Islamic Culture and Accomplishments Unit 3 Ms. Hunt RMS 2011-2012 Agenda: Tuesday, November 1st, 2011 OBJ: To analyze Islamic culture and how we see it in modern society by discussing Middle Eastern accomplishments and creating an Islamic tile. 1. Journal 2. Lecture- Islamic Accomplishments 3. Islamic Tile 4. Diamond Foldable Entry HW: Study for Quiz on Kingdoms of Africa and the Middle East, including Islamic Accomplishments Journal: Tuesday, November 1st, 2011 • You are the archaeologist and you have just discovered this artifact. What do you think this is? What was it used for? Economy Trade flourished throughout empire Indian and Mediterranean Seas Linked India with China, Africa, and Europe Development of banking Use of coins/ money- Abbasid dinar Sakk- check Farming Used ancient methods Large landowners/ independent farmers City Appearance Extravagant palaces and mosques Public buildings included fountains, public baths, decorated courtyards Extensive planning in all cities (Damascus and Baghdad) Bazaar- covered market place Cleanliness and inspections were mandatory to ensure great quality products Cordoba- elegant city Over 70 libraries, 700 mosques and 25 free schools “melting pot” of cultures, over 500,000 people Philosophers, poets, doctors, etc. Social Classes Society of “sophistication” Classes determined at birth and by your practiced religion Clear classes- Upper class- Muslims by birth Middle class- converts to Muslim paid tax to upper class Lower class- non Islamic population protected people- Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians Slaves Typically prisoners of war and non- Muslims Household work or military services Women in the Muslim Empire Spiritual equality in Quran Unequal socially- “Men are the managers of the affairs of women” Many more legal rights than other women at the time Differences in social and family order in daily life Depended on wealth status Access to education for most women Male Guardians required (Could not leave home without an escort) Polygamy- multiple wives Dowry paid to the bride, most men could only afford one Covering of the body- traditional Arab practice Hijab- headscarf Chador- full head, body scarf Burka- veil that covers all Knowledge Attitude of curiosity in education 800’s- House of Wisdom Majority of people spoke the Arabic language Philosophers- commentary on Greek/ Roman philosophy Sufism- believe in having a personal relationship with god (Closely related to Islam) Mathematics and Natural Sciences Astrolabe- used to determine location based on the position of the heavens Knowledge continued Medical Encyclopedia- contagious diseases Rulers encouraged medical education to ensure their own health Literature Writing of history, stories, and poetry The Arabian Nights, stories passed on through generations, Aladdin story added in 18th Century Translation of literature Preserved ancient works Art and Architecture Blend of multiple cultures Minaret- spiral staircase/column, typically built on mosques Arabesques- repeated designs used to ornately decorate Empires of the World- Diamond Foldable • Take out your Diamond Foldable. • Fill in, using your notes, all information that belongs in the diamonds: – Top- Name of Kingdom – Left- location (geography, description of territory) – Right- Important people – Bottom- Accomplishments • Be sure to decorate each diamond so it relates to the Empire it contains notes on. • You have 15 minutes to complete your Diamond Foldable on the Ottoman Empire. Middle Eastern Architecture Tile • Each pair of students should have – 1 pair of scissors – 1 glue stick – 1 piece of card stock – Pieces of colored paper • Create a decorative tile that might be seen in a Middle Eastern Palace. – Remember- Lots and color as well as patterns should be used to create your tile! • The entire board must be filled in and with your name on the back. • When you are done, place your tile on the back table and work on your Diamond Foldable. – You will receive 45 minutes to work on your foldable next class!
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