PSYCHOSOCIAL ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING TOOLS Use together with the MHPSS toolkit and references. REVIEWS & EVALUATION REPORTS (some with tools): Children and the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: An Evaluation of UNICEF’s Response in Thailand (2004-2008). New York: UNICEF Evaluation Office UNICEF IRAN BAM EMERGENCY PROGRAMME 2003 – 2006 INDEPENDENT EVALUATION: FINAL REPORT (February 2007) ASSESSING AFGHAN CHILDREN’S PSYCHOSOCIAL WELL-BEING: A MULTI- MODAL STUDY OF INTERVENTION OUTCOMES (February 2005) UNICEF Uganda Review of UNICEF supported ‘Right to Play’ interventions in responding to the psychosocial needs of children affected by conflict in northern and eastern Uganda. Abridged version: Methodology and results (September 2007) TOOLS: UNICEF (2005). Field Action Guide for Psychosocial Assessment of Children and Families in Emergencies. Bangkok: UNICEF EAPRO http://www.unicef.org/eapro/Field_Action_Guide.pdf This is a field action guide for any agency, organization or academic offering rehabilitation services for children. UNICEF RAPID CHILD PROTECTION ASSESSMENT FORM This form should be used in an immediate relief situation. The aim is to try and assess what needs to be done to stabilize the situation and to act on this information to make the environment safer for children. UNICEF BAM CFS: Monthly Report / Monitoring Sheet UNICEF Recreational/Cultural Centres of Bam and Surrounding Villages: Monthly Report / Monitoring Sheet Jareg, Elizabeth. Assessment of children’s psychosocial needs during an emergency. UNICEF (2009) Guide to the Evaluation of Psychosocial Programming In Emergencies UNICEF has developed this Guide to the Evaluation of Psychosocial Programming in Emergencies to assist UNICEF, our partners and other organizations working in the field of psychosocial support in thinking through key issues in planning and implementing an evaluation. Have we made a difference? Participatory evaluation tools for monitoring and measuring impact of psychosocial support programmes for children aged 6 to 18 Kurt Madoerin and Glynis Clacherty (2006) REPSSI NOT EMERGENCY ORIENTED, CAN BE ADAPTED Detailed explanations of qualitative enquiry methods and tools. Mainstreaming Psychosocial Care and Support within Food and Nutrition Programmes REPSSI (2009) NOT EMERGENCY ORIENTED, CAN BE ADAPTED For practitioners working with children and families affected by HIV and AIDS, conflict and poverty Mainstreaming Psychosocial Care and Support within Early Childhood Development REPSSI (2009) NOT EMERGENCY ORIENTED, CAN BE ADAPTED For practitioners working with children and families affected by HIV and AIDS, poverty and conflict. Programmes and centres focusing on early childhood development are extremely valuable in addressing the holistic needs of children and their families. Such programmes and centres are especially important in times of adversity, such as HIV and AIDS, poverty, conflict and displacement. Early childhood development centres may become centres of care and support which not only provide educational enrichment, nutrition, healthcare and safety, but also help children and their caregivers to grow a sense of self-worth, participation, social connectedness and full enjoyment of life. Mainstreaming psychosocial support (PSS) into early childhood development programmes tries to build on this notion of holistic care to support the full development of the child. CHILD STATUS INDEX NOT EMERGENCY ORIENTED, CAN BE ADAPTED Author(s): O'Donnell K | Nyangara F | Murphy R | Nyberg B Organization: MEASURE Evaluation Partners: Duke University Year: 2009 (www.cpc.unc.edu → MEASURE Evaluation → Tools → Child Health → Child Status Index) Description: The Child Status Index (with its accompanying Child Status Record) is a tool that can be helpful in assessing and tracking priority services a vulnerable child needs. Equally useful for initial assessment and follow-up monitoring, the tool focuses on essential actions and is flexible enough that users can adapt criteria to the local context. Data from the Child Status Index and community mapping of services can be used together to inform coordination of care. The CSI is based on six domains with 12 measurable goals related to the six core services that, taken together, approximate a standard for overall child health and well-being. The CSI measures attainment of goals in six domains of care: food and nutrition; shelter and care; protection; health; psychosocial; and education and skills. The index includes a four-point scale for each goal so that the child’s well-being can be assessed as good, fair, bad, or very bad. A pictorial version of the index facilitates use with illiterate care providers. The goals themselves, as well as the rating guidance, are phrased in ways that allow for some local variation, yet the measures are still meaningful and specific. The accompanying Child Status Record, which records status over time, indicates services received and identifies critical events that have occurred in the life of the child. Link: Child_Status_Index_Measure_Eval_2009.pdf Link: Child_Status_Record_Form_Measure_Eval_2009.pdf Link: CSI_pictorial_version_2009.pdf Link: CSI_made_easy_Measure_Eval_2008.pdf REPSSI INFORMATION AND ACTION TOOL FOR SUPPORTING CHILDREN, FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES NOT EMERGENCY ORIENTED, CAN BE ADAPTED The IAT has been designed for a number of purposes: 1. It is intended to assist community workers record information (what they see and hear) and use it to guide them to act in helpful ways towards the children and families identified to be in need. 2. It is also intended to help community workers communicate with supervisors, group leaders and mentors about the needs of the children and families they are trying to help, and for the team to jointly think about ways of giving assistance. 3. The tool can be used to generate data – combined information from several community workers – to give the organisation or programme information about the children and families they are seeing, the kinds of problems they have, the resources there are in the community, and how best the programme should respond to this information. 4. The tool can be used to review the work of the programme over time, by combining all the information from groups of community workers, or from an area, over a period like a month, or a year, so that the programme can demonstrate that its work is effective to the community, stakeholder, funders and other people working in the field. REPSSI Psychosocial Capacity Assessment Tool (PSAT) NOT EMERGENCY ORIENTED, CAN BE ADAPTED About the PSAT The REPSSI PSAT is a tool designed to help intermediary organizations assess their psychosocial capacity. The tool is divided into 2 sections: Capacity building and psychosocial competency. The grid asks the reader to score the organization on each element of psychosocial capacity in the two sections, by selecting the text that best describes the organization's current status or performance. The framework and the descriptions in the grid were developed based on our team’s collective experience as well as the input of other experts and practitioners. The grid may be used by managers, staff, board members and external capacity builders with the following objectives: • To identify those particular areas of capacity that are strongest and those that require improvement; and • To measure changes in an organization's capacity over time Strengthening the Social Analysis Component in Rapid Impact and Vulnerability Assessment (IFRC, ProVention) As experience with recent disasters has shown, comprehensive assessment of damage, losses, needs, vulnerabilities and capacities plays a key part in providing effective frameworks for recovery. Often however there is insufficient attention paid – particularly in early assessments – to addressing social vulnerability and livelihoods needs and a general failure to include affected communities in recovery planning and programming, especially in its earliest phases. There is still need for a better understanding of how social groups are affected differently by disasters, what are the broader impacts and secondary impacts on social infrastructure and livelihoods systems, and what means might be most effective for reducing both immediate and future risks. Strengthening assessment in these areas requires more attention to social vulnerability and livelihoods analysis, greater emphasis on the participation of affected communities, closer collaboration with civil society organisations to reach communities and strengthen social protection and safety nets, and increased analysis of risks and mitigation opportunities. Many of these points have also been highlighted in the recent Tsunami Evaluation Coalition review of “The role of needs assessment in the tsunami response” (available at www.tsunami- evaluation.org). Analysis and methods: DFID Social Vulnerability, Sustainable Livelihoods and Disasters (DFID) The need to analyse and prepare for peoples’ vulnerability to natural hazards could be rooted in the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach, and in development work which aims to reduce the elements of vulnerability that are a result of poverty. As such, vulnerability analysis (VA) may help to bring humanitarian work in line with DFID’s other main objectives and tie it in with the sustainable livelihoods approach. Case Study: Capacities and Vulnerabilities Analysis (CVA) Case Study: Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Case Study: Oxfam - Risk-Mapping and Local Capacities: Lessons from Mexico and Central America Case Study: CARE: Household Livelihood Security Assessment: a Toolkit for Practitioners Vulnerability analysis: a preliminary inventory of methods and documents READING: Mental and Social Health During and After Acute Emergencies: Emerging Consensus? View document Author: Mark van Ommeren, Shekhar Saxena, and Benedetto Saraceno Date: 2005 Mental health care programmes during and after acute emergencies in resource-poor countries have been considered controversial. There is no agreement on the public health value of the post-traumatic stress disorder concept and no agreement on the appropriateness of vertical (separate) trauma-focused services. This paper argues that distinct intervention strategies should be considered for the acute emergency and post-emergency phases. It aims to achieve a conceptual distinction between social and mental health interventions.
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