Teaching Strategies for Groups

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					                                                                         McGregor
CODE – BLUE (THINK AHEAD)

UNIT – Educational Programs & Events

LESSON TITLE – Teaching Strategies For Groups

SEQUENCE – 1 of 1

OBJECTIVES – Upon completion of this lesson the user will be able to:
  1. Select, organize and implement varying group teaching strategies.

REFERENCES, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT –
1 large bag of M&M’s candy
Copies of Group Teaching Strategies/Methods Handout
Classroom with movable chairs and tables
3 Podiums (Optional)
1 Television (Optional)
Multiple sets of index cards with a basic description of the Group Teaching
Strategies/Methods on the cards. (For playing the $100,000 Pyramid E-Moment)

KEY TERMS –
Teaching Strategy
BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Every teacher/presenter is faced with the problem of organizing his or her instruction in such a manner that the activities are varied
and of a type that objectives will be reached in an efficient and effective manner. The same procedure or activity used day in and day
out will become tiresome to the learners/participants and furthermore, there is no one procedure that will do best at all tasks in
teaching/presenting. Certain strategies/methods are more effective than others in bringing about desired cognition.
Strategies/methods are to be selected on the basis of their effectiveness in accomplishing a specific task. A variety of
methods/strategies are also to be utilized in order to touch as many learning styles and multiple intelligences as possible. It is for this
reason that the following outline of group teaching strategies/methods was created. Once one of the strategies/methods has been
selected, appropriate preparations must be made to ensure its success. There are things that must be done by both the
instructor/presenter and learner/participant in order to prepare for the activity.

OBJECTIVE 1 - Select, organize and implement varying group teaching strategies

Name & Organization:                       Scope:                         Best Suited For:                           Necessary Preparation:
                                                                                                             Hold the actual “playing” until the
                                                              Develops an understanding of other’s
                                                                                                             presentation time (don’t practice).
                                                              feelings.
                                                                                                             Spontaneous acting is best.
                                                              Develops an understanding of the forces in a
                                 1 – 8 Players Required                                                      Help audience to prepare through reading and
                                                              situation that block good human relations.
                                 Audience Size: Unlimited                                                    thinking.
                                                              Offers others’ point of view and situation.
                                                                                                             Set the stage before the “playing” begins.
                                                              Value is in the preparation as well as the
                                                                                                             Plan for a follow-up discussion.
                                                              playing.
                                                                                                             Tell the audience what roles were played.

                                                                                                             Leader selects and previews film.
                                                              Takes the place of a speaker.                  Select a strong leader.
                                                              Can bring specialized knowledge to a group.    Check for available A/V equipment.
                                 1 – Operator/Leader          Provides a uniform mental picture.             Plan for discussion:
                                 Audience Size: Limited by    Develops interest.                             5 minutes to introduce topic
                                 Size of A/V equipment only   Shows development.                             ?? minutes to show film
                                                              Shows human relationships.                     20 minutes to panel or symposium
                                                              Develops differing ideas.                      20 minutes to discuss
                                                                                                             10 minutes to conclude
Name & Organization:             Scope:                           Best Suited For:                            Necessary Preparation:
                                                                                                      Show a political debate if possible.
                                                                                                      Explain the rules of your debate (i.e. – 5
                                                      Takes advantage of the not too clear-cut line   minute opening statement, 2 minute responses
                                                      between the affirmative and negative            to questions and 30 second rebuttal.)
                                                      position.                                       Define the issue.
                       2 – 4 Speakers
                                                      Develops persuasive speaking skills.            Select a strong leader.
                       1 – Leader/Moderator
                                                      Livens up a group.                              Select speakers on their ability to sway
                       Audience Size: Unlimited
                                                      Audience must be undecided on the issue.        opinions.
                                                      Delicate issues can be examined and             Help speakers become well informed with
                                                      discussed.                                      facts not opinions.
                                                                                                      Leader gives an introduction.
                                                                                                      Plan time for open questions & discussion.
                                                                                                      Prepare a written plan.
                                                                                                      Assemble needed materials.
                                                      Establishes the correct step-by-step
                                                                                                      Prepare visual aids.
                                                      procedure.
                       1 – Demonstrator (Teacher,                                                     Practice before presenting.
                                                      Presents new knowledge. (How-To Topics)
                       specialist or student.)                                                        Layout materials and equipment.
                                                      Integrates knowledge, understanding and
                       Audience Size: 1 – 20                                                          Preview steps verbally, Perform steps by
                                                      skills.
                                                                                                      hand, Review steps while questioning.
                                                      Emphasizes a sequence of steps.
                                                                                                      Plan for learner try-out.
                                                                                                      Plan for follow-up or entire group practice.
                                                                                                      Plan your objectives.
                                                                                                      Assemble materials and supplies.
                                                      For applying subject matter promptly.
                                                                                                      Have equipment maintained and ready.
                                                      Develops kinesthetic skills.
                       1 – Teacher                                                                    Plan laboratory layout.
                                                      Develops judgments.
                       Several – Assistants                                                           Plan for demonstrations.
                                                      Teaches and develops skills.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 25                                                          Provide for movement of participants.
                                                      Allows application of skills.
                                                                                                      Layout materials and supplies before lab
                                                      Teaches relationships and systems.
                                                                                                      sessions.
                                                                                                      Teacher should supervise.
                       1 – Leader (Representative     View the real situation.                        Plan the objective of the trip and communicate
                       from site visited.)            Define or locate problems at a site.            it to participants.
                       Audience Size: 1 -20 (Larger   View a process or practice being introduced.    Contact the trip site in advance.
                       groups must be divided into    View the results of a study.                    Plan for:
                       smaller groups.)               Extend the facilities of a school.              Transportation, logistics, weather, trip
                                                                                                      sequence, activities, meals.
                                                                                                      Prepare a follow-up activity upon returning.
Name & Organization:               Scope:                            Best Suited For:                             Necessary Preparation:
                                                                                                          Define the problem and state it in question
                                                                                                          form.
                                                         Pools knowledge & experience.
                                                                                                          Select a leader
                                                         Develops new solutions.
                                                                                                          Outline a probable course of discussion (Be
                       1 – Leader (Elected or            Brings out opinions and emotions.
                                                                                                          flexible.).
                       appointed from the group).        Clarifies thinking.
                                                                                                          Assist members in gathering facts.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 20             Develops expression.
                                                                                                          Prepare visual aids.
                                                         Develops growth of the group.
                                                                                                          Arrange the room appropriately.
                                                         Develops group consensus.
                                                                                                          Maintain a positive & productive
                                                                                                          environment.
                                                                                                          Define the problem - state it in question form.
                                                                                                          Select the moderator.
                                                         Presents several sides of an issue.              Select participants based on background
                       1 – Leader                        Brings out wide knowledge & experience.          knowledge, perspective and experience.
                       2 – 8 Participants (4 is ideal)   Controls tense situations.                       Analyze the issue.
                       Audience Size: Unlimited          Develops expression.                             Help the audience prepare.
                                                         Provides for the interests of mixed audiences.   Introduce the panel members.
                                                                                                          Arrange the room with audience in mind.
                                                                                                          Maintain a favorable environment.
                                                                                                          Choose a relevant problem to your group.
                                                                                                          Utilize common problem solving steps to
                                                                                                          solve the problem (i.e. – Define the problem,
                                                         Uses a scientific approach for the solution of
                                                                                                          Look for potential causes, Identify
                                                         real life problems & situations.
                       1 – Leader (Usually Teacher)                                                       alternatives, Select the best alternative,
                                                         Uses facts and data rather than memorization
                       Audience Size: 1 – 20                                                              Implement the alternative, Monitor and collect
                                                         and opinion.
                                                                                                          data on the performance of the alternative,
                                                         Arouses natural interest in learning.
                                                                                                          Decide if the alternative solved the problem.).
                                                                                                          Teach the steps of problem solving or give an
                                                                                                          example before using this strategy.
                                                                                                          Define and outline the problem/issue
                                                                                                          Contact and inform specialist of:
                                                                                                               1. The problem/issue
                                                         Brings facts and experience to group
                                                                                                               2. What has been done
                                                         discussion, projects or work.
                       1 – Leader (Specialist)                                                                 3. What your objectives are
                                                         Provides informed judgment for making a
                       Audience Size: 1 – 40                                                                   4. Size and nature of the group
                                                         decision.
                                                                                                               5. Part he/she is to play
                                                         Provides help in exploring problems.
                                                                                                               6. That a speech is not wanted
                                                                                                               7. He/she is to become a member of the
                                                                                                                    group.
Name & Organization:              Scope:                           Best Suited For:                          Necessary Preparation:

                                                                                                     Identify the problem to be considered.
                                                                                                     Prevent rejection or evaluation of any ideas.
                       1 – Leader                                                                    Set a time limit of 5 – 10 minutes.
                                                       Stimulates creative thinking.
                       2 – Recorders                                                                 Plan for time to evaluate the ideas generated
                                                       Generates new ideas and approaches.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 20                                                         (15 minutes).
                                                                                                     Use problem-solving steps for further
                                                                                                     evaluation of ideas.

                                                                                                     Define the problem and state it as a question.
                                                       Brings out a shy audience.
                                                                                                     Analyze the problem.
                                                       Identifies problems of groups.
                                                                                                     Select leaders.
                                                       Brings out questions.
                       1 – Leader for each group                                                     Decide on tasks for the small groups.
                                                       Identifies possible solutions.
                       Group Number: Unlimited                                                       Plan locations of small group meetings.
                                                       Provides the advantages of small discussion
                       (5 – 6 individuals per group)                                                 Provide writing materials to the groups.
                                                       groups.
                                                                                                     Give groups time limits.
                                                       Allow factions to get together.
                                                                                                     Plan for assembling group products.
                                                       Can plan programs through dividing work.
                                                                                                     Plan for summary and discussion.

                                                       Find solutions to individual problems.
                                                                                                     Help individuals define problems and develop
                                                       Make further advancements on problems.
                                                                                                     good work habits and self-reliance.
                                                       Work cooperatively to obtain knowledge.
                       1 – Leader (Committee Chair)                                                  Have resource materials available.
                                                       Gather new facts.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 25                                                         Guide participants to known resources.
                                                       To think out problems individually.
                                                                                                     Provide individual aid quietly during
                                                       To complete routine record keeping, news
                                                                                                     supervised study.
                                                       study etc.
Name & Organization:             Scope:                    Best Suited For:                            Necessary Preparation:

                                               Develops understanding.
                                                                                               Define a problem and outline it.
                                               Identifies weaknesses in group’s knowledge
                                                                                               Help the group to prepare.
                       1 – Leader (Usually     and understanding.
                                                                                               Prepare your questions in advance.
                       Teacher/Presenter)      Defines a problem.
                                                                                               Use sound questioning techniques.
                       Audience Size: 1 – 40   Learn background experiences.
                                                                                               Don’t try to trick the audience.
                                               Learn extent of individual preparation.
                                                                                               Plan an assessment to follow.
                                               Identify learner readiness for the next step.

                                                                                               Organize materials.
                                               Present volumes of new material quickly to      Select visual aids.
                                               large groups.                                   Provide clean air and good lighting.
                                               Not effective for engaging an audience.         Eliminate distractions.
                       1 – Leader (Speaker)
                                               Presents only one side of a problem/issue.      Provide adequate light and podium for the
                       Group Size: Unlimited
                                               Brings knowledge to a group.                    speaker.
                                               Provides background for later                   Be aware of A/V capabilities and
                                               discussion/application.                         requirements.
                                                                                               Have water available.
INTEREST APPROACH -
Variety is the spice of life! Life is like a bag of M&M’s? (5 Minutes)
Begin your presentation by quietly holding above your head a bag of M&M’s candy.
Ask your participants to give you some distinguishing characteristics of M&M’s candy.
You will probably get a variety of answers, but what you are looking for is that the
individual candies come in different colors. When you get that answer, ask your
participants what they would think about M&M’s if they were all one color. What if we
all wore the same clothes? What if we ate the same thing for every meal? Emphasize
how, as human beings, we enjoy variety. Ask the question, “Do you enjoy professors
who use a variety of methods in their teaching?” Lead into the lesson with that question,
discussing teachers who use multiple methods. Continue the discussion briefly and then
begin the presentation.

TEACHING PLAN / STRATEGY
  OBJECTIVE 1 - Select, organize and implement varying group teaching strategies
  (25-35 Minutes)
            APPLICATION ACTIVITY-
                 Musical Classroom:
                      o Break the participants into five groups.
                      o Distribute the Group Teaching Strategies/Methods handout.
                      o Assign each group three different methods/strategies.
                      o Inform them that they are to arrange the room as shown on
                          the handout and explain how their methods/strategies are
                          used.
                      o Give the groups ten minutes to study their
                          methods/strategies and plan their presentations.
                      o Encourage creativity, the use of other groups, role-play,
                          props, etc.
            SELF-ASSESSMENT-
                 Question for discussion: What are some specific topics you can
                  think of that you could immediately apply these methods to?
            APPLICATION ACTIVITY- (OPTIONAL)
                 E-Moment – “$10,000 Pyramid Moment”
                      o Perform the E-Moment as described in (Reference).
                      o Have participants break into teams of three or four.
                      o Give each team pre-made cards with a basic description of
                          a teaching strategy/method on each card.
                      o Have the groups play three rounds of “Pyramid”. During
                          each round have each participants rotate positions.
                      o Be creative, change point values for correct answers, and
                          make the final round a speed round.

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS – (See Attached)
       Group Teaching Strategies/Methods – (HO)
GROUP TEACHING STRATEGIES/METHODS HANDOUT


Name & Organization:             Scope:                         Best Suited For:                            Necessary Preparation:
                                                                                                    Hold the actual “playing” until the
                                                    Develops an understanding of other’s
                                                                                                    presentation time (don’t practice).
                                                    feelings.
                                                                                                    Spontaneous acting is best.
                                                    Develops an understanding of the forces in a
                       1 – 8 Players Required                                                       Help audience to prepare through reading and
                                                    situation that block good human relations.
                       Audience Size: Unlimited                                                     thinking.
                                                    Offers others’ point of view and situation.
                                                                                                    Set the stage before the “playing” begins.
                                                    Value is in the preparation as well as the
                                                                                                    Plan for a follow-up discussion.
                                                    playing.
                                                                                                    Tell the audience what roles were played.

                                                                                                    Leader selects and previews film.
                                                    Takes the place of a speaker.                   Select a strong leader.
                                                    Can bring specialized knowledge to a group.     Check for available A/V equipment.
                       1 – Operator/Leader          Provides a uniform mental picture.              Plan for discussion:
                       Audience Size: Limited by    Develops interest.                              5 minutes to introduce topic
                       Size of A/V equipment only   Shows development.                              ?? minutes to show film
                                                    Shows human relationships.                      20 minutes to panel or symposium
                                                    Develops differing ideas.                       20 minutes to discuss
                                                                                                    10 minutes to conclude
                                                                                                    Show a political debate if possible.
                                                                                                    Explain the rules of your debate (i.e. – 5
                                                    Takes advantage of the not too clear-cut line   minute opening statement, 2 minute responses
                                                    between the affirmative and negative            to questions and 30 second rebuttal.)
                                                    position.                                       Define the issue.
                       2 – 4 Speakers
                                                    Develops persuasive speaking skills.            Select a strong leader.
                       1 – Leader/Moderator
                                                    Livens up a group.                              Select speakers on their ability to sway
                       Audience Size: Unlimited
                                                    Audience must be undecided on the issue.        opinions.
                                                    Delicate issues can be examined and             Help speakers become well informed with
                                                    discussed.                                      facts not opinions.
                                                                                                    Leader gives an introduction.
                                                                                                    Plan time for open questions & discussion.
Name & Organization:             Scope:                           Best Suited For:                           Necessary Preparation:
                                                                                                     Prepare a written plan.
                                                                                                     Assemble needed materials.
                                                      Establishes the correct step-by-step
                                                                                                     Prepare visual aids.
                                                      procedure.
                       1 – Demonstrator (Teacher,                                                    Practice before presenting.
                                                      Presents new knowledge. (How-To Topics)
                       specialist or student.)                                                       Layout materials and equipment.
                                                      Integrates knowledge, understanding and
                       Audience Size: 1 – 20                                                         Preview steps verbally, Perform steps by
                                                      skills.
                                                                                                     hand, Review steps while questioning.
                                                      Emphasizes a sequence of steps.
                                                                                                     Plan for learner try-out.
                                                                                                     Plan for follow-up or entire group practice.
                                                                                                     Plan your objectives.
                                                                                                     Assemble materials and supplies.
                                                      For applying subject matter promptly.
                                                                                                     Have equipment maintained and ready.
                                                      Develops kinesthetic skills.
                       1 – Teacher                                                                   Plan laboratory layout.
                                                      Develops judgments.
                       Several – Assistants                                                          Plan for demonstrations.
                                                      Teaches and develops skills.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 25                                                         Provide for movement of participants.
                                                      Allows application of skills.
                                                                                                     Layout materials and supplies before lab
                                                      Teaches relationships and systems.
                                                                                                     sessions.
                                                                                                     Teacher should supervise.

                                                                                                     Plan the objective of the trip and communicate
                                                                                                     it to participants.
                       1 – Leader (Representative     View the real situation.
                                                                                                     Contact the trip site in advance.
                       from site visited.)            Define or locate problems at a site.
                                                                                                     Plan for:
                       Audience Size: 1 -20 (Larger   View a process or practice being introduced.
                                                                                                     Transportation, logistics, weather, trip
                       groups must be divided into    View the results of a study.
                                                                                                     sequence, activities, meals.
                       smaller groups.)               Extend the facilities of a school.
                                                                                                     Prepare a follow-up activity upon returning.
                                                                                                     Monitor audience closely during tours.
Name & Organization:               Scope:                            Best Suited For:                             Necessary Preparation:
                                                                                                          Define the problem and state it in question
                                                                                                          form.
                                                         Pools knowledge & experience.
                                                                                                          Select a leader
                                                         Develops new solutions.
                                                                                                          Outline a probable course of discussion (Be
                       1 – Leader (Elected or            Brings out opinions and emotions.
                                                                                                          flexible.).
                       appointed from the group).        Clarifies thinking.
                                                                                                          Assist members in gathering facts.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 20             Develops expression.
                                                                                                          Prepare visual aids.
                                                         Develops growth of the group.
                                                                                                          Arrange the room appropriately.
                                                         Develops group consensus.
                                                                                                          Maintain a positive & productive
                                                                                                          environment.
                                                                                                          Define the problem - state it in question form.
                                                                                                          Select the moderator.
                                                         Presents several sides of an issue.              Select participants based on background
                       1 – Leader                        Brings out wide knowledge & experience.          knowledge, perspective and experience.
                       2 – 8 Participants (4 is ideal)   Controls tense situations.                       Analyze the issue.
                       Audience Size: Unlimited          Develops expression.                             Help the audience prepare.
                                                         Provides for the interests of mixed audiences.   Introduce the panel members.
                                                                                                          Arrange the room with audience in mind.
                                                                                                          Maintain a favorable environment.
                                                                                                          Choose a relevant problem to your group.
                                                                                                          Utilize common problem solving steps to
                                                                                                          solve the problem (i.e. – Define the problem,
                                                         Uses a scientific approach for the solution of
                                                                                                          Look for potential causes, Identify
                                                         real life problems & situations.
                       1 – Leader (Usually Teacher)                                                       alternatives, Select the best alternative,
                                                         Uses facts and data rather than memorization
                       Audience Size: 1 – 20                                                              Implement the alternative, Monitor and collect
                                                         and opinion.
                                                                                                          data on the performance of the alternative,
                                                         Arouses natural interest in learning.
                                                                                                          Decide if the alternative solved the problem.).
                                                                                                          Teach the steps of problem solving or give an
                                                                                                          example before using this strategy.
Name & Organization:              Scope:                           Best Suited For:                          Necessary Preparation:
                                                                                                     Define and outline the problem/issue
                                                                                                     Contact and inform specialist of:
                                                                                                         8. The problem/issue
                                                       Brings facts and experience to group
                                                                                                         9. What has been done
                                                       discussion, projects or work.
                       1 – Leader (Specialist)                                                           10. What your objectives are
                                                       Provides informed judgment for making a
                       Audience Size: 1 – 40                                                             11. Size and nature of the group
                                                       decision.
                                                                                                         12. Part he/she is to play
                                                       Provides help in exploring problems.
                                                                                                         13. That a speech is not wanted
                                                                                                         14. He/she is to become a member of the
                                                                                                              group.

                                                                                                     Identify the problem to be considered.
                                                                                                     Prevent rejection or evaluation of any ideas.
                       1 – Leader                                                                    Set a time limit of 5 – 10 minutes.
                                                       Stimulates creative thinking.
                       2 – Recorders                                                                 Plan for time to evaluate the ideas generated
                                                       Generates new ideas and approaches.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 20                                                         (15 minutes).
                                                                                                     Use problem-solving steps for further
                                                                                                     evaluation of ideas.

                                                                                                     Define the problem and state it as a question.
                                                       Brings out a shy audience.
                                                                                                     Analyze the problem.
                                                       Identifies problems of groups.
                                                                                                     Select leaders.
                                                       Brings out questions.
                       1 – Leader for each group                                                     Decide on tasks for the small groups.
                                                       Identifies possible solutions.
                       Group Number: Unlimited                                                       Plan locations of small group meetings.
                                                       Provides the advantages of small discussion
                       (5 – 6 individuals per group)                                                 Provide writing materials to the groups.
                                                       groups.
                                                                                                     Give groups time limits.
                                                       Allow factions to get together.
                                                                                                     Plan for assembling group products.
                                                       Can plan programs through dividing work.
                                                                                                     Plan for summary and discussion.
Name & Organization:             Scope:                           Best Suited For:                            Necessary Preparation:

                                                      Find solutions to individual problems.
                                                                                                      Help individuals define problems and develop
                                                      Make further advancements on problems.
                                                                                                      good work habits and self-reliance.
                                                      Work cooperatively to obtain knowledge.
                       1 – Leader (Committee Chair)                                                   Have resource materials available.
                                                      Gather new facts.
                       Audience Size: 5 – 25                                                          Guide participants to known resources.
                                                      To think out problems individually.
                                                                                                      Provide individual aid quietly during
                                                      To complete routine record keeping, news
                                                                                                      supervised study.
                                                      study etc.


                                                      Develops understanding.
                                                                                                      Define a problem and outline it.
                                                      Identifies weaknesses in group’s knowledge
                                                                                                      Help the group to prepare.
                       1 – Leader (Usually            and understanding.
                                                                                                      Prepare your questions in advance.
                       Teacher/Presenter)             Defines a problem.
                                                                                                      Use sound questioning techniques.
                       Audience Size: 1 – 40          Learn background experiences.
                                                                                                      Don’t try to trick the audience.
                                                      Learn extent of individual preparation.
                                                                                                      Plan an assessment to follow.
                                                      Identify learner readiness for the next step.

                                                                                                      Organize materials.
                                                      Present volumes of new material quickly to      Select visual aids.
                                                      large groups.                                   Provide clean air and good lighting.
                                                      Not effective for engaging an audience.         Eliminate distractions.
                       1 – Leader (Speaker)
                                                      Presents only one side of a problem/issue.      Provide adequate light and podium for the
                       Group Size: Unlimited
                                                      Brings knowledge to a group.                    speaker.
                                                      Provides background for later                   Be aware of A/V capabilities and
                                                      discussion/application.                         requirements.
                                                                                                      Have water available.

				
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