Climbing the Ladders and Weaving the Lattice

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					  U.S. Department of Labor
  Employment & Training Administration

Implementing Career Pathways

           May 4, 2012

To share information on career pathways
To promote career pathways as a
successful strategy in the workforce
investment system
To provide you with resources and tools to
help states and local areas develop career
pathway systems

            Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 1
By the end of this session, you will be able to do
the following:
  Explain what a career pathway system is
  Name the six key elements of a career pathway system
  Identify some challenges in developing and implementing a
  career pathway system
  Identify online resources and tools
  Identify steps for helping states and local areas in your
  region develop career pathways

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Background and Context: Why Career
Definition and Framework
Steps for Supporting Career Pathways in
Your Region

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U.S. Department of Labor
Employment & Training Administration


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Vast Numbers of Unemployed Adults

 As of the end of 2010, an average of 14.8 million
 Americans were unemployed.

 Over 43% of them had been out of work for 27 weeks or
 more (long-term unemployed).

 This is the highest percentage of long-term
 unemployment on record since 1948.

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    Many Needing Skill Upgrade

Many cannot return to their previous occupations
because the jobs are gone (dislocated workers).

To transition to new careers, they will require new skills
and industry-recognized credentials.

Some can return to their industry but have been
unemployed for a long time and need to upgrade their
skills or obtain new credentials.

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Alarming Statistics on Education

   14.8 unemployed in 2010

   14.2 million were adults 18 years of
    age or older

   54.9% have only a high school
    diploma or less

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         More Jobs Requiring
        Better than High School
More jobs now require education and training beyond
high school.

                               Percentage of Jobs
            Year                   Requiring
                             Some College or Above

            1973                             28%
            2007                             59%

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      Advantage to Adults with
     Postsecondary Credentials
Those with postsecondary credentials earn more and are
more likely to keep their jobs.

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                In Summary

There are vast numbers of unemployed adults.

Many of them need skill upgrade or new credentials.

Workers with postsecondary credentials earn more and
are more likely to keep their jobs.

But adults often do NOT complete postsecondary training
– particularly if they’re required to complete remedial or
developmental education before earning a credential.

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       The Challenge

   How can we help adults
    – especially those with
low skills and low education –
 get jobs with livable wages?

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          What is Needed
A system of support that will make it easier
 for adults to complete their postsecondary
    training and education and earn the
     credentials that will improve their
        employability, increase their
          security, and boost their
                earning power
     What is Needed (cont.)
A systemic approach to education,
   training, and employment
      that focuses on supporting
         these unemployed adults

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        What is Needed (cont.)
    An alignment of programs and services
    across the workforce, education, human
 service, and economic development systems
to support these unemployed adults and equip
 them with in-demand skills and credentials

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The Answer: Career Pathways
The term “career pathways” refers to a clear sequence of
education coursework and/or training credentials that:
  Is aligned with the skill needs of regional industries
  Includes the full range of secondary, adult education, and
  postsecondary education options
  Includes curriculum and instructional strategies that
  contextualize learning
  As appropriate, integrates education and training that
  combines occupational skills training with adult education
  services, gives credit for prior learning, and adopts other
  strategies that accelerate advancement

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The Answer: Career Pathways

 Leads to the attainment of an industry-recognized degree or
 Includes academic and career counseling, and support
 Is organized to meet the particular needs of adults, with
 flexible and non-semester-based scheduling, and the
 innovative use of technology

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          Key Achievement of
           Career Pathways
Help adults gain industry-recognized, postsecondary
credentials and transition into new careers through:
  Adult-centered program designs
  Articulated service delivery models
  Direct involvement of employers
  Extensive use of labor market information in designing
  programs that focus on developing in-demand skills
  Enhanced coordination of comprehensive services – from
  adult basic education, to occupational skills training, to
  career and academic counseling, to support services, to job
  search assistance

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       . . . But Do They Work?

Career pathways work! States and local areas
with a career pathway approach have seen
improvements in credential attainment and
  I-Best results

  P/PV results

  Capital Idea results

                   Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 18
  U.S. Department of Labor
  Employment & Training Administration


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           Six Key Elements of
         Career Pathway Systems
Career pathway systems provide a clear sequence of
education coursework or training credentials and have
the following elements:
1.   Build cross-agency partnerships &
     clarify roles
2.   Identify industry sector or industry &
     engage employers
3.   Design education & training programs
4.   Identify funding needs & sources
5.   Align policies & programs
6.   Measure system change &

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          #1: Build Cross-Agency
       Partnerships and Clarify Roles

Key cross-agency partners at the local and state levels
are engaged to participate in the initiative.
  Local team is formed to design, pilot, launch, and grow a
  local or regional career pathway system.
  Partners are invited to design, craft, and implement a
  shared vision.
  State team supports the local team with administrative
  policies and legislation to aid in local implementation and
  statewide growth. Senior state and regional leaders visibly
  support the initiative.

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         #1: Build Cross-Agency
   Partnerships and Clarify Roles (cont.)

Roles and responsibilities are clearly defined and
  Create a leadership or steering committee to guide the
  development process.
  Clarify and formalize roles and responsibilities of the
     Workforce system                          Human service system
     Economic development system               CBO’s
     Education system                          Employers

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       #2: Identify Industry Sector
        and Engage Employers
Sectors and industries are selected and employers are
engaged in the development of career pathways.
  Determine labor market trends, skill development needs
  and opportunities, and employer preferences.
  Select employers or industry representatives and plan how
  to pitch the initiative to them.
  Plan how to work with employers in the different phases of
  the initiative (design, launch, operation, evaluation).

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 #3: Design Education and Training
Career pathway programs provide a clear sequence
of education courses and credentials that meet the
skill needs of high-demand industries.
  Provide a clear sequence of education courses and credentials
  that lead to postsecondary education/training and employment.
  Design programs to accommodate individuals regardless of their
  skill level at the point of entry.
  Design programs around high demand industries and career
  ladders that pay family-sustaining wages.
  Support programs through state legislation and administrative
  policies for sustainability.

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#3: Design Programs for Adult Learners

 Key questions to ask: How will we . . .
   Incorporate & align secondary & post-secondary education elements?
   Integrate & contextualize adult basic education & occupational skills
   Chunk curricula into shorter programs of study?
   Meet the need for flexible training & education options?
   Include academic & CTE content in a coordinated, non-duplicative
   Integrate wrap-around services?
   Ensure the program leads to an associate or baccalaureate degree or
   industry-recognized credentials or certificates at the postsecondary

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#4: Identify Funding Needs & Sources

Necessary resources are raised and/or leveraged to
develop and implement career pathway programs.
  Identify resources needed to operate programs and core system
     Program development
     Professional development
     Operating costs
     Supportive services
  Ensure state and local partners work together to raise and
  leverage funding from federal, state, local, and foundation

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#4: Identify Funding Needs and Sources

  Key questions to ask:
    What are your funding                 What funding sources
    needs?                                should you explore?
      Curriculum development                  WIA Titles I, II, & IV
      Professional development
                                              Wagner-Peyser Act funds
      Operating costs
                                              Carl Perkins Act funds
      Supportive services
                                              TANF funds
                                              State funds
                                              Private foundations

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   #5: Align Policies and Programs

Federal, state, and local legislation or administrative
policies promote career pathway development and
  Local and state partners identify key policy and program
  changes and actions needed.
  Partners actively coordinate efforts across the region and/or
  state and establish formal procedures to institutionalize
  system change.
  Agencies and programs collaborate to provide professional
  development across organizations and systems.

                Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 28
#5: Align Policies and Programs (cont.)

Key questions to ask:
  How are career technical & academic programs linked (or not) at
  the community college? How can linkages be strengthened?
  How does the eligible training provider list (ETPL) promote
  career pathway development?
  How can One Stop and TANF service providers coordinate with
  each other in providing services?
  What can be used to fund curriculum & professional
  How can policymakers support the development of portable and
  stackable credentials?

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 #6: Measure System Change and
      Evaluate Performance

Track effect of policy changes and program
designs on participant outcomes

Arrange data-sharing agreements with key
partners and employers, as appropriate

Design systems for sharing performance
information to support continuous learning and

             Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 30
Career Pathways: Six Elements
U.S. Department of Labor
Employment & Training Administration

          HOW DO YOU START?

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              Initial Steps
Learn more about career pathways
Determine interest and commitment from key
Form a steering committee
Define vision and goals
Assess readiness
Create action plan

             Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 33
           Learn More:
 Current Career Pathway Initiatives
DOL-ETA Career Pathways TA Initiative
Joyce Foundation – Shifting Gears
Ford Foundation – Career Pathways
Gates Foundation – ABE to Credentials
The National Fund for Workforce Solutions
TAACCCT (program designs)

               Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 34
             Learn More:
Career Pathways: Six Elements Framework
               Learn More:
Career Pathways: Readiness Assessment Tool
                 Learn More:
Career Pathways Community of Practice Web Site

            Additional Resources
  “Career Pathways: Background Paper for a Discussion of How the Federal
  Government Can Support their Expansion,” white paper prepared by Rachel
  Pleasants and Mary Clagett for the Adult Learning Strategies Forum on April
  19, 2010, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration.
  “Adult Learning Strategies for Workers in Transition,” white paper prepared by
  Ray Uhalde, Heath Prince, and Mary Clagett for the Adult Learning Strategies
  Forum on July 14, 2010, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment & Training
  “Credentials that Count: The Role of the Public Workforce System in
  Strengthening Credential Attainment Among American Workers,” white paper
  prepared by Pamela Frugoli, Mary Alice McCarthy, and Michael Qualter for the
  Adult Learning Strategies Forum on September 28, 2010, U.S. Department of
  Labor, Employment & Training Administration.

                        Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 38
      Additional Resources (cont.)
  “Integrated Basic Education and Skills Training (I-BEST): Washington
  State’s Career Pathway Initiative,”
  “Higher Learning and Higher Earning: Oregon's Statewide Pathways
  “Regional Industry Skills Education: Wisconsin’s Career Pathways
  “FastTrac Initiative: Minnesota State’s Career Pathways Initiative,”

                       Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 39
      Additional Resources (cont.)
  “Arkansas Career Pathways,”
  “Capital Idea: Austin, Texas, Career Pathways Initiative,”

  “Charting a Path: An Exploration of the Statewide Career Pathway Efforts in
  Arkansas, Kentucky, Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin,” prepared by Rosanna
  Perry Stephens, Seattle Jobs Initiative, May 2009.
  “Underserved Students Who Earn Credit Through Prior Learning Assessment
  (PLA) Have Higher Degree Completion Rates and Shorter Time-to-Degree,”
  research brief published by the Council for Adult & Experiential Learning,

                       Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 40
      Additional Resources (cont.)
  “Washington State’s Integrated Basic Education and Skills Training Program (I-
  BEST): New Evidence of Effectiveness,” Working Paper No. 20 of the Community
  College Research Center , prepared by Matthew Zeidenberg, Sung-Woo Cho, and
  Davis Jenkins, September 2010.
  “Tuning In to Local Labor Markets: Findings from the Sectoral Employment
  Impact Study,” published by Public/Private Ventures, 2010,
  Smith, Tara, Christopher T. King and Daniel G. Schroeder, Local Investments in
  Workforce Development: 2011 Evaluation Update, Austin: Ray Marshall Center,
  University of Texas, April 2011 (forthcoming); and Glover, Robert G. and
  Christopher T. King, “The Promise of Sectoral Approaches to Workforce
  Development: Towards More Effective, Active Labor Market Policies in the
  United States,” in Charles J. Whalen, Ed., Human Resource Economics.

                       Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 41
      Additional Resources (cont.)
  “Tuning In to Local Labor Markets: Findings from the Sectoral Employment
  Impact Study,” published by Public/Private Ventures, 2010,
  “Courses to Employment: Sectoral Approaches to Community College- Nonprofit
  Partnerships, Initial Education and Employment Outcomes Findings for
  Students Enrolled In Healthcare Career Training 2003-2009, Capital IDEA and
  Austin Community College Partnership, Austin, Texas,” prepared by Matt
  Helmer and Amy Blair, Revised March 2011, published by The Aspen Institute.

  “Funding Career Pathways and Career Pathway Bridges: A Federal Policy
  Toolkit for States,” October 2010,

                       Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 42
 Resources: Contact Person

If you have questions or need some
  Willie Johnson
  Director, Corporate Training
  Great Plains Technology Center

              Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 43
  U.S. Department of Labor
  Employment & Training Administration

Implementing Career Pathways
Implementing Career Pathways

       Implementing Career Pathways ♦ Page 45

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