PRESENT SIMPLE - DOC - DOC by 1kLiI7fX

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									                         PRESENT SIMPLE                      PRESENT CONTINOUS PAST SIMPLE                                          PAST CONTINOUS
SUDARYMAS                Veiksmažodžio 1 forma               Veiksmažodžio be forma ir         Veiksmažodžio 2 forma arba           Was/Were ir veiksmažodis su
                                                             veiksmažodis su galūne -ing       veiksmažodis su –ed galūne           galūne -ing
Pvz. Teigiamam sakiny;   I play; You play; He plays;         I am playing; You are playing;    I/You/he/etc walked                  I was studying; You were
                                                             He is playing;                                                         studying; He was studying.
    Neigiamam sakiny;    I/You don‘t play; he doesn‘t        I am not playing; You are not     I/You/he/etc did not walk            I wasn‘t studying; You weren‘t
                         play                                playing; He is not playing;                                            studying; He wasn‘t studying.
    Klausime;            Do I/You play? Does he play?        Am I playing? Are You             Did I/You/he/etc walk?               Was I studying? Were you
                                                             playing? Is he playing?                                                studying? Was he studying?
NAUDOJIMAS                       Kasdienei rutinai; (I           Veiksmui, kuris vyksta              Veiksmui, kuris vyko             Veiksmui, kuris vyko
                                  catch the bus to work at            dabar, tuo metu kai               nustatytu laiku                      žinomu laiku praeityje.
                                  7 o‘clock every day )               kalbama. (She is                  praeityje. (Bob bought               Mes nežinome kada jis
                                 Pasikartojantiems                   talking on the phone              a car last month)                    prasidėjo ir kada
                                  veiksmams (he cleans                now)                             Veiksmams, kurie                     baigėsi. (At eight
                                  the house every week )          Veiksmui, kuris vyksta               įvyko vienas po kito                 o‘clock yesterday
                                 Įpročiams, pomėgiams                šiomis dienomis (Peter            praeityje. (First he took            evening Tom and Mark
                                  (She usually stays at               is staying at his                 a shower and then he                 were doing their
                                  home on Sundays)                    friend‘s these days)              went to bed.)                        homework)
                                 Pastoviai būsenai (He           Netolimoje ateityje                 Praeities įpročiams              Praeities veiksmui,
                                  works in a bank)                    suplanuotiems                     Tam galima naudoti ir                kuris vyko kai kitas
                                 Dieneotvarkei,                      veiksmams; (I am                  used to. (My                         veiksmas jį pertraukė.
                                  tvarkaraščiams (The                 flying to Paris                   grandmother read/used                Veiksmui, kuris vyko
                                  train leaves at 7                   tomorrow)                         to read me bedtime                   naudojame Past
                                  o‘clock)                        Situacijoms, kurios                  stories when I was                   Continous, o
                                 Bendros, neginčijamos               nėra pastovios ir                 little)                              veiksmui, kuris
                                  tiesos, gamtos dėsniai              keičiasi; (The climate                                                 pertraukė- Past
                                  (water boils to 100C                is becoming warmer                                                     Simple. (He was
                                  degrees)                            and warmer)                                                            exercising when he felt
                                 Sporto, knygos                  Per dažnai                                                                a sharp pain in his
                                  komentarams,                        pasikartojantiems                                                      lower back)
                                  peržiūrai, pasakojimui.             veiksmams, kurie                                                   Dviems ar daugiau
                                                                      erzina. Su žodeliais                                                   veiksmų, kurie vyko
                                                                      allways, constantly,                                                   tuo pačiu metu
                                                                      continuously. (She is                                                  praeityje. (sarah was
                                                                      always talking in the                                                  watching TV while I
                                                                      lessons)                                                               was reading a novel)
                                                                                                                                         Suteikti pasakojimui
                                                                                                                                             „foną“, prieš aprašant
                                                                                                                                             pagrindinius faktus.
                                                                                                                                             (The band was playing
                                                                                                                                             and the people were
                                                                                                                                             singing and dancing
                                                                                                                                             when we arrived in the
                                                                                                                                             concert.)
ŽODELIAI                 Every; at noon; at night; always;   Now; at the moment; at present;   Yesterday; yesterday                 While; when; as; all
                         usually; often; sometimes;          these days; tomorrow; today;      morning/evening/etc. last; ago,      day/night/morning; all day
                         seldom; never.                      tonight; etc.                     in 1984.                             yesterday; etc.
                         PRESENT PERFECT                       PRESENT PERFECT                      PAST PERFECT                        PAST PERFECT
                                                               CONTINOUS                                                                CONTINOUS
SUDARYMAS                Have ir veiksmažodžio 3 forma         Have/has been ir veiksmažodis        Had ir veiksmažodžio 3 forma,       Had been ir veiksmažodis su
                         arba veiksmažodis su galūne -ed       su galūne -ing                       arba veiksmažodis su –ed            –ing galūne.
                                                                                                    galūne.
Pvz. Teigiamam sakiny;   I/you have booked; He has             I/You have been cycling; He has      I/You/had started                   I/You/he had been listening.
                         booked;                               been cycling.
    Neigiamam sakiny;    I/you haven‘t booked; He hasn‘t       I/You haven‘t been cycling; He       I/You/he hadn‘t started             I/You/he hadn‘t been listening.
                         book.                                 hasn‘t been cycling.
    Klausime;            Have I/you booked? Has he             Have I/You been cycling? Has         Had I/You/he started?               Had I/You/he been listening?
                         booked?                               he been cycling? Etc.
NAUDOJIMAS                      Veiksmams, kurie                   Veiksmams, kurie                       Veiksmui, kuris įvyko              Pabrėžti tąsą veiksmo,
                                    prasidėjo praeityje, ir             prasidėjo, kurįlaiką                 prieš kitą veiksmą                  kuris prasidėjo ir
                                    tęsiasi dabar. (I have              tęsėsi ir baigėsi                    praeityje. (She had                 pasibaigė
                                    been techer for five                praeityje. Rezultatas                painted the room by 5               praeityje.(She had been
                                    years)                              matomas dabartyje.                   o‘clock. (She finished              playing tennisfor ten
                                Praeities veiksmams,                   (They have been                      painting before 5                   years by the time she
                                    kurių rezultatus                    sunbathing)                          o‘clock))                           was eighteen.)
                                    matome dabartyje.(He            Veiksmams, kurie                       Veiksmui, kuris įvyko              Pabrėžti tąsą veiksmo,
                                    has washed his car)                 prasidėjo praeityje ir               prieš kitą būtąjį laiką.            kuris pasibaigė prieš
                                Veiksmams, kurie                       tęsiasi dar ir šiuo metu.            (She had booked a                   kitą praeities veiksmą.
                                    įvyko praeityje,                    (She has been cooking                hotel before she arrived            (He had been studying
                                    nenustatytu laiku.                  for two hours.)                      in Paris)                           for seven years before
                                    Veiksmas yra                    Išreikšti pasipiktinimui,              Veiksmui, kuris                     he got his degree.)
                                    svarbesnis už laiką.                susierzinimui (Who has               prasidėjo ir pasibaigė             Veiksmui, kuris kurį
                                    (she has sold her                   been using my                        praeityje, ir rezultatas            laiką tęsėsi praeityje, ir
                                    house)                              computer?)                           buvo matomas                        jo rezultatas buvo
                                Petyrimams (have you                                                        praeityje. (He had                  matomas praeityje.
                                    ever slept in a tent?)                                                   broken his arm, so he               (She was tired because
                                Veiksmams, kurie vyko                                                       couldn‘t write)                     she had been cleaning
                                    tam tikru laiko periodu                                                                                      the house all day.)
                                    ir šis periodas dar nėra
                                    pasibaigęs tuo metu kai
                                    kalbama. (He has
                                    visited three
                                    museumsthis morning.
                                    Morning is not over
                                    yet.)
ŽODELIAI                 Ever, never, already, yet, just, so   Ever, never, already yet, just, so   Before; after; already;just;        For; since; how long; before;
                         far, for, since, recently, lately,    far, for, since, recently, lately,   till/untill; when;by...; by the     until; etc.
                         before.                               before.                              time; never; etc.
             FUTURE SIMPLE                   FUTURE CONTINOUS              FUTURE PERFECT                FUTURE PERFECT              BE GOING TO
                                                                                                         CONTINOUS
SUDARYMAS    Will ir bendratis (be to)       Will be (am, is, are) ir      Will have ir                  Will have been ir           Be going to
                                             veiksmažodis su –ing          veiksmažodžio 3 forma         veiksmažodžio 3 forma
                                             galūne.                       arba veiksmažodis su –ed      arba veiksmažodis su
                                                                           galūne.                       galūne –ed.
NAUDOJIMAS           Ateities                       Veiksmams, kurie          Veiksmui, kuris              Pabrėžti tąsą                Ketinimams,
                      spėjimams, kai                  vyks nustatytu                bus pasibaigęs iki            veiksmo, kuris             planams, ambicijoms
                      remiamės tuo, ką                laiku ateityje. (I            tam tikro ateities            tęsėsi iki tam             ateičiai. (I am going
                      manome ar ko                    am going to Spain.            momento. (They                tikro momento              to go to India one
                      tikimės. (I believe             This time next                will have                     ateityje. (By              day.)
                      Bill will get a job)            week I will be                arrived in                    June, he will             Veiksmams, kuriuos
                   „Greitiems                        lying in the sun.)            London by 5                   have been                  mes jau
                      sprendimams“.                  Veiksmams, kurie              o‘clock)                      teaching in this           nusprendėme atlikti
                      (We‘ve run out of               tikrai įvyks                                                school for                 netolimoje ateityje.
                      milk. I will go to              ateityje kaip                                               fifteen years)             (Nicky is going to
                      the supermarket                 rezultatas kokios                                                                      visit her friends in
                      and get some.)                  nors rutinos arba                                                                      London next week.)
                   Pažadams,                         pasirengimų.                                                                          Sprendimams
                      grąsinimams,                   Kai klausiama                                                                          (spėjimams), kurie
                      įspėjimams,                     mandagiai apie                                                                         remiasi tuo, ką
                      reikalavimams,                  netolimos ateities                                                                     matome ar žinome,
                      viltims,                        planus,                                                                                ypač kai yra
                      pasiūlimams.                    dažniausiai                                                                            įrodymai, kad kažkas
                   Veiksmams,                        siekiant sau                                                                           tikrai nutiks. (There
                      atsitikimams,                   naudos. (Will you                                                                      isn‘t a cloud in the
                      situacijoms, kurios             be driving to the                                                                      sky. It is going to be
                      būtinai įvyks                   party tonight?                                                                         a beautiful day.)
                      ateityje, ir kurių              Would you be
                      negalima                        able to give me a
                      kontroliuoti. (Ben              lift?)
                      will be five years
                      old in August.)
ŽODELIAI     Think, believe, probably,                                     Before; by; by then; by       By ... for                  Tomorrow; the day after
             certainly, parhaps, expect...                                 the time;until/till                                       tomorrow; tonight; soon; next
             etc.                                                                                                                    week/month/year/sommer/etc;
                                                                                                                                     in a week/month/etc.

								
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