e-Portfolio Reference Model Dr Angela Smallwood Centre for International e-Portfolio Development, University of Nottingham Peter Rees Jones JISC-CETIS e-Portfolio Feasibility Study V2 2006 07 17 PRJ/AJS Background • JISC funds UK colleges, universities and their partners to undertake strategic innovative technical work that they could not otherwise afford. • 2003: UCAS became a partner in the Specifying an e- portfolio Project led by the University of Nottingham • This differentiated 2 key types of e-Portfolio used by every learner: – 1) Personal e-Portfolio for collecting learning evidence – 2) Presentational e-Portfolio developed by the learner for a particular audience and purpose • The UCAS application of the future can be regarded as a presentational e-Portfolio 2004 - Schwartz on the first Nottingham Project “The JISC project…. is reviewing how admissions staff use information and evidence. The project aims to make information and evidence available in an accessible electronic form that can be customised to support the admissions process and give feedback to the applicant. The Project is specifically examining the potential of entry criteria and course information to structure the personal statement. This would allow academic staff to set prompts for their own courses….UCAS and other admissions services should also consider the inclusion of additional information to produce a fuller transcript of applicants’ achievement. A more informative application form may in itself reduce the need for additional testing” (Stephen Schwartz Fair Admissions to higher education: recommendations for good practice p. 48; E9; 2004 09 00) Key Project Propositions • High quality course entry profiles should function within new web-based systems to – Provide structure and guidance for customised personal statements – Fair admissions – Enable admissions staff to provide feedback • Ability to hot-link assertions in the personal statement to evidence in the Personal ePortfolio richer information about borderline candidates reduced need for tests / interviews • Application for transition will express prior learning and inform post-admission learning E-Portfolio for Lifelong Learning Reference Model Project • 2005: UCAS was a partner in the e-Portfolio Reference Model Project which led to… • discussion of a UCAS – JISC partnership agreement • 2006: Consultants advised DfES to prioritise the implementation of e-Portfolio for transitions (from school to college, to university/employment) • September 2006: JISC to publish ITT for projects on aspects of e-Admissions to HE Framework for technological innovation, including admissions • eFramework – JISC + DEST (Australia) • Set of generic web services capable of many different combinations to support a wide range of processes in learning, research and administration • Impact on approach to supporting transitions along lifelong learning pathway = simplification and affordability • Via reusability and repeating patterns Formative use of Course Entry Profiles for the Personal Statement Either Progress to (IAG) Application WS 4 WS 3 comments evidence /Reference claims Decision WS 1 calls the entry Or Repeat Loop profile for a particular Text The Personal Statement Service Loop Pattern Text course at a particular HEI into a blank WS 2 WS 1 Structured Personal Select Person Profile Entry Statement Profile Course Entry Profile Student Personal ePortfolio Web Service 1 Presentational ePortfolio Course entry requirement Course entry requirement Integrative statement Formative use of Course Entry Profiles for the Personal Statement Either Progress to (IAG) Application WS 4 WS 2 helps me link WS 3 comments evidence /Reference assertions and claims Decision Or activities to evidence Repeat Loop in my e-P to create a Text The Personal Statement Service Loop Pattern Text Personal Profile in terms of the entry WS 1 WS 2 Person Select requirements Entry Profile Profile Course Entry Profile Student Personal ePortfolio Web Service 1 WS 2 Presentational ePortfolio Course entry requirement Assertion Activity Course entry requirement Assertion Activity Integrative statement Self evaluation Formative use of Course Entry Profiles for the Personal Statement Either Progress to (IAG) Application WS 4 WS 3 helps me link WS 3 comments evidence /Reference assertions and claims Decision Or activities to evidence Repeat Loop in my e-P such as a Text The Personal Statement Service Loop Pattern Text section of a project WS 1 WS 2 Select Person Entry Profile Profile Course Entry Profile Student Personal ePortfolio Web Service 1 Web Service 3 WS 2 Presentational ePortfolio Course entry requirement Assertion Activity Evidence Course entry requirement Assertion Activity Integrative statement Self evaluation Formative use of Course Entry Profiles for the Personal Statement Either Progress to (IAG) Application WS 4 allows my adviser to WS 3 WS 4 comments formatively assess the evidence claims /Reference Decision statement and give me Or Repeat Loop feedback. I repeat the Text The Personal Statement Service Loop Pattern Text process to make a formal application to this course. WS 1 WS 2 Select Person Entry Profile Course Entry Profile Profile Web Service 1 Student Personal ePortfolio Web Service 3 WS 2 Presentational ePortfolio Course entry requirement Assertion Activity Evidence Course entry The Structured Personal requirement Integrative Assertion Activity statement Statement could be Self evaluation Student presented to an HEI as a Reference single block of text … OR Web Service 4 Testimonial Evaluation Advisor / Referee Structured Personal Statement assessed by admissions staff …the HEI may follow common HR practice and summatively assess the Stuctured Personal Statement: Applicant . Other web services will Course Entry Profile WS 1 Student Personal ePortfolio Presentational ePortfolio WS 3 WS 2 be specified to Course entry requirement Assertion Activity Evidence repurpose the Course entry requirement Assertion Activity information so that an admissions officer can Message1 Reference WS 4 make effective use of Admissions Officer Testimonial Evaluation richer information at Qualifications Referee no extra cost in terms MOSAIC data of staff time School data Structured Personal Statement and feedback to unsuccessful candidate In HR the formal assessment of a structured application against a person spec may be scored by a panel. Applicant . This pattern allows HE Course Entry Profile WS 1 Student Personal ePortfolio Presentational ePortfolio WS 3 WS 2 staff to give feedback Course entry requirement Assertion Activity Evidence to unsuccessful Course entry requirement Assertion Activity applicants on areas in which they can Message1 Reference WS 4 improve their profile of Admissions Officer Testimonial Evaluation themselves – in Qualifications Referee addition to formal MOSAIC data qualifications & tests. School data Successful candidate: Structured Personal Statement as Induction Profile • Induction and retention • Incoming student and adviser use personal statement to optimise personalisation of programme of study and fit of option choices to student, ref: – any areas of relative weakness e.g. WP students – Special interests e.g. of high achievers Service Use Case for UCAS UCAS Business Process (WS iii is identical to stage 4 of the Personal Profiling Service) Filter by Apply Summative qualifications 2 3 5 <Function> weightings to Assessment <Function> 1 qualifications Reject of Profile Offer Place Shortlist Submit Formal Application, WS i WS ii Decision WS iii Decision Reference & qualifications WS iii A Summative 4 Assessment WS iii Reject First cycle: Text Formative development Text of Personal WS iv Student of Personal Statement Statement accepts Formative WS 1 - 4 Feedback on WS iv Personal Statement WS iv WS v Decision Diagnostic WS v Feedback on Personal Statement (IAG) (IAG) WS 4 WS 4 B C Feedback cycle Induction Cycle WS 1 – 4 Text Text Text WS 1 – 4 Formative review Text Formative refactoring of of Personal Statement in Personal Statement in light of light of assessment assessment JISC ITT will seek proposals from colleges & universities for work on: • Course Information • The Structured Personal Statement • Feedback • Testing processes • APeL • The relevance of established practice in other domains, in particular HR, to HE. A formal partnership agreement between JISC and UCAS is being negotiated.
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