The National Communications System (NCS) The Mission and Organization

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					The National Communications
        System (NCS)
The Mission and Organization
                          Lt Col Joanne Sechrest
          Mgr, Priority Telecommunications Branch
                                  DHS/ IAIP/ NCS
                        joanne.sechrest@dhs.gov
                                    703.607.4960
                              http://www.ncs.gov
                  Mission: Assist the President, NSC,
                           OSTP, and OMB


 Exercise communications functions and responsibilities in
  wartime and non-wartime emergencies
 Perform planning for and provision of National Security and
  Emergency Preparedness (NS/EP) communications for the
  Federal Government under all circumstances, including crisis
  or emergency, attack, recovery and reconstitution
 Bottom line: We assure the nation’s communications
  backbone



                                                              2
                    The National Communications System
                 “Helping to Ensure the Security of the Nation”
   1961-1981                 1981-1991               1992- 2004
                           EO 12472                  FRP w/
                         NCS Expanded              Comm Annex
                            (1984)                   (1992)
                                     EO 12656            FRP
                                   Further NS/EP       Revised
                                     Definition         (1995)
                                       (1988)                  FRP
                                                             Revised
                                                              (1999)
                                                                 Department of
                                                                   Homeland
Cuban Missile                                                        Security
 Crisis (1962)                                                    (March 2003)
                                                                                 NRP
     NCS          Cold War                                                       (Dec
                                                                                 2004)
    (1963)

National Security             Divestiture
 & Emergency                    (1984)
 Preparedness
                                   NCC               Critical Infrastructure
     (NS/EP)                      (1984)                   Protection      3
                                           Department of Homeland Security

                                                                                                                                                          Commandant of
      Executive Secretary
                                                                                                                                                          Coast Guard (1)


       Legislative Affairs                                                                                                                               Inspector General

                                                                               Secretary
                                                                         ----------------------------------
         Public Affairs                                                                                                                                   General Counsel
                                                                         Deputy Secretary

 State and Local Coordination                                                                                                                             Civil Rights and
                                                                                                                                                           Civil Liberties
                                                 Citizenship &                                                    Director, Bureau of
                                                 Immigration                                                  Citizenship & Immigration
Special Assistant to the Secretary                                                                                    Services (1)                        Director of the
                                                    Service
         (private sector)                                                                                                                                Secret Service (1)
                                                Ombudsman (1)
                                                                                                Small & Disadvantaged
    National Capital Region                                                                                                        Privacy Officer
                                                                                                       Business
         Coordination                                   Chief of Staff                                                                                  International Affairs


        Shared Services
                                                                                                                                                         Counter Narcotics




                                                                                                                                      Under Secretary        Under Secretary
              Under Secretary                  Under Secretary                                                                          Border &                Emergency
               Management                  Science and Technology                                                                     Transportation         Preparedness and
                                                                                                                                         Security                Response
                                                                                       Under Secretary
                                                                                         Information
                                                                                         Analysis and
                                                                                        Infrastructure
                                                                                          Protection
          Note (1): Effective March 1st, 2003
                                                                                                                                                                                4
                                          Infrastructure Analysis and
                                       Infrastructure Protection Division
                                                                               Undersecretary
                                                                            Information Analysis
                                                                                     and
                                                                       Infrastructure Protection (IAIP)


                                                 Office of the
                                                 Chief of Staff
                                                     COS



                              Competitive Analysis &         IAIP Business Office
                               Evaluation (CAED)                   Director
                                    Director



                Information Analysis (IA)       Homeland Security Operations                           Infrastructure Protection (IP)
                     Asst Sec (ASIA)                  Center (HSOC)                                           Asst Sec (ASIP)
                                                          Director



       Chief of Staff                                                                          Chief of Staff
        ASIA COS                                                                                ASIP COS




Risk Assessment          Information Management        Protection Services          Infrastructure             National                  National Cyber
 Division (RAD)               Requirements               Division (PSD)             Coordination            Communications              Security Division
     Director                 Division (IMRD)               Director                Division (ICD)           System (NCS)                   (NCSD)
                                  Director                                             Director             Deputy Manager                  Director

                                                                                                                                                     5
                            Department of Homeland Security

     Government                           President                             Industry
        Arm                                                                       Arm
                                OSTP      NSC       HSC      OMB
                                                                      National Security
Committee of Principals:
                                                                    Telecommunications
CIA                                Hon. Michael Chertoff
            GSA                                                     Advisory Committee
DHS                                       Secretary of
           FEMA                                                           (NSTAC):
DHHS                                    Homeland Security
         Joint Staff                                               Bell South (Chair)
DOC
           NASA                                                    Lucent (Vice Chair)
DOD
            NRC                                                    Unisys     Boeing
DOE
             NSA                   Office of the Manager,          Microsoft SBC
DOI
            NTIA                             NCS                   Qwest      AT&T
DOJ
           TREAS                                                   SAIC       CTIA
DOS
           USDA                        Mr. Robert Stephan          EDS        Sprint
DOT
            USPS                       Assistant Secretary, IP     USTA       AMD
FRB
              VA                           Manager, NCS            MCI        CSC
FCC
                                                                   Verisign Motorola
                                                                   Verizon    Teledesic
                                          Dr. Peter Fonash         Nortel     Raytheon
          Legend                           Deputy Manager          Rockwell International
             Direction
                                                                   PANAMSAT
             Coordination
                                                                   Northrop Gruman
             Advisement                  Office of the Manager     Bank of America
                                             (OMNCS) Staff
                                                                   Lockheed Martin
                                                                                            6
                                                                                            6
                               Office of the Manager, NCS


                                                    Conduct the daily business of the NCS
                                                    Develop & Manage NS/EP Telecom programs
                                  Manager           Support the National Response Plan
                                                    Lead Agency for ESF#2 (Communications)

                     Deputy
                     Manager

Technology and   Critical Infrastructure   Plans and         Customer
   Programs         Protection (CIP)       Resources          Service
    Division            Division            Division          Division


                 National
              Coordinating                   Coordinates communications response during
            Center for Telecom                emergencies




                                                                                               7
     NCS Support
         to the
National Response Plan
 Emergency Support Function #2
       (Communications)



                                 8
                        Emergency Support Functions and
                         Primary Agencies for Each ESF
#1 Transportation              #6 Mass Care, Housing, and        # 11 Agriculture and Natural
Department of Transportation   Human Services                    Resources
                               American Red Cross and Federal    Department of Agriculture/Food
                               Emergency Management Agency       and Nutrition Service


#2 Communications              #7 Resource Support               #12 Energy
National Communications        General Services Administration   Department of Energy
System


#3 Public Works and            #8 Public Health and Medical      #13 Public Safety and Security
Engineering                    Services                          Department of Justice
Department of Defense/U.S.     Department of Health and
Army Corps of Engineers        Human Services


#4 Firefighting                #9 Urban Search and Rescue        #14 Community Recovery,
Department of Agriculture,     Federal Emergency Management      Mitigation and Economic
Forest Service                 Agency                            Stabilization
                                                                 Federal Emergency Management
                                                                 Agency

#5 Emergency Management        #10 Oil and Hazardous Materials   #15 Emergency and Public
Federal Emergency Management   Environmental Protection          Information and External
Agency                         Agency                            Communications
                                                                 DHS – Federal Emergency
                                                                 Management Agency
                                                                                                  9
                     National Response Plan: ESF #2
                            Responsibilities
                                MISSION
Provision Federal communications support to Federal, State, and local
response efforts following a federally declared major disaster, emergency,
or extraordinary situation under the National Response Plan


                           NATIONAL FOCUS
  National Coordinating Center for Telecommunications (NCC)
     Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMA)
     Telecom Programs (GETS, TSP, WPS, SHARES)
  FEMA National Resource Coordination Center (NRCC)

                          REGIONAL FOCUS
  National Communications System Regional Manager (NCSRM)
  Federal Emergency Communications Coordinator (FECC)
  Joint Field Office (JFO)

                                                                        10
National Coordinating Center (NCC)
      for Telecommunications
         National Level Support




                                  11
                                          NCC Mission
      To assist in the initiation, coordination, restoration, and reconstitution of NS/EP
     communications services or facilities under all conditions, crises, or emergencies




                            (NS/EP) Requirements




Government Resources                                           Industry Resources



                          Coordinated NS/EP Responses
                                                                                       12
             National Coordinating Center for
            Telecommunications (NCC) Mission
To assist in the initiation, coordination, restoration, and
reconstitution of NS/EP communications services or facilities
under all conditions, crises, or emergencies




                                                                13
                 NCC Day-to-Day Operations

 Coordinate Government/Industry NS/EP activities
 Maintain 24X7 Watch Center
 Network Monitoring/Abnormal conditions reporting
    Major service disruptions/outages affecting NS/EP
    Network component failures
    Events with significant media attention
 Advocate NS/EP issues
 Advise executives and senior officials



                                                         14
NCC Actions As Threat Levels Change



       The NCC will
        Notify Key Personnel of threat
         level changes
        Collect information from industry
         relative to response/preparedness
         actions
        Provide instructions to support
         personnel as required



                                             15
                   National Response Plan: ESF #2
                          Responsibilities
                                MISSION
Provision Federal communications support to Federal, State, and local
response efforts following a federally declared major disaster,
emergency, or extraordinary situation under the National Response Plan

                          NATIONAL FOCUS
  National Coordinating Center for Telecommunications (NCC)
     Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMA)
     Telecom Programs (GETS, TSP, WPS, SHARES)
  FEMA National Resource Coordination Center (NRCC)


                          REGIONAL FOCUS
  National Communications System Regional Manager (NCSRM)
  Federal Emergency Communications Coordinator (FECC)
  Joint Field Office (JFO)
                                                                    16
National Communications System
       Regional Manager
       Regional Level Support




                                 17
              Regional ESF #2 Mission Statement

 ESF #2 (Communications) ensures the provision of the
  Federal communication support to the State and Local
  response efforts following a presidentially declared major
  disaster, emergency, or extraordinary situation under the
  National Response Plan (NRP)

 ESF #2 (Communications) supplements the provisions of
  the National Plan for Telecommunications Support in
  Non-Wartime Emergencies




                                                               18
                            Federal Region I


                                      Connecticut
                                      Maine
                                      Massachusetts
                                      New Hampshire
                                      Rhode Island
                                      Vermont


NCS Regional Managers:

Peter Dauderis (Primary)
                                                      19
John Ahern    (Alternate)                              19
                     NCS Regional Manager

 Federal Emergency Communications Coordinator (FECC)
   Primary Federal Coordinator for all communications
    requirements
   Evaluates status of communications in the disaster area
   Coordinates use of communications assets supporting
    the disaster response
   Approves, prioritizes, and manages
    Telecommunications Service Priority (TSP) requests as
    directed by the Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO)
   Serves as Chief of the Emergency Communications
    Staff                                                   20
                   ESF #2 Regional Organization

                Federal
             Coordinating
             Officer (FCO)
                                  Operations Section
                                  ---------------
                               Infrastructure Support Branch

  State
               FECC
 Liaison




            ESF #2 Support   Other Support            Telecom
 FEMA                                                            NCS Staff
              Agencies         Agencies               Industry


Frequency
 Manager
                                                                             21
                          ESF #2 Support Agencies


General Services Administration    USDA, U.S. Forest Service


   Department of Commerce           Department of Defense


        DHS/EPR/FEMA                    DHS/IAIP/NCSD


   Federal Communications
                                   Department of the Interior
         Commission


              Other Support Agencies
Department of Transportation        Department of Energy

                                                                22
                       ESF #2 Emergency Response
                               Operations
  FEMA                                                                FEMA HQ
                                                                    Washington, D.C.




Mt. Weather, VA                                                  NCC Rep to the National
                                                                  Resource Coordination
                                                                     Center (NRCC)
                             Joint Field Office (JFO)
                  Federal Emergency Communications Coordinator (FECC)




                                                        National Coordinating Center
                                                                Arlington, VA

                                                                                     23
                                                Spectrum of Threats
                                  National Security --- Emergency Preparedness

     HIGH
                        Nuclear War
                        Strategic Cyber War
                    Conventional War
    Level of




                       Theater Cyber War
               Impact




                                                  September 11, 2001
                              Mobilization
                                  Special Operations                        Local
                  Coordinated
                                         Terrorism (includes Cyber)         Response
                                                 Civil Disorder
                  Response

     LOW                       Probability of                                       HIGH

                               Occurrence
Cyber Intrusion                 Domestic                           Florida Forest          Midwest
                                                Hurricane Hugo
  Response                      Terrorism                               Fires               Floods


                                                                                                     24
                         NCS Support for Emergencies

              WEATHER                               FOREST FIRES
Hurricanes:                          West & S.W. States                 2002-03
                                     Florida                            Jul 98
Jeanne, Ivan, Frances    Sep 04
Hurricane Charley        Aug 04                    EARTHQUAKES
Hurricane Isabel         Sep 03      Seattle, Washington                Feb 01
Mid-West Tornados        Spring 03   Northridge, California             Jan 94
Typhoon Ponsonga         Dec 02
                                      MAN-MADE INCIDENTS & SPECIAL
Tropical Storm Allison   Jun 01                  EVENTS
Hurricane Floyd          Sep 98      National Political Conventions   Jul/Aug 04
Hurricane Georges        Sep 98      Wide Area Blackout                  Aug 03
                                     Winter Olympics                      Feb 02
Hurricane Bonnie         Aug 98
                                     “9/11” Terrorist Attacks             Sep 01
N.E. Ice Storms          Jan 98      Summer Olympics                       Jul 96
Hurricane Fran           Sep 96      Oklahoma City Bombing                Apr 95
                                                                                 25
                      ESF #2 Lessons Learned

 FECC is the single POC for all federal communications
  support in disaster area
 Early activation of ESF #2 is critical
 Communications support requests must be centrally
  coordinated, prioritized, and managed
 Have visibility and status of all communications assets in
  disaster area
 Close and continuous liaison between FECC/ECS and
  FEMA is required
 Plan for alternative and redundant communications means,
  especially for initial responders


                                                           26
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