(Provisional Translation) Formatted: Right
In pursuit of "Japan as a Low-carbon Society" Formatted: Font: Bold
Speech by H.E. Mr Yasuo Fukuda, Prime Minister
at the Japan Press Club
9 June 2008 Formatted: Font: Bold
<Introduction> Formatted: Font: Bold
(The past, present and future) Formatted: Font: Bold
Last week I made brief visits to the Federal Republic of Germany, the United Kingdom
(UK) and the Italian Republic. With exactly one month to go before the G8 Hokkaido
Toyako Summit, I had very useful exchanges of view with the leaders of four European
Aiming for "Japan -- A low-carbon society"
June 9, 2008
(The past, the present and the future)
Last week I made a tour of visits to the Federal Republic of Germany, the United
Kingdom (UK) and the Italian Republic. With exactly one month to go before the G8
Hokkaido Toyako Summit, I had extremely significant exchanges of opinions with the
heads of state of four European countries.
In Ironbridge,the in the UK, the Ironbbridge where the world’s first iron bridge was
built in the second half of the eighteenth century, is preserved as a World Heritage site.
Built in the second half of the eighteenth century, this was the first iron bridge ever
constructed in the world.
Recognised as Recognized as the starting pointstart of the Industrial Revolution, the
construction of the is steel Iron Bbridge was made possible by the use of coke, a fossil
fuel that replaced charcoal to make the mass -production of steel possible.
The energy source that underpinned the Industrial Revolution as symbolized by the Iron
Bbridge subsequently shifted from coal to petroleum. Through the use of fossil fuels,
humanity has managed to build modern society at breakneck speed to this
day.progressed at a terrific speed resulting in the creation of our current society.
Yet as we stand at the beginning of the twenty-first century, we are left withface the
depletion ofed natural resources and the issue of and global warming. We are obliged to
reexamine oOur society as we stands at a major crossroads.
We can proudly look back on the achievements of the Industrial Revolution brought
about by our ancestors more than 200 two hundred years ago. However, what is now at
stake is how future generations will look back upon us in two hundred years’ time.a
question remains as to whether or not our descendants will look back on our
achievements in the same way 200 years from now.
Against the backdrop of these changes in history, today Standing here at this threshold
in history, I intend should like to speak to you today about my views on the issue of
(Shift Transforming into a low-carbon society) Formatted: Font: Bold
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As Tthe Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has repeatedly issued
warned,ings if we fail to address the issue about global warming, it will force future
generations into a critical situation.. I concur with their view that if we do nothing about
this we will merely be forcing future generations to deal with a critical situation.
Moreover, the way the world’s is overly heavy dependentce on fossil fuels, which is
lies behind the issue of global warming, is already sounding giving aloud warnings
clarion call to the current generation.
When I was working forat an oil company aboutsome 40 forty years ago, the price of
crude oil was just one a dollar per barrel. It has been said since that time that Japan’s
rapid postwar growth The high economic growth that Japan achieved during the Formatted: Not Highlight
postwar era was always said to bewas a result ofmade possible by cheap energy in the
form of petroleum. Today, however, the price of oil has already surpassed $130 dollars
per barrel. In addition, the surge in energy prices, together with other causes, has
triggered other serious issues including the recent rise in food prices and the difficulty
of securing sufficient quantities supplies of food.
Now is indeed the time when we must free ourselves from our turn away decisively
fromdependence on fossil fuels sincethat dates fromsince the wake of that have held us
in their thrall since the Industrial Revolution. We must greatly shift the country’s helm
gears towards a low-carbon society for the sake of the sake of future generations.
I also recognize that tThis is not something thatan issue for Japan can accomplish by
itselfalone. Global warming is a global problem which knows no bordersaffects our
entire planet and does not recognize national borders. Hence a broad, world-level
perspective is the first requirement As such, wwhen we discussing what is to be done
about global warming., we must take a broad perspective that encompasses our entire
At the same time, it is each Japanese citizen we must also remember that it is each and
every one of the people whothat will bring about a low-carbon society. Indeed, we
should not forget that all each member of the public of the people are without doubt
theis a stakeholders and athe protagonists in this undertaking. We cannot achieve a
low-carbon society without the national action of the people.
In order to bring aboutAchieving a low-carbon society requires, it is vital to maintain a
dual perspective:, the need for focusing on both worldwidea global
approachundertaking, and at the same timees that for grass-roots action and on practical
efforts undertaken by individualsthe whole nation.
(Strive Stepping forward with confidence)
A Such transition to a low-carbon society is undoubtedly the a major challenge that
ourconfronting current our generation must tackle. Yet we cannot meet this test only by
I do not believe that we can succeed in this undertaking merely by thinking ofviewing it
as a burden upon us we are forced to shoulder.
First of all, we should view the transition to a low-carbon society as "an new
opportunity for new economic growth.".
Countermeasures to Gglobal warming countermeasures will give rise tocreate new
demand, create new jobs and generate new wealthincome. A low-carbon society can be
said to beis one that giveoffers birth to great opportunities in terms of harmonizing for
economic activities activity that is compatible with the environment.
The emerging global view tnew perspective that is emerging globally, which
recognizeshat CO2 emissions emissions asare a "loans,liability" will give an edge Formatted: Subscript
toassure an international competitive edge to Japanese's world-class technology related
to energy conservation and the environment, which boasts top levels of energy
efficiencyal technologies in terms of international competitiveness.
Secondly, I would like to point out that a hint clues for on how to achieverealizing a
low-carbon society is already there. Just look atexist in Japan’s the "inherent qualities
and its traditionstraditions and fundamental virtues" of our nation.
At the source of Japanese culture lies the concept idea of "coexistenceing with nature.".
In the process of economic growth we did once did experience suffer from
environmental degradation. Yet bBut by learning from our mistakes, we succeeded in
building one of the foremost powerful economies in the world under the banner of
environmental while preserving harmony with the environment.
The fundamental philosophyspirit of mottainai, the feeling that it is senseless to
disregard things that still have some value, was the background for this success.
Mottainai will certainly serve as a key word as we aim to realize thisin new
low-carbon societiesy to come.
With such points in mind, we need not Recognizing these points, it is clear that there is
no need for us to flinch. Indeed, now is the time when we should take the first step
towards a low-carbon society with Now is the time to full confidencetly take the first
step to create a low-carbon society.
Now I shwould like to explain give my views on the concrete policies that must be
taken to realize this shiftnecessary for the transition. First, though, of all, I point to let
me explain the goals that I think Japan must should aim forseek to attain.
<Japan's long- term and midshort-term goals> Formatted: Font: Bold
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The influence effects of global warming is are already clearly apparent. In order for us
to avert steer clear of thieses dangers,ous situation we must stabilize CO2 density Formatted: Subscript
concentrations at a fixed level.
In order to achieveFor this we must aim to halve global CO22 emissions by the year
2050. This reduction target is at the rootforms the crux of the "Cool Earth Programme"
that which Japan has proposed to the world. My I aim is to have this goal shared by
see the adoption of this common goal theby G8 members and other major
It is impossible to meet this goal unless all countries tackle the issue of global warming Formatted: Font: Italic
one way or another, not just the main carbon emitters. This goal cannot be achieved
without the participation of major emitters. If we are to succeed in this effort it is vital
that every country in the world participate in some manner. It is also obvious that in this
process the advanced developed nations countries must should contribute more than the
developing countriesnations. For our its part, Japan will set a long-term goal in the
run-up to the year 2050 under which we will aim ofto achievereducing, by 2050,
60-80% of its current level of emissions a 60-80% reduction from the current level, so
as to bring about a low-carbon society that we can proudly present around to the world.
I believe it is perfectly natural thatincumbent upon Japan, as one of thea nationcountries
that which has achieved development ahead prior of to others, Japan mustshould bear a
heavier responsibility in this battle struggle to protect save our planet..
(MediumMid-term goals) Formatted: Font: Bold
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In order seriously to achieve our long-term goal of halving the CO2 emissions by the Formatted: Subscript
year 2050, it is vital that the world’s total overall global emissions peak out in roughly
the next two decadesten to twenty years.
Considering Since this future is just within our graspperiod is rapidly approaching, we
no longer can no longer afford to the luxury ofwaste time making empty calls, or on a
target-setting game which serves only as political propaganda repeating bold statements
and wasting time striking political poses and playing the game of target setting.
We areIt is now the time to starting well-founded discussions to set responsibly
attainable targets for each nation, targets in whose certain attainment we can
respectively take responsibility for each nation. The sectoral -based approach that which
I proposed at the World Economic Forum meeting in Davos is nothing lessne other than
a methodology for achieving such a practical realistic solutions.
The European Union (EU) has set the goal of reducing emissions by 20% compared to
the 1990 level1990 levels by 2020. This will require a 14% reduction from the current
(2005) level, as of 2005. Advanced in the field of energy conservation, Japan has
already achieved energy efficiency rates that greatly exceed those of the EU
nationscountries. Notwithstanding, Recently, Japan recently announced that it is
possible for it can to achieve a further reduction of 14% from the current level, a
reduction of the same order as that committed toto be made by the EU.
Japan's actual emission levels since 1990 have fluctuated somewhat, since the year 1990
but in factthe reality it has been on a slightly upward the trend has been for slight
increases. In order for us to achieve this target of aA 14% reduction by the year 2020
will not only entail a definitely peak-out of, Japan's emissions must peak out within the
next one to two years or two as well as . In addition tosurely achieving reaching the
2008-2012 targets set forthprovided for in the Kyoto Protocol. , wWe must realize
achieve even larger bigger reductions by the year 2020 and continue to lead the world in
energy conservation, as a global leader the top-runner with the highest standards.
The The numbers that I am quoting are is by no means guestimatesconjecture. These
numbers wereIt was calculated based on thethrough a rigorous application of thea
sector-basedal approach, considering in great detail to what extent we would
realistically be ablecan topractically introduce the most advanced energy-saving
conservation and renewable-new energy technologies that are expected to exist are
expected to appearat various points in time. The individual potential emissions that can
be reductions ed through this approach are thuswere each tallied to come up, resulting in
this percentage figure with these totals.
Putting Setting aside the the cost involved, this is was the first endeavorattempt in the in
the world to present such a detailed a concrete picture of just what we canis technically
achievefeasible at least technically.
In establishing setting quantified national emission reduction targets (QNCs), I will
strive to gain the understanding of nations around the world for on this sectoral -based,
bottom-up methodapproach. In concrete terms, we must should persuadeurge other
nations to analysze the actual extent of their actual reduction potentials by applying a
the sectoral-based approach like as advocated by Japan’s and to report on the results at
the 14th Fourteenth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change Convention (COP14) scheduled due to be
held in December this year.
As for the base year, Furthermore, there has beenis a debate on the wisdom of
maintaining the year whether or not it is appropriate to cling to the year 1990, which
was isalmost twenty years agotwo decades ago, as a benchmark year. Given this and
other points of discussion, a common methodology should be established, Bbearing in
mind other countries’the appreciation assessments of Japan's the sectoral -based,
bottom-up method expressed by other nationsapproach,. JJapan, for its part, intends to
announce our its quantified national targetQNC at a proper occasion somen appropriate
time next year, in tandem with establishing a common methodology.
In any event, in order to achieve the goal for of having total world emissions to peak out
sometime in the near future, it is absolutely essential that weto have a framework
encompassing "total participation" framework that includes all the major economies, not
limited tojust the EU and Japan, which should naturally include the major emitters.
Japan will negotiate tenaciously in order to build international agreement on “fair and
equitable rules” which are approved by all. The premise of such rules will be greater
contributions by developed countries compared with developing countries.
To achieve this, advanced countries must contribute more than the developing countries.
On that assumption, I intend to keep up negotiations for achieving an international
agreement on fair and equitable rules that everyone will approve.
<Specific Concrete policies> Formatted: Font: Bold
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We must squarely face the current state of the global environment and, instead of
repeating bold statementsempty calls, step up real actions that will actually reduce
greenhouse gas emissions. This at is what I feel most strongly aboutis my sincere belief.
What then can we practically do to accomplish this? I have organized specificThe
concrete policies I have formulated consist ofaround four main pillars.
First of all, we must developing innovative technologies while disseminating existing
Secondly, we need to build a framework-building that willto guide move the entire
country Japan to ato lower -carbon societyemissions;.
Thirdly, active roles to be played by provincial local regions of our country should play
a role in addressing global warming.; and
Fourthly, having each citizen should become asa protagonist in reducing emissions. in
bringing about a low-carbon society.
1. Developing innovative technologies while disseminating existing advanced Formatted: Font: Bold
To begin with,he first pillar is the importance of technologies is recognized in the first
pillary. We shall will not be able to halve emissions by 2050, achieve the goal of
halving emissions by the year 2050 -- let alone the goal of anreduce them by 80%
reduction -- no matter how well extensively we can disseminate disseminate existing
technologies that are focused on energy conservation and other relevant areas. The
challenge we face cannot be overcome without a technological breakthroughs.
The key lies in whether we succeed in How well we can succeed in developing
completely newinnovative, carbon-free technologies that do not presently exist. will
determine whether our efforts are successful. SuchThe developments of these
technologies will require a tremendous amount of effort and will, necessarily, take more
than fewa certain number of years.
Yet Ddespite this fact and the announcement of high-profilebold targets like to
achieveing 50% or 60-80% reductions by the year 2050, that we have seen, little or
nothing is heardhear very little about practical concrete measures for developing
innovative technologies. Rather, Indeed, the amount of capital funding allocated
worldwide to thisat purpose has now fallen to half the its peak level it was at duringat
the time of the second oil shock, when it peakedcrisis.
The situation in Japan, however, is different. Comparing the research and development
expenditures investments in the energy sector in 2005 by national governments around
the world, one finds that Japan has spentds much more than the United States (US) and
or the European nations countrieson research and development. In other words, More
more than any other nation in the world, Japan is earnestseriously focusing expendingits
efforts on theto development of innovative technologies that will be the key to saving
the future of our planet.
In January of this year Aat the Davos Conference in January, I announced the a “Green
Low-carbon Energy Technology Innovation ProgrammePlan” through which Japan will
invest 30 billion dollars over the next five years, as well as the establishment of a
financial mechanism called the “Cool Earth Partnership” financial mechanism through
which Japan will provide 10 billion dollars in order to help assist measures to be taken
in developing countries take proper measures.
Going forTowards the future, as an advanced environmental nation in terms of the
environment, Japan intends to generously provide generously world-leading
energy-saving technologies and knowledge to developing countries and major emitters
economies such as China and India. However, Japan's efforts alone will not be be
enough suffictoient to resolve the issue of global warming. The entire international
community must be involved in this undertaking.
In order toAs a means to assist developing countries to as they address the issue of
climate change, Japan is working with the US and the UK toin establishing a new
multilateral fund. For our its part, Japan will contribute up to 1.2 billion dollars. I intend
to make use of the G8 sSummit process and other opportunitiesfora to call for other a
greater number of countriesnations to participate in this undertakingcontribute.
Although the global circle toof assistance for developing nations is progressively
wideningexpanding, I cannot help butmust point out the fact that there is still athe delay
in efforts to develop innovative technologies.
Thus in order to further accelerate efforts to develop innovative technologies,That is
why I intend to propose at the upcoming G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit my concept for
an "International Partnership for Low-carbon SocietiesEnvironment and EnergyGreen
Energy" in which would encompass coordination collaboration with international
agenciesorganisations.. I think such a partnership is necessary to further accelerate
efforts to develop innovative technologies.
The purpose is to Through this partnership, we will share a global roadmap for
technological development which looksing thirty to forty years down the roadahead and,
which encompassing would coverthe latest innovative technologies inincluding
cutting-edge solar cells, carbon dioxide CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technology Formatted: Subscript
(CCS), and as well as next -generation nuclear power technology. By having each
country concentrate work on its respective area of advantage, the international
community will work in unison cooperate to advance technological development.
A scheme will be created through which Tthe gains achievementsd through of thisat
process partnership will be shared also with developing countries as a common
international asset. A scheme will be created through which they can be disseminated to
developing countries as well.
(Disseminating existing advanced technologies: renewable energy) Formatted: Font: Bold
In order to achieve a low-carbon society, we will need to make full use of existing
advanced technologies uUntil we can put innovative technologies are into
practicedeveloped., our option for the time being will bewe need to make full use of
existing advanced technologies as we move towardin order to acheive a low-carbon
If we were n order to reduce our emissions by 14% from the current level by the year
2020, as I outlined earlier, we must increase to above 50% the ratio of "zero-emission
power supply", consisting ofconsisting of renewable energy sources that includeing
solar, wind and, hydro energy, also , biomass and untapped energy sources that are
renewable, as well as nuclear power, to over 50%. At the same time, we must also
achieve several ambitious goals, such as introducing next-generation automobiles
vehicles at the rate of one out of everyin every two new vehicles units sold.
In particular, Japan currently lags behindtrails Germany in the penetration
rateprevalence of solar energy power generation, an area in which Japan used to
leadwas renowned. In order for us to regain the global top position spotin the world in
terms of solar power energy generation, I shwould like tohereby set the goal of a tenfold
increase in installation by the year 2020, and of step up that goalan increase to forty
times the current level by the year 2030.
The calculations are that, To do thisin order to reach these goals, we must call upon
electrical power utility companies to aim forneed to install nationwide installment of the
some of the world’s top-classbiggest mega- solar power generation facilities on a
nationwide basis, andwhile ensure that more than 70% of newly-built, privately-owned
housemes built make need to use of solar energy.
While keeping upsustaining technological development to reduce costs and to ensure
systemic stability, at the same time we must also give consideration to bold measures
with regard to support the for the introduction ofingtion of solar energy and as well as
new pricing systems, referring to thetaking as an example of the burden of 500 yen per
household per month per household imposedborne in in Germanyy.
Germany introducing a cost burden, amounting to approximately 500 yen, on each
As for nuclear power, there are active moves in both developed and developing
countries alike to introduce nuclear power stations owing to their zero emission of
CO2 and given the recent steep rise in energy prices, we are seeing moves in both Formatted: Subscript
advanced and developing countries toward introducing nuclear power generation
facilities, as they do not emit CO2. A major role expected of Japan in response toamidst
such international trends is for it to promote its nuclear energy policy based on the most
fundamental premise of ensuring safety and security on the one hand, and to provide
Japan’s excellent safety technology whileas well as conveying its strict position on
nuclear non-proliferation on the other.
As we will continue to promote nuclear power policy on the most fundamental premise
of ensuring safety and security, I think great expectations have been placed on Japan to
play an important role through provision of its excellent safety technology and through
its taking a strict position on nuclear non-proliferation, more so as we need to respond
to such international trends.
(Disseminating existing advanced technologies: energy conservation) Formatted: Font: Bold
We should now turn Next we must take a look atto the way we use energy. Owing to its
industry’s Due to the first-rate technological prowess of our industrial sector and the
philosophy of mottainai spirit,embraced by the people, Japan boasts has the most
efficient energy structure in the world.
Japan has an opportunity now tocan contribute to the world by further advancing thisa
low-carbon shift move to a low-carbon society and communicating our endeavor across
the globeand to spread this around the world.
In order For to do this, a major leap in at to happen, we must make every effort to
ensure that we achieve a leap forward in energy conservation is of the essence.
For example, efforts are underway nowwe will work to replace all incandescent light
bulbs with energy-efficient light bulbones by the year 2012. Fluorescent light bulbs
produce vide us the lighting we needsufficent brightness while reducing energy
consumption to a one-fifth, and they with alast ten times fold increase in usable
lifelonger. Additionally, bBy also replacing tube [braun](CRT) televisions with liquid
crystal televisionsTVs, and accelerating the introduction of water heaters,
air-conditioners and refrigerators that make use of energy-saving technologies, such as
heat-pump technologies, in which Japan has an edge over the worldis at the forefront,
such as heat-pump technologies, we can significantly reduce CO2 emissions while Formatted: Subscript
saving reducing electricity costsfees.
Furthermore, I now also intend to lay the groundworkpress ahead with a wide range of
low-carbon policies, including the installdevelopingment of systems for mandatory king
for energy-efficient housing and office buildings requirementsmandatory,
acceleratinge the introduction of rethe most up-to-datenewable energy systems into
office buildings, and popularize promoting housing with a durability life expectancy of
more thanofhich lasts two hundred years. These are some of the measures that will be
steadily advanced across a broad spectrum of sectors in order to promote a shift to a
We are will also establishing standards and mechanisms to facilitate the flow of public
and private funds into eco- businesses and conscientious good environmental social
infrastructure projects, aiming to make Japanese finance and capital markets the a top
runner in terms of consideration for the environmental friendliness.
2. Framework- building to guide move the entire country Japan to a low-carbon Formatted: Font: Bold
societyto lower carbon emissions Formatted: Font: Bold
The second pillar is framework- building to guide move Japan the entire country to a
lower -carbon societyemissions.
(Emissions trading) Formatted: Font: Bold
The Government must certainly play a major role in solving environmental issues. That
being said,Yet it is actually the private sector that bears the actual burden for of
achieving reducing emissions reductions. Hence, there is a need to ensure active use of
methods which encourage the development of technologies and the reduction of
emissions reduction to by fixing the pricinge of CO2 transactions, and makingmake
full use of market mechanisms by fixing a price for CO2 transactions and ensuring Formatted: Subscript
proactive use of methods to encourage the development of technologies and efforts to
As one such method, an emissions trading systemcheme (EU ETS) was introduced
within the EU launched an emissions trading system (EU ETS) within its borders in
2005. For our part, Japan should stop not devote endlessly devoting time and labor
effort merely to analyszefind the problems with the systemscheme. I believe we must
should rather shift to a more proactive approach, for examplelike proposeing a more
effective set of rules.
It is with thisat in mind that from beginning from autumn this year 2008, we will begin
an experimental the trial introduction of an integrated unified domestic market of
emissions trading market and try to attractwith the inclusion of as many sectors and
companies included as possible across the broadest possible spectrum.
Only by having direct experience can one stateoffer persuasive views when the rules
when making the rules The most convincing way to put forth an opinion regarding how
to create rules forconcerningof emissions trading are draw up is by basing such a
proposal on one's own experiences. In that process it is essential to aim formake
effective rules that will actually lead to actual reduction efforts and technological
development, while at the same time developing a healthy market which is based on real
demand that whichand does not lend itself to any money games.
I intend to use the experience thus gained, to clarify the conditions which need to be met,
the issues of design that must be dealt with and other relevant matters in the event an
emissions trading scheme is to be fully introduced.
I intend to make use of the at trial emissions trading systemexperience thus gained as an
opportunity to clarify the conditions necessary for the comprehensivea fully-fledged
introduction of an emissions trading system and the issues that must be tackled
whiledealth with when designing the system. I will give careful duly consideration to
determine whatthe type of system that is appropriate for Japanese industries, which are ,
focused as they are on technology and manufacturing.
We will design a system that enhances Japanese qualities, and will exercise gives free
reign to Japan's unique strength so that we can display leadership in creating
(Tax system reform) Formatted: Font: Bold
A methodology thatPolicy instruments to accelerates carbon reductions by making use
of market mechanisms is are certainly not limited to emissions trading. As a way means
to encourage voluntary efforts to reduce emissions inpromote initiatives for emissions
reduction particularly on the part of the private sector, I believe there is awe need for us
to proactively to consider how we can make use ofing the tax system and bring about a
"visualiszation" of emissions.
When a When giving consideration to a fundamental reform of the taxation system
scheduled to take placeis considered this autumn, we will not limit weconsideration
must not limit ourselves to analyzing to the expenditure purposes of revenue
reallocation of revenue sources for roads to the revenues used forwhich is to be
re-allocated from road construction to general purposes. We must will take a step further
by conducting a cross-sectoralomprehensive review of the overall tax system with a
view to promoting a low carbon society, including consideration of in our approach to
ann environment tax, and thereby promote the greening of the tax system.
This will be done from a broad perspective, and will include the possibility ofFor
example, we may consider introducing tax incentives for restricting CO2 emissions from Formatted: Subscript
automobilescars, household appliances and housing construction. As such, we must
consider from various perspectives what should be the best practice.
Furthermore, developed countries should play a central role in studying the right form
of global environmental tax, on which the international community would collaborate,
as a source of financial revenueresource to be used jointly for to support the
development developing of innovative technologies and to jointly provide assistance for
ing developing countries., the advanced countries must come together and serve as a
core promoting a study on global environmental tax to be coordinated by the
(Visualiszation) Formatted: Font: Bold
It is not just Tthe industrial sector which needs to take responsibility for its carbon
emissionsis not the only player. Each and every individualmember of the public must
take considered and responsible action ility for his or her own carbon footprint. Indeed,
everyone must take informed and responsible action aimed atin order to bringing about
a low-carbon society.
For thisat we must visualise CO2 emissions so as to provide the necessary information
for consumers to take suitable decisionsvisualize CO2 emissions and let consumers have Formatted: Subscript
the information needed for them to make informed and accurate decisions..
Experiments iIn the UK, such as thea carbon footprint system, which measures and
labels the amount of CO2 that is emitted in the course of the production, transport to
disposal of goods, and a food mileage system are being experimented, and there are
moves to expand these on an international scale.
and food mileage system allow consumers to see for themselves exactly how much
CO2 is emitted along the entire chain of production, transportation and disposal of
products including food. There are moves underway to spread this further throughout
the international community.
From the beginning of the next coming fiscal year, I intend to launch begin the
experimental introduction of an equivalent similar systems so as to enablefor Japan to
engage actively to proactively participate in efforts to createin international rule-making
and s for a carbon footprint system and the like, which will also help Japanto achieve a
further reductions in emissions. I will instruct the relevant ministries and agencies to
undertake make preparations in thisat regard, and and will also beI will calling
uponask our industrial sectorsindustry to cooperate. Once fully launched, I believe this
willthis undertaking should be among come the most extensivelargest such undertaking
in the entire world.
3. Active Rrole of provincial local regions Formatted: Font: Bold
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The third major pillar is the role that is to be played by the provincilocal regions.
As we move toward a low-carbon society, The importance of agricultureal and forestry
industries in a low-carbon society will assume anis without precedentunprecedented
level of importance. Increasing the level of food self-sufficiency level in food will cut
CO2 that results emissions from which occur when transporting food from abroad. Formatted: Subscript
Furthermore, tThe promotion of forestryy management will increase the capacity for
natural absorption of CO2. Formatted: Subscript
Going forwardIn future, the provinciallocal regions that play host to agricultural and
forestry industries have an extremely important role also as a supplier or supply
basesupply stations for of domestic energy such as biomass.
Achieving a low-carbon society means nothing other than The provinciallocal regions
must playtaking a the lead in this direction. ing role in realizing a low-carbon society
so that each region can strive to attainThis would lead to local self-sufficiency in the
production and consumption of both food and energy.
Although not very wellwidely known, a recent survey demonstrates shows that as many
as seventy-six regional municipalities have already have secured more renewable
energy resources than required to satisfy localpower consumer demands for power for
housing and buildings in those regions. By expanding such an approachmoves
throughout the nation country we can take the top position andwill be able to lead the
world forward in this respect.
To In order to expand these such regional efforts and to have excellent examples
replicated, so as to encourage neighboring nations to replicate these excellent examples,
Japanwe will select some ten environmental model cities from around the country and
take bold approachesinnovative measures with the broad support of from the entire
Large cities, medium-sized cities, small cities, agricultural villages and mountainous
villages from regions all aroundthroughout the nation country wilouldl each seek their
own appropriatelocally-suited methods for to achievinge significant major emissions
reductions. Japan as a whole will realize achieve major reductions across the entire
nation by creating a positive virtuous cycle, with the central government, various local
regions of and the people, regions, and governments all supporting each other in
thesesuch efforts and each making useing the lessons learnedt in that process to their
4. Having Eeach citizen as protagonist Formatted: Font: Bold
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The fourth and final pillar is making that each citizen should become athe protagonist in
this endeavour. The creation of a low-carbon society requires that each and every citizen
to act with an recognizeunderstanding ofs the significance meaning and importance of
this goal as well as of the methods and burden involved.
his or her actions, understands methods, merits and burdens, and takes earnest steps.
The Japanese peopleeople will not merely sit back as are not to be spectators who
merely sit back and observeing the movement towards a low-carbon society. Each and
every citizen is an actor and indeed plays the lead role in thisprotagonist. To realize
theachieve a low-carbon society it is essential for people to have that we are aware of
the issuesknowledge, to , envision a new society, to take actionsact, and transmit our
effort to other regionsto propagate.
Enlightened people are already taking dynamic steps. In order to enable such people to
do more and to reach out, Tthe government shouldrole of the Government is to provide
a framework which will induce people to momentum for the creation of mechanisms
that will encourage the people to alter their conduct in a way switch their way of life
toward one that helps to bring aboutthat promotes a low-carbon society. It should also
By doing so, those enlightened people can take more initiatives and broadly spread their
message to society. At the same time, the Government must provide the opportunities
opportunity to alert those who are yet unaware the importance of bring this
undertakingsuch steps to the attention of those who are not yet aware of its importance.
In that process eEducation will plays an extremely important role. We must introduce
opportunities systems to teach and to learnfor the people to think and learn about a
low-carbon society and aand sustainable societiesy in during compulsory education as
well as at every level and in every facet occasion of in the life-long education process of
Furthermore, wWe also need to change our lifestyles to realize bring about a low-carbon
society. I believe oOne way of to shareing this understanding awareness among all
citizensthe entire population is to introduce the system of summer time in Japan. The
ruling parties are among those who are currently examiningstudying how it can be
introducedthis matter and I expect them to come tohope they will reach a conclusion as
soon as possible.
I should also like to establish a "Cool Earth Day" aAs one moreanother way to
encourage the people to change people’stheir way of thinking., I would like to establish
a "Cool Earth Day."
The G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit will begin on 7 July 7, which is alsois the day of the
Tanabata festival in Japan. There is already a movement underway to encourage the
people around the country to turn their lights off all together at night on that day, and lift
their gaze skyward to admire the beauty of the Milky Way so as to once again
understandand remind ourselves just how important it is that we preserve of the
importance of the earth’s environment of this planet.
This should not be a one-off event. I thus wish to designateSuch an endeavor should
last for more than just one year. I would like to have 7 July 7 designated as "Cool Earth
Day," and make it a day not just to turn off the lights but for all Japanese citizens to
make various efforts to remind themselves of the path they should take towards a
for us to take some positive actions, beyond simply turning off the lights, that will help
us confirm our step toward a low-carbon society as the entire nation.
In addition to thisFurthermore, we will look to NGOs and community groups around the
country to let the people play a the leading role in communicating to others the people
around them about the importance of the environment, and to spread the message and
carrying peopleit forward. I intend to assist and expand such dynamic efforts.
<Conclusion> Formatted: Font: Bold
Today, I explained outlined my thoughts on what Japan must should do in order for us
to achieve a low-carbon society.
I believe that more detailed policy proposals will shortly be forthcoming fromprepared
by the Council Advisory Panel on the Global Warming Issue. In my address tToday, I
explained my own views on the fundamental basic approach that should be taken to in
addressing global environmental issues, based on the discussions byat the Council Panel
and within the ruling parties, on the Global Warming Issue and within the ruling parties
as well as on on the opinions exchanges I have hadd with members of non-profit
organizations (NPO) and other experts.
The Fukuda Cabinet is currently tackling head-on a range of major issues, including
reform of the social security system, fundamental reform of the taxation system,
integration of consumer policy, and reform of the civil service. One A common thread
that links all of these efforts is the need to rise above traditional methods and
conceptsmodes of thinking: without doing so we cannot devisecraft solutions that are
truly suitedable to meeting the challenges of the present day.
Global environmental issues cannot be addressed resolvedsimply by some spectacular
taking up high-profile challengesmeasure. OurThe entire industrial sector and each
and every one of the peoplemember of the public must change their mode of thinking,
and it is paramount that we work with countries around the world way they approach
things and keep upto move things forward in a steady, and long-term efforts together
with the rest of the nations of the worldsustained manner. This issue can only be
resolved by making fundamental changesing toall of the following: our economiesy,
societiesy, communitiesy, and lifestyles.
In the same way thatJust as the Iron bridge Bridge,that was built in the UK more than
two hundred years ago, and is now a World Heritage site and, conveys to us today our
present age the successes of our ancestors induring bringing about the Industrial
Revolution, we must ensure that strive onward so that our descendants shall look back
proudly two hundred years hence at our efforts as representing a “Low–carbon
Revolution”.two centuries from now can proudly look back on the work we did to bring
about a truly "low-carbon revolution."
MakWorking sincere seriouslyefforts for to realize thisthis Llow-carbon Rrevolution
will be the way forenable Japan to enhance its standing in the international community.
If weBy leading the world in this field way, we can it will further strengthen the
Japanese economy. That is all the more reason why we must fully realizeachieve a
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