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MY PAKISTAN by bIU33417

VIEWS: 14 PAGES: 49

									Welcome to Islamic
   Republic of
 PAKISTAN
             LOCATION

 Pakistan is situated in South Asia, bordering the
Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and
  Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.
                                    FACTS

•   Official Name: The Islamic Republic of
    Pakistan
•   Capital: Islamabad
•   Type of Government:Parliamentary
    Democracy
•   Population: 127,962, 000; 416.3 persons
    per square mile; 32.0 percent urban,
    68.0 percent rural (1993 estimate)
•   Area: 310,404 square miles
•   Language: Urdu
•   Religion: Islam
•   Unit of Currency: Pakistani rupee
•   Ethnic Composition: Punjabis, Sindhis,
    Pathans, and Baluchis
•   Date of Independence: August 14, 1947
         NATIONAL FLAG

Dark green (representing Islam) with a
   white vertical bar (representing
 minority religions), a white crescent
 and a five-pointed star in the middle.
The flag symbolizes Pakistan's Islamic
                origins.
           CAPITAL CITIES
Pakistan is a diverse land, of different
   cultures, seasons, traditions and
languages. This subtle diversity can be
   found in every part of Pakistan.




                      Karachi is the provincial capital of
                        Sindh province.
                   Peshawar is the capital of the North-West
                     Frontier Province.




Lahore is the capital of the
  Punjab                          • Quetta is the largest city and
                                    provincial capital and district of
                                    Balochistan Province
                       FAMOUS CITIES
       The different cities of Pakistan are booming with certain culture and
  idiosyncrasies, which is reflected through the lifestyle, food and the day to day
 routine of its people. Although every city in Pakistan is worth a trip if one exalts
 back packing, rustic charms and tradition , but here is a list of some of the most
                              famous cities in Pakistan.
Lahore
Quetta
Karachi
Peshawar

                                                Karachi- The City of Lights.
                                                Karachi is one of the most
                                                populour cites in the world.
      Lahore- The Heart of
                                                the largest city in Pakistan.
      Pakistan.
      Lahore is the cultural
      capital of Pakistan.
   Faisalabad
   Hyderabad
   Multan
   Swat
   Murree
   Islamabad
   Muzaffarabad                                  Islamabad is a modern
                                                   and clean city, especially
                                                   in comparison to other
                                                   cities in Pakistan.

                                       Faisalabad is the third
                                        largest city in Pakistan.
                                       It is an important
                                        industrial center for
 Muzaffarabad is the capital of        transport and production
  Azad Kashmir.
 It is famous for its romantic and
  pleasant weather.
       MOUNTAINS AND RANGES
Pakistan has within its borders some of the world’s
highest and most spectacular mountains.
         • K2 Pakistan/China
           8611m
         • Nanga Parbat
           Kashmir 8125 m
         • GasherbrumI
           Pakistan/China
           8086m.
         • Broad Peak
           Pakistan/china
           8047m.
         • Gasherbrum II
           Pakistan/China          Mount Godwin-Austen
           8035m.
Broad Peak 8047m   GasherbrumII 8035m
• Balochistan Plateau The
  highest peak Ras Koh
  3010.
• Potowar Plateau and the
  Salt Ranges
  Indus/Jhelum river
• Mountainous North
• Koh-e-Safaid and
  Waziristan Hills
• Sulaiman and Kirthar
  Mountains
Following are the mountain ranges that
    are fully or partially included in
                  Pakistan
  • Karakoram range, highest
    peak is K2 (8,611m or 28,244
    feet).
  • Himalayan range, highest
    peak in Pakistan is Nanga
    Parbat (8,126m or 26,653 feet).
  • Hindu kush range, highest
    peak is Trich Mir (7,690
    metres or 25,230 feet).
  • Sulaiman Mountains range,
    highest peak is Takhte-e-
    Sulainman (3,487 m or 11,437
                              • Karakoram range.
    feet).
• Safed Koh Range,
  highest peak is Mount
  Skkaram (4,761 m or
  15,620 feet)
• Pamir Mountains,
  junction of the Tian
  Shan, Karakoram
  ,Kunlun, and Hindu
  Kush ranges.
• Salt Range, a hill
  system in the Punjab
  Province, abundant in
  salt.
• Tobba Kakar Range,      • Salt range
  southern offshoot of
  the Himalayasin the
  Balochistan.
                RIVERS
    Pakistan has been blessed with many rivers to
      support its ever increasing population.


•   River Ravi
•   River Indus
•   River Kabul
                          Ravi River, it is about 600 mi (965
•   River Chenab          km) long.It rises in the Himalayas
                          in Himachal Pradesh state, India,
•   River Jhelum          and flows past Chamba, turning
                          southwest at the boundary of
                          Jammu and Kashmir state .
RIVER INDUS                     RIVER JHELUM
• Trans-Himalayan river of      • River is in India and
  Southern Asia.                  Pakistan .
• It is one of the world's      • The western most of the
  longest rivers, with a          “Five Rivers” of the
  length of 1,800 mi (2,900       Punjab region.
  km).
• Its annual average flow of
                                • It rises in the Himalayas
  272 billion cu yd (207          in the Indian state of
  billion cu m) is twice that     Jammu and Kashmir.
  of the Nile.




           RIVER INDUS                RIVER JHELUM
        VILLAGE OF PAKISTAN

•   Pakistan is an agricultural country.
•   Most of its population lives in the
    villages.
•   Villages of Pakistan are very
    traditional.




                                           •   A typical Pakistani village is situated
                                               away from the noise of a city.
                                           •   It is a peaceful and silent place.

                                           •   There are green trees, vast
                                               meadows, and flowery bushes in
                                               every village.
• The blossoming flowers, fragrant
  air, the rising and setting sun all
  leave a healthy influence on the
  health of villagers.
• Most of the village people have
  simple habits and limited needs.



                                        •It consists of unpaved paths and
                                        streets.
                                        •Its houses are made of mud.
                                        However, now villagers have
                                        started to make their houses of
                                        bricks.
• They get up early in the
  morning,after Fajar
  prayers ,they have their
  breakfast and take out
  their ploughs and pair of
  oxen and go to their        •Women also help their men in
  fields.
                              their work along with their
                              household chores.
                              •They also take care of their
                              domestic animals such as cows
                              ,goats,hens etc
       Historical places in Pakistan are of special
         interest to archaeologists and history
                        students.
• Mohenjo-daro was a city of
  the Indus Valley Civilization,
  20 km from Larkana and
  some 80 km southwest of
  modern Sukkur, Sindh,
  Pakistan.

• Makli (Thatta) - Driving further, about 101 kms from Karachi is the largest
  necropolis in the world (Makli). The use of profusely and beautifully engraved
  sandstone on the graves is a feature unique to this site.
• Uch, 75 km from Bahawalpur, is
  a very old town.                       • Gandhara        is the region
• Uch Sharif is one of the beautiful      that now comprises of Peshawar
  historical sites in Pakistan.           Valley, Mardan, Swat, Dir,
                                          Malakand, and Bajuaur agencies
• Uch Sharif is basically famous for
                                          in the North West Frontier
  various beautiful shrines and tombs.
                                          Province (NWFP), Taxila in the
                                          Punjab, and up to Jalalabad in
                                          Afghanistan.
         Taxila
• The World Heritage site of Taxila is located in
  Punjab Province, about 30 kilometers from
  Islamabad.
• Taxila an archaeological site includes numerous
  related buildings, fortifications , settlements and
  monasteries and shows architectural influences for
  the length of its role as a Buddhist training center,
  between the 5th century BC to the 2nd century AD.
• Chukundi Tombs              –   • Harappa is a city
 27 kms on the National            in Punjab, northeast
 Highway on the distant            Pakistan, about
 horizon you see clusters of       35km (22 miles)
 unusual graves in the shape of    southwest of Sahiwal.
 stepped pyramids.
     Mughal Heritage
• Pakistan is a treasure
  house      of    Muslim
  architecture.
• All    the    important
  monuments like the
  Royal Fort and the
  Badshahi        Mosque,
  Wazir Khan’s Mosque,
  Tombs of Jehangir, Asif
  Jah, Noor Jehan and the
  Shalimar       Gardens,
  Hiran Minar etc.
            MAJOR DESERTS
Location/Province
• Thar             Sindh
• Cholistan       Punjab
• Thal            Punjab


 The arid Thar Desert is the
   world's seventh largest
   desert and is without
   doubt the most
   inhospitable eco-region in
   the Indo-Pacific region.
• The Thal desert is           • Cholistan is in tact the
  situated in Punjab,            biggest desert in Pakistan
  Pakistan. Its vast area is
  mainly between the           • This famous desert is 30 Km
  Jhelum and Sindh rivers        from Bahawalpur and
  near the Pothohar              comprises of an area of 16,000
  Plateau.                       sq.km.
IMPORTANT BUILDINGS
       • Habib Bank Plaza is
         located in Karachi city.
       • It is the head office of
         Habib Bank.
       • It was Pakistan's tallest
         building from 1963 until
         2003.
       • the Habib Bank Plaza is
         the second highest
         building in Karachi
         today.
       • It has a CDGK (City
         District Govt. Karachi)
         clearance of 40 stories.
• MCB Tower
  located in Karachi.
• It is the headquarters of
  Muslim Commercial
  Bank.
• MCB Tower is currently
  the tallest building in
  Pakistan at 116 meters
  (381 feet) tall.
• . It is also currently one
  of the tallest buildings in
  the Subcontinent
• The Supreme Court is the apex court
  in Pakistan's judicial hierarchy, the
  final arbiter of legal and constitutional
  disputes.
• The Parliament - the
  Senate and the National
  Assembly
      • Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
        (the Corporation) and its subsidiary
        companies engaged in the business of
        shipping, including charter of vessels,
        transportation of cargo and other related
        services.
 WEDDING CEREMONY IN
      PAKISTAN
                          • A Pakistani wedding
                            typically consist of four
• Wedding is one of the     ceremonies on four
  most special and          separate days
  colorful events in      • 1 Mayoon
  Pakistan.               • 2 Mehndi/ Rasm e
                            Henna
                          • 3 Nikah/Islamic
                            Marriage Contract
                            ceremony
                          • 5 Valima
        Mayoon
• It is usually the first
  event of a wedding.
  From this day on, the
  bride is proscribed from
  the groom's eyes till the
  day of marriage. Yellow
  color symbolizes the day
  of upton, the other name
  of mayoon
• Mehndi
• The event is traditionally
  held separately for the
  bride and the groom,
  and henna is
  symbolically placed on
  the couple's hands.
• The groom's friends and
  family brings along
  sweets and henna for the
  bride, and the bride's
  family does the same for
  the groom.
• Nikah/Islamic Marriage Contract
  ceremony
• The nikah is the Islamic marriage contract ceremony.
• It is performed by an imam which formally indicates signing
  of the marriage contract.
.

.
• The bride and groom must both have
  three witnesses present to ensure
  that the marriage is consensual.
• The bride's gown is very elaborate, as
  are her veil and jewelry.
  Men wear a distinctive traditional
  turban.
 • VALIMA
 • On the fourth day,
   the couple hosts their
   first dinner as
   husband and wife.
   The groom's family
   invites all of the
   guests to their home
   for a feast.
                   FESTIVALS
 Eid-ul-Fitr
• Religious festival
  celebrating end of
  fasting month on 1st of
  Shawwal, the 10th
  month of
  Islamic Calendar.
  Special prayer after sun-
  rise, exchange of sweet
  dishes, visits.
 Eid-ul-Azha
• Religious festival
  commemorating the
  great sacrifice offered by
  Prophet Abraham.
  Celebrated on 10 Zilhaj,
  12th month of Islamic
  Calendar. Collective
  prayers after sun set,
  sacrifice of goats, sheep,
  cows or camels and
  distribution of meat
  among relatives, friends
  and poor.
    Bassant
• This is the spring
  festival.
• Lahore is becoming the
  main focal point for the
  celebration of this
  festival in Pakistan.
  People traditionally fly
  kites on the roofs of their
  buildings.
• Shandur Polo Festival
• Traditional polo tournament between the teams of
  Chitral and Gilgit.
• Allied activities include fold music, folk dances and
  other competitions.
Independence Day
• Meeting, processions, rallies,
  decorations and illustrations all
  over the country.
  BEAUTY OF PAKISTAN

Dozens of beautiful and exciting places are there
to be visited if one wishes to visit . God has
gifted Pakistan with various natural gifts. With
mountains, rivers, forests, lakes, beaches and
deserts, Pakistan couldn't have asked for more.
• Saiful-Maluk
• One of most beautiful lakes
• Bahrain,Swat
• Kalam
 • Hanna Lake in
Quetta Balochistan
         Pakistan
• Naran is the main
   tourist center in
    Kaghan Valley
• Karachi seaside
• Satpara Lake is an
  important lake in
  Skardu Valley

								
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