Islamic Culture and Accomplishments by zu88R1Kt

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									Islamic Culture and
 Accomplishments
       Unit 3
     Ms. Hunt
   RMS 2011-2012
 Agenda: Tuesday, November 1st, 2011
 OBJ: To analyze Islamic culture and how we see it in
  modern society by discussing Middle Eastern
  accomplishments and creating an Islamic tile.
 1. Journal
 2. Lecture- Islamic Accomplishments
 3. Islamic Tile
 4. Diamond Foldable Entry
 HW: Study for Quiz on Kingdoms of Africa and the
  Middle East, including Islamic Accomplishments
 Journal: Tuesday, November 1st, 2011

• You are the
  archaeologist and you
  have just discovered
  this artifact. What do
  you think this is?
  What was it used for?
                         Economy
   Trade flourished throughout empire
       Indian and Mediterranean Seas
       Linked India with China, Africa, and Europe
   Development of banking
       Use of coins/ money- Abbasid dinar
       Sakk- check
   Farming
       Used ancient methods
       Large landowners/ independent farmers
                   City Appearance
   Extravagant palaces and mosques
   Public buildings included fountains, public baths,
    decorated courtyards
   Extensive planning in all cities (Damascus and
    Baghdad)
   Bazaar- covered market place
       Cleanliness and inspections were mandatory to ensure
        great quality products
   Cordoba- elegant city
       Over 70 libraries, 700 mosques and 25 free schools
       “melting pot” of cultures, over 500,000 people
       Philosophers, poets, doctors, etc.
                        Social Classes
 Society of “sophistication”
 Classes determined at birth and by your
  practiced religion
 Clear classes-
       Upper class- Muslims by birth
       Middle class- converts to Muslim
            paid tax to upper class
       Lower class- non Islamic population
            protected people- Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians
       Slaves
            Typically prisoners of war and non- Muslims
            Household work or military services
        Women in the Muslim Empire
   Spiritual equality in Quran
       Unequal socially- “Men are the managers of the affairs of
        women”
   Many more legal rights than other women at the time
   Differences in social and family order in daily life
       Depended on wealth status
       Access to education for most women
   Male Guardians required (Could not leave home without an
    escort)
   Polygamy- multiple wives
       Dowry paid to the bride, most men could only afford one
   Covering of the body- traditional Arab practice
       Hijab- headscarf
       Chador- full head, body scarf
       Burka- veil that covers all
                       Knowledge
   Attitude of curiosity in education
       800’s- House of Wisdom
   Majority of people spoke the Arabic language
   Philosophers- commentary on Greek/ Roman
    philosophy
       Sufism- believe in having a personal relationship with
        god (Closely related to Islam)
   Mathematics and Natural Sciences
   Astrolabe- used to determine location based on
    the position of the heavens
                 Knowledge continued
   Medical Encyclopedia- contagious diseases
       Rulers encouraged medical education to ensure their
        own health
   Literature
       Writing of history, stories, and poetry
       The Arabian Nights, stories passed on through
        generations, Aladdin story added in 18th Century
       Translation of literature
            Preserved ancient works
   Art and Architecture
       Blend of multiple cultures
       Minaret- spiral staircase/column, typically built on
        mosques
       Arabesques- repeated designs used to ornately decorate
  Empires of the World- Diamond Foldable
• Take out your Diamond Foldable.
• Fill in, using your notes, all information that belongs in the
  diamonds:
   –   Top- Name of Kingdom
   –   Left- location (geography, description of territory)
   –   Right- Important people
   –   Bottom- Accomplishments
• Be sure to decorate each diamond so it relates to the Empire
  it contains notes on.
• You have 15 minutes to complete your Diamond Foldable on
  the Ottoman Empire.
  Middle Eastern Architecture Tile
• Each pair of students should have
   –   1 pair of scissors
   –   1 glue stick
   –   1 piece of card stock
   –   Pieces of colored paper
• Create a decorative tile that might be seen in a
  Middle Eastern Palace.
   – Remember- Lots and color as well as patterns should be
     used to create your tile!
• The entire board must be filled in and with your
  name on the back.
• When you are done, place your tile on the back table
  and work on your Diamond Foldable.
   – You will receive 45 minutes to work on your foldable next
     class!

								
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