Globalization - PowerPoint 1 by c3aUuWY



“I’ve got the whole world in my
Canada’s Contribution

 CIDA = Canadian International
  Development Agency
 CIDA’s aim: reduce poverty, promote
  human rights, and support sustainable
 Priorities: reduce poverty, democracy,
  business development, health, education,
  equality between women and men, and
  environmental sustainability
Who have we helped?
  Sub-Saharan Africa:
   $1.3 billion – 46.74%
  North Africa and the
   Middle East: $129 million
   – 4.6%
  Americas: $459 million –
  Asia: $780 million –
  Eastern Europe:
   $114 million – 4.1%
Why do we bother?
 people living in extreme poverty went
  from 1.25 billion to 980 million
 6.8 million more children are in school in
  a number of African countries )
 61,000 people now have access to
  running water and sanitation in Honduras
What makes a country
  High standard of
  Industrialized
  Lots of parts to the
  Democracy
  Lack of corruption
  Example: north
What makes a country
  Low standard of living
  Lots of people working in primary
   industries (farming)
  Low education, healthcare, life
  Example: sub-saharan africa
How do we know which
we are?
  Human Development Index (HDI)

  Calculator for development

  Look at: income per capita (GDP), life
   expectancy, birth rate, death rate, literacy
   (ability to read & write)
What Do You Know of the
 Famously and Firstly
 Canadian John McIntosh discovered McIntosh
  apples in 1811 growing along the St. Lawrence
  River Valley
 The first recorded baseball game was played in
  Beachville, Ontario in 1838
 Montreal Professor Thomas Sterry Hunt developed
  special green ink to produce American bills
  ‘greenbacks’ that couldn’t be forged in 1862
 The world’s second most popular sport ‘basketball’
  was the idea of Canadian James Naismith in 1892
Famously and Firstly
  Tom Ryan became the father of five-pin
   bowling, by developing the game in Toronto in
  Torontonian William Knapp developed the
   yucky-tasting Buckley’s Mixture in 1919
  In 1948 Harry Galley received his patented for
   his stainless steel kitchen sink
  Montreal Canadian goalie Jacques Plante
   became the first goalie to start wearing a mask
  Instant mashed potatoes were patented by
   Edward Asselbergs in 1961
 Famously and Firstly
 Muskol the world’s most effective bug repellent is
  the creation of Charlie Coll (1970)
 Leslie McFarlane penned the famous Hardy Boys
  series as Franklin W. Dixon
 Torontonian Alex Tilley created the nearly
  indestructible ‘Tilley Hat’ in 1980
 Winnipeg was the first city in the world to develop
  the emergency ‘911’ system
 Canadian Deanna Brasseaur & Jane Foster
  became the world’s first female jet fighter pilots
  in 1989
 Famously and Firstly
 Tim Collins of B.C. developed the Viewer Chip for
  parents to block offensive television programs
 In 1998, the ‘Sam Bat’ a maple baseball bat made
  by Ottawa carpenter Sam Holman was approved
  for use in professional baseball leagues
 In 1999 Ontario became the first place in the world
  to protect the skyscape from light pollution by
  designating a dark-sky park south of Lake
 Canadians have developed – Trivial Pursuit,
  Balderdash, Mind Trap, Pictionary and A
  Question of Scruples
 Famously and Firstly
 Canada is home to the world’s…
   Oldest chain store business is Canada’s Hudson Bay
    Company founded in 1670
   Longest highway, the Trans Canada highway - 7,821
   Longest street, Yonge Street - 1,900 km
   Longest bridge – Confederation Bridge linking P.E.I. to
    N.B. – 12.9 km
   Longest skating rink – 7.8 km Rideau Canal in Ottawa
   Longest recreational trail – Trans Canada Trail will be
    over 16,000 km long
Greatest Canadian
 Of all these great
  Canadian ideas, which
  ones are the “greatest”?
 CBC asked Canadians to
  vote for the Greatest
  Canadian Invention and
  showed us the results in
  early 2007.
Greatest Canadian

  Poutine
Greatest Canadian

  Electric Wheelchair
Greatest Canadian

  Zipper
Greatest Canadian

  Robertson Screw
Greatest Canadian

  Pacemaker
Greatest Canadian

  Wonderbra
Greatest Canadian

  Five Pin Bowling
Greatest Canadian

  Light bulb
Greatest Canadian

  Telephone
Greatest Canadian

  Insulin
       Canada's Export
       Markets, 2009
Country           % Share of Total Exports
United States                          81
Japan                                    2
United Kingdom                           2
China                                    2
Mexico                                   1
Total of Top 5                          88
 International Trade Organizations
     Organization                         Description
World Trade Organization Established in 1995
                         Multilateral institution through which global
                         trade rules are negotiated and enforced
  North American Free    Established 1994, joining Canada, the
    Trade Agreement      United States and Mexico forming the
                         world's largest free trade area. NAFTA
                         applies to the procurement of goods valued
                         at more than $38,000 (Canada/U.S.) and
                         $89,000 (Canada/Mexico)
Free Trade Agreement of Established in 2005, the FTAA is a
      the Americas       collaboration among 34 democratic
                         governments in the Americas, to ensure
                         prosperity, democracy and free markets for
                         goods and services in the hemisphere
Fair Trade

  Coffee from Kenya, textiles from India, tea from
   Sri Lanka, nuts from El Salvador, ceramics
   from Mexico, and chocolate from Ghana…
  Many of the things we buy are grown or made
   in developing countries.
  But do the people who produce these goods
   get a fair price for them, and what are their
   working conditions like?
Fair Trade

  For most workers, wages are low, there is no
   job security, and working conditions are
   often unhealthy and unsafe.
  Fair trade is an international system of doing
   business based on dialogue, transparency, and
Fair Trade

  What is your role?
    Churches, communities, school, unions,
     businesses and consumer groups are
     pushing to move Fair Trade products into
     mainstream grocery stores
    The demand must increase, so more
     workers will benefit
    Demand products will superior quality
    Become a player in the solution
     to global trade inequalities

  Globalization is a trend towards greater
   interconnectedness of the world’s
   financial, economic, technological,
   political, cultural, sociological, ecological
   and geographical systems.

  Positive Impacts of Globalization
      Living conditions have improved
      Increased understanding of different cultures
      More jobs
      Reduce costs of goods

  Negative Impacts of Globalization
      Focus is often on short-term gains only
      Rich are richer, poor are poorer
      destruction of the environment
      neglect of human rights

  Global Village Institutions
      United Nations
      World Bank
      NATO
      International Court

  We are all part of the global village,
   but do we all share it equally?
  A transnational corporation (TNC) is a
   company that exists in multiple nations
  Headquarters are in one country, but
   branch plants are in several other

  Can you think of some examples of large
Rank     MNC

 1     Microsoft

 2      Nokia

 3      Toyota

 4       Intel

 5     Coca-Cola
Rank        MNC

 6          Sony

 7          IBM

 8     General Electric

 9          Nike

 10       Citigroup
 Child Labour
 What is Child Labour?
   Children under the age of 12 that are working

 Worst forms of child labour
   enslaved, forcibly recruited, prostituted, trafficked, forced
    into illegal activities and exposed to hazardous work.

 Can children work?
   Yes, as long as it does not negatively affect their health
    and development or interfere with education
    Convention on the
    Rights of Child

   Most universal international agreement
   Ensures children's rights
   Has been ratified by 190 countries
   Only two countries have not ratified: the
    United States & Somalia, however they
    have signaled their intention to ratify by
    signing the convention.
   Convention on the
   Rights of Child
 The Convention on the Rights of the
   Reinforces fundamental human dignity.
   Highlights and defends the family's role in children's
   Seeks respect for children – but not at the expense
    of the human rights or responsibilities of others.
   Endorses the principle of non-discrimination
   Establishes clear obligations

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