Battles of the Civil War Abraham Lincoln • Won the election of 1860 with 40 percent of the votes • None came from the southern states. • Capital of the Union was in Washington, DC Southern Secession Jefferson Davis • Elected president of the Confederacy. • Gave many government positions to his friends and family members even though they were incompetent of doing the job. • Did not delegate responsibilities well. • Capital of Confederacy was in Richmond, VA Fort Sumter •Civil War begins with Fort Sumter being fired upon by the Confederate soldiers April 12, 1861 • After 2 days of fighting the North surrenders to the South •No one was killed during the battle but one soldier died when a cannon backfired during the surrendering ceremonies. • THIS WILL MARK THE BEGINNING OF THE CIVIL WAR Manassas, Virginia 1st Battle of Bull Run July 21, 1861 The First Battle of Bull Run After the Battle of Bull Run • The moral of the north was very low and they could see that there was a mighty war ahead. Clara Barton • Northern woman who gave water to dying soldiers. • Was given permission by Lincoln to travel behind the battle lines • Appointed as the “Lady in Charge” of the hospitals for the Union Army. • Was in charge of locating missing men and set up and mark graves. • Founded the American Red Cross General George B. McClellan The 1st Battle of Bull Run didn’t go so good for the Union so Lincoln fired General McDowell and George B. McClellan was appointed as the new General of the eastern section of the Union Army. BATTLE OF THE IRON CLADS Northern ship “Monitor” Southern ship “Merrimack” • Battletook place March 8-9, 1862 in Hampton Road, VA •The ships bounced shells off of each other for 2 hours while people stood on shore and watched. • It ended in a draw with neither side winning. The North however was able to keep the South from getting past to get supplies from their allies. •This battle was significant because it signaled the end of wooden ships in navies all over the world. Manassas, VA 2nd Battle of Bull Run 2nd Battle of Bull Run • August 29-30, 1862 • Confederate General: Stonewall Jackson • Union General: John Pope • The Union lost 16,000 soldiers while the Confederate Army lost only 9,000 • Stonewall Jackson and General Lee were able to save Richmond once again. The South Invades the Union Territory Battle of Antietam Sharpsburg, MD • September 17,1862 • Battle took place in Farmer Miller’s corn field along the Antietam River. • Battle known as single bloodiest day during the Civil War • 23,500 soldiers were killed along the “Bloody Lane” • The South held the North on Burnside Bridge for 4 hours. When they ran out of ammunition, they threw rocks to keep the North from advancing. • The Union wins the Battle of Antietam The Emancipation Proclamation • January 1, 1863 Lincoln proclaimed the emancipation of all slaves living in the states that seceded from the Union. • **Play movie clip after next slide** General McClellan is Replaced • After the win at Antietam, McClellan didn’t pursue the South. • Lincoln was so upset with how cautious McClellan was he replaced him with General Ambrose Burnside.
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