The Makua and Somali

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The Makua and Somali Powered By Docstoc
					The Somali and Makua

      Taytra Todd
     March 14 2006
             Outline Summary
• Makua                       • Somali
  –   Location & Population     –   Location & Population
  –   History                   –   History
  –   Economic                  –   Economic
  –   Language                  –   Political System
  –   Political System          –   Culture
  –   Culture                   –   Art
  –   Art
      Location and Population
• Eastern Africa
• Official name: Somali
• Independent in 1960
  – Before then United
    Kingdom ruled North
    and Italy ruled South
• 10 million residents
• Dominate in Djibouti,
  Ethiopia, and Kenya

                            Image 1- “horn” slightly smaller than Texas
                       History
• Emerged as Arab
  settlement in 10th century
• United Kingdom ruled
  northern part
• Italy ruled southern part
• Bought by Italy in 1905
• Portuguese influence
• Gain independence July
  1 1960
   – when Somalia was created

                                Image 2: men on horses
                           Economy
• Agrarian
    – Herding camel, cattle, goat,
      sheep
• Bananas- along the Shabelle
  and Jubba Rivers-export
• Fishing
• Import- food, petroleum,
  textiles
• Sugar, sorghum, corn, qat-
  imports
• Export- Hides, fish, charcoal,
  bananas
• Few light industries
    – Meat and fish processing

                                     3 Image Bushel of Bananas
                  Language
• Somali (official) also   • Guddiga Laan Qeyrta Cas
                             ee caalamiga ah waxay
  called “Af-Mahaa”          bilaabeen gurmad cunto
• Arabic, Italian, and       inay gaarsiiyaan nus
                             malyuun qof oo ku nool
  English also spoken        Koonfurta Somalia,
                             halkaasoo ay sheegeen in
                             abaarto ay durbadiiba ka
                             abuurtay xaalad
                             bani'aadanimo oo aad u
                             xun.
                              Image 4: Somali written language
                   Political
• No permanent national government -
  Transitional government
• Somali Republic
  – Executive branch, legislative, judicial,
• Numerous clans are vying for power
• Interim government created in 2004
• Clan system
                    Culture
• Nomadic Society
• Live in small shelters
• No railroads
   – Less than 1% own a
     car
• Matrilineal society




                           Image 5: Somali family
              Entertainment
• Reciting poetry
• Chanting
• Soccer & sports
  games
• Loved death war
  prizes possessions
  – Horse, and camel




                       Image 6: Festival taking place
                    Clothing
• Brightly colored cloth
   – Draped over body like
     a toga
• Men- war kilt garment
  called “lungi” or a
  “maowey”
• Cities and towns-
  dress is as modern as
  U.S.

                             Image 7: Little girls in school
Image 7: Outside view of huts   Image 8: Inside view of huts
       Location and Population
                              • Southern part of
                                Africa bordering
                                Zimbabwe, Zambia,
                                Tanzania
                              • Makua are spread
                                throughout central
                                Mozambique- largest
                                ethnic group making
                                up 25% of the
                                population-dominating
                                southern provinces
11 Image- map of Mozambique
                    History
• Late 15th Century- Portuguese influence
  – Wanted a point between Europe and the East and to
    control the gold trade
• Mid 16th Century- Ivory replaces gold
• 18th century- huge slave trade- hundred
  thousands (possibly 1 million)
• Colonial period- 1891 British-Portuguese treaty
  signed- split of south v. north and central
• Independent in 1975 from Portuguese
               Economic
• Mainly built on the natural resources
• Export copra, fish, cashews, nuts, seafood
• Agrarian society
                         Culture
                             • Dance accompanies
                               ever major occasion
                               – Tell a story
                               – Costumes
                               – Rattles tied to legs
                             • Makwaela- a cappella
                               singing by foot
                               percussion


5 Image straw top huts
           Culture continued
• Matrilineal society
• Live based on community values
  – Live facing the lion
           Political System
• One really isn’t established, they are in
  economic decline
• Many are illiterate- over 95% of the
  population was in 1975
• They need help from already established
  powers like Europe and North America
             Art




Image 11: wood carving   Image 12: wood carving
               Comparison
• Eastern Africa         • Southern Africa
• Matrilineal            • Patrilineal
• Agrarian society       • Agrarian society
• Somali Republic        • No political system
• Portuguese influence   • Portuguese influence
• Independence in        • Independence in
  1962                     1975
• Muslim                 • Muslim
                     Image Bibliography
•   Image 1: “Somalia.” 3 March 2005. 13 March 2006. <http://homepage.hispeed.ch/somalia/>
•   Image 2: “History of Somalia.” Somali Peninsula on the Eve of Imperial Partition.
•   07 November 2002. 10 March 2006. <http://www.hamarey.com/index.php/article/articleview/772/1/9/>
•   Image 3: Sharrock, Suzanne. INIBAP 13 March 2006.
    <http://www.futureharvest.org/news/banana_popups/banana_1.html>
•   Image 4: “History of Somalia.” Geeska Africa oo Abaartu ku sooo badanaysa. 15 March 2006. 15 March
    2006. < http://www.hamarey.com/index.php/article/archive/8/>.
•   Image 5: Save the Children. “Where we work/East & Central Africa/Somalia.” 15 March 2006.
    <http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/scuk/jsp/wherewework/country.jsp>
•   Image 6: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title. No date. 15 March 2006.
    <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>
•   Image 7: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title. No date. 15 March 2006.
    <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>
•   Image 8: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title. No date. 15 March 2006.
    <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>
•   Image 9: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title. No date. 15 March 2006.
    <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>
•   Image 10:UNICEF. “Mozambique.”
    <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/mozambique.html> 13 March 2006.
                          Bibliography
•   Fitzpatrick, Mary. Mozambique. London: Lonely Planet Publications, 2000.
•   Gunther, John. Inside Africa. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1953.
•   Else, David, Kevin Anglin, Becca Blond. Africa on a Shoestring. Oakland: Lonely
    Planet Publications Pty Ltd, 2004.
•   “Somalia.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School
    Edition. 12 Mar. 2006. <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9074997>.
•   “Mozambique.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Online
    School Edition. 12 Mar. 2006. <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9074997>.
•   “Mozambique.” CIA- The World Factbook—Mozambique. 10 January 2006. 14 March
    2006. <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/mz.html>.
•   “Somalia.” CIA- The World Factbook—Mozambique. 10 January 2006. 14 March
    2006. <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/mz.html>.

				
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