification Participation in 1 …………………….. lecture Other lectures Formal supported with ECI Education and certification Training Activities (No limit) (3) Participation in Actual * Applicable lecture, 1 hours of conference are symposium, in- attendance international house training, conference and studying tour, professional conference * etc. convention that includes assignments to be acquired as CPD (4) Lecture*, 3 Required * Excluding continue Symposium hours for teaching at Panelist giving a institutions and Presentation lecture university Papers and (5) Participation in an 3 Hours In case an applicant other Activities academic meeting spent at an writes the thesis and (No limit) academic makes the meeting presentation at an (6) Writing thesis, 1 Required Academic meeting, technical reports hours to they are counted as and others write a (5) and (6) report respectively. (7) Attending a 2 Hours of * This is applied only committee * etc. attendance when an applicant participates in active decision (such as at round –table) (8) Part of social 3 Hours Only those with contribution such spent for urgency and for the as emergency risk social public interest such judgment works contributio as building n emergence risk judgment works after earthquake. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 8 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Professional (9) Practical 1 / 10 Actual Limit: Total 75 Practice experience of hours of Hours/ 5 years (Upper limit) “over two years in activities responsible charge (*2) of significant engineering work” (*2) Notes. *1. The number of credit hours will be calculated by multiplying the number of hours actually spent for the CPD activities by a pre-determined weighted factor. *2. These are equivalent to practical experience “Spent of over least two years in responsible charge of significant engineering work” requirement for Professional Engineer such as: a. Planned, designed, coordinated and executed a small projects; b. Undertaken part of a larger project based on an understanding of the whole project. c. Undertaken novel, complex, and / or multi-disciplinary work. 5.6 Renewal of Registration. The registration of only the candidate who fulfilling the development assessment criteria will be renewed. In case where there is a shortfall in quantitative assessment, the BDPE may at its own discretion refer the case to an expert committee for review of the development in qualitative terms for renewal of the registration of the candidate. The candidate not fulfilling the CPD requirements for renewal of registration can reapply for renewal of the registration after necessary further professional development 6. IMPLEMENTATION MECHANISM OF CONTINUOUS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT 6.1 The Member Association shall constitute National Committees in each specified engineering discipline. These Committees will be formed in consultation with BRPE. Members of the Committee shall be nominated by the Member Associations from amongst the nominations received by them. Each National Committee will include one member nominated by BRPE. 6.2Each National Committee shall be responsible for facilitating continuous development of Professional Engineers as per specified policy and procedures in specific disciplines of Engineering assigned to them. The number of such Committees may be decided from time to time. 6.3National Committee shall consist of one Chairman and 5 members. Chairman of the Committee shall be nominated by the Chairman of the Member Association in consultation with the Chairman of the BRPE. 6.4National Committees shall be responsible for processing the application for Re-registration of Professional Engineer and evaluating their development as per specified norms and there after making recommendations regarding renewal of registration of Professional Engineers. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 9 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 6.5Each Member Association shall maintain a local database of all their members who have obtained registration as Professional Engineers or as Associate Professional Engineers. It would be responsible to collect annual report of professional development activities of its registered members on ECI approved format and place them before the National Committee for evaluation. The credit awarded by the National Committee to each registered member for his/her annual development activities would be communicated to the member as well as to the ECI Board for records. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 10 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Appendix: A Composition of Board of Development of Professional Engineers & Consulting Engineers Committee Name of the Chairman Name of the Members Prof. C.S. Jha Prof. R. Natarajan Former Director IIT Kharagpur Chairman B/180, Sector 31 All Indian Council for Technical Education Noida 201 301 99(U.P) Indira Gandhi Indore Stadium Complex Tel No.: 91-4458076 Indraprastha Estate Cell: 9868150061 New Delhi 110 002 e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org Tel.No 3392563 / 64 / 65 Resi: 6264398 Mr. Pradeep Chaturvedi Chairman Institution of Engineers India Delhi State Centre Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg New Delhi 110 002 Tel.3379052 Cell: 9810279373 Email:email@example.com Prof. P Rama Rao International Advance Research Centre for Material and New Material Ba3lapur Post Hyderabad 500 005 Tel.(R) 040 – 6614475 Cell: 09848121410 (O) 040 - 4443951 / 4443167 (Mr. T. P. Rao, P.S.) Fax 040 - Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Prof. S.K. Kaushik Past President Indian Concrete Institute, Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee 247 667 Tel.(O) 01332-85424 ® 01332 85482 Fax 01332 85424 Email: email@example.com Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 11 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Appendix: B Minutes of the Meeting held on July 22, 2002 Committee on Development of Professional and Consulting Engineers Summary of Discussions (1st Meeting) Date:22-7-02 Venue : CDC Committee Room A. Persons Present 1. Prof. C.S. Jha - Chairman of the Committee 2. Prof. D.V. Singh - Member 3. Prof. Yudhvir - Member 4. Prof. Ashoka Chandra - Chairman, ECI 5. Dr. Uddesh Kohli - Member Secretary, ECI 6. Mr. P.K. Singh - Director, ECI B. Issues Raised 1. What are the criteria for evaluating development? 2. What training options leading to development are available to professional engineers – educational, residential, seminars, workshops,distance learning, self- learning etc. 3. How to give credit for various development programmes? 4. If a person does not go through a development programme, what happens to him? Can deregistration as Professional Engineer be considered as an option in such cases? 5. Whose responsibility is it to make professional engineers aware of the options available? 6. What constitutes evidence of development? C. Views Expressed 1. Continued professional development is a requirement of Washington Accord/EMF. Since Indian Engineers have to compete with foreign engineers, India too should develop a mechanism of making available opportunities for professional development, which are at par with international level. 2. Developmental programme can be educational training, residential training, distance education, participation in seminars and workshops, etc. 3. Since an engineers job often has managerial content as well, developmental programmes may include such subjects as labour laws, personnel matters, performance, measuring techniques, quality appreciation, accounting etc. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 12 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 4. Professional Societies should evolve their own programmes for 3development of professionals in their field of specialization. ECI should play the role of fecilitating development of these programme. 5. Decognition of a professional engineer, if he/she does not go through a process of self-development over a specified period, should be a distinct possibility. However the process for such an action should be clearly defined and widely publicized. 6. Registration of Professional Engineer should be for a fixed period – minimum 3 year and maximum 6 years and the renewal of registration should be dependent upon the self development that the engineer has gone through the intervening period. 7. Both the developmental programmes and the evaluation process should be in structured form. Non structured developmental experience should not be considered as developmental programme in itself. 8. Structured training must be in synchronism with the job one is doing. 9. ECI should ensure that capacity exists in the country for undertaking self developmental programmes. 10. Many countries have laws which stipulate that employers have to give leave from work to individuals for undertaking developmental programmes. India too should evolve similar system of its own. D. Consesus The issues being addressed by the committee are complex and need structured discussions. A theme note on the issues should be prepared. E. Decision 1. Prof. D.V. Singh was requested to prepare a theme note which would be circulated amongst members before the next meeting. 2. Next meeting would be held at CDC on 13th August, 2002 at 3 P.M. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 13 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Appendix: C Minutes of the Meeting held on August 13, 2002 Committee on Development of Professional and Consulting Engineers(2nd Meeting) Summary of Discussions Date : 13-08-2002 Venue : CDC Committee Room, Time : 3.00 PM A. Persons Presen 9 1. Prof. C.S. Jha - Chairman of the Committee 2. Prof. D.V. Singh - Member 3. Prof. Yudhbir - Member 4. Prof. S.K. Kaushik - Member 5. Mr. Pradeep Chaturvedi -Member 6. Dr. M.K. Khanijo - Special Inviee 7. Prof. Ashoka Chandra - Chairman ECI 8. Dr. Uddesh Kohli - Ex officio Member of the Committee and Member Secretary ECI 9. Mr. P.K. Singh - Director, ECI B. Issues Discussed 1. Whether “Professional Development” is a requirement of the Washington Accord or not? 2. What constitute development? 3. What constitutes the development process? 4. What criteria should ECIuse to ascertain that an acceptable level of development has taken place. C. Views Expressed On what constitute development and what are the processes involved? i) Development means enhanced competence. Competence consists of knowledge, skills and attitude. Hence development would mean enhanced knowledge which makes it current; enhanced skills in terms of improvement of already acquired skills as well as acquiring new skills of using advanced analytical tools, equipment etc.; improved attitude in terms of striving to provide still better service to the customer. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 14 of 26 Engineering Council Of India ii) Improvement in skills should be demonstrable. iii) “Experience” may be considered a part of development. iv) Only the experience of the practice of profession should be taken into account while looking for development, other experiences should not be considered as “development” v) Quality too, of the output of professional practice during the period for which experience is being taken into account, should also be considered while assessing for “development”. vi) Benchmarking is required to be done. vii) The process of development consist of formal and informal education, formal and informal training and retraining and “on job” experience. viii) The process of development is of life long learning, training and retraining. ix) Self learning too should be considered as one of the development processes. x) Acquiring new skills of management, planning, executing, costing, ensuring that things do work, too should be considered as part of development process. xi) Ethical aspects of the way a particular experience has been gained too should be taken into account when “development” is being examined. 2. On criteria and methodology which ECI should use to ascertain that an acceptable level of professional development has indeed taken place. i) Self Appraisal – i.e. by filling the prescribed forms and then examination and evaluation by a committee of experts as per set and predetermined norms of the documents provided in support of the self appraisal. ii) Benchmarking is required, though it is not easy to do it. iii) Professional societies be asked to develop systems for benchmarking in their field of specialization. iv) ECI should only lay down the elements (i.e. activities) which need to be benchmarked and the professional societies be requested to provide the methodology for benchmarking these elements, for objective evaluation of development of a professional engineer. v) Worldwide, there is no one system for registration and re-registration. Some have the system of conducting formal examinations, others of only Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 15 of 26 Engineering Council Of India evaluating the inputs provided by the applicant and some a mix of the two. We should study the various systems prevailing in the world for registration/re-registration and then develop a system of our own which meets our requirements. However, whatever system we develop, it must be compatible with EMF and other international accords. vi) Inputs are required by this Committee on Development of Professional and Consulting Engineers from the other Committees working on the Registration of Professional Engineers and of Consulting Engineers. D. Consensus 1. “Professional Development” is not a requirement emanating out of Washington Accord. It is a requirement emanating from Engineers Mobility Forum. 2. Development means significant improvement in the competency of the individual/organization for providing the services to the customer, through enhancement of knowledge, acquirement of additional skills and improvement in attitudes. 3. Improvement in management skills too is development. 4. Professional experience is part of development but one must look for relevance of experiences in terms of parameters of development and the quality of the services rendered while gaining the experience. 5. The process for development is the process of life long learning and can be formal/informal, structured/non-structured, on job learning and of self-help. 6. As far as possible, efforts have to be made to quantify the improvement in individual elements of development, and as far as possible, methodology should be objective and uniform across various discipline. This is tough but has to be done. 7. While quantitative approach is desirable, there is no escape from “Peer Evaluation”. Conclusions of benchmarking needs to be vetted by “Peer Group” of professionals. 8. Professional Societies would recommend the individual cases to ECI, and ECI would take a decision. ECI may evolve its own process of independent evaluation of various criteria. 9. ECI should be seen as a co-ordinating body for “Registration” and “Re- registration” (which is the outcome of the evaluation of development in the intervening period). Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 16 of 26 Engineering Council Of India E. Decisions 1. Prof. D.V. Singh was requested to assume the responsibility of the Member Secretary of the Committee. 2. Mr. Pradeep Chaturvedi would collect the details of the processes followed for registration and evaluation of professional engineers in other countries particularly that in Canada, U.K. and USA, and provide the details to Prof. D.V. Singh. 3. Prof. D.V. Singh would prepare a note on the systems being followed in other countries for registration and evaluation of professional engineers for discussions in the next meeting of the Committee. Next meeting is scheduled for 9th of September, 2002 at 3.00 PM. Venue to be decided. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 17 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Appendix: D Minutes of the Meeting held on September 9, 2002 Committee on Development of Professional Engineers & Consulting Engineers (3rd Meeting) Summary of Discussion Date: 18-09-2002 Venue: Committee Room IE(I), Delhi State Centre Time: 3 PM A. Persons Present 1. Prof. C.S. Jha - Chairman of the Committee 2. Prof. D.V. Singh - Secretary of the Committee 3. Prof. S.K. Kaushik - Member 4. Mr. Pradeep Chaturvedi - Member 5. Dr. M.K. Khanijo - Special Invitee 6. Prof. Ashoka Chandra - Chairman, ECI 7. Dr. Uddesh Kohli - Member Secretary, ECI 8. Mr. P.K. Singh - Director, ECI B. Issues Discussed 1. Summary of Discussions of the 2nd meeting. 2. The mechanism that would ensure continued development of professional engineers. 3. The system for evaluating development. C. Views Expressed 1. The methodology, wherever adapted by other countries, is mostly descriptive and qualitative. It is difficult to quantify “development” is any profession. 2. The issue of what constitutes minimum for qualifying as a Professional Engineer is being looked into by another Committee. Some countries have two different registers - National and International. What is appropriate for India will be evolved by that Committee. 3. Ireland and Canada have systems of rewarding credit for various activities like presentation of technical papers, participation in workshops/seminars etc. We should take from these whatever suits us. 4. A combination of qualitative and quantitative method is the most appropriate method of assessing “development” 5. In U.K., there is now no centralized Engineering Council and the work of development is undertaken by associations of professions in various disciplines, in a very decentralized manner. In fact IEE of UK has decided to do away with their continuing development programme as they feel that the changes in the profession is taking place so fast that it is not possible to keep a track of it. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 18 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 6. The present level of information on the methods adopted by other countries in implementing continued development programmes and assessing the development that has actually taken place, is inadequate. We need to collect additional meaningful information. 7. Industry must be involved in the devising the mechanism for continued professional development. Large organizations may be able to provide, in house facility, for conducting accredited programmes for development of its engineers. For smaller organisations one would have to develop a different system. 8. Most of HRD programmes of industries are management programmes. Some organization do impart some training in engineering, relevant to their specific field, at the time of induction of fresh graduates, but after that there are few programmes for development of working engineers. 9. Some organisations have negotiated with IIT Delhi for sending their executives to do M.Tech programmes there. One can draw upon this model and work out similar programmes in other institutions as well. 10. There are large numbers of organisations in service sector who employ engineers but are not represented in associations like CII, FICCI etc. One has to find ways of approaching and involving these organizations too. 11. The ECI should first develop its own framework for development of professional and consulting engineers and then approach industry with it through CII, FICCI etc. 12. The ECI is not merely a regulator but also a promoter of engineering profession. D. Consensus More information is required to be collected on the methodology adopted by other countries, particularly those belonging to Engineering Mobility Forum. Prof. C.S. Jha has provided a list of emails of the key functionaries in other countries who can be contacted for obtaining relevant information. E. Decision Taken 1. Information be collected on various countries and be compiled in tabular form, highlighting following key points. a) If there is any system of conducting written examination for registration or ascertaining development b) What are the attributes/norms for ascertaining development c) What kind of arrangement professional bodies have between themselves. d) What is the evaluation system – quantitative or qualitative e) Who validates the process, who does it. f) What kind of accreditation is done -- discipline wise, sub disciplines wise or specialization specific. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 19 of 26 Engineering Council Of India Appendix E Comparison: Professional Engineers Development Methodology 1-2. What is the period of validity of original registration of PEs before re- registration is required and what is the period of validity of re-registration? Country Validity Period of Original Validity of Re-registration Registration Canada One year One year Hong Kong One year One year Japan Not required to re-register NA (5-years APEC Assessment Statement ) Singapore Not required to re-register NA United Not required to re-register NA Kingdom 3. What are the requirements to be fulfilled for the purpose of Re-registration? Country Examination Peer-review Work Support indicating upgrading / updating knowledge and skill for assessments. Canada No No Yes, on many occasions. Annual Development Report needed, those not submitting are asked to submit next year. Hong Kong Nil Nil 30 hours CPD Japan NA NA CPD recorded annually Singapore NA NA NA United NA NA NA Kingdom Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 20 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 4. How do you define or describe “development”? Is there a statement on what is professional development? Continuing Engineering Education and Professional Canada Development. It may include formal or informal training or practice ddevoted to enhancing the engineer’s skills, knowledge and ability to practice engineering in terms of applications of theory, management of engineering, communication, or understanding the social implications of engineering. Competency. Effective performance of a service in a skiled, knowledgeable, and ethical manner consistent with the individual’s position and responsibility. Qualified. Possession of the required academic training, language skills, experience, ethics, and good character necessary for admission and continued registeration as a professional engineer. Hong Kong CPD is the systematic maintenance, improvement and broadening of relevant knowledge and skills, and the development of these qualities necessary for the successful carrying out of professional duties throughout an engineer's career. It is aimed at enhancing individual worth and thus corporate performance. Japan IPEJ is operating the CPD programme and disseminating the programme to all engineers including non-members of the IPEJ. The CPD guidelines recommends that engagement of 50 weighted hrs./year in CPD is preferable & such records of engagement are to be reported to IPEJ by mail. IPEJ maintains their records & intends to audit their performance. Singapore We use the term development in our Continuing Professional Development programme. More details can be accessed at www.peb.gov.sg United Initial Professional Development (IPD) comprises the acquisition Kingdom and development of the special skills and approach needed to practice in a specific area of engineering. Continuing Professional Development (CPD) can be defined as the systematic maintenance, improvement and broadening of knowledge, understanding and skill, and the development of personal qualities necessary for the execution of professional and technical duties throughout the individuals working life. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 21 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 5. Do you have a list of attributes or parameters to serve as a basis for assessing professional development? Canada We use the following in our national guideline. Our individual associations assign weightings to these: Practice of engineering. Technical work in one’s field of specialization. Formal education. Successful completion, or provision, of seminars, conferences, workshops, university courses, in-house instruction, and development programme. Informal education. Self directed learning, reading, discussions with one’s peers, participation in meetings, and committee services. Publication. Preparation and publication of papers, journals, codes or standards. Participation. Active participation in professional or technical societies. Hong Kong CPD covers matters of direct technical relevance as well as broader studies also of importance to the HKIE members in the furtherance of their careers such as communication, environmental matters, financial management, leadership skills, legal aspects, marketing, occupational safety and health and professional ethics Japan The CPD guidelines recommends that engagement of 50 weighted hrs./year in CPD is preferable & such records of engagement are to be reported to IPEJ by mail. IPEJ maintains their records & intends to audit their performance Singapore Same as Srl 4. United Achievement of Competence and Commitment statements provide Kingdom the benchmark in addition to this there is the Code of Conduct. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 22 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 6. Do you have a representative list of activities which are likely to contribute towards the attributes of development? If so, please send the list. Also please specify the guidelines you use to relate these activities to professional development and its subjective or objective evaluation. Canada The assessment is done directly by our associations. These can be viewed on their websites: Visit APEGGA and APEGN for example. Hong Kong There is no exhaustive list and provided that the activities fall into the scope and format of CPD and satisfying the CPD definition, the activities are considered acceptable as CPD activities. Japan IPEJ provides a representative list of activities Singapore See(4) above. United The challenges and opportunities of work experience provide the Kingdom central method for continuing professional development. This can be supported by structured activities which include: In- house courses, External courses, Work-based learning, self directed private study, preparation and delivery of lectures and presentations, preparation of referred papers, attendance at lectures, seminars or conferences, coaching, tutoring, monitoring, teaching, relevant voluntary work. The emphasis is on an individual taking his or her own responsibility for the most appropriate development at different stages of a career. CPD includes updating are of competency, development of personal and managerial skills, broadening of are leading to new career opportunities , planning and recording CPD, producing evidence of CPD achievements and to support the learning of others. CPD is a key obligation on engineers and technicians. Evidence of professional development and of compliance with the CPD Code are requirements for registration Nominated bodies of the EC(UK) are required to promote and support CPD and to monitor the CPD being carried out by their members. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 23 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 7. Are specific reports received on the professional profile related to development as PE or CE? If so, what is the periodicity of the report? Canada Annual. Hong Kong Annual Japan IPEJ request professional engineers their professional profile along with their CPS long sheets. Those profiles can be received from time to time. This will be kept in the database for applications to public and private enquiries, if required Singapore The logging of CPD units is on an annual basis and this will tie in with the application for annual practising certificates United A report detailing Initial Professional Development (IPD) since Kingdom graduation is required on applying for registration. After registration it is a Code of Conduct requirement to maintain Continuing Professional Development (CPD). 8. What is the procedure to analyse the information received on the professional development? Canada You would need to contact the individual associations for this or visit their websites. Hong Kong By sample audit check Japan IPEJ reviews these submitted information and requires supplementary information if necessary Singapore There are several activities in our CPD programme. Those activities that all under Category 1 will have to be accredited by PEB. For this, a Committee of evaluators, comprising members from PEB, the Institution of Engineers Singapore, Association of Consulting Engineers Singapore, tertiary institutions and regulatory agencies assist PEB in the evaluation United An expert panel review the evidence for IPD against the criteria of Kingdom SARTOR. The engineering institutions are required to monitor CPD of their members Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 24 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 9. What are the roles which you are member professional societies are required or expected to play in giving opportunities for or facilitating professional development? Country Canada These generally vary, but most provide links to providers of continuing education at the very least. Very few, if any deliver their own educational seminars, although they might occasionally sponsor some. Hong Kong The HKIE perceived our responsibility to organise CPD activities for our members although we cannot provide all CPD activities required by our members Japan IPEJ doesn't have member professional societies. However IPEJ maintains good relations with them. Most of IPEJ members are also member of other technical societies depending to their technical specialties. Singapore Our professional institution and societies conduct activities, which are relevant to the professional development of PEs. If their activities fall under Category 1 of our CPD programme, they will apply to PEB for accreditation of their activities United Professional societies must provide leaned Society activities which Kingdom will provide CPD opportunities for their members 10 Do you have MOU’s with engineering / technical institutions, research organizations, industries and professional societies to organize activities for professional development? Canada A few of our associations have said in the past that they have some relationships, but you would have to contact them. Contact APEGNB and APEGGA Hong Kong Yes Japan IPEJ maintains regular meetings with technical societies for exchange information on SPD programs and related issues. IPEJ doesn't have MOUs with them Singapore No, we do not have. United Engineering / technical institutions under licence provide learning Kingdom society function and that CPD is monitored. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 25 of 26 Engineering Council Of India 11. Do you have duly recognized web-based value-addition, knowledge- enhancement and skill-training programmes? Canada Don't know Hong Kong We are in the process of planning web based CPD programme Japan Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), a governmental corporation, provides e-learning system on current technical topics and advance technologies for engineers. Singapore No, we do not have. The Board however is hosting a web-based system for our PEs to keep track of and record their participation in CPD activities. United Not a central EC(UK) function but number of member institutions Kingdom have schemes. 12. What are your overall methods of assessment of professional development? Canada Contact association directly. Hong Kong Self regulatory with monitoring Japan IPEJ intends to evaluate on a sampling basis members CPD log sheets submitted log sheets submitted from time to time and improve CPD programs according tgo the results of evaluation, and responding to the requirements of members Singapore We have started a pilot programme for one year already, and is planning to make it a mandatory requirement for the issue of annual practising certificate. So far, our professional institution and societies are very supportive of the programme United At Audit carried out by EC (UK), Institutions are asked to Kingdom demonstrate how they monitor/assess members IPD before registration and subsequently monitor CPD. Assessment of IPD by the individual Institutions consists of reviewing candidate professional development reports against standard criteria and subsequently interviewing the candidate to assess professional competence against set criteria. Ref: Committee/PE/4/28-03-2003 Page 26 of 26